tv Arts.21 - Muse. Maestra. Me Too. - Part 2 Deutsche Welle November 19, 2018 5:30am-6:00am CET
i don't know if it is simply a tribute to to get. to . discover the world to. subscribe to my documentary on you tube. today and arts twenty one special. women say time's up. muse my struck me too and the global consequences how has women's protest changed the arts played a really is the verge of a new zeitgeist everybody is talking about it and so are we and arts twenty one
special with karan hamstead at doj of l a global media font in bob round two of our big debate with four international women who speak up. feminist publisher obama she brutality of india. lebanese poet and journalist jumana how doubt. activist and author. of france and from the united states film historian ellen harrington director of the german film institute. last week our panelists debated the me to movement and its global effects. this time they'll tackle the veil a sign of self-determination. or a symbol of oppression. what i say is that as a woman you should be free to do whatever you want to do you with your body if you want to or his job you should be. to wear it if you don't want to want to wear
hijab you should be supported in order not to wear it and what's going on for example now in iran is very interesting because women are protesting in the street to shoot to protest against the fact that the job is is that these men that hurry and you even see women with his job supporting their non his job the sisters in their right not to wear it and that's something i try to very make really make clear because there is something that is very patronize ing when you see a woman who has a hit job and you say you know to me feminism means to be uncovered any comments on this they'll debate before we start you know. defending the right of women to wear the veil let us ask ourselves and ask them worth a forced to wear the veil more than change choose to wear that my point is to say that muslim women are not a monolith if you wear
a hijab in france it doesn't have the same meaning as that he wearing any way already yes i think it's very interesting you know india has the second largest muslim population in the world after indonesia and muslim women in india are covered and not covered and you know address in any which way they please there is hardly any place in the country where there is pressure but there is a very interesting way in which muslim women are claiming feminism so i'm not as claiming feminism from within religion and i'm not as negative or as mystic as you are about even saudi women being able to drive because i think one thing is what the state gives you but the other is what comes out from the ground and what women fight for and even a small write like that can actually be quite empowering to the women and one can dismiss what that means some of the struggles of muslim women in india have been.
to be began with the me too movement and the point that both of you were making which is about how you get to see in the media the high profile actors in this actually to me the movement against sexual violence which is embodied partly in the me two movement is really important worldwide because it has the potential to link the women's movement worldwide in a way that many issues have not done in recent years we have been very divided on many of our issues here's something that links us all together but we have to remember and the media since we're talking in a media house with the media have to remember that you can't only look at the big stories you have to look at the smaller stories and the fact that there's so much focus on me too in the united states and with in hollywood but you forget everything else that's happening across the world is to me symbolic of the fact that it's a white woman led movement and black women are forgotten in it the fact that arab
women have disappeared from it and the fact that things that are happening in our countries are just completely invisible including the fact that everywhere in the world women are stepping out and claiming public spaces much more than they were before and that's really threatening. attack. the united states clearly the whole me to end times that movement was generated by celebrity but it's actually had a fantastic trickle down effect there's been really millions of people empowered and also just the sheer outrage actually you know people in the united states are really really angry right now because the country really is being run by a massage nest thank you very much alan for that comment obviously. i'd like to get to the situation in india where women are also fighting not only gender battles but also issue. of class and caste and poverty and so on to return to your
statement the statement i opened with about you with the indian women's movement here in the west are our perception of india is highly polarized on the one hand you mentioned bollywood romantic exaggerated chris shays but then on the other hand the shocking incidents of rape. what can you tell us there are two to kind of give us a more differentiated view of the reality of women in india that you see well i think it's actually it's unfortunate that the image of india that gets projected is either a terribly spiritual country which is not a very materialistic in many ways or of a country that's terribly violent toward its towards its women and this is not to say violence does not exist but it is also a country which is actually fantastically country full of opportunities for women where women have really reached the top in many ways without any family backing
toward the you know the entire banking industry is headed by women we've had extremely powerful politicians i mean there is any number of things and it's again one has to look at things in a new onst way any if you look at sexual violence statistically in the world and if you look at un statistics on the rate of four hundred thousand people you would be surprised to know that india is one point two on that scale the united states is trinity seven point eight the u.k. is twenty eight point something sweden is sixty three south africa it's one twenty i'm just citing the statistics that i remember so what is it about india that creates this image and i think there it's a very complicated picture but partly i think those of us who've been involved in the women's movement are to blame because we have. to the issue of sexual violence
towards women on the public agenda we will not let it go off the agenda because we want changes and we wanted to be addressed and the media has sided with us in very interesting ways so every case gets into the papers i don't want to take a nationalistic stance and pretend that we are great we're not but i think you are it's much more complicated and i think that we need to understand all saw where women are placed on should really and all of the kinds of beliefs and things which become sedimented over time and which become ways of imposing certain expected behavior on women and bollywood fed into this right up to the gills until recently when with the entry of new young women directors it began to change and now you're getting these amazing films which are made by women directors
produced by women which started smelling female story of syria if you know there is a recent film really the wedding which is about really women's sexual lives and it's amazing that which brings me to the question of how artistic creation can actually help to break down stereotypes we'll talk about that in just a one second but first we're going to look at an exhibition of indian women artists and it's currently happening involves spotlights of all. bracelets fired into bricks but not just ordinary bracelets they all come from violated women deaf room is an installation by indian feminist artist bharti keir next to it six women bodies made of plaster of sex workers and calcutta the exhibition facing india invoice showing works by six young indian artists projected parties use the refrigerator as a symbolic setting the kitchen is ascribed to women in india with strict hierarchies and rules. from the little cost conscious into into a kitchen of
a higher cause crime all to remain if they have menstruation happening or not supposed to into kitchens. the central theme of this show borders and their dissolution as a need to sense works her motley collection of replicated organs and team is a strong projection of the dividing lines between castes ethnic groups and genders . the cultural scene women's position in the cultural scene in india in general young women artists in india of breaking taboos quite amazingly on issues of sexuality on issues of religion and doing some really fascinating work and i think a lot of young women are breaking these cultural stereotypes and creating new and different cultures which will not be silenced and i think what becomes worrying and really dangerous you spoke of religion is when religion combines with political
power and fundamentalism to impose cultural taboos on burma and that's happening in india now and it's very scary even in the united states i would think if you think about it at the radical right thinks the radical religion radical islam day this is what i always say and you think about it the right is not for women it's not pro choice it's not pro freedom it's very oppressive for definitely i would say that there is a tendency even in the west towards this you know backlash we're yes exactly about of moral fabric. i'm very interested in the fact that you have some women who are claiming their religion to find sources in religion to to empower themselves so that's interesting that there wouldn't you know. give the religion away in the
hands of men but say no really we have to claim it and to say that you to have been interpreted for centuries for even you know more than centuries by men in the end now if we read the whole history we can have a few men interpretation of it and be at the center of its history ellen you know i think there's really no lack of women's artistic output in creativity it's really i think an issue of the gatekeepers and when museums open their minds up to exploring different kinds of artistic expression looking for new artists you know it's a tremendously important thing and it's interesting now coming to germany when i was named director of this of the dr phil museum in january there was a story in our net news this year there's eight women not been who've been named directors of german museums it's a record but the headline was still a glass ceiling because all of the women running museums are underpaid i think getting people into these gate keeper positions in every community in every
artistic organization will change the way that people are encouraged and inspired and who gets access to telling their stories because it's really about who's driving the narrative who's in charge of telling our story but who are the gatekeepers of religion they are men it is the folk it's the shame is that priests so even if you try whatever you can in order to make reinterpretation that to say this is wrong and you are not tried and i can do whatever i want there will still insist on putting their own stories out there and not in order not to give you the power that you are claiming so it's actually about power it's about who are the gatekeepers not just in film or in culture it's everywhere who are the gatekeepers of the of this of this world in politics it's the same you know you can i like in my country there are now six deputies out of one hundred twenty eight deputies. six
deputies are women but unless we have more women in politics we won't be able to have the laws that we are fighting for and sell in saudi arabia and other places it is the men who are giving you what is your own right would say that this is bad but they are living. there and they had to have you know i i want to just add that it's not only about power of course it is but it is also about strategy so if you are in a position of powerlessness and if you can only claim power in a very limited way at least you must try to do that which is what is happening and i think also i want to suggest also to you ellen can we maybe rethink this whole question of the glass ceiling because it seems to me that the glass ceiling is almost i mean it's always ever articulated in terms of money because who's earning the larger amount of money was getting to the top but in many professions like
yours like mine many others women are the ones who are controlling the content they are the ones who are so in publishing in india for example all the heads of all the editorial heads of women and i'm pretty sure this is the case in many places in the world all the c.e.o.'s are men because they earn the money but actually what's more important cash or taught and ideas and in that i think we've cracked that glass ceiling they're ever going to reach at something about the fact that i think that being an activist acting for equality and for justice is not asking for justice just you know getting it taking any explaining a second sticking it in so it's challenging the structure of power would give you just the science it does silence you to sign as you and i love actually new eyes and to look good and to look good but unfortunately many women are and i'm not.
again i don't want to be the same mistake but twenty many women are easily scientists because of different factors i'm talking about you know being intimidated into into staying silent or the social pressure to just don't want to make a big fuss about it and don't want to make a scandal out of it all of these things i mean i'll bet you haven't heard that but i have no i have it's true but many are not and i'm simply saying turn your focus yes focus on the ones who was speaking out no i would like to poke at those who are not speaking up in order to make them speak up so that i think i'm going to do very . well i'm just going to go back to what you're saying and just what the gender equality notion that you know there's a scale of economy in every industry in artistic production and publishing of the film business and what i would advocate is that if you're doing the same job you should just be paid the same and of course that's become a big issue circling back to me too when times up is it's not just access to those
jobs it's if you're doing the same job are you actually being paid the same and there's been some scandalous numbers coming out about female and male costars in you know american film productions and it's shaming people and it's i really have to say that the process of bringing this to light and bringing people out you know calling them out is very very effective i don't think that if it weren't for the shame of some of these high profile media figures being accused in such a public way and all their friends and neighbors and their families know exactly what they did that shame is quite powerful and it's also happening it's not it's not that i think that they are actually has been you know what we have is that access to employment and access to equal pay that gets us a seat at the table and that means that we're we're being represented in a broader way in the culture so you are sitting at the head of the table at the german film institute just tell. what are your next projects what how has the
discussion everything we're talking about affected how you plan to. conduct these five years of your first contract will women and women's representation in film be an issue for you oh absolutely and in fact i've inherited an institution that was already very focused on that and my previous directly to previous director was a woman and they're strong women in all of the you know department heads of that institution so we're screening women's films on a regular basis there's tremendous film festival activity where women's voices are being front and center and the content of our exhibitions and the content of our collections is trying to overcome the historical gap i mean often people say there aren't enough you know high profile talented women filmmakers to elect into the academy for example they need to be given that opportunity you need to find young filmmakers and you need to encourage mid career filmmakers because many many
artists make a movie and then they don't end up getting another chance that ten years can go by before another project gets made so it's finding filmmakers at every stage of their career and giving them a public forum inviting them to speak to the audiences that's a very fundamental approach to also sharing that world cultures our museum is involved in showing film from every corner of the globe and that's a major major project for us is to make sure we're not only focused you know on one nationality or you know one more motive expression. ok. you've made the move into politics which i mentioned earlier and you talking now about this is the difference in culture or politics has your other goals changed in what way have they changed and is there more acceptance for what you're bringing forward i'm going to well it's not that's my goal is have to question i've been fighting for women's rights and human rights in general. because it also to me it i mean feminism includes
everything about being a human being it's about fighting for equal rights and opportunities for everyone i mean. no matter what your race or sexuality or sexual orientation etc it's and this is very i mean all these matters all these issues are very much linked in in my part of the world and eleven not so fighting for freedom of expression and fighting for equal rights as much as fighting for the right of it for education for all kids not just the rich kids get to go and get a good education and this is also part of the problem because you know the masses are not having the opportunity to be aware to be a light and to have what they need to have in order to work their minds all of these push me to go into politics but to me it's like i'll continue to be with what i have been doing so far and i will never stop being
a writer. that's good to hear from so they come over to you ok what's next on your agenda and in the corner of this incredibly complex i have i have a documentary in the pie but i'm still working on the following steps of a book that i coauthored with her it's a picture book that i coauthored with their photographer which means our fruit which is picture of what are the displaced. people from women from african descent with natural afro hair because it's something we didn't have a chance to speak about beauty standards but that and something that oppress women all women and especially women that are very far from the white view the standards and the yes. exactly so we have interviewed a hundred more than one hundred one hundred forty. people women from african descent about how they feel wearing natural hair and the place that we have to get was partly because it's my birthplace and we have made an exhibit based on the book which i was. even in africa suddenly and publication. of the book is available
claim afro and it's coated with oil it's only a photographer and we have people from the cultural space scenes artists at the former minister of justice. and people you know teachers accountants people who just enjoy it just a way to show that beauty includes everyone including people who doesn't who don't look like you know what you connect to beautiful women when you when you google beautiful women all the women in white that you see our white women you never see asian women are black women so i wanted to just change that narrative i'm getting absolutely stir things up and get some more diversity or vassie what what are your are your you've been working for thirty five years as a feminist just slogging away and achieving so much what are your goals now i think. well i mean the simplest way to put it is my goal i think all our goal is to
change the world and make it a more inclusive world where women are respected where everyone actually has a right to a life of dignity and respect this sounds like a big thing to say but to me that's what humanism is about but more specifically within my publishing house in india our goal our mandate our immediate priority is to focus as much as possible on the voices of marginalized women so to look at low cost for men to look at korea women to look at muslim women women of different minorities to look at transfer men and to capture their stories so that we can in some way a new once the story of india and indian women by including all of their diversity and not only focusing on the voices of women like me will come from tribulation who are educated and that's really if we can do that in the few years
that i as an older woman have left to publish i think i'll be happy i know we have different levels of optimism on this panel but just a quick answer from all of you just a really short when are we on the verge of an it with all the friction that we've just been discussing are we on the verge of a new type guised ellen and i certainly hope so i couldn't take it if we weren't moving in the right direction in some way oh yes definitely yes i'm with them there it is. part of my grades exactly i was a real. yes we are especially because we have new means to connect we have never been able to connect in such a way i asked today so that's something that makes me positive and optimistic good and lots of hope obviously we wouldn't be doing what we're doing if we didn't have hope especially a little word here i know about our own optimism i don't know what we are on the verge on but whatever it is it's really important and it's. change reality in very fundamental ways and we had better be ready for it thank you very much to all of
our panel. will all the. time ellen haring said. ok i hear you thank you very much for being with us that's all the media thank you for this very interesting and lively discussion and thank you to all of our audience give yourselves a round of applause. women and culture obviously working at the forefront for many many centuries and they will continue to do so a lot of optimism in the room here and we are on the verge of something possibly a new type guys to thank for joining us. thank you you.
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starting twenty fifth on. french president emmanuel mccrone has called for closer cooperation with germany on security and defense and for a more united and so over in europe he was addressing the german parliament on the country's day of remembrance not conjoin chancellor angela merkel in laying a wreath at germany's central memorial for the victims of war and oppression. yes.