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tv   DW News - News  Deutsche Welle  August 6, 2018 8:00pm-9:01pm CEST

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this is d.w. news to live from berlin iran's president responds to reimpose u.s. sanctions calling the move psychological warfare the president signed an executive order to reinstate the sanctions three months after pulling the u.s. out of the iran nuclear deal and in iran massive protests as people already hit
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hard by inflation and shortages take to the streets also coming up almost a hundred dead in indonesia a second earthquake in a week and the death toll is expected to rise but the islands of long balkan bali worst affected plus the deadly potential of drones after an apparent drone assassination attempt on venezuela's president we ask an expert if the world is likely to see more such aerial attacks. and a ball of fire on an italian highway a tanker truck explodes ripping a hole right through an eight lane overpass at least two people are killed dozens are injured. and in zimbabwe families bury their dead from last week's post-election violence one of them was still be of my posts up was shot in the back by security forces our team in harare has a special report. i'm
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sara kelly welcome to the program thanks for joining us. u.s. president donald trump has signed an executive order to formally reimpose many sanctions on iran the move comes some three months after the u.s. pulled out of the twenty fifteen international nuclear deal with iran the e.u. has condemned the revived measures and says that it will shield european companies a rod to has acted to soften the blow by easing foreign exchange transactions but iranians have been protesting over the economic hardship many already fates. for six days in a row now iranians have taken to the streets in protest in cities across the country they're angry about high prices and the government they accuse iran's politicians of mismanagement and corruption leading the country into ruin but however not everyone is marching some feel helpless like his son. he's certain
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that his life won't get better any time soon. and i don't know what the name of the u.s. sanctions is. all i know is that for iranians everything is getting worse the sanctions just hit me people who are poor anyway like mean the rich ones suffer. food prices have risen by forty percent in just a few months and few people can afford to buy meat even the price of bread have soared. iran's currency has plunged in value since may when the united states pulled out of the nuclear deal and threatened iran with new sanctions and the reaal has lost seventy percent of its value against the euro with disastrous consequences for rainy and. things like eggs tomatoes and bread
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that were foodstuffs we could still afford to buy but when you can't even pay for a cucumber and that's really bad fruit became too expensive long ago. and. sharpening rhetoric between iran and the u.s. also has people worried despite a recent surprising proposal by donald trump. i would certainly meet with the rent if they wanted to meet i don't know that they're ready yet to have a hard time right now but i ended the year end deal it was a ridiculous the. turnaround hasn't directly replied to trump's suggestion but some international media report a meeting might happen in new york at the next general assembly of the united nations. meanwhile the iranian people continue to hope for a resolution to their problems and for more i am joined now by our washington correspondent stephanie simons and i'm not about to buy it political analyst an expert on iranian affairs welcome to both of you and
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seven i'd like to begin first with you because you know we have trump here bringing back sanctions and simultaneously offering fresh talks what's the strategy. this strategy is basically a typical trump white house strategy i guess a fair assessment to say that it's very similar to the white house's approach or towards or north korea it's the carrot and the stick the carrot here is offering talks being open to talks with iran's leadership and that is a first in recent history at least for the united states and the stake is the sanctions are the same genes which are no imposed are starting to be snapped back as we say here in washington as the administration calls it and upon iran the goal for the sanction is three fold it is to get a firm deal with iran nuclear deal a new firm nuclear deal with iran which doesn't allow to iran to get any path towards becoming
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a nuclear power number two it is sanctioning and not rewarding the behavior of iran in the region so that rice behavioral change of iran iran's role in syria is that there is there and certainly. support of target is ations and ballistic missile tests are also so the strategy here for the united states is so interesting so i mean ultimately trump says he wants this tougher deal with iran and i'd like to turn to you because you know you're an expert on iranian affairs how likely is it that he could get a tougher deal with this strategy. i think the likelihood of the u.s. and iran entering talks might in fact in some way or another be on the horizon but it won't be about a new nuclear deal because there is already one that has been negotiated over years of the promise e so that is the difference between iran and north korea there hasn't been or there has been talks between iran and the u.s. in the past years and the result was the nuclear agreement and the iranians are now
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saying how can we trust the president that is undoing what we have been and what we have had achieved with the previous administration ok so the trust has been broken i also want to bring up something else that the president also said he spoke a short while ago on state television and he said that trump's call for direct talks and this is a quote here is aimed at creating division inside iran for u.s. domestic consumption. will this create chaos within the country well at least i mean you have heated debate inside iran obviously you have political currents who are saying go and speak with the white house go and speak with the u.s. what do we have to lose then there are others who are saying this president has been humiliating us not only the political elite but also the people of the country so there should be no talks and there is a heated debate about this whether this leads to an entire and deep division i'm not so sure but i guess both countries and both presidents have the message politics that they have to consider in their approach and their approach towards
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each other iran meantime threatening to retaliate and stuff and i'd like to ask you how does that resonate there in washington. i don't think and i think it's fair to say that the ministration here in the u.s. is not really concerned about any retaliation as you know there were military naval exercise of iran last week in the strait of hormuz the central command of the u.s. military here and the u.s. navy has responded a few days back with a spokesman saying like that they are prepared for anything iran might play and that they would definitely not allowed for iran to block the strait of hormuz which is responsible for twenty percent of the world's oil trade alone so i don't think that the u.s. is faced by any threat. right now and again here the strategy is what they want to bite they offer the talking and if you run doesn't play well then sanctions it is
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and it remains to be seen if iran will indeed come to the negotiating table but i'm not you know if the president does come to the negotiating table tell us a little bit more about how difficult his position is you know negotiating with washington on the one hand while also trying not to risk his job. yeah exactly i mean the point here is that president hassan rouhani has three more years in office he cannot afford to appear as someone who is trying to. find a way to appease president trump the u.s. president so he will have to manage a balancing act that on the one hand he has to secure iran's dignity by not doing into pressure and not allowing others to be humiliating well at the same time thinking of strategic interests that might in fact be reached when these two presidents meet and talk and just to remind our viewers those sanctions against iran set to be reimposed in just
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a matter of hours by expert on iran and stefan simons with the reaction from washington we thank you so much to both of you. well at least ninety eight people have died in an earthquake that struck indonesia on sunday night the holiday islands of lombok and bali have been worst affected hundreds of people have also been injured mainly in the north of lombok and thousands made homeless the region has been hit by numerous aftershocks the magnitude of the quake was a powerful seven and it struck as many people were having their evening meal. give it time in lombok locals and tourists alike were packed into restaurants when suddenly the floor gave white like. they give them. the power went out almost immediately people ride out into the straits it was just
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a week since the last time a tremor brought destruction here and this one was even worse but. we ran out from our house twice two times. everyone ran out because the quakes were very strong. as the night drew on rescuers began pulling the dead and injured from beneath collapsed buildings first responders were overwhelmed across the nation's holiday islands local residents joined emergency services pulling the injured out by hand. on a mobile monitor put that exact moment. and over one hundred aftershocks forced authorities to take dramatic measures at bally's main hospital the injured were treated in the open. so no way of placing patients here in the parking lot and the gymnastics yard plus in areas near the hospital that do good evil as dawn broke in addition authorities were still rushing to remote areas. on the kili islands
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northwest of long book terrified people packed onto the beach white and fold them up to two is quite soon two weeks people at desperate to leave they fear the trauma could trigger a tsunami. even though authorities say there's little chance of that right now. you know it's going to get out somewhere safe somewhere and you know the risk is not so . clever thanks for. bali lombok a prone to earthquakes all the same millions of tourists visit them every year now the russians in the other direction the airports of packed with people wanting to go home. and for the very latest now let's bring in journalist critic of our gore who is joining us with the latest from jakarta and we just like to know what are the authorities saying about the situation especially in longbox right now
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. well there they're definitely monitoring the casualties the death toll is ninety eight so far but the head of the disaster management agency has said there are certainly be more we're barely twenty four hours out and there are twenty thousand people in temporary shelters in mombasa which is a huge number and there are not yet any foreigners among the dead but as these as as authorities have said the numbers are still being processed so it's very much developing an active situation and emergency for thousands of people and the first responders are very hard pressed it's a challenging situation for them right for those rescue teams for those relief agencies which you know many of them are trying to get in there all or are already there just walk us through what they're facing. well hama went through another devastating earthquake of of six point zero magnitude just last week so this compound in the death toll from that and not only that this one has also affected
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bali where there were already two casualties registered and these are two of the biggest holiday hotspots in indonesia so not only are the attending to thousands of displaced indonesians and entire villages have been destroyed but also they're trying to evacuate tens of thousands of foreigners who are crowding out the bus the ports and airports desperately trying to get home so there's a two pronged situation that's been very difficult to contain you mentioned that earthquake a similar one that we know took place only a week ago has there been any word from the authorities are they expecting more shocks. yeah well there have been over one hundred aftershocks already in lombok and there will be a few more but none of this seismic activity is totally unexpected because indonesia is on the so-called ring of fire so there is always you know going off and active things like that the aftershocks are most likely not completely finished yet but the tsunami warning that was in effect briefly yesterday has been called
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off we saw in our piece of bit earlier you know those scenes from the airport people really crowding trying to get out long look in bali of course huge tourist hubs it's the height of tourist season right now what advice are visitors being given. several countries home offices including the u.k. and u.a.e. have put it kabul or on potential travel to indonesia particularly these two islands but the airports in flights are running as of now off schedule and as planned there's not too much damage there so tourists are being advised to higher ground and not near the coastline however it's most likely that we'll see the big impact of these events a few weeks or months into the future especially on lombok which is a major tourist hot spot that has seen a significant you know seismic activity in a while journalists critique of our guard joining us from jakarta thank you so much for updating us now to get
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a quick check of some other stories that have been making news around the world in portugal the civil protection agency says that firefighters have almost got total control of a blaze that has been burning for four days in the country's southern coast the fire has come close to a couple of towns on sunday more than eleven hundred firefighters and thirteen aircraft were deployed to put out the blades. and in japan a dead a blue whale has washed up on a beach south of tokyo scientists were preparing to dissect the mammal they don't know why the whale a young male died only around fifteen hundred to twenty five hundred still exist after commercial whaling nearly wipes them out. a time now for business business news with ben physical and now we're talking about facebook again yeah i wonder why sarah facebook is that it cites a new set of data the wall street journal reports that the social network several
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large u.s. banks to shed detail financial information about their customers the request is probably part of its efforts to deepen user engagement and often use services the data requested included transactions and account balances. and let's bring in correct booze in our financial reporter in frankfurt conrad is this a good idea. well if you look at the forums in the internet you know the commentary is there it's not most people there are appalled at the idea to see their financial data or their banking data shared with third party platform and internet platforms like facebook but to be fair. journal reports that facebook did not want the data from the banks in order to market it for advertisement it wanted the data in order to offer the bank's better services for example communications via its facebook messenger service and if you look at it
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from this side from the industrial logic in both the tech and the financial sector it makes sense the banks for such a long time have been desperately trying to you know increase their customer base find new younger customers that are used to doing business on the internet and facebook of course has shown that in the western world it's come to its limits to limits in terms of customer growth so it has to grow by offering other services investors at least seem to like the idea of shares in facebook today here in frankfurt up four percent of revenues for us in frankfurt thank you very much. it was corruption that so ukrainians take to the streets over the government of victorian a covert more than four years ago free elections followed promises of a better life a report by the german newspapers you tortured sight all reveals how widespread graft still is corrupt customs officials cost the state billions of euros every
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year. the report says the black sea port of a desert is a hope of corruption many of the containers customs declarations of falsified zippers become shoelaces because shoelaces only pay a fraction in customs tariffs the charges are laid bare in documents made available to german dailies that doj it's. papers are routinely forged. many people are involved freight companies customs officers police and even the intelligence service s b u that even though the port was supposed to become a flagship anti corruption project after the my down revolution twenty six year old civil rights activist you. played a key role in the protest in the capital kiev afterward she was put in charge of customs in odessa and was supposed to drain the harbor of corruption she sent the customs officers to the u.s. for training the e.u. supplied modern scanners that were able to identify what goods are in the continent
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as well as contraband none of it helped the scanners were vandalized. gave up her job frustrated in her resignation letter she said that the head of the kiev tax office as well as president petro poroshenko and prime minister volodymyr grossman had sabotaged her anti corruption drive so corruption still flourishes on the black sea this is darts a newspaper report estimates the losses to the ukrainian treasury top four billion euros a year in tariffs alone that's twice as much as ukraine hopes to borrow this year from the world bank i.m.f. and e.u. combined. journalist david stern joins us from kiev david just how hard a job is a proving to corruption in ukraine. well it's a huge problem of course some anecdotally anecdotally i've heard of the last two years the problem is actually gotten worse there seems to be corruption throughout
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the society and as you heard from that report now of course corruption is a problem throughout the entire former soviet union so it's really a post soviet problem but as we heard from the report ukraine had a revolution four years ago and so expectations here are much higher and there was the expectation that after the revolution this would be problem number one that they would tackle but at the science right now you have it throughout education health care the courts and as we heard. in customs so really it's the main issue right now in ukraine besides the war what observations actually doing the ones who are corrupt that is well the it should be said that ukraine this government has actually done more than any previous government but the problem is so great we've seen some progress in
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reforming the gas sector and there have been four major anti-corruption bodies that have been formed but at the same time there's a question of whether i mean there's still so much to be done and whether president poroshenko and prime minister vladimir growth or grossman actually have the political will to take it all the way to the end to go against the vested interest in the oligarchy who profit from this and so there's a question that he's going if they'll actually undertake it in an election year given also to those a lot of infighting among these and anti-corruption bodies what about pressure from western creditors couldn't they just turn off the tap i mean they don't have to invest their money to. well exactly and this is a question that i'm sure a number of people in the west are are asking or in fact i do know that they're asking but obviously they're not turning off the taps yet there is this is a means of leverage we have seen
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a great deal of progress in some cases the ukrainian government has been sort of dragged to it and the pressure that the that the west has brought on them has been the thing that is has made the difference for instance with the anti-corruption court this actually the reforms were introduced thanks to western pressure so it's a very delicate balance again both within the ukrainian government and with the west at the moment do not tell it turning off the taps however patience is wearing thin david stern for us all not thank you very much will business to come including an exclusive interview with the president of the african development bank sara thank you so much fam well now we're going to head to an investigation which is underway in venezuela after what president nicolas maduro is calling an assassination attempt several drones armed with explosives flew toward do it oh as he gave a speech at a military parade in caracas at the weekend footage of parents showing two
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explosions check this out here officials saying seven soldiers were injured while details remain scarce the attack highlights the deadly potential of trone technology. and joining us now is of him fine and barred from the european forum on armed drones that's an ngo which focuses on the consequences of the increasing use of armed drones for civil society thank you so much for joining us this evening to tell us a little bit more about this because i mean we just saw that video there showing an alleged assassination attempt on venezuela's president what's your assessment of this incident i mean did a drone really do this. well thanks for having me i'm and again like it's really in seeing what's happening there right now it looks like based on the which we have seen there was a commercial droning full allegedly with military plate grade explosives but we don't know yet who is responsible for you think who was behind is and what the.
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long term impact of this could be on the security situation. and if it's true i mean if a drone was indeed used it would be the first time that a president has been targeted using this technology but in your opinion was it just a matter of time before something like this would happen. you know this is indeed a development we've been seeing coming for four years now over last four five years no state armed groups as well as criminal gangs drug cartels have been stepping up the use of cheaply widely available commercial drones they can equip them with air explosives with none or less lethal payloads or use for comes around smuggling so it was only a matter of when instead of if it were to happen what are drones capable of today and what will they be capable of say in a few years time. so we've seen now that the drones are able to get through to fly over long distances that is military grade drones like the ones are being used by
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the u.s. military operations and in target executions of alleged terrorists in yemen and pakistan but we also see an emerging commercial market where drones are used in agriculture firefighting horribly berber says but those days those drones going to also carry it like a different kind of sets of payloads and what we see is that we're coming smaller cheaper you can treat the prince some elements of thrones. they can carry out more carry more bailouts that can be used so likely there's a in the step all over kinds of use of drones in commercial industry but also it at the risk that also people went into and or criminals or gangs or non-state armed groups will deploy them in their minute the paramilitary operations or can use them for terrorist attacks them find america from the european forum on armed drones we thank you so much for joining us this evening stoffel had been wiped out the consequences of the increasing use of armed drones for civil society we appreciate it. thank you. now to italy where at least
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two people have died and more than sixty are injured after a tanker truck exploded near the northern city of billowing yeah the blast sent a massive fireball into the sky and cost part of a highway overpass to collapse a video captured at the scene reportedly shows the dangerous chain of events. watch the white and yellow tanker. a prize into the truck in front of it instantly starting a serious fire. but the main explosion came some minutes later after all their vehicles had managed to clear the scene. italian media say the tanker was carrying liquefied petroleum gas but that's not being confirmed by officials. emergency services brought in helicopters to try to put out the fires. when the smoke cleared
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four of the highways eight lanes lay collapsed onto the road below onto the remains of the fuel tanker authorities say the number of casualties could rise as rescuers worked through the wreckage. here watching d.w. news still to come on the program an election that they hoped would be a new start and in violence for the family of sylvia my post in zimbabwe will have a special report from iraq. all that markups to use in. crowded beaches. and fame and long. for many this is the perfect summer. but for others it's a nightmare. germany's facing poor harvests wildfires under destruction of natural habitat but is this just the beginning of
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a summer of extremes. close up forty five minutes on d w. odd.
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thing is reputation a murderer led arsonist. tyrants. the roman emperor nero. didn't just get bad press. remount historians are reexamining escapes rethinking the rope as history been unfair to the infamous perv starts aug fourteenth on t.w. . and i'm sorry kelly our top stories are running president hassan rouhani has called renewed u.s. sanctions psychological warfare the president trying to find an executive order formally imposing sanctions on iran had promised the measures after pulling the
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u.s. out of iran nuclear deal. back and he's talking business once again there are business leaders have gathered in washington for the agricultural applied economic associations annual meeting and they've got a packed agenda with penalty tariffs treaties being trashed political crises times for global trade globalization is faltering in part due to the u.s. president's trade policies the worst affected poor regions the united nations conference on trade and development says global foreign direct investment fell sharply last year especially in africa where if i as dropped by twenty one percent falling from fifty three billion dollars in twenty six into forty two billion twenty seventeen and eighteen international trade agreements was signed last year the lowest in thirty five years but we've now got the president of the african development bank with us. i can move me additional there is thanks for joining
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us live from washington from our studios there thank you very much for having for coming on the show now as the world is facing increasing trade conflicts and protectionism how would different countries in africa affected by these. or first and foremost when the you know two elephants are fighting basically the grass softens from it if you look at the impact of the fights going on in terms of the global trade was you know of course if you look at china united states it means that for china for example if john i want to be hit with all this high tariffs it will impact china in many ways it will impact china body in terms of his own revenue generation it will be impacted therefore in terms of oarfish are developing the assistance that he can provide to developing countries in particular also africa it will also impact it in terms of you know foreign direct investment into africa so you have those feedback loops that are very very important and of course
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you also have companies that are investing in chinese companies that are investing in africa that may be affected by rules of origin that has china in it so at the end of the day you find that it's a lose lose situation as far as i'm concerned but if you take a look at what africa can do you know africa needs to look a lot more inward to make sure that it can you know isolate itself from many of these negative impacts fallston foremost as the as a landmark signature of the continental free trade area in africa which will be the biggest free trade area in the world you know what three trillion u.s. dollars and so that will allow africa to increase his own into a regional trade which right now is actually quite low it's roughly about fourteen percent. increase that to roughly about fifty four percent and that means that you're talking about you know roughly about thirty five billion u.s. dollars of increase trade every single year so the best way to. isolate out of the isolate will reduce or me to gauge the impact of this on africa is for africa to do
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a lot more trading with itself back to relations with washington first of all is there anything that you can say to officials when you meet with them there in washington that would convince them otherwise to make trade freer for africa. well i think you know that is quite a lot going on in terms of discussion with the u.s. government the you know. the. the you say it's been extended to twenty twenty five south africa by it's a lot of opportunities for. african companies to countries to actually try to elope with the united states and i'm sure united states also posi in bilateral trade agreements we do number of african countries at the end of the day africa is ready for investment and i do hope that somehow we'll be able to find a trade relationship that is beneficial to all and suddenly africa is a very important continent for the united states and i look forward to how we can
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improve our relationship going forward especially in terms of trade and especially in terms of investments as well mentioned improving trade we did africa would be a huge boost to the economy what about improving the situation for young people jobs create more jobs to ensure that there's no brain drain to europe it is often the case that quite a lot of your young workers do end up on europe shows. yes that's true but i don't believe that if you show africa's youth actually allies in europe and i don't believe it lies also in the mediterranean sea that doesn't lie on the bottom i mean in the heat of the sahara desert it lies in an africa that is growing well able to create a lot of jobs for these young people unable to top into the you know huge amount of enter not entropy. passively but africa's you'd have and that's one of the things why the out reasons why the african development bank has launched a very bold program to address this federal issue is call the africa just for youth
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in africa program which we're going to be supporting the african countries to create twenty five million jobs over the next ten years and that's going to be in different areas i would call show i.c.t. areas and small and medium size enterprises look i i really believe also that a huge opportunity is to be tapped in africa when it comes to digital technology and a lot of end up you know should be in this particular area and we are walking quite a lot in africa in trying to do this i want african young people to thrive and prosper in africa suddenly make the kind of very very live streams that i see sometimes that goes on into military men into europe i think a more vibrant africa that invests a lot of young people that's able to keep them profitably engaged on the continent is the way to go and that's what african development bank is doing president of the african development bank i can will be additional thank you very much for coming on you appreciate it you're welcome thank you.
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the african baobab tree can live for over a thousand years in southern africa where the trees are mostly found the leaves and fruit of being popular through even longer europeans and americans are only just now developing a taste for the so-called super fruit good business full fruit because but climate change is in danger in their livelihoods. the latest trend might be growing on african trees increasing foreign appetite for the bow about fruit is raising pickers profits. is rich in vitamin c. calcium and magnesium so it can be marketed as a super food abroad the pick is co-operative sells to a company with buyers in australia and canada that allows them to skip local middlemen. sell it six or seven thousand francs but with the co-operative you can grow up to seven or eight or nine or even ten thousand. interest in the baobab
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is growing. exports of the hard shelled fruit rose from fifty to four hundred fifty tonnes in recent years it could become a four hundred million dollar industry by twenty twenty five. the second year running we've taken part in the buy a five a big german trade for organic products. there was a lot more interest in this year than last year. however the export has its limits unlike coffield cocoa is not a plantation crop new trees need a long time to mature and then this climate change an alarming number of trees have died in recent years due to changing weather conditions. that's why experts question whether a global market for the soup of food can be sustained but for now the pickers can enjoy their growing profits now through zimbabwe we're talking about zimbabwe ben
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because the tensions there are still running high one week after the country's first election since the ousting of robert mugabe the victory of the long ruling example p.f. party is being disputed by the opposition m.d.c. as the country struggles to recover from post-election violence for they just leaders have been praying for peace it's a difficult time especially for those burying their dead as correspondents melanie korda bol and i to increase report. why was friends and family pay their respects to suzy on the force out on her final journey the mother of two was kittens and boppers post election violence last week she was on her way home when she got caught in the crossfire hit in the back by soldiers bullets it's the death of brother joshua on the town board still can't speak. choice it would be like she was a big deal in the family. when
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you would hit. up and. he says god wednesday the position m.d.c. supporters took to the streets and were met was brutal violence by simple. water cannons tear gas rubber bullets and life in the nation to crackdown on opposition demonstrators. president elect emerson has promised consequences that was. if he didn't listen last night i'm going to institute and indeed and to. do it with these fears of violence haven't subsided the opposition is vowing to challenge the election results nelson chamisa insists the presidency is his. blue suit
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oh this is. just to make sure that we. will split. but so far has not provided any evidence to back up his claims and the tense situation life and only slowly getting back to normal many people in the capital still scats scattered speak out scats to criticize the government or the security forces after last week's violent clashes many feel that the time of god who ruled the country for thirty seven years with an iron fist might be gun but that his legacy of brutal repression still lives on. was. among those afraid stupid fingers over his sister is this i. i. is that there is it is that only you know. you know you're going to him i would. not i
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would think anything i want i can write more about it for the sylvia forces loved ones this is little comfort in the fact that the deaths have sparked outrage since happiness across the country as they mourn they suspect the government is just hoping that the dust settles as quickly as possible. well we're going to turn now to a country that has been a major hub for refugees across africa trying to get to europe two years ago the european union pressured authorities there to make it illegal to transport migrants effectively wiping out a thriving local economy the e.u. also promised millions of euros to help create alternative sources of revenue this next report from a god of this one of the key stations on the migrant route to europe looks at the e.u.'s promises kept and apparently broken.
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hundreds of pickup trucks and cars in the city of i could tez initial. despair close once traversed the desert transporting refugees hoping for a better life in europe. now the authorities have confiscated the trucks hoping to stop the people smugglers. until recently migrants were welcome here they probed money into the city spending it on food shopping and accommodation. in t.v. guide there was nothing illegal about it. here in this district we had lots of people running small shops and restaurants. you would think there was a lot going on but now agadez economy is dead economy that there is a. band the trafficking of migrants two years ago under pressure from the
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european union. many of the people smugglers was arrested and their vehicle seized. the e.u. promised to help them set up a legitimate alternative businesses so far nothing has come of that. the narrative now fine we have children we have to feed now we don't have any who work how it's supposed to be able to raise our children. we were duped no one knew they were once people from the e.u. here they said they wanted to invest two hundred million euros but we haven't seen anything not a single cent at all so it's if. the e.u. has invested in security the nation military patrols that the. is it on the lookout for people smugglers. the strategy of deterrence seems to be working.
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hundreds of thousands of refugees once crossed through this checkpoint now it stands deserted. rights activist rashid cotto says the e.u. has failed to address the underlying problem of why people are fleeing. and my christian move. says smugglers will always find ways through however dangerous. oh there are still many did you have projects by frontex and general and people were registered but now how many immigrants have left nowadays those who can leave oh you can't know how many people have left those desperate to leave have no choice but to make the dangerous doesn't crossing policy is not making their perilous
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journey any safer. one now in a rocky court has sentenced a german woman to life in prison for membership in the so-called islamic state the twenty two year old admitted to receiving a monthly salary from the terrorist group although she denied believing in the ideology the young woman and her mother were arrested last year in the city of mosul mosul was formally the jihad a stronghold in iraq that's where the government declared victory over the militants last december a frenchman in his fifty's also received a life sentence iraq has been prosecuting hundreds of people captured after the two feet of i.a.s. in the country. and for more on this i'm joined now in the studio by did abuse very own naomi conrad and naomi you have of course been following this story for us what do we know about this young woman and what made her join this group in the first
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place. that's a good question i mean i've been following the story through the angle of her mother who was actually who took her younger sister to syria and then on to iraq twenty fourteen it was quite an unusual case because she became radicalized in her fifty's and it's quite clear that she took her teenage daughters to syria and iraq when you talk to people who knew her who maybe also knew knew their daughters the work that they kept on using was normal it was a normal family people were shocked that she took her children there that you know they became apparently became radicalized quite quickly probably online so as in with a lot of these cases it's really hard to say what the i jealous she was why they were so drawn to the islamic states probably a whole range of reasons but one might be that they weren't that well integrated it seemed and that they were drawn by what iraq consider it seemed to have an awful but the interesting thing is this is not a completely new phenomenon right i mean we're just looking back on for example last year we know that there was this case of the seventeen year old german girl
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who was arrested for joining the terrorist group so give us a sense of you know the dimensions here. and how many german women are you know are part of this group so it seems that about one thousand german nationals joined i.s.o. we're talking from twenty thirteen to today although a lot less and even now hardly any and even germany now coming back what we know is that quite a significant proportion of the women and that some two hundred seventy so almost three hundred women and children are still in the war zones in syria and iraq interestingly most of these kids more than the majority are under three years old that means they were born in a war zone best a living in a war zone and the big question is what happens with them next for those who do come back those who come back to germany. is germany dealing with. well the fact a lot of them want to come back but very a lot a lot of them are still being held in iraqi jails in kurdish jails and they've appealed to the authorities to take them back but they face the iraqi court system
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so the question is when they get a sentence like this woman knowledge ok they did today whether they will at some point be able to serve their sentence in germany but of course germany context too much pressure because iraq is a sovereign state they are facing the court system here so whether they come back is the big question some children have been brought back to germany but it's a long process and it might take years after their sentences so a fascinating case surely not the last one that we are likely to see naomi conrad thank you so much. well now german photographer charge fisher is braising awareness about endangered plants from around the world with his amazing close up photographs and i like to bring in now from our culture desk robin merrill who is here to tell us a little bit more about that because i mean we're really talking not only about
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beautiful work here we're also talking about big money aren't you i mean we have these they can sell for six figures yeah they're all kids very rare is around the world the concern as you say for six figures the equivalent of a sort of contemporary art work by one of today's top world painters you know. and the extraordinary thing is these plots that we see works of nature they come from the us so we can and we must preserve them experts say that incredibly thirty percent of the world plus species are endangered which amazed me i had to check myself more a mole but it does seem to be the aftermath and the photographer to have fish on sort of awakens our senses with his amazing the extraordinary close up photos of some of these plums and his photos a currently on display at. an exhibition in the south of france so let's have
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a look at some of them and meet the man himself. earth laughs in flowers as american poet ralph waldo emerson wrote in his poem how much training. photographer thank fisher shows us blossoms that brighten our spirits flowers like these radiate joy and delight. i put a plant on a stage give it a relatively neutral background and i separate it from all the foliage from everything that surrounds it and i focus on a very fundamental fact the flower itself. and then it looks as imposing as this rare rothschild slipper orchid fisher shows it just before it blooms and in full bloom. were there bloom of it all this flower is traded on the black market or that you won't get one got under five thousand dollars why is because it's extremely
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endangered it only grows on the island of borneo on mount kinabalu and nowhere else in the world. incidentally the flowers are all much smaller than they appear here in the. dark of. this one so high and so long that when it opens roughly so small when it's closed. a selection of fishes photos has been published in a new book entitled a tribute to flowers reveals the fragility of his subjects and presents dying devos flowers that have entered the final stage of their lives. the fact the in the decay dying and death make us uncomfortable or would rather not have anything to do with them. we do it in nature and in this case taking the flower is a metaphor you realize that there's something spectacularly beautiful and or
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inspiring about it with the by many or inspiring. hardness for i'm hot. ultimately fisher is creating a kind of photographic noah's ark with his pictures one. the s. but the will to live first endangered flowers that i photographed fifteen or seventeen years ago no longer exist but i'd suppose some are already extinct or says it's a big dilemma or a big problem but at least my photographs exist and that's something to be thankful for. really beautiful stuff there and robyn there's another photographer whose pictures are also raising awareness about a very different part of our planet that's a bit of it yeah this is also off back story olof autofill. here's another joe and he's his subjects actually a melting we're of course talking about ice caps and it's especially relevant after
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the news earlier this year that underneath the take. so much ice melting. that's made up of one thousand five hundred square kilometers of ice melt that is evidently the size of greater london we're talking about we should astonishing amount especially as we always thought that it was the arctic that was the problem and actually it is the arctic that. olof back where he photographs and we've got some pictures from him and these are from the north pole which is always been considered more dangerous as i say in danger i should say and look at these beautiful blue rivers and beautiful but actually that is the ice melting in these rivers actually causing frooty our eyes and separating greenland from itself as. well as you mentioned they're endangered but you know really really beautiful nonetheless we thank you so much robin just joining us to tell us
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a little bit more about these two photographers and their very important work. for now quickly before we go we want to tell you that spanish suffered giant barcelona has confirmed the signing of former byron midfielder auto v. dollar for a fee of about twenty million euros or sloan officially presented the camp north today the chilean one the bundesliga title in each of his three seasons at byron he also played a key role in chile is back to back copa america titles in twenty fifteen and twenty sixteen dollars says that his main goal at barcelona is to win his first champions league title. well now inhabitants of the italian island of. were treated to a rare natural phenomenon this weekend as a water spout swept along the coast of the island a rotating column of water is usually formed a whirlwind occurring over
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a body of water we have sped up the footage taking. that you're up to date now.
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and failing. for many this is the perfect summer. but for others it's a nightmare. gemini is facing poor how mr myler fi is and the destruction of.
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the business just the beginning of a summer of extremes. close up. on t.w. . the fast pace of life in the digital. shift has the lowdown on the web he chose a new developments useful information and anything else worth noting. presents the latest finds. looks over the shoulders of makers and choosers. should. be five minutes of the. moving van beethoven and. his work goddess four to.
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the mushrooms and famous. beethoven gone twenty two. the old. rock'n'roll. come up. sinful becomes condemned by the church. i know that evil feeling that you feel when you like. your pastor is a music. star the old no one is more popular than jesus come the religious more hours the preachers some first. the packers battle with sound marketing potential by placing a warning label on music products. for auction and religion a clash that brings many parallels to light. are the two really so irreconcilable.
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come on the devil rock n roll starts aug nineteenth two w. . this is d w news wire from berlin just hours before the u.s. really imposes sanctions on iran tehran lashes out at u.s. president trump for waging war on the minds of iranians appearing on state television and radio and president rouhani accuses the u.s. of launching psychological warfare on his country president trumps order to reinstate saying sions follows the withdrawal.


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