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tv   Doc Film - Secret Animal Transports - When the Law Fails to Protect  Deutsche Welle  July 19, 2018 11:15am-12:00pm CEST

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rich i can tell you another one using that measure to rule by decree and crackdown on the opposition and the government is proposing a stringent antiterrorism bill to pay place emergency rule. change you don't use here any problem my colleague edith kamani taking over at this desk at the top of the hour in the meantime don't forget you can get all the latest updates from website that's the call up next to the documentary on secret animal stay with us if you can. we make up oh but we watch as things that found out that you think we are this simple service and . then want to shape the continents future it's part of it and join us from stores as they share their stories their dreams and their challenges this is a seven percent platform for africa charting.
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beirut lebanon summer twenty seventeen every week ships carrying cattle and sheep arrive here. the animals have already been transported thousands of kilometers first to the harbor by road then across the mediterranean by ship. not all of the animals survive on harmed. some of them or dead.
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other animals like this one are injured the e.u. is determined that this will become a thing of the past. in twenty fifteen the european court of justice ruled that the wellbeing of animals that are exploited live from the evil must be ensured for their entire journey. the ruling says protection for animals under e.u. law does not stop at the top her borders of the e.u. . and the final destination is not the e.u. border it's the country where the animals are unloaded for at least forty eight hours the importers are always countries like egypt or turkey or iran that do not adhere to e.u. standards and the e.u. except that it has no control over what happens there i think one point of this thought in the. european animal welfare association say that as a result the ruling has no real effect their investigations reveal that as soon as
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the shipments leave the e.u. animal welfare ceases to be a consideration. they refuse to accept this any longer in twenty seventeen million protest signatures were collected by organizations throughout europe and handed over to the responsible e.u. commissioner in brussels the out of. the euro group for animals unites animal welfare groups from many european countries. it's calling for the european court of justice judgement to be fully implemented. a delegation from several of the european organizations met the e.u. commissioner. as we stand here all these millions of animals are being transported across europe outside europe and the gay males to date. was that the commissioner
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promised that because of this up with titian he's able to keep this topic hard on the european union is it just. the animal rights activists are under no illusions some of what has to transportation of the animals and their final destinations for themselves. in our work we have witnessed things beyond imagination also anyone we have seen european anymore speak. having their eyes stabbed having their attendance laich. while transport conditions within the e.u. have steadily improved things apparently have not changed much for the animals after they arrive abroad. there's a reason why prying eyes here are unwelcome. to the shoulders hidden footage to the e.u. commissioner. we brought to his attention what is happening with
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european and you must offer daley's their european soil being killed and transported you no way which would be the good in european union insisting that nobody can accept any more. we want to track cattle and sheep from europe and find out how far the e.u. ruling is being implemented on the ground. we accompany teams from me animal welfare foundation or a w.f. an organization that monitors live animal transportation because we can june twenty seventeen there monitoring cabs counts can be transported corner just two weeks old this truck is on the way from eastern europe through germany and france to spain. more than three thousand kilometers by road every nine hours the on wind should be offloaded. cable kind enough cabs cannot be cared for on the truck
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they still need no snow which means they have to get an electrolyte solution or another milk replacement and that's not possible on the truck. the activists follow the truck day and night. that's because answer some of the fun was unable to talk to the driver and he says he's driving a little waiting cabs to spain via poland we're trying to get the police to stop and now he's crossed the border so we can look at the cabs but nothing so solid. the german police tail the transport. they direct the truck off the motorway montoya's service area and inform the veterinarian sort of. back to us to hear us baumgartner has been following the transport. in that state. by low of to nine hours cops need to be taken care of since the truck it away had been on the road for twelve hours and had i think and the other one thousand two hundred
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kilometers to go to an unknowing station in front of him said the police did i thought they continue because the cops had to be taken care of. with some difficulty they find a farm that's prepared to temporarily house all the cabs there's no supply station anywhere nearby. they're scarce and not only in germany. doesn't cause as they say there's a big problem for the police and veterinarians who control the animal transports they often cannot implement the law or do anything for the animals because there are too few unloading options. over three thousand kilometers across europe and even a traffic jam can cause a delay that means a supply station is not reached on time. accommodating these cabs on a farm near the highway is a huge undertaking. it takes hours until the cows are
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filled with a milk substitute. feeding is supposed to take place every nine hours. that's. unfortunately that rarely happens some transport firms do that especially german companies but most of them drive through without stopping. the next day another truck the same problem. thousands of pounds are being shipped across europe every day but at least in germany they do spot checks. the police in france inspect animal transports to destructors carrying cows for fattening. some of the cows are not strong enough for the stress of a long journey. and this is just the beginning.
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again and if they take into countries with fattening up is cheap and then they're usually exposed further from there. after the animals are found and they were taken to the slaughter house or shipped abroad. exports of live cattle to third countries from germany alone to all who are. seventy thousand animals between twenty thirteen and twenty six days. turkey is one of the main buyers a shipment from germany to turkey takes an average of about seventy hours. from the baltic it's more than four thousand kilometers here animals come from all over the . more than a quarter of a million living animals were shipped to turkey and twenty sixteen. the main border crossing into turkey as capitana in bulgaria this is where cattle and sheep leave the european union. exports from the e.u.
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to turkey rose from twenty four thousand cattle in two thousand and thirteen to over two hundred sixty five thousand in two thousand and sixteen between june and september temperatures here often reach between thirty five and forty degrees celsius some are twenty seventeen. we a company b. a w.f. staff to the bulgarian turkish border. near the bulgarian border town and three that this is the border animal transports from different e.u. countries cross in order to enter turkey i. have been watching these trucks since twenty ten. sites and see. the problems have remained the same. but what has changed thank god is that the transport conditions are much better. as their. trucks in the e.u. for example have continued to improve in recent years ventilation systems are
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standard. they are equipped with drinking systems that can be put into operation at stops. well some transport companies have clearly invested a lot in better transport conditions for the animals and daughters. but all that can still be in vain like here some weeks during summer stop and you see a lot of trucks from all over europe at the turkish border the animals suffer greatly because of the very high temperatures the animals get stuck in traffic jams sometimes for days they often don't get processed in time and for the last sixty years we have repeatedly documented animals on transports to countries outside the e.u. dying of thirst suffering from injuries or giving birth. as in previous years these animal rights activists monitor how animals are treated at the border over a week in august. they keep accurate records. and
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it seems that little has changed. the weekend is coming clearing customs into turkey is tortuously slow but sheep and cattle are stuck in traffic for days nighttime temperatures are bearable but not during the day. these are cows from bavaria.
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little ation system is running at full capacity but even that brings little relief . the water tanks on the trucks have long since run dry and there's no way to refill them here in the gridlock.
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more and more animals are dying. suffering in the heat to us no possibility of escape many of the animals injure themselves. just magnificent bull like many other animals is also facing death. it's an intolerable situation for both animals and humans. and many drivers are also extremely angry that the transports to turkey function so badly and that things haven't changed any is. that i think this driver has been waiting
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three days in the scorching heat because of a bureaucratic error and peer tag did not match the shipping documents. he's furious because he's not been able to give his animals any food warm water for three days i thought was right that was seen as i know many say transposing animals to turkey is a nightmare. some veterinarian offices in germany will not approve any transports to turkey during these hot summer weeks. but not the muslim festival of sacrifice coming up demand is particularly high. cattle from southern germany are in the queue at the e.u. border. germany exports a lot of pregnant cows for no production in turkey.
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and here brochure give some advice transporting live animals to turkey it asks then ensure good ventilation not over thirty degrees celsius and be prepared for the unexpected it says. we have a question for the e.u. in brussels how can it be that for years now every summer animals are suffering and dying of thirst on the e.u. border with turkey. we're asking about the situation at the border between gary at and turkey so we are working with we would carry out for example to see how we can prove different cities ditty have for and most close to the border and we are working with me to keep to make sure that such problems at the border are reduced or. don't
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occur in the future any more. we are working with them to to try to improve improve the situation and avoid this kind of on for scene situation temperature for example his mother on pristine. unfreeze in. the band on person situation. unpredictable temperatures traffic jams that go on for kilometers. not every week is like this but it happens every summer. we were here before a few weeks ago little is changed to. endless queues stressed out drivers and animals almost dying of thirst until they finally cross the e.u. border into turkey.
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the journey is still far from over but any notion of animal welfare ends here especially during these summer weeks. this animal will die on the other side of the border. the european court of justice says that the ears animal welfare regulations also apply here in turkey but no one here cares about that. doesn't feel it's pure madness to transpose animals over thousands of kilometers his own into countries where there's no law that protects them. from here some transports will continue another twenty two hundred kilometers to their deal in iraq.
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this is after dam the organization eyes on the animals has repeatedly tracked animals from the border to the slaughterhouse which leslie moffat has often been to turkey herself the organisation also offers training for slaughter houses there. if i was i go there between three and four times a year we were just there in july one team was in the slaughterhouses that was my team and one team was at the border to inspect the animal transports. moffitt has been visiting turkish slaughterhouses for years that's where the journey ends for many sheep and cattle. after all the hardships they've been through their deaths are horrific. basically there are still huge problems in the slaughterhouses in turkey the same as in two thousand and thirteen and that's because there's no law in turkey no animal welfare level at slaughterhouses and.
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in turkey animals are slaughtered according to islamic right that means the animals are killed without previously being stuck. animal rights activists have long condemned the way that this is done in many turkish slaughterhouses. that the butcher has a very short knife not big enough to sever the neck and was cut and i actually along with means to cut the whole neck at once to let the blood out of the. council house but look how many times he has to cut. you off down the side. that stand up and mention how much pain the animal suffers it's still alive it's still conscious i know you can see it in its own eyes. this man has carefully studied the teachings of the koran they in regard to animals he's a muslim and self and he works as
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a volunteer inspector for eyes on animals. not moving to slaughterhouses and turkey have to change a lot because what you see there is not really islamic law it's just torture for the animals. and people do it because they think it's islamic and it has to be that way then with a muslim does the thinking. but it doesn't have to be that way. why do we use technology for our own bodies and not for animals. here when we are operated on we use anesthetics. and we slaughter an animal we should also use anesthetics in this case a boat shot. but using anesthesia prior to slaughter is still in the distant future in turkey. lesley moffat has repeatedly witnessed the horrific ways in which animals are killed after their long.
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exporting meets instead of live animals would be an alternative but in islamic countries they want to slaughter the animals according to religious rights. but that's just one reason for live animal exports not the only one as has been to go this route it's simply cheaper it's cheaper for the exporters to transport a live animal under current conditions which are completely unregulated as we have seen. in the disabled cooling chain would be extremely expensive you'd need completely different vehicles and different ships and even that's of opening. for many animals just means that transportation by truck is followed by a sea voyage to lebanon or north africa. we decide to secretly observe shipments at an e.u. port in croatia. modern trucks make the deliveries here and there is even
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a large table but it's not always used. most of the trucks we watch loaded animals directly onto the ships. to save money for the stable because the time spent on the ship is not considered transport it's categorized as rest. animals leave the e.u. by ship. do the e.u. rules only apply until the animals leave to e.u. or do they continue to be binding until they reach their final destination. this has been a contentious issue in courts for many years right up to the european court of justice. the trigger was a decision made by a veterinarian officer in southern germany. vets must approve every animal transport which is why an export or must submit a transport plan in advance the plan details to care and rest periods for the animals being transported. and export or applied to this pet or an area known for
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approval to transport breeding cattle to his back to stop. before the light when i was preparing in the office i tried to work out how long it takes to go from kempton to is back to stand and according to the checkpoints listed in the transportation plan they came to a journey of nearly seven thousand kilometers just like a form of seagulls kilometer. the route would mainly be through asia six days without unloading the animals from the truck that's against e.u. regulations that require cattle to be offloaded every twenty nine hours. the vet turned to the local legal authorities for advice. and felons banning guns live this raised a major question in our minds. also how can a transport where major parts of the bruce is effectively not subject to e.u. regulations and get a stamp of approval to proceed from an e.u.
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member states. in this conference that. the official refused to release to transport the export company went to court to contest the decision by sea even though that's like on fire we're convinced that the power of a veterinary officer in germany and the e.u.'s extra no borders and i just didn't see it that way because my signature is still valid until the final destination of the transport. company in council stuck to its guns and demanded clarification well. why did we refuse to accept the decision of the veterinary office employee refused to handle transports that are only subject to european laws within europe and asia as it's a. so that we had to make a decision either not to load there in future or get a legal ruling with us hope that was the reason why it went to court and why we
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brought it to the european court of justice to get us the mines under some legal huggable home. we argue that european law applies in europe or at least in the e.u. but not in third countries we alternately last at the european court of justice. fourteen why do you have a lot. the ruling by the european court of justice was clear you hannum a welfare rules apply right up to the final destination even if that is for example in turkey lebanon or egypt. when the transport starts in a member state normally it's the member states and the authorities and the transporters we each have to make sure that the transport goes as foreseeing and we can and there's usually a sion and that i think joyce the. do the and my fare
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a welfare rules. but indeed to the third countries are not bound by e.u. legislation rules but how can a transporter guarantee animal welfare outside the e.u. . i still don't know who informed russia kazakhstan uzbekistan or wherever that their transport and animal welfare regulations if they have any don't apply to our trucks but our regulations do try saying that to another country. and what's good deeds on the visits and that's why i think the european court judgement is ridiculous. hostile and. still the ruling applies not only to the export of expensive breeding animals but also to animals for slaughter.
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animal welfare is welfare for all animals this is undisputed however it may be necessary to keep in mind that the treatment of breeding animals could be completely different to that of animals for slaughter. would like us but it's not the same magine you're selling cars if you sell a formula one car that you were planning to race somewhere it must arrive in a faultless condition. but if you're selling junk cars for scrap it's not that important if the body has a few dents. that's how i'd put it. on. that straight talk criminal industry expert even if he doesn't deal personally with animals bound for slaughter houses. six hundred fifty thousand cattle were exported from the e.u. to third countries between january and august twenty seventh seen more than twice as many as in two thousand and fourteen. june twenty seventeen
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the british k. has docked and it's on loading after a week long voyage. it was loaded the incept port miramar say in france it's carrying sheep and cattle from europe. we're watching under. what are conditions like nowadays for animals sent from europe to lebanon. on all our previous visits the unloading was anything but animal friendly. let's look back to one thousand nine hundred this is how things were back then. we repeatedly saw injured animals their legs or hips broken as they were winched out of the freighters lower hole by one leg with
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a crane. their legs often snapped under their weight. even know politicians in germany and the e.u. say that these incidents are exceptions. but in fact taking injured animals to the slaughterhouse is commonplace. these and other images of transports that we documented demonstrations both in germany and throughout europe. but the e.u. commission still maintains that these are isolated cases. one thousand nine hundred six back in the port of beirut injured animals frequently
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arrived on the ships from all over europe. at the time the export of cattle was still subsidized meaning the he paid high premiums. injured animals were still not anesthetized on the ship or killed to put them out of their misery instead they were loaded with the ship's crane. animals that were still alive could be sold and slaughtered. it was a financial issue. similar pictures from two thousand and five once again injured cattle that were hoisted out
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of the ship on a rope which a lot of the trucks and carted to slaughter houses. shortly afterwards the e.u. abolished all subsidies for the export of animals for slaughter and introduced stricter animal welfare rules for transporting them. back and twenty seventeen animals are being unloaded from the british k only one truck is still there. what comes next is in complete violation of e.u. animal welfare laws. and it's not an exception. we saw this happen twice when the ship was offloading live cargo from france in the summer of twenty seventeen. this animal will also be transported from the harbor. it's been two years since the european court of justice ruled that
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protection for animals under the new law does not stop at the outer borders of the e.u. . the e.u. those rules are valid until the final destination and this has not yet been reached . the various administrative court also. ruled on the issue. of member states and the european union must fully take into account the welfare needs of animals as sentience beings. but the buyers of the animals probably know nothing about any of this. in any event these german sheep have a torturous journey behind them. the people here have their own time tested methods of loading and transporting animals. once they've been exploited the animals are completely without protection. animals
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international did not see tortures such as i go during every horrid levanon but that does not make it any better for the animals involved. back in germany we want to find out what a call's life looks like from beginning to end. this is a dairy farm so-called because cows are constantly being born here because without cabs there would be no milk. all the cows here are known by name that this is a cow hole have her first calf in about a month her name is rosalie and i like. the animals are doing fine and every effort is made to keep things that way as the hundred years our animals are not anonymous they're kept in an appropriate manner and we know them all by name. and this is our oldest lady with twelve caps and
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she's actually still quite fit. thank you. she must be around fourteen years old by now. i was on every dairy farm most male calves are sold to cattle dealers to be fattened up elsewhere. two days after christmas in december two thousand and fifteen and a half or was born here in bavaria. it was sold as usual took cattle dealer in the spring of twenty sixteen. we tracked it until twenty seventeen when it reappeared in egypt. the cattle dealer had resold the cafe in the minster region in northwestern germany . there at pass through several fattening facilities.
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barely half a year later in july twenty sixth game it was exported to hungary for further fattening. after that we lost track of. the in a letter the company said after the handover of the animal on the trial to december twenty. sixteen it was no longer possible for us to trace a. request for information in hungary went unanswered at some point the animal must have been loaded onto a ship destined for egypt. in the summer of twenty seventeen employees of the animals international organization were checking slaughter houses in egypt. every day hundreds of sheep and cattle are delivered to the slaughter house near cairo.
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the activist found the unusual methods in use all the avatars they looked at for example here they cut through the animal's leg tendons before herding them into the slaughterhouse. of course that means the animals can no longer walk but they are expected to. just sort of brutality it makes no sense at all. we can't show most of the pictures the investigators took but they also showed another common practice almost all of these animals eyes are gouged out. it's the end of the line for the animals brief episodes of every day torture. sometimes it takes half an hour for an animal to die and these are certainly not
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individual cases. it's not the next steps we are talking about defend naaman on no matter if it's approved slaughterhouse off the state or if it's happening in the street this is a phenomenon and everything that we see that would be completely illegal in germany or anywhere in europe. my dear up is far away this cow comes from germany to to here. proves its origin. this is the cow whose trail we lost in hungary. but. we shot the footage to show the family business in bavaria where the animal was born. we showed them the conditions in the destination country and some scenes from the last phase of their animal's life. with. their astonished that the calf ended up in egypt and they're horrified at how
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it was treated there. i think that so this is the step sister of the butchered bull we saw earlier on the video. we raised the animals we sell for fattening as humanely as possible and do everything we can to make them feel well i thought it was the elf we didn't know they die in such a cruel way is it done so good as a man. and then he was the day they raise would we would love and care being cute cows and matters away overseas in no way that shocked him and he's entire family opt to defect that most of the members of this i mean they could not look any more and and they were angry and i can understand they are angry because they didn't know just how to yes and my heart aches when i see that our bull which we raised on our farm met such a fate home that hurts me deeply yet for me. it is often claimed that
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animals for slaughter need to be exploited live because clients in a slum like countries want to slaughter according to their own rituals. and the fact is the animals are slaughtered under medieval conditions and religion doesn't play the primary role it's just brutal butchery. right that the prophet said do no harm to any animal highlights. the animal should be slaughtered without pain if possible or just months it is just to put it simply people to slaughter the animals according to the customs they have seen before. along the means to follow an islamic right slaughtering without anaesthetic. the animal should die immediately and without suffering from a single cut to the throat. but this is not how it works here in egypt quite the
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contrary. my lot of the way your ancestors showed you and people justify that as islamic but its not. you do what your father showed you. on think you see your. role models. in egyptian slaughter houses many children observed the unbelievable violence. the next generation becomes used to the incredible brutality against these animals that arise from all over the world. any lot of animals is driven out of these children forever. and that leaves little hope for a better fate for our animals in the near future. nothing has changed for decades in these countries.
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i think that it is basically unacceptable to send animals over thousands of miles to countries where it's likely that they are being slaughtered under the cruelest conditions for the finish what i think is completely unnecessary we live in the twenty first century i cannot understand that we still have to transport animals over thousands of miles only to be slaughtered at the end of their journey. in the end of course it doesn't. matter whether animals come from europe or elsewhere within the e.u. a lot has improved regarding animal transportation outside the e.u. the european court of justice is ruling does not protect animals from pain and suffering. of course someone is always responsible for each transport and religious beliefs have a great impact on the lives of animals so perhaps religious institutions need to become much more deeply involved ultimately animals or sentience beings just like
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