tv Doc Film - Silk Road 2.0 - Chinas Way to the Top Deutsche Welle August 6, 2018 5:15am-6:01am CEST
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makes a doll is situated in china's far west on the border with central asia for centuries this mountain lake was a strategic transit point along the legendary silk road that ran between europe and the chinese empire. for the nomads living around the lake the opening of the new silk road is in some ways history repeating itself. trucks have replaced the caravans of the past on the newly built highway. the ambitious project was launched by chinese president xi jinping during a visit to kazakhstan in two thousand and thirteen. rhenish only arc of what things are being. going joshing.
father and. son jaguar corps well known qayyum trunks in the marsh. jerusha such whole gentle chinky that trisha softly yen for the voyage and me that. the new silk road planned by xi jinping runs for ten thousand kilometers on road and on rail it crosses western china kazakhstan russia and will run all the way to europe it's a huge construction site. but what are china's true intentions behind this mega project . in my opinion this project will change the development of the economy and society but it will definitely have long term geopolitical implications to. the new silk road crosses central asia the russian sphere of influence. the near
putin than the xi jinping regularly affirmed their geo strategic alliance but this new chinese project could have a massive impact on the relationship between the two countries and in the long term it could do the same to the power balance in the whole of eurasia. group in the past the silk road was called the axis of the world if you control that road you control the world.
china has. chosen the city of chang xing as the starting point for its new silk road. with a population of around thirty five million almost as many as beijing and shanghai combined chiang xing is china's largest urban area. few people in the west have actually heard of chong xing but this mega city on the young sea river is a symbol of the economic boom in the country has been experiencing for the past thirty years. while growth is tapering off in the major industrial centers of long show and shenzhen showing xing is proving every day a new that it's one of the future engines of china's economic development. shaun ching's growth has long been based on heavy industry with cheap labor from
the countryside. but in recent years the megacity has put all its energy behind the giants of the electronics industry. thanks to this transformation junction can now boast a growth rate in double figures. that all our laptops are launching he produced in chongqing the one doc company has three factories in china chain with around fifteen thousand employees feels like this factory has three thousand two hundred employees. we mainly produce a select tops of people. a good feeling that the laptops you buy in france and germany are all produced a. fatwah body they made that all of those documents and.
on their journey from changing to europe the computers have to travel to thaw. thousand kilometers over land to reach the coast then they'll be at sea for at least a month on the south china sea the strait of malacca and the suez canal. but in practice two months often go by between the time a computer emerges from the factory in china and is sold in europe. that gave rise to the idea of reviving the overland route of the silk road that once ran through western china central asia and russia. the shortening of the transport period isn't the only goal of this new silk road tensions are growing in the south china sea between beijing and its neighbors taiwan japan and the philippines and even with the unpredictable united states of donald trump an alternative route is becoming vital for china. a change president xi jinping has
emphasized the great significance of chongqing for global and asian pacific logistics chongqing is to become a hub for inland logistics that will be open to the outside to. follow. chung shing has a clear directive to turn away from the sea and look west. that's also symbolized by kilometers zero which marks the starting point of the new silk road in order to supply this new route to the west with goods the city has built logistics facilities to replace the container ports on the coast. for many voyage highness but. at this central freight terminal we send around a thousand contain as every day to other chinese provinces and to other countries are intent on what we're responsible for the safety of these operations and there
are many here are on everything. week three for training sleep for deuce built in germany watchers. carrying around forty one can take. the for us sounds on. the electronic goods loaded on to the trains here arrive in germany after just twelve days instead of traveling eight weeks by seat. however transporting goods by rail costs twice as much two hundred and fifty trains like this one are necessary to carry the same volume as a single container ship. at the moment this train to germany has more of a symbolic significance but it's a simple that's important to a china that's looking west not least to put
a convincing case for xi jinping this project to both the domestic audience and china's economic partners with european eldorado as its end point the new silk road that travels through china for more than two thousand five hundred kilometers will also help develop the country's infrastructure or so it's hoped. this new transport route that combines road and rail will connect and boost regions in western china beyond long joe. the wild west of huge expansion and one that was left behind by the economic reforms of the past twenty years. the city of lunch joel is the gateway to china's wide open west here the new silk road is taking on the characteristics of a marshall plan. the new oversized neighborhoods empty as yet suggest
affluence. between the life sized rubble. because of the sphinx and the parthenon the government's propaganda is regurgitated by all. lying i see towards or look the new silk road will fuel the economy culture and got stronger me the city of loves you will become more attractive as will be improvements of. all and the little of the last one sit on the new silk road is a collective and therefore a political project that's very promising with us you know as mock a third ball in light of the stagnating economic growth that official figures say it's seven percent but in reality it's four percent the chinese government needs a new impulse to prove that it's in control of this major project or. the world's second largest economy china is in reality
a colossus with feet of clay and threatened by uncontrolled social developments. only an economic success story benefiting the entire country can keep it together. but this growth is based on the export of products that are made in china and these seriously decline since the global economic squeeze china has to change its economic model and that means it has to develop its domestic market and. it has to invest in the infrastructure needed to promote the exchange of goods in just ten years china has built eighty thousand kilometers of highways. the rural road network in the east is impressive but to open up the market to the
west there is just one possible route between the foothills of the tibetan plateau and the gobi dead. that's exactly where the new silk road rubs. it's a unique transport link and indispensable when it comes to connecting the province of shinji ung which means new border to the rest of the country in the arid semi desert expanses of western china beijing and the central government were always very far away. but today the new silk road is creating change it's altering the concept of time and ultimately it will change the lives of the people here. go that route they come from all over the country from chin john chait john shanghai. beijing and even from the northeast we're in a favorable transport location which is good for business in every regard.
cash ten years ago we were still in our home village but we moved to the city to make money when the economic reforms came. home regionally being honest china is undergoing a radical shift particularly in the west of the country and inching jang all these cities being built in the desert are cities with skyscrapers anywhere as they're moving. and there's a lot of activity everywhere with lights and even music and car oaky vast car award he is of a car worth at this context it's a message to the chinese population it's to attract people to these remote areas that are for the privileged and so. to make it possible for people to move to the remote province of shin jiang or to
trade there beijing has extended its high speed train along the entire and. new highway. the travel time for the two thousand kilometers between lunch show and room she is now at just ten hours down from forty. five let's. pick up the tab and. china now possesses the largest high speed rail network in the world with a length of twenty thousand kilometers three hundred billion dollars was invested
in ten years that corresponds to almost the entire annual budget of a country like france. the route of the new silk road is among the newest it's been in operation since two thousand and fourteen. the high speed route to cian jiang swallowed a lot of money and it'll never be cost effective but for beijing the benefit lies elsewhere firstly it's political because this route really affirms the desire to connect shane jiang more closely to the rest of the country. and it also sends a message to neighboring states because china sees itself as of the builder of an international high speed network to run from russia to central asia and iran. the route currently ends at the cutting edge railway station in the provincial capital the station has very strict security measures in place.
that's because she is not a conventional chinese province there are frequent tensions between the leaders the local muslim minority and the han chinese who make up the vast majority of the population in the rest of the country. attacks violent riots and economic and religious imbalances the region combines all the ingredients for a highly explosive cocktail police roadblocks and military checkpoints secure the new silk road here with strict controls. moscow. beijing believes the two cornerstones of peace and shinji on our domestic security and massive growth without peace this province cannot
become a springboard for chinese interests in central asia. with the support of the government the plan is for room she to become a regional center every two years a large trade fair is held to promote the new silk road. the stands are all tailored to attracting visitors from neighboring countries and all dutifully recite the official text to sell the chinese dream. vacation such as this model shows what our economic zones will look like when the project is complete. since. this is how it will be done it's our goal to get businesses from the five countries of central asia that surround us to come here at the start of the year we presented down project in russia and kazakhstan many companies signalled their interest in our free trade zone it was
a series of us each a. modern she is having positive effects on the development along the new silk road beijing wants to exploit this to prove its competence and experience in building up infrastructure economic zones and the important energy sector. to do that big chinese companies are needed such as gold wind the number one when it comes to wind energy gold wind is run by will guns. and there will missions that course we ended up on chang wind farm inching junk it's one of the best wind farms in the world it's twenty to thirty kilometers wide and
eighty kilometers long. a special thing about this place is its constant wind speeds feed. it's ideal for a wind farm five year issues of only if i didn't see a reason that. the success of gold wind is a classic example of the chinese economic miracle who is a pioneer who built his first wind turbines thirty years ago he bought a german company which resulted in a cleverly negotiated transfer of technology today gold wind is the biggest maker of wind turbines in the world. at a time when the energy market is in a state of completely unprecedented transition his business is perfectly placed. situ are many sources of renewable energies along the entire new silk road concession in kazakhstan or pakistan or even turkey which will be on the court the
hazardous attack. there's wind and solar energy everywhere. pay on the phone and that's the end sure feel to. be a real pity or yeah developing wind energy further costs a lot of money the chinese plan on a completely different scale we've seen that with their solar panels everything's a big guy. they have a real strategic vision we're lacking that in your at. all on. one thing's clear long term strategies are easier to implement if you're an authoritarian stable government. the new silk road follows in the long tradition of a planned economy pursued by china's communist party. how alcohol at first glance the politics behind the new silk road have the mark of xi jinping in it strengthens his power and his reputation on budget in the long term it stands
for a changing china that you so it's usually debates about this have been going on in economic circles since two thousand and eleven as you should say to our this project will have consequences from far into the future. implementing it will take decades so yet again this doesn't just affect how she jinping when it affects his successes to actually end the machine here she also has and i just know that she and. her it's another five hundred kilometers from the room she to the cars a border. the border town of qana goss is situated at the end of the highway. goss has an old custom station and riders who aren't fazed by anything. but china
wants to give its new image a visual representation in the form of a huge arch under which the new silk road will soon run. beyond this triumphal arch is kazakhstan that's where the international dimension of the chinese project begins. here the new silk. road is still a construction site but just three years after she ging ping's proclamation the continuation of the chinese road is easy to imagine he sham belmarsh she is one of the main players in this ongoing project he's a frenchman of moroccan origin and an employee of d.p. world a group of companies based in dubai and one of the world's leading logistics organizations die on while china is behind me almaty in kazakhstan is in front of me a mighty to the left of me is kyrgyzstan and beyond it was becky stan i have russia
to my right called gus's at the center between all of these countries this is where everything is happening. so i was just. he shunned belmarsh she works for the cause a government which is hoping to get a lot out of the new silk road. it's a road that could turn this middle of nowhere into an outpost of globalization. zero in on the often if there's any place that symbolizes the meeting of east and west it's this one is. all that is on the wire the chinese tracks and behind me at. the kazakhs tracks start to my left like you did one don't defeat you see from here you can get to beijing shanghai eon young gung and ningbo and from here you can get to almaty a stana russia and europe. included
goes the chinese containers are loaded onto cars a freight trains which run on a narrower gauge the russian gauge a leftover of the soviet era from here the goods can reach anywhere in central asia home to a number of countries the size of europe with a population of just seventy million kazakhstan is the big. yes the monk them. for both of you could offset is this it enough we mustn't forget that the border between the former soviet union and china run along here for a very long time there was almost no contact between the two countries if the border was closed thanks to the new infrastructure a lot of passengers and goods will come through here on it on the way to target the coal gas is the starting point for a revival of the silk road wanted it to settle on its own as it all does.
the new silk road still under construction in kazakhstan once complete it will cross the entire country over a distance of two thousand four hundred kilometers the construction work is largely being paid for with loans issued by the world bank but also by china itself via its new silk road fund. that's a state fund running to more than forty billion dollars this new strategy has allowed china to enter the exclusive club of major creditor nations. until the new silk road opens and china arrives the cosmic steps still live in the old world a world that dates back to soviet times a world that has been governed by president not out of by a with an iron fist for the past twenty five years he recently called the new silk
road the project of a century. nothing has changed here since the fall of the soviet union especially not the old rural road connecting quarter costs with the rest of the country. because i was of get i have goods from china i'm heading to almaty i've been travelling since yesterday so now i have a flat tire i normally have to complete this stretch in a day. the chinese side is much better at that i'm. just very minute of the road is very good it's well maintained there are no potholes why who is it will improve here to launch a birth only. news of the imminent opening of the
highway is spreading slowly in the step. but for some the new silk road is likely to be bad news. for years dude but it's most lorries that stop here have come through russia or europe we clean them before they head into china it is simply affecting you that we are doing a good thing for people there are not many coal washes here. most of the q. more of course in mali when the highway is open and the old country road will probably be closed there won't be a single vehicle coming through here that i think i will be here another two or three years after that no cars will come through here it will be dead quiet just. this month. all this is seen with mixed feelings in the villages through which the old road runs they're hoping for
a better future and are dubious about what will happen next honestly i'm sure our president nazarbayev signed his contract with china there's already a functioning train a freight train that goes to it it was just for one look that's what the what it transports raw materials cars and all kinds of things to many other countries just last night. the flu that fits all that's already possible with. human which is it. took us as is usually the inhabitants of the small towns near the chinese border and generally happy with what's happening right now and they're not stupid if they think of the business side of things and the immediate advantages in their ideas who it is what are they really thinking of the future of this with it's that they're going about their business but they're not pursuing a long term strategy. of the past. behind the new silk
road that leads to kazakhstan's economic capital. behind the trains that run through the steps china is pursuing a strategy. the opening of a new export route to absorb any excess industrial production but the main goal is to intensify china's economic and political influence all across central asia a region that historically has looked towards russia. move forward to the logic of the generous roads there. the railway lines. for this little new transport options are an advantage to those located on this line in kazakhstan and elsewhere in central asia in this case if you to leave a central nevertheless it's largely a chinese project that's aiming to solve china's problems that could take years the
very shaky three for china's constantly trying to find new space for its population . here to tell us the east of course russia has a lot of empty land but russia is still strong central asia is weaker it's the weakest link in the chain that. has so often china's population figures are a cause for concern the fear of the yellow peril is always there below the surface a region with such a low population density like kazakhstan is always very interesting for china not least since its very rich in oil agricultural land and oil are two resources that are absolutely vital for china's growth the new silk road which goes right across kazakhstan and a north westerly direction runs right past the big oil fields as zone of the
greatest strategic significance to russia. but these days china is gaining in power thanks to its state run oil company c n p c it's a pipeline now transports twenty million tonnes of cars to the chinese province of sheen junk every year there's just one up in medicine we're going with in central asia the west is the most important region at the access to the west has to be secured for that because that's where the huge energy sources line is i mean that if he. slips off each china once you go beyond the mere exploitation of resources like the and that's why. has offered an economic and political partnership to kazakstan with the concept of the new silk road economist blissful. so the new silk road is also an oil road for china in return beijing is building the infrastructure necessary for kazakhstan's
development. but in the village of can near the oil fields of the chinese oil company the promise of affluence made by president nazarbayev has already been moved back to twenty fifty. clearly not much of the money for the new silk road gets as far as the small towns in the steps actually go that's one of the other there's money here but nobody will give us work the all goes there it's not easy for us in the village they're not doing anything for us cane troll just another one met with another you can see the state of the road over there is the chinese don't employ anyone from the air they employ other people how can we be satisfied with that and
as i wasn't involved i don't manage to. end up today the regional capital the headquarters of the chinese oil company occupy the most impressive building in town. the style of the building marks a break with the typical restraint displayed by chinese investors. simply said to gamble in the c.n.n. p.c. came here they brought in workers from china in the quarter still they should have had quotas to follow up because of corruption and wangling more and more chinese workers came here would. what if there are fewer and fewer catholic workers for what's in the oil sector is that a good loss was a question a cost as they have the same problem in russia used in the. usa does advance and there are jokes on television already that you find more
chinese than russians in russia's far east as just units but the more yeah. i think if they come here they'll stay and settle down in you we've built. kazakstan is responding very negatively but so do several other countries in central asia on the one hand these countries want investors in the other they have their own economic interests that they don't want foreigners to own great to shares in their companies then they do powerful use we have to create a win win situation that countries invest in and that allows the population to participate financially to alito involved on the whole year. in two thousand and sixteen a law on the sale of agricultural land triggered anti chinese demonstrations of first in a country in which every kind of protest gathering is forbidden following the demonstrations to tell you off was arrested because he filmed the event and
disseminated the footage. cilia i think i said well see it was here you may think it is here because you cannot tell there because you. don't use the word we have. almost to follow it serious loss of all that is all our resources can be sold our people know this but turn a blind eye kazakhs are patient they say never mind let's wait there's no war at least we have food this attitude will be our ruin. soon we used to deal with humans we understand everything is being. sold but we also see that this money is going into the pockets of a few people at the top of our limit is reached when they take our land because like people will never permit their land to be sold similar though at all they don't value possible. the chinese expansionism that banks on when wind
conditions is threatening to fail as a result of domestic corruption something that undermines a country like kazakhstan. in the parks of iraq to buy the only sign of public investment in the town many seem to have accepted that they're just pawns in a great game. that is that what they get you can't say the chinese are conquering our country because we live in peace. they've been getting oil from a since the late ninety's been divided we have enough oil it was not in help themselves it was the problem. there's not just the chinese who are here. we have french american british german and italian people here too if the whole world. is given that. in the hope that what you see as expansion depends on the context if you are referring to the globalization of
investment and economic exchange one then globalization is undoubtedly acceptable pulls but if you take it to mean domination or he gammoned the one it isn't that it doesn't fit china's culture much for the lies you deliberately. in two thousand and fourteen kazakhstan became a member of the your asian economic union the free trade zone desired by moscow on the other hand the chinese have invested twice as much in kazakhstan since that date. uk to bear has become a new outpost for this chinese presence just a hundred kilometers from russia and the border station of jaison. at the moment russia's still thrilled by the chinese project of the new silk road
because it's in line with its own eurasian ambitions. russia's advertising spots also promise affluence and cutting edge infrastructure. but the reality reveals that moscow simply isn't capable of keeping up with this rhythm as soon as the lorries from china or central asia reach russia they follow a zig zag course in order to avoid the huge post soviet potholes. built them catherine noble with its rapid advances in central asia china is demonstrating its strength to russia that lessens the russian influence in the region that the chinese have used the opening up to capitalism and growth to build firm foundations with that infrastructure was important to see what we still could get the stitches cordle's so economy could look there's nothing like it in russia
or in the uk a custom that won't change anytime soon because there's no money left because i sure would be genius wouldn't even if the woman money it wouldn't be invested in infrastructure. but i acted. on the map the new silk road leads to the russian town of or in bourg. in the days of the czars it was the gateway to asia. at the entrance to the town lorries and trains crossed the ural the river that marks the geographical border between the asian and european continents. standage that historically speaking the euro has always formed a natural border just this is just the big rather just look at that as yes kick in the post caravans coming from asia are always paused here in the couple of the river was a barrier in the brain is difficult as of. today the chinese efforts
once again seem to come to a halt at the symbolic border. from here the project of the new silk road depends on moscow's goodwill but does putin's russia even want it. watered down but i'm skeptical about the relationship between china and russia look at your russia is facing a laborious rethinking process a solution that russia used to be china's big brother today it struggles to accept that china is superior and utils unhandled were told of course china and russia are cooperating on military terrains for geopolitical reasons but the new silk road has little support in russia because russia has its own eurasian project and with the shah should have housing here oh yeah unless you find any of these.
cattle stolen for putin as for stalin before him military strength is the primary factor the solution but that's just not enough in today's world and effectively you need an efficient economy technology science forward which is putin's russia has none of that. stan and his backers stan are already turning towards china while trying to maintain a balance you know but russia's all talk of it was golden china has the money all russia has in his memories who glorious past was when the novelli compulsions. people like to come to the bridge of orenburg to enjoy the sunset looking west towards europe but many confess that they're looking the other way more and more often. at this moment i'm sure that
age there will be our future just trying to our own thinking ok our other underside greeks developing their influence our life our culture well that's quite a freeze our future plans. may be the new silk road will cross the ural river tomorrow and in the end a modern highway will connect china to europe as the railway already does. it will be a europe that's currently coping with many crises and that doesn't seem to have yet grasped the extent of xi jinping zp projects. how can your up counter the power structures china is building along its new silk road. how will europe respond to this new soft imperialism based on economic growth and imperialism that's redrawing the map between europe and asia.
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