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tv   Doc Film - Uprising on Peace River - Canadas Conservationists Fight for their...  Deutsche Welle  September 18, 2018 11:15am-12:00pm CEST

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expected and sealed but will it be too cold for klopp who come out on top. this is due to be news live from berlin i'm brian thomas for the entire team thanks so much for joining us and don't forget there's always more on these and other stories on our web site did of your doctor of. any co-pays in germany to learn german. published in the. why not learn with him online on the mobile and free to suffer from the w e learning course because for me .
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midsummer i learned on canada's pacific coast indigenous people from the most commom first nations have occupied a fish farm here. now it's not that. i don't doubt that those traditional burgle and you have never been given rugby or don't tell me don't worry you can see i don't know but. the protest is directed at marine harvest our norwegian company the world's biggest salmon producer. two hours away by plane to the northeast in the rocky mountains this river is slated to disappear energy company b.c. hydro is building a dam here the project is the biggest of its kind in all north america. god creator gave a beautiful place and warm i don't want to destroy. it's
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a cool foggy morning in early september when we first meet molina dawson. she and her mother are loading supplies on to her uncle mike's boat can and will be a company molina for the next few weeks. they're bringing the supplies from port mcneil to the fish farm protesters. and can keep them in with her jewelry. and them twenty one got a big family home school. says while on the in the bones the big even when the fish are good and they do you provide a lot to this coast and it's been going down and specially in their east with these fish for. the platform appears out of the
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fog. inside the nets the farmed fish are jumping. at the dock alongside the boat that belongs to marlene his grandfather chief willie moment the leader of the protest. a marine harvest employee with binoculars is keeping a lookout. the company is allowing the occupiers to stay for the moment in really awful. uncle mike summons the family members they've changed into their regalia or traditional costumes. zero. zero zero. mike sings an ancient song about the creation of the world the protesters have painted signs oh. do you know. the first nations depend on the yearly migration of the wild salmon. oh yeah oh oh oh oh. oh
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oh oh this character was taught enough territory and this belongs to our people marine who are with us never ever gotten right to come into our characters or almost got to getting some of a first in our territory and we can't allow it to happen because i suppose that's what our people lived on it's lived on for hundreds and thousands of years. the territory and the chief moon is referring to is this part of the canadian pacific coast once a year the chinook the native pacific salmon migrate from the open ocean and swim up river to their spawning grounds. for the grizzly bears the salmon run means
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a rich bond. the salmon returned to their birthplace to reproduce and die at least that's how it was in the past but things have changed. and i was blue. in the morning and. come back for a lunch early after. hearing worth it. and they were by. seven fifty sometimes more wow. why a. group with the same. maybe even longer and will without one and who. the young fish in the aquaculture far more bread on land from eggs imported from norway.
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they are atlantic salmon. they grow fat rapidly in their pans thanks to the concentrated feed spewed out of the rotating hoses. each day and contain sixty thousand fish that means six hundred thousand per farm soon they'll be harvested processed and distributed to supermarkets around the world. aquaculture is a hygiene a procedure at least that's the way it's presented in this promotional film salmon farming is worth billions of dollars to british columbia marine harvest employees three thousand people here. the company does not contest that wild fish stocks have rapidly declined on this coast but claims that the development has nothing to do with the conditions at the fish farms. my name is ian roberts i title at marine harvest as director of public affairs and i've been working with marine harvest in the our culture industry for twenty four years the technology we employ on the site
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which is. magically improved over the last ten twenty years allows us to produce a healthy fish quickly and efficiently and more and more lowers the impact on the environment where we operate people trust that we're providing them a food product that is healthy it's nutritious and it's safe. marine biologist and environmental activist alex morton disagrees she's a dishonored opponent of marine harvest the chiefs of the first nation respect her and have given her the named y.m.c.a. or big whale. you have to become an activist if you are a scientist and you're seeing part of the world being destroyed you have to be an activist you can't just produce numbers and take a vacation. for sixteen years alex morton has been collecting evidence against marine harvest the company and the activists have been embroiled in legal battles.
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morton is convinced that pacific wild salmon get infected with viruses and other pathogens as they swim past the fish farms. at her home she explains the connection to us as she sees it the orange line is the route traveled by young wild salmon the fraser sockeye when they migrate to the pacific after hatching. so the fish farms in the area when one of these farms has a disease outbreak so many viruses come out of the farm but they actually fill the entire channel. and then here come the freezer sockeye and they go through this channel and they come out the other end and when the fish go on their contaminated . the viruses she's referring to are no danger to humans but in salmon they're associated with diseases that affect the heart muscle the weakened fish are more
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likely to be eaten by predators in the ocean and so don't return to spawn that's the theory it's time for these companies is start acting like norwegians and stop acting like vikings for the last seventeen years i look at one hundred fish outside this every single week between march through june and they're being eaten to death by sea life they're being infected with the pacing. the occupiers are building their camp here. but this is where marlene and will be living in the upcoming weeks . she agrees with their friend alex martin about the harm fish farms can do i love my home i love my family and they're all being put in there by the very plan to be involved as well on the it takes to get these from. for the protesters it's about the small amount of homeland that still belongs to
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them. and a handful of first day should prevail against the world's biggest farms and producer. a thousand kilometers to the northeast at the foot of the rocky mountains lies the peace river valley. here to a few people are fighting against a large company this time a state owned one. b.c. hydro plans to flood a nearly one hundred kilometer stretch of this river valley. including the boone family's farm. but arlene bone can still prune her wild roses is almost a miracle a new road was supposed to run through here. her husband can is getting the
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machines ready to work the land along the river it's land that no longer belongs to them. we were expelled created we we we refuse to sell to them and and so. on december fifteenth of two thousand and sixteen last winter day expropriated our land. this is fertile soil among the best farmland in all of canada the bones say. everything is so easy gardening in the middle soil you don't you know you can't just do that anywhere and and that's why the land here in the fowlie so unique. we're third generation farmers here on a piece of property that you know we planned on passing on to our kids and our grandkids. grandpa came here in the late forty's and built this house in
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about fifty two fifty three in there somewhere and he would have to here until he was up in his ninety's this is a photo. of my grampa standing on the steps of the host's first house. the host that he built. just. sort of. it tears me up that a project. can't be justified and a house has been destroyed in the land has been destroyed for a project that's not been justified. the project is the planned side see hydroelectric dam on the peace river the earth movers have been roaring down in the valley for two and a half years now they're part of british columbia's largest and most expensive construction project. it's already cost two billion canadian dollars.
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this is what the earth filled dam is supposed to look like when it's completed in two thousand and twenty four. the designs call for a yearly output of five thousand one hundred gigawatt hours of electricity for the next one hundred years power for growth and progress for industry and electric cars . the construction site is close to ford st john a transportation hub along the alaska highway the town is booming. the dam project is filling the order books for local companies and providing thousands of jobs. regional assemblyman dan davies says he was elected because he wholeheartedly backed the dam project even though his liberal party lost its majority in the province. i recognize that there are families that are going to be directly impacted by sightsee. you know and i understand they certainly
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have a different connection to this project than i would i was the one candidate that ran and a big piece of my campaign was to ensure that site c. was a go ahead i was the only candidate out of all the candidates that ran in the last election that had that as you know as part of the platform and i ended up i won in this riding you know with one of the biggest the biggest margin in the province of a when i door knocked over two thousand doors many of those here in fourteen john and i think out of out of all of those doors two people told me that they had you know and they were opposed to it but they questioned sightsee they understand the need that you know british columbia is growing our energy needs are increasing and we're going to need this reliable source of electricity. this was once a campground with which the boone family earned a little extra cash alongside the farm until the expropriation
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a new bypass road is supposed to run right through it. we opened the campground just temporarily for the public for the peace for this event only. things are being readied for the guests fund writs are expected. ken boone is preparing the meadow for the big protest event that will take place the next day. dagger culture capability here of course is just so phenomenal with the low elevation. and bottom lands here everything we need here to to run a successful farm operation and just live in a beautiful place it's already here. for the first time in years there seems to be
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a sense of hope that sight see could be defeated. and all. the guests start arriving from the capital of victoria. for a good to see a good bit of a good trip being included environmentalist's green party politicians amnesty international. and spirits are high there's been a changing of the guard in british columbia politicians who pushed through sight see have been voted out of office now the opponents of the down mark pinning their hopes on the new government under john horgan anybody who wants to see the summit of carnage that b.c. hydro did in march just come on over here just cost them at least one hundred fifty grand but probably more like two hundred grand just to do what we see here but i mean the good news is that he n.d.p. are now a government. so who knows what's going to happen here i don't think we're going to
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get kicked out of her house on july fifteenth. they drive stakes into the ground as a sign of their commitment to the protest the dam was an emotive issue in the election campaign there are a newly elected government has promised to quickly reexamine the costly project. it's encouraging you know it's it is a little tiring and but it's great you know and to have the conversation with everybody and how upbeat they are on doing this together as united at the province and the country and everything it's yeah it just gives us so much more energy to go on today's kind of like a little celebration of you know to recognize a lot of the people taking part in it and to celebrate where we're at right now what we have achieved and what we're you know what looks to be coming our way right now. this is the twelfth time the paddle for peace has been held although the
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river valley now belongs to b.c. hydro and although orders worth billions of dollars have already been tendered the opponents are feeling optimistic. paddling in front is clarence wilson of the west moberly first nations. if you come here and smell this place and and see what's here it's going to be hard to make that decision to destroy it. the decision makers who are contemplating destroying the valley have not come to the palace for the peace and they should. the ancestors of the first nations are buried in this valley these were their hunting grounds there's no other spaces like the future of the valley. it's just different because of it's the climate there moves else near that valley would be absolutely critical to those animal survival they use
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those the river and the islands on the river they use those for calving. the first nations and the farmers have formed an alliance to defend their homeland against b.c. hydro and sightsee. i first moberly women plied the visitors with bacon sausages and bank cakes sustenance with a hot summer day. we are pleased to have prominent supporters. of . the royal society of canada a respected scientific organization has taken up their cause. amnesty international is started an international campaign for them. and thousands of letters from well wishers of arrived. that's more abstract than.
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i'm so afraid i heard that there are first nations in this region who have lived here for generations this is their territory there's a treaty that recognizes that that goes way back to the founding of canada it's it's an essential. of who canada is as a nation that treaty has been disregarded and the canadian government has shown complete indifference as to whether or not the site see dam is even going to violate or not treaty rights i'm weak and almost celebrate but the leader of canada's green party has also come for the first time the greens are part of a coalition government in british columbia on them we have seen the winds of change blow through victoria and they have blown christie clarke on her promise of taking this past the point of no return to right out the door.
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but will the new government have the courage to halt north america's largest down project after so much money has already been spent on. molina dawson has been at the fish farm on the pacific coast for forty days now are people also received encourage money from the greens and the social democrats during the election campaign. some politicians have promised to revoke the fish farms licenses. i'd like to see. possible for us to. live all over while to start bringing the war over our families back to work for you and
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start living on a place like your island and live for a while will have been the over who i think would like her all. right now if her greens were. to return. fishing industry is been declining especially for the farmers and the tourism industry is going for. not going to last while spending either so there's really not very many off. while small communities like. the transport ship is bringing more young fish for the farmers. in the holder sun growing on land for a year after hatching from eggs from norway. now the
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juvenile salmon are going to be released into the pans. the protestors are waiting for them despite warnings from marine harvest staff. to process the side of their urine green beans you saw how he came in right in the tide don't just see this. boat i'm asking you very clearly do not go in there it's a stream. it's not. a little bit more. bullshit. either your children are in the rivers of the world. this is about you can't kill off our wild salmon to make money growing farmed salmon. farms i mean does not feed the world i'm sorry that's just a complete myth but if you want to go salmon farming all means do it do it in tank
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don't kill off the natural world. just to grow a cheap salmon product kind of looks like. during the occupation members of the marine conservation n.g.o.s sea shepherd captures some film footage underwater. the material shows many healthy looking fish but also some that seem diseased. later alex morton analyzes the images on board the u.s. courtship i'm seeing this footage for the first time. so there's fish with huge huge swelling on its side i don't know if that's a tumor is that a big sore that's about to burst and release some kind of infectious bacteria or virus. she shows us pictures of obviously diseased fish taken by the environmental activists out of their fish farms. where you
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harvest is the most aggressive of all the companies they're the biggest they run the show why should i be allowed to test these fish because they are in public waters everything in the span except the fish themselves is coming out of the pens . marine harvest says six fish are removed from the pens so only healthy salmon reach the consumer in a t.v. interview become pretty said alex morton's claims are not scientifically sound i think every business needs their critics i would just hope that critics of the discussion around our business is one based on fact and science and not just opinion and belief are your forms. killing off the wild so you know and that's not just my opinion that's that's fact and that's science. the occupiers have hung out a banner with a reference to p.c. in rio virus or p.r. be it implies that the virus is spreading from the fish farms to the fish in the
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open ocean. or why it's from marine harvest sends employees to take it down down the center or any other hereditary leader molina dawson steps in to defend it she says the banner belongs to the first nations and can't be taken away forever for us to give it back we're not touching any your things as we have continued to do so you just touched our thing it was one step too far that. but it's the truth it was one step too far. we discuss the latest scientific findings on pissing real virus here at the pacific biological station in a nine mm. this is where christine miller carries out research on the general mix of fish populations. her team has managed to detect the p.c. in rio virus and canada. all these little red dots are virus or p. actually up the magnification you'd see even more a little red to all every single little red dot here is
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a virus we were able to show that the disease here has the same linkage with the pacino arthur real by iris as has been observed in other parts of the world just this year the p.r.b. or the proceed or three a virus was shown to be the cause of that disease but is the virus spreading. here is samples of pacific wild salmon from a fish farm the virus causes liver and kidney cells to die off a condition known as jaundice. every fish that has is is diagnosed with jaundice has high loads of the p.c. north a real virus the damage in the the in the liver the damage in the the kidney. this is surrounding the cells and inside of the cells that are becoming a chronic and dying. her findings contradict claims made by marine harvest. miller explains why fish farms pose
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a risk to free swimming wild salmon on this coast. even if you have an early stage of disease it could be a death knell to a wild fish because they can't keep up if they are if they are physiologically compromised and they can't swim and they can't feed and their vision is affected their dead fish swimming the towering totem pole in alert bay is the cultural center of the first nation people here on the pacific. it's october tenth and john horgan the new premier of british columbia has come to listen to the tribal protestors did michael. will he deliver on his party's campaign promises and revoke the salmon farms license. willing to dawson is here among the chiefs and speaks with the premier. she speaks about the determination of her people not to give up no matter how long
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it takes me. to. find me. john horgan chooses his words carefully the day i came to here i came to get levels of material that we need to work together. to protect this family. lawyer will you not deny those fruits when they come. when that decision is made and he may feel that way where everyone can see it not just the people in this room today but all across the throat. that doesn't sound like a firm commitment to shutting down the farms. aquaculture is a growing sector a big source of jobs for the region. autumn
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has come to peace river the government has set up a review panel to answer some pressing questions about the dam project how much will the dam really cost is the power actually needed are wind and solar power sensible alternatives. and. and have the first nations been treated fairly. we've come back to see clarence will send it moberly lake where he lives with his wife denise. canada has made treaties with its aboriginal peoples promising them hunting and fishing rights in perpetuity on their territory. but the first nations say that catching their nets here may be unfit for consumption once the dam comes. the fish in the still waters of the dam reservoir
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will become contaminated with toxic mercury and may be able to swim in the west more relief first nations lake. when they flood the reservoir the flood all the trees and everything that are in there and there's still stumps of the trees and all that organic matter be turned into methylmercury it releases from the trees that are flooded and it gets into the food chain the passion we have for the land will never leave us and i hope that our children would be the same but this is to be this is it this is god gave us creator gave us this beautiful place and. i just don't want to see destroying. part of consultation should have been asking us in the first place what would work for you that didn't happen. we were told we're building site see how
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would you like to talk about that so it's you know the cart was far ahead of the horse they'd already made their decision we weren't part of the decision making process and that's a vital part of consultation that we should have been concerned you know included in the conversation about whether or not the project was needed the electricity was needed we have all kinds of wind farm developments. solar projects that are being proposed but destroying that valley when we don't need that power that's who are thinking. the booms are harvesting their pumpkins. they're thankful that the eviction order has been put on hold they can continue to run their farm for the moment at least.
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and there's some more good news for them. the review panel has determined that the operator b.c. hydro hugely overestimated the power demand in british columbia order to justify the project. the construction of the dam has many risks the schedule can't be met and the dam will be considerably more expensive than planned are these findings enough to get the new government to rescind the massive project. what came out in the process was that the projects over budget are ready and and over schedule and they anticipate a whole lot more respect could cause it to go further over budget so much has changed this year in and i mean this spring things were pretty grim. you know it and if we. didn't have a change of government they'd be really grim right now i think they'd be building
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a road race where we are right now so we're thankful. i am very optimistic that we will be the garden and bring. this process looks really hopeful for us information that's coming out is you know positive. things are looking a lot more hopeful than they were you know two three months ago for sure. victoria the capital of british columbia this is one of the provincial government will be making its decision. close by is the headquarters of the state owned company b.c. hydro. more and more details are coming to light media reports say the company has doctored the figures related to the dam project massively overestimating the province's energy needs and that the company is heavily in debt. in the provincial capital
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a retiree is adding his voice to the debate. gary swain is probably more familiar with the planning of the project than anyone. in two thousand and fourteen he headed a panel that examined sightsee for the government i think the economic case was bad at the time we did the review and it's got worse i think that the people of british columbia have either as rate payers or taxpayers are on the hook for billions of dollars that didn't need to be spent and more have no economic benefit. earlier swain was federal deputy minister of indian affairs he says he's discouraged by the treatment of the first nations i'm not sure that i'm angry i don't care it's quite the right word i'm disappointed. i'm a little aggravating for the politicians who cooked the books and. i'm.
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on this issue and i'm. not faced. there are large unanswered questions about treaty rights infringement about the rights of the first nations and her. these have not been addressed they were to have been addressed by the two governments and they're really. the construction site in autumn two thousand and seventeen the mood has changed b.c. hydro seems nervous they refuse us permission to film anywhere here. these are the barracks for the two thousand construction workers we're not allowed in but we get one of them to join us outside. people here are rattled a day ago two hundred employees were laid off. while morale does go down when you hear stuff like that when you see stuff like that as a shutdown as a friend of mine says i mean it will just be the most expensive landscape in the world to shut this down we've got to put everything back to somewhat what how it was before so he's going to have you know
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a couple billion dollars landscape. this concern in fort st john on the alaska highway businesses suppliers and construction companies here all profit from the billions of dollars in orders connected with the dam. a hearing is taking place at a local hotel unions employers and citizens opposed to the dam are all putting pressure on the government. cancel it and take that loss the lawsuits would go on for a long time it would be a lawyers dream to have that take place because it would be in the courts forever and hydra would be paying out money and was still left to go and get that hydro generator it's easy when you're not in government to campaign against something it's easy to say that's a bad choice when you're not in government but i think they're finding now that they're in government it's not as easy to make those decisions because the entire
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province is looking up them. not just that small percentage of people that are protesting or or against it they also have to look at well who's in favor of this project who is in favor of seeing this project move forward and that's where the leadership comes in and that's going to be a choice now that that that the n.d.p. government has to make right now is is this project best for the province as you move forward. mid november on day eighty three of her protest molina is leaving the occupied fish farm. marine harvest took out an injunction against her charging her with trespassing and impeding the day to day work of the company. we've never thought their production. they might have profiles slowed down because of our presence but those were all this is we. didn't take part in they have chosen not to restock even though
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if you look at the videos very closely you can see that none of our buildings actually completely stop. has been someone to appear in court in victoria. the judge declares the occupation illegal and says it interfered with marine harvests operations willingness supporters wait for her at the courthouse door whatever happened. we cannot quit but we will not but it's my. wild salmon not wait. helpers take down the protest camp where marlina held out for nearly three months. now she lives with her grandmother in the town of comics. the young woman has become a symbol of resistance. when
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i first started. i was going to have any further rebirth perform. these winter on the peace river valley. the construction freeze that seemed imminent last autumn has now been moved to the distant future. industry and the unions have put immense pressure on the new government not to cancel orders worth ten billion dollars so this may be the last winter arlene and can boone can spend on their farm. even with such a good solid report that came out just so much politics in the spin doctoring going on right now and you know so you know it's going to come down to
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a political decision just kill it and get it over with like right now it's almost like we're being hung fire rolled and they you know either tighten up that noose and get it over with or cut the rope and let us get on with life clarence wilson from the west moberly first nations has given up hope he was present when the chiefs met the ministers from the new privilege but they weren't hearing. the feeling and the anxiety and they don't they don't get that because they weren't raised like that they don't they don't look at the lad and see how the animals are living on that land they look at the land and they look for money you know they're looking for a way to to benefit we we look at the ladder we don't want to change we want to left the war. had such a big thing as say c.s.
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. i'll never forgive them. thirty days later the machines are working day and night and will continue to do so . the provincial government decided to finish sightsee despite all the promises. although sightsee is not the project we would have favored and it's not the project we would have started it must be completed so meet the objectives our governments assess this was not an easy decision i can't think of the thirty years i've been involved in public policy of a choice that was more difficult than this one. clarence wilson and other first nations have filed a lawsuit against the down with the supreme court of british columbia janet arlene boon can only hope for america this is a fight about the land and about what constitutes progress and at what price.
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history up close. berlin has no shortage of locations where you can revisit the city's turbulent past. a far better feel for what happened to them from history. i got goosebumps and you feel like you there are series this week brylin a trip back in time your romance xena's.
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a contentious figure at home. here in germany. gorbachev is one of the great heroes of the twentieth century. because. gorbachev the last leader of the soviet union was an agent of change. who quickly measures downfall. i have decided to resign my duties as president of the soviet union. he continues to fight for world peace with the reminder we have to comprehend where peace has taken us today there is a new arms race. of time gorbachev and the opportunity for peace when steve starts october third on g.w. .
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this is day eight of the news live from berlin a possible retreat for all rubbish syria russia and turkey agree to separate demilitarized zone in a live province effectively did lay an offensive against the gravel forces dug in that the deal could prevent a major humanitarian crisis also on the program german doctors treating a member of russian activist group force iraq says they say it is highly plausible but he was poisoned if they can pick out a visit off off life support and are confident that he will become a.


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