tv Eco India - The Environment Magazine Deutsche Welle November 5, 2018 2:30pm-3:00pm CET
teenie. forgot to w.'s november focus. hello welcome to eco india a sustainability magazine that puts the focus on innovations and solutions that help you make an informed choice to live a better tomorrow starting this week we bring you ideas from across india and europe and the stories of the people that make them possible sun without who coming to you from mumbai in india. over the next thirty minutes find out how an indian
company is a future proofing small farmers with technology and sustainable farming practices. how the aspirational city of mumbai is fighting an uphill battle to provide a home which increasing numbers of citizens. and join wildlife rescue workers in assam who see it opened elephants and teach them how to survive in the wild. but first one of the most pressing issues over fifty percent of india's workforce is engaged in agriculture and when crops feel follows livelihoods are thrown out of balance in twenty fifteen and the one nearly thirteen thousand farm workers committed suicide against this grim reality a new company called cathy which means farming in hindi is hoping to reduce the impact of crop failure by providing farmers with a stable income our reporter christian woman brings you the story.
i took out a loan from the bank for the second time i used it to invest in my craft. but the rains have destroyed all of them. and the debts have accumulated so much that i can't breathe i felt that if i died at least then my wife and children would receive some help from the government so i attempted suicide by drinking pesticide of. india's farmers are suffering from the effects of climate change extreme weather heat waves droughts and floods is destroying crops across the country putting the
livelihoods of millions in jeopardy one. in every forty two minutes in india that's super disturbing because i think that the. put it that's the sign off at the hopelessness. of despair and. why would any farmer warn their kids to come and fight me if this see that their fellow farmers are boring into that kind of a hopeless and added. a start up from hyderabad is hoping to give the small holders a future by providing reliable crop yields despite the uncertain climate the company has developed a cheap module a greenhouse. open to feed if you use fifty liters of water to grow one kilogram of vegetables inside it we know it's
just one liter that's one aspect farmers find a great value that is greenhouse right with less water. apart from the greenhouse katie offers other services farmers in the region can get advice on taking out a loan on choosing the right fertiliser or seeds. the aim is to make harvests more reliable. the yield here is higher with outdoor farming it's very low if this were growing outdoors the crop would have been destroyed already by the rain. it would have been a total loss. so far the company has set up fifty greenhouses. katie's founder such drug who had been looking for a way to help india's farmers since he was a teenager. i wanted to make it
a bittersweet meeting somewheres and we were playing cricket in the fields so i saw at a distance you know a farmer eating something so that. you know meeting some similar it was like what i'm eating with also with a very very close to actually if you want to. it was actually my dad once and that is what he told the words and it's never left he said my stomach doesn't nor that my pocket is empty. ragu and his team are working to make the greenhouse available to more farmers. currently rolling out the system on three hundred farms intel and ghana. when hard core me that look you want to do something or farmers and farming so do it now say wait wait when you five we would have reached
a million farmers and touched at least five million households you know with the kids you know it's in a box technology. in india most families still make a living primarily from agriculture now katie faces a major challenge lowering the initial costs of the greenhouse even further that will help the company reach more farmers across the country and help make farming for a living more sustainable here in the future. can new technology take us back to growing our own food with more and more of our homes and workplaces becoming a part of the concrete jungle this feels like an impossible dream but in german company farmer scott is busting that by growing crops indoors using artificial light rather than sunlight and a special substrate instead of soil but how sustainable is this let's find out. fresh lettuce seedlings needing just some light and sufficient heat to get growing
and they get both as well as plenty of space in this vertical farm. eighteen hours of light per day and a constant temperature of twenty two degrees celsius. meanwhile it should lettice's being harvested at the other end of the farmhouse. the key parameters light intensity nutrient density and the quantity of water plus the time they spend in the sun at the farm. the company harvests one hundred twenty kilos of lettuce per day in its converted warehouse in central hamburg all year round regardless of the weather where. as it isn't of the cheerio farmer is outdated it's all industrialized today companies have been growing lettuces in greenhouses for forty years now and there's no alternative when it comes to supplying the mass market at low prices. this company goes a step or two further than conventional greenhouses nothing is left to chance here
the seeds a disinfected before being planted to exterminate any. because all the nutrients from plants and eventually. strictly controlled artificial lighting it's a complicated and expensive set up. the space light quantity and nutrients have to be calculated precisely. we decided to go for baby leaf lettuce instead of butter had let us because it grows faster and requires less energy. cress grows in just six or seven days depending on the bribee it's a question of finding the right balance economically and ecologically. ten canteens in restaurants in hamburg now there lettuce from the indoor farm it costs between nine and twelve euro's per kilo a third more than produce from southern spain or morocco customers were initially
skeptical says restaurant chef benyamin poisoning but they're paying for a superior product hands with no refrigerated transportation the plants retain then that trophy and form. at first it was really hard for us to get people to try the lettuce. we told them this is a pretty far out concept and genuinely different. it's a system you've not seen before says. the company grants only limited access to production also because it's come under criticism for the high energy consumption involved the l.e.d. lighting means a kilo of lettuce needs six or seven kilos of power until ready for harvest but the management defends its emissions record. means you have to start like we compare this to a greenhouse when the sun may be free of charge but you also need a cooling system for the roots on the water so the overall energy consumption for
greenhouse production is also very high but the critics overlook that here the energy factor is obvious because the l.e.d. lighting is so conspicuous. a number of countries in the middle east have also shown interest the region's climate is particularly unfavorable for growing lettice pushing up costs for watering and cooling so indoor vegetables could have a very big future in these climate zones. we can also do small vegetables such as peppers and chiles will be trying strawberry soon and basically it could work with any plant although not yet the major crops like wheat maize it's not feasible with our system but lettuce cress herbs and small vegetables are all doable. but the company is currently experimenting with eighty different crop varieties although not all of them have proved worthwhile only thirty so far have become
marketable. movie is called the city of opportunities in india more and more people arrive here every day to try and find work and make it their new home but skyrocketing prices have made it impossible for many to find affordable homes this means half the residents of the city live in closely packed informal housing units or slums but often fail to provide even basics like clean drinking water and functional toilets our reporter sean satish examines mumbai's housing problem. these people live directly next to india's biggest garbage dump just separates the d.n.r. site from their slum on the eastern edge of mumbai. the open sewers were closed off three years ago but as soon as the heavy monsoon rains start the gutters flood and the waste washes up to the houses like the home of shoddy fabi shake
she's lived here for thirty five years. i mean we keep raising the height of our homes but the gutters keep overflowing with the water come insects and mosquitoes sometimes the water rushes in like crazy the rats drag the plastic bags from the gutter into the house there are many problems but we endure it somehow. more than half of mumbai residents are slum dwellers like sherry fabi these are the only homes the city's poorest can afford. there is no clean running water here. infectious diseases like gastro enter rightest tuberculosis and typhus are part of daily life the crowded conditions exacerbate the problem often seven family members share a single room although half the population in mumbai lives like this the informal slum settlements take up less than ten percent of the area of the city experts say
regular apartments are simply too expensive for most people in mumbai which is india's main financial center. the reason is simple. for very simply one reason is that. the cost of that is the first of. all what i have. for. the average selling price per square meter for a standard apartment in mumbai is the equivalent of nearly twenty five hundred euros that's more than the average annual salary and clearly an affordable for most people. the only real viable of housing and effective and pride in a stick of producing affordable housing in the city is celebrating so really the
focus the policy focus should be on upgrading and improving informal settlements and providing service land to people to build their own. land is scarce and expensive and known by. the city is located on a peninsula over the decades it's grown and with it the price for land even though there are some five hundred thousand vacant apartments in the city. and. the city and state think don't face instantly into the fourth estate money isn't the only thing it isn't in this thing and it is magic even good to his being but he didn't need to rethink the whole thing into just fields you still see this tree in the banks. in twenty fifteen foreign investors bought up real estate in india worth over four hundred million euros most of it remains
unoccupied. shakti vermin lives in a slum he studied economics and has an m.b.a. . he quit his job and is currently trying to earn a living running a restaurant. i going to put up with is over. and i used to but i really cannot have these foods with because it's really a big problem and mumbai needs fifty thousand new homes a year three years ago prime minister narendra modi pledged to build housing for all by twenty twenty two and ambitious scheme one that seeking to consign india's crowded slums to history. now poor living conditions also mean poor hygiene and sanitation two million children die of diseases like diarrhea and pneumonia every year and regular handwashing can go
a long week in preventing these states the sort you leave behind in your hotel room off the checkout has the potential to change that our next story is about some that are foundation and it's simple but ingenious idea of recycling hugh soups from local hotels in mumbai into new so bars to promote hygiene and sanitation in the slums of the city's outskirts. these women in the slums of mumbai are on a mission. to be cycling used so to promote hygiene among the poor. the women collect the used soap from hotels in a simple process they center ties it then mold cut and package the fresh bars. the soap is given to schools orphanages and welfare organizations.
the environmentally friendly process has created over sixty seven thousand new bars of soap so far and change the lives of over ten thousand people. the organization bringing this change is called sundara. it hires local women as hygiene ambassadors among them widows refugees and people who are disabled these women are in charge of delivering soap and teaching children how to use it. half a million children under the age of five die every year due to diarrhea. hand washing with soap and water can cut diarrheal diseases by forty eight percent. a few sides and clean water can go a long way towards making india's children happier and healthier.
you like them. if you are also doing your bit tell us about. visit our website or send us a tweet. doing your sharing your story. a simple idea can make a big change if you're also doing your bit tell us about it with our website d.w. dot com slash doing your bit on getting dr thousand twitter. hash tag doing your bit and we'll share your stories. but before that let's head to the national park in the northeastern state of assam flooding is very common here and human beings just about managed to cope with it every year but it's increasingly difficult for the animals to stay safe with waters rising to dangerous levels during the rainy season how did from the guys down the rules especially cubs cope with this let's find out at the center for wildlife rehabilitation and conservation. orphan
elephants need a lot of affection every day they care is at the i.f.a. w. wildlife rescue center spend several hours playing and cuddling with. experience has shown that otherwise they waste away. the center is also home to thirteen baby rhinos from indian hold dear next birds and various types of a most of them come from the nearby towns to run again national park. this baby elephant was rescued from a ditch and had got stuck in that sort of thing happens often traffic accidents are also common can. they be elephants don't have very robust immune systems we need to be very careful with them we used to make sure that there was always
a carer with them but it's too risky they get their trunks into everything and can easily pick up infections from humans. stuck to it is keen to limit contact between the baby elephants and their carers without depriving the cobs of the bodily warmth they need to survive. these two baby elephants are now sharing their corridors there's a yard they can play in and the rooftop where they can sleep. at nice when temperatures drop the even wear pajamas and slippers. we do our best to look after the cows in a species appropriate way they're kept outside to recreate forest life with their mothers it also helps them adjust when they're released because. you know some
animals and humans live in close proximity. the road connecting the cats around the national park with the veterinary clinic is one of the busiest in the region the state's main industries are tourism and agriculture. working elephants are a common sight. teton taishan is lined the hill slopes. some tea is world famous. on the other side of the road are rice plantations as some as flood prone so harvests are often ruined. the floods come twice a year. the gogoi family are making rice lauer but a few repairs are needed on the house. in also in the herd of deer escaping the
rising flood waters sought refuge on their land. down there is our village. less than a kilometer in that direction is the national park or part of it's home to wild animals rhinos elephants tigers water buffalo and many others. if the river bursts its banks it puts their lives in danger and then they come to the village. two thirds of his last harvest were ruined he had to resort to planting mustard seeds which grow fast and to make sure he had at least some income. of. our problems are mounting the tea plantations are expanding across the slopes reducing the forests the elephants habitat so they come down here and ruin our crops they destroy our homes and kill
people the water buffalo also leave the park in search of food and the tigers prey on their calves and go crazy and then they kill more people on the. tiger attacks occur every month for me i should jury's father in law suffered one on his way to work one morning her husband can't bear to talk about. god knows ever so my father in law was badly wounded a woman from the village found him he was carried back home on a blanket we took him to hospital but he already lost so much blood he died on the same day. children aren't allowed to play outside in the mornings and evenings when the danger is most accused in the national park the animals are allowed to roam free. it's rhinoceros population is one of the most stable in the world but to locals it feels like the government cares more about wildlife and it does about humans. few.
of them that's why they're taking matters into their own home. every night local men patrol the border to the national park where they use torches to scare off any roving animals. torches wouldn't be much use of the animals turned aggressive but it makes people in the village feel safer. but. the elephants have to get used to living in the wild. the baby elephants born in the national park have grown into a herd they're taken at every day to learn how to look for food and also to avoid villages and roads next year they'll be moved to another national park where they'll roam free.
the way of the whole profit they raised and feed them with bottles. well. it's always very sad when we have to take them to the madrasa park on the blog sometimes i go there and call them and they come and see me. for this of us but it's good to see them in their habitat in the wild where they belong if i do go places it's one of the legs of a zero zero zero zero zero zero zero but that's still a long way off for the time being the hard still has a lot to learn a little thought i hope you had many takeaways from today's show we'll bring you many more stories from india each one taking us one step closer to a sustainable future good bye and have a wonderful week. move
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