tv Arts.21 - Arts.21 Special Architecture and Venice Deutsche Welle September 3, 2018 6:30am-7:01am CEST
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that there is the a picture of a beautiful city that's quite obvious isn't it the palaces the squares the canals and bridges and the promenade along the lake good but why is new construction rarely beautiful that's one of the or many questions we'll be able to ask the architect to plan and build the world around us and who are coming together here in venice the sixteenth architecture be an olive the main focus here isn't on beauty though but on space on green space which is the title of this music exhibition. starting off with the british produce in we find the remains of an experiment robin hood gardens in london was built in the late one nine hundred sixty s. and was intended. to be ideal social housing but it got consistently bad press it
was poorly maintained and eventually demolished the venice be another shows what remains photos are noon original section of the building sound symbols of the social vision that fans. at the other end of the exhibition we find an optimistic look into the future the hong kong brilliant as creative ideas with the city of tomorrow he sees high rises as the only option to gain more free space in hong kong as densely populated territory the architects years as skyscrapers just need a facelift. can we think about greenery sustainability can we plan trees in the tower and a lot more public spaces full citizens in the tower that need to have a change all regulation technological wise it's definitely possible when power that close you could easily link them up
a year provide mall plans and platforms and wait which hong kong and the world to have a new discourse on the design of towers. over one hundred architectural firms took part in the hong kong project and they were given plenty of leeway in keeping with the title of this year's be another free space and the exhibition is surprisingly open playful and creative if you're looking for breathtaking architecture or trends for the commercial lousing market you could be disappointed the architects designers and urban planners here in venice are more interested in what it's really all about creating buildings for people and for society. the project star apartments offers housing solutions for homeless people in los angeles prefabricated modular units are arranged above an open communal floor practical architecture for an inspiring cause.
switzerland's per billion deals with issues of scale and architecture and questions the one size fits all ows ing standards visitors find themselves on a tour of an empty apartment where the proportions are impossible. now this could be. my new flat and the swiss villian just something feels not lighted. and you see. that i mentions are all this is not made for cooking definitely. the installation won the golden lion for best national participation the jury called the installation compelling saying it tackles the critical issues of scale in domestic space. from the heart of europe to the middle east israel is just a few steps away to be a nod at its object this year the difficulties of coexistence in
a country where three religions lay claim to various holy sites. this model of the church of the holy several current jerusalem uses different colors to show how the space is divided between six christian denominations. throughout history of the arrangements have been renegotiated repeatedly which has often led to disputes . in this film by nina perry we see the cave of the patriarchs in hebrew on the side just shared by jews and muslims. but for ten days a year they each have exclusive access one time it's a synagogue the next a mosque the changeover is overseen by the military. looking at the holy places from an architectural point of view was a whole new experience for the curators of the program. for us what is very interesting that as a secular is we always turn our back to the really just places and suddenly we look
at them as architects with the same lens we are used to look at public space see these you know living buildings and and each reveals that's the problems are actually more or less the same that's maybe extremely exaggerated and that's maybe we should be very aware of that our we can have as architects in organizing all these living together. after israel captured arab east jerusalem in one nine hundred sixty seven the western wall suddenly became an undefined area numerous architectural proposals have been put forward over the decades the israeli people you know displays ten of the most interesting ones none have ever been implemented . this year is be an olive seeks answers to many of the big questions of our time immigration climate change and when to lincoln or g. resources. near australia per billion has been turned into
a grassland landscape the curators say urban expansion in australia has largely been without any regard for nature original grasslands have been replaced by cities their aim is to challenge that approach and to encourage architects to work with nature. the argentinean prevail you know. so resembles a landscape the country's legendary pumpa. it pays homage to the vast expanse that allows nature human beings in built up areas to co-exist side by side with equal rights. to be another always emphasizes the need for sustainability and making use of local resources this elegant bamboo balder can made by vietnamese designers fits perfectly with that concept in fact throughout the exhibition there is a noticeable lack of standard materials such as glass steel and concrete.
filigree wooden matters set in the middle of a venetian fark is actually a christian chapel commissioned by the vatican it's the work of british architects are norman foster one of the few big names involved in the bionic foster loves the location out in nature this is just liberal ambiguity to trade it's close but also being aware of all of this rather beautiful side. foster was one of ten architects commissioned by the vatican to design a chapel here on the venetian island of sun join german joining. the twenty eight team venice be a noun it provides an alternative view of architecture one that focuses on meeting the needs of people one that displays great attention to detail but one that is not set in stone that allows for change in free space.
and now we have a date with an architect who decided to live in that would meet up with her in a romantic garden at the other end of the city. genevieve dean has lived here for many yes she considers venice has a second home the architect and professor. it's also a writer in two thousand and six she established the global award for sustainable architecture awarded to architects engaged in the search for new ethics. than i did in free space firearms as models normally again for free space is the theme for the biala this year know how to give us a top global award for sustainable architecture award sustainable and participator global award intermittently do you have the feeling that the world of architecture has changed over the past five or ten years in that in that it's more about building for people of it than for the ego bound to dimension or nick down for the
ego this had ceased is it so good business to architecture has rediscovered its responsibility towards society with great vehemence with great intensity. stat. i think that's now a reversible. so what that by it's well it was long overdue. since the eighty's we've been on the wrong path one of endless growth employers like that one it's what the banks and insurance companies and business world have been telling us. yet what you and architects when i hung with that. it was a huge mistake on the part of our profession but a new set of values has now prevailed institutional at that period i would feel if you were go along with young architect is you're a professor of architecture what are your students interested in what do they want
to build create shape. they want to do much more than just build they want to shape processes that's good that's what we need how it's not about winning competitions where the biggest most bombastic project we need to transform our societies from within the law know that the younger generation understands that we change society not what last rest buildings but through certain processes architects. need to see themselves not primarily as providers on a commercial supply chain but as drivers of social change the end and puts a save you take so the architect not a supplier nor is a genius big shot with the grand ideas but as what exactly was he ticked as a servant of society that's what we're going to see said no it was vile to go he was exactly. on the side so it's back to the one nine hundred twenty s. yes the wonderful twenty's or does so that means
a commitment to social reform. for most of you did of course bound for because there's so architecture force for population growth of the change. is there something you feel particularly passionate about one that is of great urgency. for an exit sign he needs to stop seeing the meaning of life in status symbols and then ever higher levels of performance there's no need for that i still think society should rather shape life in the physical space for life itself for society itself autonomous lee that's because that one dies or where architecture also has really took place many thanks. my pleasure stephen called out here up the. slots introduce you to
a team of architects from berlin who designed the german per billion at the b. in allah this year their unconventional approach acts have been causing a sensation for some time now they're called graft architects. these three may be germany's coolest architects. bag of complex and thomas villa might the name of their practice reflects their interest in crossing boundaries between disciplines and grafting the creative potential of one realm onto another and certainly our category about this is to bring. their work often boasts organic forms their ranges broad from entire city districts to product design and they do retro futurism brilliantly. they've known each other since they were students they opened graft in one thousand nine hundred eight in los angeles from the start they knew they had a different under usual take on things. despite the teamsters the absence of
opportunity. in two thousand and seven with actor brad pitt and their make it right foundation they launched a campaign to rebuild a neighborhood in new orleans that had been devastated into the. in five by hurricane katrina. the idea was for new homes to re envision local architecture and to be sustainable affordable as well as stylish. now has offices in berlin and beijing as well and employs one hundred fifty architects and designers trendy hotels and expensive apartment buildings in wealthy cities bring in the money that allows them to pursue their nonprofit projects they feel design is not a first world privilege and that beauty is part of a social sustainability. intervene in society with special measures. there solar kiosk is
a contact affordable and sturdy shop unit that is solar powered and designed for remote off grid locations it generates and sells clean energy to charge phones and able internet access that helps rural communities overcome their isolation. graft comes up with plenty of interesting ideas for projects in germany as well of course they don't all get built a temporary museum for berlin art cloud. and a kind of novel monument the german unity flag floating in the sky a weightless celebrate tory dance above the country grove to anything but plodding with their feet on the ground the sky's the limit. and there are still plenty of walls to one built.
for the german pavilion draft architects have the spotlight on a very special anniversary as of this year the burning wall has been gone for twenty eight. that's as long as it stood still vibing the city and germany entered time to take stock from an architectural point of view. a sea of black dark and unwelcoming. only when visitors move around to they realize there are gaps in the initial impression of the german have been in and building walls is quite dramatic form east german civil rights activist money on a battle what with the architects from graft to explore the free space left behind by the fall of the war between former east and west germany. a defter that divided the city of berlin alone measured a stunning one hundred fifty five kilometers. its removal left a vacuum
a gaping wound that needed to be healed initially at a very practical level it's got kind of exam started live as no overall strategy or master plan but there were obvious questions that needed to be answered the links that needed to be reestablished in the view the train lines that needed to be connected on the then there was the question of what to do with political elite sensitive areas the north. can't there were some balik gestures such as the punters ponderous or federal revan a string of government buildings designed to link east and west. the free space was gradually filled by many different groups. of it some things were decided by the state over there were also citizens initiatives that some areas are doing a long time for ownership issues to be clarified some are still not settled for goodness of. the free space gave way to a new party culture many people live discourses and empty buildings berlin offered
virtually unparalleled freedoms in the one nine hundred ninety s. the city became had. precious space in primary. nations was quickly snapped up by developers. a building boom followed the former death strip was gradually transformed giving way to offices shopping malls and luxury apartments. only a few traces of the berlin wall remaining twenty eight years ago many were keen to remove all evidence of the decades long division the memorial site had been ours tasa is the last drop of war where visitors can get a sense of the full extent of the border fortifications that once stood here. the curators of the german trevelyan feel the memorial site in berlin works well. with noir through them they have dared to make a connection between everyday life which still continues here and remembering what it was like in the past which is not so positive and not at all easy. there are
relics of the original war and there are interpretations of that war which no longer divide but are permeable that. the former border crossing checkpoint charlie has become a huge tourist attraction it stands as one of the most symbolic images of the cold war only now are plans being drawn up to restructure this historic area in the meantime visitors have to make do with less than or frantic memorabilia trying to walk around and get a feel for what it must have been like. in . another project of enjoyment of a linen venice is still a building site it's the new headquarters of the spring and media group. that will stand opposite the original building which are going on have built fifty years ago right next to the berlin wall quite a political statement at the time. a new building designed by
a game courthouse stands directly on the former death strip. the design traces the course of the berlin wall diagonally through the bill. leaving the area void and creating a large interior atrium. idea that the it's interesting that this design was the only one submitted in the competition that decided to take the berlin wall as its cue for how to define and shape the interior so it's going to be a building that is actually shaped around the wall with one does i'm. home bold. enough center of the new spring a campus will be the digital newsroom. with the music it'll be like an empty theater with multiple levels it'll be allowed in full of energetic journalists so here on what was once the death strip view of a place full of life that has been probably the most lively part of berlin building . the german pavilion under the moves celebrates twenty eight years since the fall
of the berlin wall by showcasing twenty eight different projects but it's not only about germany people from six different countries talk on video about their experiences with border walls from mexico to israel. and i know that he and when asked about their hopes and number of those interviewed talked about the fall of the berlin wall what we experienced in germany seems to resonate with many around the world and offer them a ray of hope that the but walls concussed alone shatter decades after the fall of them by the move and political arena for cation differences between east and west germany are still apparent not just in the field of architecture. moves are still being unbuilt as the germans have been in and venice makes clear. a young chinese woman
architect is setting out to revive the countryside in our homeland using simple yet brilliant means she's got two shows running at the moment here at the be an art. and at the same time how work is on the show as it is as you tick through forwarding berlin which is where we caught up with the astonishing search and. this is the region of song young which extends along the river song in a bamboo observation platform the pine park brilliant and a tea house amid plantations. three works by hugh chinatown modest interventions to restore the health of the region. she was shocked at that yes you don't feel it's a tea house every bit you have to go through case by case. and also this at your puncture is not a message surgery into the right because we want this to be
a sustainable strike. if you turn turn once to contribute to the revitalization of neglected and remote rural areas in china. working with the local authorities and song young she seems to prove that even architectural micro interventions that address the specific situation of a particular place then bring about positive change not just more tourists the brown sugar factory operates as such between october and december the year round it's also a community and arts center. the bricks steel and sheet metal are complemented by lots of glass transparency is enhanced the production process that sustains the village economy and the social life for the villagers enters into a new engaging relationship with the us architecture as our language to address social issues to restore their identity will work with the british
heritage history. and we set up this puppy program for the community. one village council commissioned a new village center dedicated to its most famous son the fourteenth century scholar wong jing. undesigned wong jing memorial hall it's made of around earth a traditional construction technique here local artisans and artists worked on the project it's had a huge impact reviving the religious sense of pride and just counting to death face the. press and the space they left the strays and later on the engaged the village started to for innovate more p.o.d.'s in of it it's still going continuing on now and i think maybe by end of this you see it new ones for. the plantations are shaped the landscape and the economy of song young for
centuries. this is future and shuns museum devoted to the history and culture of dr ethnic group. to local craftspeople abuse traditional techniques to build it. sure believes that if people can find work in their own home region and the skills are required and respected they're less likely to move to the city and or strategy has proven successful. curator simple elegant wooden roof to an old bridge across the song and creating a social space that brings together villagers from the two banks of the river for years it was closed off today it's a symbol of reno. around the well docket sex creates and build the world we live in let us hope that in the future it will more often be those who to paraphrase the great architect rather go up us see themselves
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