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tv   Arts.21 - Arts.21 Special Architecture and Venice  Deutsche Welle  September 2, 2018 7:30pm-8:00pm CEST

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the climate used green energy solutions and reforestation. they create interactive content teaching the next generation about environmental protection and when to term and to build something here for the next generation global ideas the multimedia environment series on t.w. . after. that there is the epic tale of a beautiful city that's quite obvious isn't it the palaces the squares the canals
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and bridges and the promenade along the lake good but why is new construction really beautiful that's one of the our many questions we'll be able to ask the architect to plan and build the world around us and who are coming together here in venice the sixteen architecture be an olive main focus here isn't on beauty though but on space on green space which is the title of this year's exhibition. starting off at the british produce we find the remains of an experiment robin hood gardens in london it was built in the late one nine hundred sixty s. and was intended to be ideal social r.c. but it got consistently bad press and was poorly maintained and eventually demolished the going to be a non-issue. would remain years photos in original section of the building seven
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symbols of a social vision nothing. at the other end of the exhibition we find an optimistic look into the future hong kong brilliant as creative ideas for the city of tomorrow he sees high rises as the only option to gain more free space in hong kong as densely populated territory the architects here's a skyscrapers just need a facelift. think about greenery sustainability can we plan trains in the tower and a lot more public spaces for all the citizens in the tower that need to have a change all regulation technological wise it's definitely possible when tower that close you can easily link them up a year provide mall plans and platforms and wait which hong kong and the world to have a new discourse on the design of towers. over one hundred architectural firms took
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part in the hong kong project and they were given plenty of leeway in keeping with the title of this year's be another free space and the exhibition is surprisingly open playful and creative if you're looking for breathtaking architecture or trends for the commercial lousing market you could be disappointed the architects designers and urban planners here in venice are more interested in what it's really all about creating buildings for people and for society. the project star apartments offers housing solutions for homeless people in los angeles prefabricated modular units are arranged above an open communal floor practical architecture for an inspiring cause. switzerland's per billion deals with issues of scale in architecture and questions the one size for. saw i was in standards visitors find themselves on
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a tour of an empty apartment where the proportions are impossible. now this could be my new flat and the swiss available just something feels not right. and you see. that i mentioned. this is not made for cooking it's definitely. the installation one the golden lion for best national participation the jury called the installation compelling saying it tackles the critical issues of scale in domestic space. from the heart of europe to the middle east israel is just a few steps away at the b.n. and its object this year the difficulties of coexistence in a country where three religions lay claim to various holy sites. this model of the church of the holy simple current jerusalem uses different colors to show how the
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space is divided between six christian denominations. throughout history of the arrangements have been renegotiated repeatedly which has often led to disputes . in this film by nina perry we see the cave of the patriarchs in hebrew on the scientists shared by jews and muslims. but for ten days a year they each have exclusive access one time it's a synagogue the next a mosque the changeover is overseen by the military. looking at the holy places from an architectural point of view was a whole new experience for the curators of the pavilion. for us what is very interesting that as a secular is we always turn our back to the really just places and suddenly we look at them as architects with the same lens we are used to look at the space see these you know living buildings and and each reveals that's it the problems are actually
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more or less the same that's maybe extremely exaggerated and that maybe we should be very aware of that our we can have as architects in organizing all these living together. after israel captured arab east jerusalem in one nine hundred sixty seven the western wall suddenly became an undefined area where as architectural proposals are put forward over the decades the israeli purdue in displays ten of the most interesting ones none have ever been implemented. this year's be a knowledge he seeks answers to many of the big questions of our time immigration climate change and when dealing energy resources. the australian billion has been turned into a grassland landscape the curators say urban expansion in australia has largely been without any regard for nature original grasslands have been replaced by cities
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their aim is to challenge that approach and to encourage architects to work with nature. the argentinean prevail you know. so resembles a landscape the country's legendary pumpa. it pays homage to the vast expanse that allows nature human beings and built up areas to co-exist side by side with equal rights. to. the be and are always emphasizes the need for sustainability and making use of local resources this elegant bamboo balder can made by vietnamese designers fits perfectly with that concept in fact throughout the exhibition there is a noticeable lack of standard materials such as glass steel and concrete. filigree wooden ladders set in the middle of a venetian park is actually
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a christian chapel commissioned by the vatican it's the work of british architects or norman foster one of the few big names involved in the be a not at foster loves the location out in nature this is just liberal ambiguity between the big and close the also being aware of all of this rather beautiful side. foster was one of ten architects commissioned by the vatican to design a chapel here on the venetian island of sun joint german joining. the twenty eight team venice be anon it provides an alternative view of architecture one that focuses on meeting the needs of people one that displays great attention to detail but one that is not set in stone but allows for change in free space. and now we have a date with an architect who decided to live in that would meet up with her in a romantic garden at the other end of the city.
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genevieve dean has lived here for many years she considers venice has a second home the architect and professor. it is also a writer in two thousand and six she established the global award for sustainable architecture awarded to architects engaged in the search for new ethics. cannot have been in free space at all mrs moderates not only a dream for three spaces the theme for the beyond all of this year now how to give you set up a global award for sustainable architecture and award sustainable and participator global award intermittently do you have the feeling that the world of architecture has changed over the past five or ten years and that it's more about building for people of it than for the ego bound food you mentioned or nic bound for the ego this had ceased is it so good business to architecture has rediscovered its
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responsibility towards society with great vehemence with great intensity. stare. i think that's now a reversible. so what did he buy it's about it was long overdue. since the eighty's we've been on the wrong path one of endless growth. like that or it's what the banks and insurance companies and business world have been telling us. yet what you and architects when i hung with that falling in the way it was a huge mistake on the part of our profession but a new set of values has now prevailed institutions that have lived the i would feel if you were good luck with young architects you're a professor of architecture what are your students interested in what do they want to build create shape. they want to do much more than just build they want to shrink processes that's good that's what we need how it's not about winning
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competitions where the biggest most bombastic project we need to transform our societies from within the law know that the younger generation understands that we change society not what last rest buildings but through certain processes architects. to see themselves not primarily as providers on a commercial supply chain but as drivers of social change at the end and puts a save. the architect not a supplier nor is a genius big shot with the grand ideas but as what exactly was he dicked a servant of society. that's what we're going to see you said no it was vile to go . on the side so it's back to the one nine hundred twenty s. yes the wonderful twenty's or does so that means a commitment to social reform. of formosa it did matter of course bound for because there's no so architecture for society or for population growth or the change. is
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there something you feel particularly passionate about one that is of great urgency was enough. for an exit sign he needs to stop seeing the meaning of life in status symbols and then ever higher levels of performance there's no need for that i still think society should rather shape life in the physical space for life itself for society itself autonomous lead that's just that one dies all where architecture also has really took place many thanks yana repartee my pleasure stephen calder here. sleds introduce you to a team of architects from berlin who designed the german pavilion at the b. in allah this year their unconventional projects have been causing a sensation for some time now they're called graft architects. these three may be
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germany's coolest architects blonds cook a bag of less complex and thomas villa might the name of their practice reflects their interest in crossing boundaries between disciplines and grafting the creative potential of one realm onto another and certainly our category about the suffering . their work often boasts organic forms their range is broad from entire city districts to prod have to sign and they do retro futurism brilliantly. they've known each other since they were students they opened graft in one thousand nine hundred eight in los angeles from the start they knew they had a different unusual take on things. to mark the taste is the absence of appetite. in two thousand and seven with actor brad pitt and their make it right foundation they launched a campaign to rebuild
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a neighborhood in new orleans that had been devastated in two thousand and five by hurricane katrina. the idea was for new homes to re envision local architecture and to be sustainable affordable as well as stylish. craft now has offices in berlin and beijing as well and employs one hundred fifty architects and designers trendy hotels and expensive apartment buildings in wealthy cities bring in the money that allows them to pursue their nonprofit projects they feel design is not a first world privilege and that beauty is part of a social sustainability. intervene in society with special measures. there's solar kiosk is a compact affordable and sturdy shop unit that is solar powered and designed for remote off grid locations it generates and sells clean energy to charge phones and
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internet access that helps rural communities overcome their isolation. graft comes up with plenty of interesting ideas for projects in germany as well of course they don't all get built a temporary museum for berlin art cloud. and a kind of novel monument the german unity flag floating in the sky a weightless celebrate tory dance above the country grabbed to anything but with their feet on the ground the sky's the limit. and there are still plenty of walls to one built. for the german pavilion graphed architects have put the spotlight on a very special anniversary as of this year the bell in walla has been gone for
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twenty eight years that's as long as it stood still vibing the city and germany entered time to take stock from an architectural point of view. a sea of black dark and unwelcoming. only when visitors move around to they realize there are gaps in the initial impression of the german have been in un building walls is quite dramatic for me east german civil rights activist money on a battle worked with the architects from graft to explore the free space left behind by the fall of the war between former east and west germany. the death threat that divided the city of berlin alone measured a stunning one hundred fifty five kilometers. its removal left a vacuum a gaping wound that needed to be healed initially at a very practical level it's got kind of exams but it leaves no overall strategy
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almost the plan but there were obvious questions that needed to be answered the links that needed to be reestablished to be the train lines that needed to be to connect it on the then there was the question of what to do with particularly sensitive areas and more bogusness during. can't there were some bullet gestures such as the punters ponderous or federal revenue a string of government buildings designed to link east and west. the free space was gradually filled by many different groups. that's a lot of that some things were decided by the state over there were also see. citizens initiatives that some areas are do a long time for ownership issues to be clarified some are still not settled for. the free space gave way to a new party culture many people live to squatters and empty buildings. in after virtually unparalleled freedoms in the one nine hundred ninety s. the city became head. precious space in prime locations was quickly snapped up by
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developers. a building boom followed the former death strip was gradually transformed giving way to offices shopping malls and luxury apartments. only a few traces of the berlin move remaining twenty eight years ago many were keen to remove all evidence of the decades long division the memorial site had been ours tasa is the last drop of war where visitors can get a sense of the full extent of the border fortifications that want stood here. the curators of the german trevelyan feel the memorial site in berlin works well. with noir with they have dared to make a connection between everyday life which still continues here and remembering what it was like in the past which is not so positive and not at all easy. there are relics of the original way and there are interpretations of that war which no longer divided but are permeable that. the former border crossing checkpoint
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charlie has become a huge tourist attraction it stands as one of the most symbolic images of the cold war only now are plans being drawn up to restructure this historic area in the meantime visitors have to make do with less than or frantic memorabilia or try to walk around to get a feel for what it must have been like. another project a measurement of elin and venice is still a building site. it's the new headquarters of the spring immediate group. that will stand opposite the original building which are going to have built fifty years ago right next to the baton move quite a political statement at a time when. the new building designed by an courthouse stands directly on the form a death trap. the design traces the course of the berlin wall diagonally through
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the building leaving the area void and creating a large interior atrium. right here with and with the it's interesting that this design was the only one submitted in the competition that decided to take the berlin wall as its cue for how to define and shape the interior so it's going to be a building that is actually shaped around the wall of wind as i only know of you know. the nerve center of the new spring a campus will be the digital knees room. the fourth of use an area like an amphitheater with multiple levels will be allowed in full of energetic journalists so here are not was once the deathstroke view of a place full of life that had been probably the most lively part of berlin building . the german heavily in under the moves celebrates twenty eight years since the fall of the berlin wall by showcasing twenty eight different projects but it's not
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only about germany people from six different countries talk on video about their experiences with border walls from mexico to israel. i know that he and when asked about their hopes and number of those interviewed talked about the fall of the berlin wall what we experienced in germany seems to resonate with many around the world and offer them a ray of hope. a a but was concussed a long shot or decades after the fall of the by the move and political arena for cation differences between east and. germany us to the parent not just in the field of architecture walls still being unbuilt as the german travel in and venice makes clear. a young chinese woman architect is setting out to revive the countryside in our homeland using simple yet brilliant means she's got two shows running at the moment here at the b.n.
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allah and at the same time how work is on show as it is actually to go forward which is where we caught up with the astonishing church and. this is the region of song young which extends along the river song in a bamboo observation platform the pine park really in and a tea house amid plantations. three works by hugh chan the town modest interventions to restore the health of the region. she would talk to if you don't feel it's a tea house everything that you have to go through case by case. and also this at your puncture is not a message surgery into the fray because we want this to be a systemic. issue chanter and wants to contribute to the revitalization of the
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neglected and remote rural areas in china working with the local authorities and song young she seems to prove that even architectural micro interventions that address the specific situation of a particular place can bring about positive change not just more tourists the brown sugar factory operates as such between october and december year round it's also a community and arts center in the bricks steel and sheet metal are complemented by lots of glass thus transparency is enhanced the production process that sustains the village economy and the social life. the villagers enters into a new engaging relationship in the us architecture as our language to address social issues to restore their identity will work with the british heritage history. and we set up this program for the for the community.
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one village council commissioned a new village center dedicated to its most famous son the fourteenth century scholar wang jing. future and john designed one jing memorial hall it's major of around earth a traditional construction technique here local artisans and artists worked on the project it's had a huge impact reviving the village and sense of pride and they've just come into a death face he told the press and they left a space they left the strays and later on the engaged the village started to run no wait more it is in of it it's still going continuing on now and i think maybe by end of this you see a new one as village. the plantations are shaped the landscape and the economy of song young for centuries. this is future and chance museum devoted to the history
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and culture of dr ethnic group here to local fraps people have used traditional techniques to build it. she believes that if people can find work in their own home region of the skills are required and respected they're less likely to move to the city center strategy has proven successful. curators simple elegant wooden roof to an old bridge across the song me i'm creating a social space that brings together villagers from the two banks of the river for years it was closed off today it's a symbol of renewal. around the world architects create and build the world will live and let us hope that in the future it will more often be those who to paraphrase the great architect voltaire gopi was see themselves as seven self society and less often those who am only to be servants of their investors.
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born in this. you are alive the can prove it since you want to look but no school. you want to be useful put on a loved one. when you're sick the doctors know when you fall in love they won't make you don't have children for fear they'll be invisible to. you assure. you have noticed. when you die there's no proof of the exist. in every ten minutes. someone. ten million people in the world the stake they have no nationality and a total made up along and. so that everyone has the right. everyone has the right to say like your own home.
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odd. says it's behind the explosion. also coming up. hundreds. of democracy and against extremism.


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