tv Arts.21 - Revolution Change 50 years after 1968 Deutsche Welle November 4, 2018 9:30am-10:01am CET
the fake news alice made it just let's see it was still. a little cold shakes up the british consulate so i bought the first. place. that people had put big dreams on the big screen. in the magazine on the w. . hello and welcome to twenty one this week we're celebrating the spirit of one thousand nine hundred sixty six was its a year that changed the world's. a time of social and political upheaval the old order was stripped away and nothing was ever the same again and taking stock of the legacy of sixty eight and its relevance today.
half a century on. it all began in the early sixty's in the usa berkeley california students are fed up. civil rights free speech the war in vietnam social topics that culminated in massive protests with national implications and sparked demonstrations around the globe the rebellion has a soundtrack. the call for change and freedom spreads to germany to west berlin june one nine hundred sixty seven the shah of iran makes an official visit students demonstrate against his authoritarian regime and terrible human rights record police crackdown violently and ben is shot his death fuels the outrage of the student movement. the process though
how the demonstrators specifically playing as newspaper. death in one thousand nine hundred sixty eight becomes a catalyst for the student to revolt. their leader. revolutionary his comrades and the authoritarian. is one of the spear heads of the movement that formed in the postwar era as a. reaction to. the charismatic head of the student. police and other branches of government and criticizes legal reforms as undemocratic. hundred sixty eight an attempt is made life he survives seriously wounded but never fully recovers. the mood escalates the willingness to use violence grows in left wing circles the fear of germany
becoming fascist is strong the movement is radicalized. this contributes to the founding of the notorious terror group red army faction. nine hundred sixty eight a turning point in the post-war era of germany politically charged volatile controversial even today. his pictures are part of the collective memory of an entire generation robert lee that is one of the greatest photographers of the post-war era what his images from one nine hundred sixty eight not what you might think. while students were protesting and being clubbed by police in west germany robert mayberry kwan's elsewhere. like of the documentary exhibition in casa. the year of the student unrest took place without me ever crowed in his memoirs profiled others making history like joseph boyce. devonish to produce it when he was in paris or west
berlin or tokyo anywhere where students were demonstrating. but he was on the road in other places and captured the essence of that year of violence that year of media to zation in his photo series such as so you can learn much about contemporary history from this exhibition so sure to the north and it's almost an. almost two hundred of leverage photos are being shown anymore for just nineteen of them are published and shut down the magazine he worked for at the time. and live export okoro was just six years old in margins experience. is provided to you i manage his estate is huge and i've been dealing with his photos ever since i met him i put together most of his books the photos. started. thinks images are historical documents which hold some surprises sometimes he
visited places just before history was written a photograph in prague in early april nineteenth sixty eight of the all christian peace assembly just a week later the student leader was shot and critically wounded in berlin. the photos show what was to become known as the prague spring and none of the pictures appeared in shutdown back then. but clarke is even nish that they're not the images of the prague spring that are burned in our collective memories of the soviet tanks rolling down the streets rather there of the real prague spring like a few of the things that made the spring blossom alexander dubcek the reformer trick the press freedoms people reading newspapers on the street these the mention of the. robert live act took twenty four trips to produce rep or taj as in one nine hundred sixty eight three of them took him to box book which was celebrating the thirtieth anniversary of its founding. that was reason enough for down to devote several illustrated stories to the city at the heart of the german auto industry.
fifty years on it's also the reason this exhibition is being presented here i photojournalism from the year nine hundred sixty eight. robert lay back wasn't interested in ideologies or political parties he was interested in people and capturing them at just the right moment. the funeral of robert kennedy assassinated less than five years after his brother john f. kennedy. has never been such a concentrated focus on a single year and i have to say that list i was a little skeptical since. heidi what these kaleidoscopes like photos were for time to really stand up in the museum stand that. mine its life with. these photos weren't originally taken to be displayed in
a museum but the unusually large format friends made of the more. they're destined to become part of the collection at the const museum bourse book live exclusive photos were shot almost entirely in black and white but the photographer who was born in berlin in one thousand twenty nine turned down assignments to cover wars. as you biased. i know the robot never saw town war situations taht out of this but was he consciously avoided follow tile events he once said i don't need to photograph those horas i experienced enough of them during my youth in mind i didn't leave it. at the end of one nine hundred sixty eight conflict was brewing in northern ireland the violence between protestants and catholics known as the troubles threatened to break out into civil war earlier that year standard sent robert lee back to belfast the capital of northern ireland was plagued by high
unemployment and the wrecks pictures show the precarious nature of the situation. these are the exhibitions only color photos displayed run at the end they are sure in the era of color photography and as such they also exemplify nine hundred sixty eight a year of protest problems and promise. the world is an uproar everything is up for grabs artists are protesting too with subversive radical performances and happenings an exhibition at the lunatic forum in us and looks back at art in one nine hundred sixty eight. this is me. innocent men can grab away with impunity groping women's breasts is welcome to be
a nice ontarians funny exploit created the peace assertive bold provocative characteristic of nine hundred sixty s. artists and also off their arts. education is what matters whether on the streets the gallery or at university sound revolution everything comes together in one thousand nine hundred sixty amy and. that's what we're interested in showing in this exhibition is how early the art world picked up on issues which society hadn't yet contemplated and. paul was in denial over such as the nazi history in west germany ont seeks drastic means of expression for an equally drastic reality. viet-nam the great american trauma. images of war penetrate the int'l of home i am. it shows how revolutionaries stick together. on the reality of china with
a mighty mild. illness the battle on german streets against war emergency legislation and the detested state machinery is being forced on the painters canvas i am i think the nazi past of the new federal republic should be washed away nazi public prosecutors judges whose hands were probably clean ski jumps. to german trauma we see a premonition of the terrorism of the nineteen seventies in this painting. of fines against representatives of the oppressive capitalist operators. they're going to harm the good thought basically artists were the trailblazers that
used art as a medium of change for people to change their way of thinking be ultimately the idea was that artists become activists that art is just a thoroughfare a way of changing things in society or done that leaves a fair and stop painting demands the painter. breaking with tradition is theme. life is not and everyone is an artist is how joseph born surratt and so he set off sweeping the streets of berlin. following a philosophy an artist a politician and a conservationist he was the guru of a holistic view of ops in this event a provocative collective hitler salute has hefty consequences is punched in the face and of course turns it into art. is use now on the liberated body free sexuality and female a man's
a patient. as in the legendary performance of. on page a viable in vienna the subservient provocation which writes out history in part the subservient woman as an object fetish slave american artist brutally bring reality to the center of attention. the show in aspen is exhibiting the album god of the revolution flashes of the future in the looks like forum rehabilitates the art of nine hundred sixty eight as a submissive force. artists didn't just react to political uproar they were active participants and their works helped to change society.
for women nine hundred sixty eight was a pivotal year they came out of the kitchens and found their voice sisters started doing it for themselves short short or. barely there the micro-mini was a shocker the fashion statement was designed as such as a provocation of the fourth wall an attack on the establishment a symbol of liberated sexuality and the newfound confidence of a young female revolutionary. cavite in intolerance became friends killed in to be people think you can get in your book making doesn't mind believed not find. wild times and what memories we needed many sky you could see our backsides. and of course we got into lots of trouble at home do you think unbelievable that everyone got so upset how can you wear such
a short skirt it's indecent she did it. as long as it provoked the prudish moral ideas of their parents it was all right. but the real obstacles to emancipation were and still are deeply rooted in the social role of women even the sixty eight generation realised that the female revolution needed to come up a initially the women of nine hundred sixty eight left the action to the smart poster boys of the movement. the phones and it was for a long time women weren't just seen as the chicks of the revolutionaries i think right at the beginning women needed to break free from that they started off typing all the leaflets and making the coffee before they realized that something was wrong because this is in the finest of us initiatives they willingly joined in with sexual liberation too like within the koreans german communes come you know i was there was a saying sleep with the same person. twice and you're part of the establishment the flavor deficit's of marriage and convention. sex relevance or is it first the
sexual revolution of the sixty's just lived men but it was about enabling men to live promiscuously and many women was sold out to the new left in the name of the revolution get involved otherwise you'll bushwah it's going to be simple and that was one thing women didn't want to be that was their image from the fifties tied to the kitchen sink. and it plowed through i believe i'm talking both on the i'm feeling based on. the women of nine hundred sixty eight revolted against all that as well as the social pressure to be sexually available for the cause with patriarchal men taking charge historian christina from holding back is even firmly convinced that the changes of nine hundred sixty eight were chiefly driven by women for her book does under the act i'm sexy the other sixty eight she listened to long forgotten audio recordings from the one nine hundred sixty s. stored in the archives of the university of bonn thirty six hundred hours of material in which men and women from all walks of life talk about their experiences
which make clear how much the societal changes of the late sixty's impacted women's daily lives. and money revolutionizing the relationship between couples or the way we raise children anything that affects people's private lives also exerts a great cultural influence in the long run five to two zero lead while their male counterparts could attend university and protest many young women had to abandon their studies as soon as they became mothers. by school because there was no childcare available and because men didn't pitch in order so the idea was ok then we'll help each other we'll create structures as well take turns watching the kids and it became a don't have this right from the very stuff of life. trying to allow us to. childcare and access to the pill helped women and. the quest for emancipation finally they could decide for themselves whether they wanted to become pregnant or not another milestone on the road to self-determination came later in germany the
campaign to abolish paragraph two hundred eighteen which made abortion a punishable offense women took to the streets demanding the right to choose but the fight for equal rights continues a woman has governed germany for the last thirteen years progress is being made towards creating gender equality today women are assuming their rightful place in government ministries parliament and in the boardroom but their success owes much to the women who paved the way in the one nine hundred sixty s. and let. them know how close. it was a decade of sex and drugs and rock n roll but in west germany an entirely unique sonic universe was developing. and.
this is craft back at the start of their career with the sound. also on the scene can from cologne broke free from traditional song structures with their psychedelic sounds. and noise from the rhineland region also helped forge the new sound of krautrock. we just let rip we developed the music we played it we waited to see what would happen next. news ition and composer mikail both began exploring new musical horizons at the age of eighteen. he was a member of kroft and went on to form two of the most influential crowd rock bands ever. noise in one nine hundred seventy one.
and harmonia in one nine hundred seventy three. his band's rebelled against musical conventions. in the late sixty's and early seventy's we were all influenced by the spirit of the establishment. political and cultural. legendary british radio d.j. john peel is said to have coined the term kraut rock in one thousand nine hundred sixty eight. the pieces were epic full of improvisation and experimental sounds krautrock became a synonym for this new music coming out of germany. but one band style varied greatly from the next google for example were from the free jazz scene and played psychedelic rock. from p. from hamburg combined ethereal sounds with rocking guitar riffs the government
provided the vocal accompaniment. then there was ten jermaine dream founded in one nine hundred sixty seven and berlin they sought to create cosmic music. and its close a sheer cliff. in this into the music audition. and. cut. by the midnight hundred seventy s. probably rock had pretty much sunk into oblivion then in the ninety's international bands like oasis. kasabian. and radiohead came out as fans and integrated krautrock elements into their music.
then when you travel the world these days you realise the term has become a sign of quality it's no longer tarnished with memories of german first world war soldiers the crowds. the crowds today out rock is considered one of germany's most important contributions to pop culture history. from flower power to psychedelia and pop art nine hundred sixty eight was the year the world went from black and white to color technicolor in fact.
while important events were taking place in space and a small step for man became a giant leap for mankind people on earth had other things on their minds. the world around them had previously been muted monotone and conservative but then . suddenly. the late one nine hundred sixty saw an explosion of colors and shapes and one color in particular shone brighter than all the others. aren't. it was the i pop in color of a decade synonymous with flower power hippies and l.s.d. . many. bathrooms and living rooms now displayed a dizzying array of patterns youth culture made its presence felt like never before and gave holmes over warm and sunny feeling hair grew every which way and fashion became far more colorful.
but how did this happen. here's one possible explanation. toddy krishnas were on the search for new divo teachers their quest for enlightenment and the color of their robes also caught on in central europe. fascinated by eastern spirituality the big. it'll soon embarked on their hari krishna trip. and in the musical hair and acid trip inevitably leads to people singing ari krishna there's no escaping them. by the one nine hundred seventy s. orange was everywhere on face cream tubs in dishwashing liquid and soda pop.
even eating at the cafeteria like here at the german publishing house spiegel was almost a psychedelic experience for. she today it's hard to imagine enjoying your lunch with something like this hanging overhead. though it's decor by ground up on top like these plastic chairs are now in design classics. then in one nine hundred seventy one the release of the film a clockwork orange pushed the limits even further and not just in terms of design. rights right. by the late one nine hundred seventy s. orange had been transformed into dog westerners seeking the meaning of life flocked by the thousands to the phone to us from india their guru rajneesh attracted
followers with a mix of free love tantra and group therapy though eventually this collector insanity did come to an end. so too does the era of orange and bell bottoms love and peace had gone mainstream and become a commodity there was just one thing left to do. i. no toughness and darkness ruled supreme the early one nine hundred eighty s. were a bleak time in germany black was the new war in which the harsh realities of life had caught up to us though it wasn't some votes out of. its. and i just found out the but . now i'm sixty eight special and want to give
voices ella fitzgerald. fifteen minutes long d w a. i'm scared that the volume or that's hard and in the end is a me you're not allowed to stay here any more we will send you back. are you familiar with this. smuggler's we're alliance of. what's your story. i'm a woman i was a women especially in victims of violence. take part and send us your story we are trying always to understand this new culture. you are not a visitor not a guest you want to become
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