tv Arts.21 - Arts.21 Special Architecture and Venice Deutsche Welle September 2, 2018 10:30am-11:00am CEST
we are so clever of the week. last week. of investment bankers that caruso was the first stop. everybody was wrong the wanted to ignore the reality of the whole thing might blow off the main basis of a system that spawned out of control. over the world and if you call this is going to. crush the investment bank lehman brothers start september thirteenth on g.w. . in.
that there is be a picture of a beautiful city that's quite obvious isn't it the palaces the squares the canals and bridges and the promenade along the lake good but why is new construction rarely beautiful that's one of the many questions we'll be able to ask the architect to plan and build the world around us and who are coming together here in venice for the sixteenth architecture be an olive the main focus here isn't on beauty though but on space on green space which is the title of this year's exhibition. starting off at the british trevelyan we find the remains of an experiment robin-hood gardens in london that was built in the late one nine hundred sixty s. and was intense. it to be ideal social housing but it got consistently bad press it
was poorly maintained and eventually demolished the venice be a non-issue is what remains photos are new original section of the buildings and symbols of a social vision. at the other end of the exhibition we find an optimistic look into the future the hong kong pavilion has creative ideas for the city of tomorrow he sees high rises as the only option to gain more free space in hong kong as densely populated territory the architects here's a skyscrapers just need a facelift. think about greenery sustainability can we plan trees in the tower and a lot more public spaces for all the citizens in the tower that need to have a change all regulation technological wise it's definitely possible when our are that close you can easily link them up and you provide mall plans and platforms and
wait which hong kong and the world to have a new discourse on the design of towers. over one hundred architectural firms took part in the hong kong project and they were given plenty of leeway in keeping with the title of this year's be another free space and the exhibition is surprisingly open playful and creative if you're looking for breathtaking architecture or trends for the commercial market you could be disappointed the architects designers and urban planners here in venice are more interested in what it's really all about creating buildings for people and for society. the project star apartments offers housing solutions for homeless people in los angeles prefabricated modular units are arranged above an open communal floor practical architecture for an inspiring cause.
switzerland's per billion deals with issues of scale and architecture and questions the one size fits all ows ing standards visitors find themselves on a tour of an empty apartment where the proportions are impossible. now this could be my new flat and the swiss available just something feels not lighted. and you see. that i mentions are all this is not made for cooking it's definitely. the installation one the golden lion for best national participation the jury called the installation compelling saying it tackles the critical issues of scale in domestic space. from the heart of europe to the middle east israel is just a few steps away at the piano and its subject this year the difficulties of
coexistence in a country where three religions lay claim to various holy sites. this model of the church of the holy supple current jerusalem uses different colors to show how the space is divided between six christian denominations. throughout history of the arrangements have been renegotiated repeatedly which has often led to disputes . in this film by nina perry we see the cave of the patriarchs in hebrew on the side was shared by jews and muslims. but for ten days a year they each have exclusive access one time it's a synagogue the next a mosque the changeover is overseen by the military. looking at the holy places from an architectural point of view was a whole new experience for the curators of the program. for us what is very interesting that as a secular is we always turn our back to the really just places and suddenly we look
at them as architects with the same lens we are used to look at public space see these you know living buildings and and each reveals that's the problems are actually more or less the same that's maybe extremely exaggerated and that maybe we should be very aware of the tower we can have as architects in organizing all these living together. after israel captured arab east jerusalem in one nine hundred sixty seven the western wall suddenly became an undefined area numerous architectural proposals are going to put forward over the decades the israeli people you know displays ten of the most interesting ones none have ever been implemented. this year's be analogy seeks answers to many of the big questions of our time immigration climate change and when dealing energy resources.
the australian for billion has been turned into a grassland landscape the curators say urban expansion in australia has largely been without any regard for nature original brass lands have been replaced by cities their aim is to challenge that approach and to encourage architects to work with nature. the argentinean prevail you know. so resembles a landscape the country's legendary pumpa. to produce homage to the vast expanse that allows nature human beings and built up areas to co-exist side by side with equal rights. to be another always emphasizes the need for sustainability and making use of local resources this elegant bamboo balder can made by vietnamese designers fits perfectly with that concept in fact throughout the exhibition there is a noticeable lack of standard materials such as glass steel and concrete.
filigree wooden ladders set in the middle of a bin asian park is actually a christian chapel commissioned by the vatican is the work of british architects or norman foster one of the few big names involved in the be a not at foster loves the location out in nature this is just liberal ambiguity to trade it's close but also being aware of all of this for all the beautiful sides. foster was one of ten architects commissioned by the vatican to design a chapel here on the venetian island of sun join german joining. the twenty eight team venice be a noun it provides an alternative view of architecture one that focuses on meeting the needs of people one that displays great attention to detail but one that is not set in stone but allowance for change and free space.
and now we have a date with an architect who decided to live in venice would meet up with her in a romantic garden at the other end of the city. genevieve dean has lived here for many she considers venice has a second home the architect and professor. it is also a writer in two thousand and six she established the global award for sustainable architecture awarded to architects engaged in the search for new ethics. cannot have been free space firearms as models normally again for free space is the theme for the bee in all of this year not hard to give us a top global award for sustainable architecture a walk sustainable and participator global award intermittently do you have the feeling that the world of architecture has changed over the past five or ten years and that it's more about building for people of it than for the ego bound for
dimension or nick down for the ego this had ceased is it so good visit to architecture has rediscovered its responsibility towards society with great vehemence with great intensity. i think that's now irreversible. so what did he buy is that it was long overdue. since the eighty's we've been on the wrong path one of endless growth in clothes like that one it's what the banks and insurance companies and business world have been telling us. yet what you and architects when i hung with that well and. it was a huge mistake on the part of our profession but a new set of values has now prevailed distances and it appeared the i would feel if you work a lot with young architects you're a professor of architecture what are your students interested in what do they want
to build create shape. they want to do much more than just build they want to shape processes that's good that's what we need it's not about winning competitions where the biggest most bombastic project we need to transform our societies from within we will know that the younger generation understands that we change society not what last rest buildings but through certain processes architects. made to see themselves not primarily as providers on a commercial supply chain but as drivers of social change at the end and even to this point they said. you take so the architect not a supplier nor is a genius big shot with grand ideas but as what exactly was he dicked as a servant of society that's what they're called lucy said no it was val to go viewers exactly. on their side so it's back to the one nine hundred twenty s. yes the wonderful twenty's. so that means
a commitment to social reform. formosa in the letter of course bound for because there's so architecture for thirty four population growth of a change. is there something you feel particularly passionate about one that is of great urgency. for an exit sign he needs to stop seeing the meaning of life in status symbols and then ever higher levels of performance there's no need for that . society should rather shape life in the physical space for life itself for society itself autonomous that's a good stead diaries of where architecture also has a really good leg many thanks. my pleasure having called out here. sleds introduce you to
a team of architects from berlin who designed the german per billion at the b. in allah this year their unconventional approach acts have been causing a sensation for some time now they're called graft architects. these three may be germany's coolest architects blouse click about complex and thomasville it might the name of their practice reflects their interest in crossing boundaries between disciplines and grafting the creative potential of one realm onto another and certainly our category busters to bring. their work often boasts organic forms their range is broad from entire city districts to product design and they do retro futurism brilliantly. they've known each other since they were students they opened graft in one thousand nine hundred eight in los angeles from the start they knew they had a different usual take on things. this market changed is the absence of opportunity
. in two thousand and seven with actor brad pitt and their make it right foundation they launched a campaign to rebuild a neighborhood in new orleans that had been devastated into the. and five by hurricane katrina. the idea was for new homes to re envision local architecture and to be sustainable affordable as well as stylish. now has offices in berlin and beijing as well and employs one hundred fifty architects and designers trendy hotels and expensive apartment buildings in wealthy cities bring in the money that allows them to pursue their nonprofit projects they feel design is not a first world privilege and that beauty is part of a social sustainability. intervene in society with spatial measures. there solar kiosk is
a compact affordable and sturdy shop unit that is solar powered and designed for remote off grid locations it generates and sells clean energy to charge phones and enable internet access that helps rural communities overcome their isolation. graft comes up with plenty of interesting ideas for projects in germany as well of course they don't all get built a temporary museum for berlin art cloud. and a kind of novel monument the german unity flag floating in the sky a weightless celebrate tory dance above the country graft to is anything but plodding with their feet on the ground the sky's the limit. and there are still plenty of walls to one built.
for the german pavilion groff the architects have the spotlight on a very special anniversary as of this year the visitors move around so they realize the gaps. the initial impression of the german prevail in un building walls is quite dramatic for me east german civil rights activist money on a battle what with the architects from graft to explore the free space left behind by the fall of the war between former east and west germany. the defter that divided the city of berlin alone measured a stunning one hundred and fifty five promises. its removal left a vacuum a gaping wound that needed to be healed initially at a very practical level it's got kind of exam started live as no overall strategy or master plan but there were obvious questions that needed to be answered links that needed to be reestablished due to train lines that needed to be to mix it on the
then there was the question of what to do with political elite sensitive areas and nor. can there were symbolic gestures such as the punters ponderous or federal revan a string of government buildings designed to link east and west. the free space was gradually filled by many different groups. of it some things were decided by the state over there were also citizens initiatives that some areas are doing a long time for ownership issues to be clarified some are still not settled for. the free space gave way to a new party culture many people live discourses and empty buildings berlin offered virtually unparalleled freedoms in the one nine hundred ninety s. the city became had. precious space in prime locations was quickly snapped up by developers. a building boom followed the former death strip was gradually
transformed giving way to offices shopping malls and luxury apartments. only a few traces of the berlin move remaining twenty eight years ago many were keen to remove all evidence of a decades long division. the memorial site had been ours tasa is the last trip of war where visitors can get a sense of the full extent of the board of what of occasions that once stood here. the curators of the german trevelyan feel the memorial site in berlin works well. with noir they have dared to make a connection between everyday life which still continues here and remembering what it was like in the past which is not so positive and not at all easy. there are relics of the original war and there are interpretations of that which no longer divide but up with. the former border crossing checkpoint charlie has become a huge tourist attraction it stands as one of the most symbolic images of the cold war only now plans being drawn up to restructure this historic area in the meantime
visitors have to make do with less than an offer from to another venue for trying to walk around and get a feel for what it must have been like. another project a measurement of elin and venice is still a building site it's the new headquarters of a spring a media group. that will stand opposite the original building which are going on have built fifty years ago right next to the garden more quite a political statement at a time in. a new building designed by a game called house stands directly on the form a death trap. they designed traces the course of the berlin wall diagonally through the building leaving the area void and creating a large interior atrium. right here to start with the it's interesting
that this design was the only one submitted in the competition that decided to take the berlin wall as its cue for how to define and shape the interior so it's going to be a bill. adding that it's actually shaped around the wall of one does i beseech you on the mall of your home. the nerve center of the new spring a campus will be the digital newsroom. with your music it'll be like an empty theater with multiple levels it'll be allowed in full of energetic journalists so here on what was once the death strip view of a place full of life that have been probably the most lively part of berlin building. the german pavilion under the moves celebrates twenty eight years since the fall of the berlin wall by showcasing twenty eight different projects but it's not only about germany people from six different countries talk on video about their experiences with border walls from mexico to israel.
and i know that he and when asked about their hopes and number of those interviewed talked about the fall of the berlin wall what we experienced in germany seems to resonate with many around the world and offer them a ray of hope. a moves can cost along shatter decades after the fall of the by the move and political reunification differences between east and west germany are still a parent not just in the field of architecture moves still being unbuilt as the germans have been in and venice makes clear. a young chinese woman architect is setting out to revive the countryside in our homeland using simple yet brilliant means she's got two shows running at the moment here at the b.n. allah and at the same time how work is on show it at its architecture forward in berlin which is where we caught up with the astonishing church and. this is the
region of song young which extends along the river song in a bamboo observation platform the pine park brilliant and a tea house i'm a. plantations. three works by ten modest interventions to restore the health of the region. she was a doctor that you don't feel just at tea house everything that you have to go through case by case. and also this at your punch or it's not a message surgery into the right because we want this to be a systemic strike ditch. as you turn turn and want to contribute to the revitalization of neglected and remote rural areas in china. working with the local authorities and song young she seems to prove that even architectural micro interventions that address the specific situation of
a particular place can bring about positive change not just more tourists the brown sugar factory operates as such between october and december year round it's also a community and arts center. the bricks steel and sheet metal are complemented by lots of glass transparency is enhanced the production process that sustains the village economy and the social life of the villagers enters into a new engaging relationship with the us architecture as our language to address social issues to restore their identity will work with the british heritage history. and we set up this program for the for the community. one village council commissioned a new village center dedicated to its most famous son the fourteenth century scholar wang jing. undesigned wong jing memorial hall it's
major of round earth a traditional construction technique here local artisans and artists worked on the project it's had a huge impact reviving the village and sense of pride and they just come into the space a whole breath and they love the space they love the strays and later on the engaged the village started to for no wait more p.o.d.'s in the bit it's still going continuing on now and i think maybe by end of this you see a new one as for. the plantations are shaped the landscape and the economy of song young for centuries. this is huge and sounds museum devoted to the history and culture of dr ethnic group. here to local craftspeople abused traditional techniques to build it. she believes that if people can find work in their own home
region and skills are required and respected they're less likely to move to the city under strategy has proven successful. curators simple elegant wooden roof to an old bridge across the summary and creating a social straits that brings together villagers from the two banks of the river for years it was closed off today it's a symbol of reno. around the well docket sex creates and build the world we live in let us hope that in the future it will more often be those who to paraphrase the great architect rather go up us see themselves as sevens of society and less often those who am only to be servants of their investors.
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generation. it was an honest place dusty and full of stupidity and teaching conspiracies object to nothing less than a home to slay the stream of the city of compliance with the vietnam war playing the role of the generation to watch the bomb work every day the totally blows me with an remember suffered most of the first time i had a feeling of being part of something in. the seeds of civil rights the peace movement the women's movement for hopeless during this period. until sixty it . took a good look at. this week's double. play