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tv   The Day - News in Review  Deutsche Welle  November 24, 2018 1:02am-1:30am CET

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got a deal on someone throws a spanner in the works today it's a spanish as you heads of state get ready to sign britain's withdrawal deal on sunday spain is getting ready to sink it over gibraltar i'm phil gale in berlin and this is the day. this is not solved by sunday spain will have to use its veto. the opposition on gibraltar and its sovereignty has not changed and will not change we must be involved in all issues related to gibraltar this is an renown support for spain it's actually been working with the government of gibraltar and with the government of spain it's about the wish of the people of gibraltar the fourth largest economy in europe. a way to get the smallest economy
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to sit around the table with it and i think the second issue. is. also coming home a day that declares a humanitarian crisis a central american migrants a mass on the mexican border we'll hear about the fatigue and the frustration. we're looking for answers we here because we want to cross we all want to cross into the united states. spends prime minister petra sanchez says sunday's a huge summit to endorse a practice that deal could be in jeopardy if it's country doesn't get the insurance as it once over gibraltar spanish leader was speaking at a press conference in cuba scenario where the if there's no deal. then it's clear that the european council summit will not go ahead because if it would. is british overseas territorial the
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southern tip of the bay area and peninsula which spain saying it's a british three hundred years ago has long sorts to reclaim. so that's got to take a look at what's at stake for people who live or work in the british overseas territory. the spanish town of la linea on the border which a printer unemployment here is high many work across the border nearly ten thousand people in southern spain make the daily commute to gibraltar suno this could become an external border it's not yet clear how this will affect their jobs the tourism industry or the port in casinos. is concerned about the future he's worried his job and a tobacco shop and could be under threat. that oh yeah i'm
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fifty three years old there's no oil of work here and i could suddenly find myself out of a job unemployed and about the bottom of that bottom what. many here share his sense of uncertainty. we still be able to cross the border like we do now no one knows. many people here are taking no chances and preparing for every eventuality. you know the police stations he all swamped because so many people are applying for passports or lots of with their mendoza just like on the bus of. gibraltar like the irish border is one of the main bones of contention in the bronx at negotiations the spanish government says to crawl to and spain are so interdependent that many issues such as jobs taxation and customs should be settled by laterally between madrid and london. it wants this to be enshrined in the final divorce deal otherwise it will block the agreement. this is an important point for
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us as a pro european government i mean if it's not solved by sunday they will have to use its veto official copy of the route. much is at stake for prime minister pedro sanchez spain southern region of underland c.-a is holding regional elections in just over a week's time but sanchez has found support in the former to baltar's autonomy government it too wants bilateral talks between spain and britain over the territory streeter relationship without our inclusion in that would prevent gibraltar. would have faced a cliff edge of the thirtieth of march two thousand and nineteen. will gibraltar derail the brics in negotiations many in southern spain like me get balance you are hoping for business as usual. is head of the madrid office for the european council on foreign relations they think that even at this late stage that could still be
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a solution. well i think these should be a way out of these because you brought that he said they issue you now sent us the bailout that other relationship with huge economic interests of both ends and spain and britain are the two countries in the european union that have most intense exchanges both in terms of people but also on business exchanges so we should find that agreement on these should not be you know turned into an obstacle for a negotiation and it's very obvious that you brought that is not part and cannot be part of these agreement aspirant. of the united kingdom so we need the separate agreement and i think this is this is doable unless it becomes a point in britain a fragmentation of the agreement of these indicates also we are going on in scotland but all of these points by the fact that they're actually from the beginning is a nonsensical idea i'm trying to make russia rationality out of the east despite
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difficult. so let's look at the close of the boulder scattered across the road to bricks it's to brolga know that i'm and the british parliament quentin pale is an associate fellow of international policy think tank chatham house and he joins us from london the next forest whiting he did lose his princely specialist welcome to you both let's start with ukraine's imperial in london spade veto the steel does it does the withdrawal agreement require unanimity. no it doesn't and spain can't veto it on the other hand nobody wants to go away feeling furious and and upset and indeed betrayed by the deal so i think that there will be a big effort to find a way to meet the spanish objections after all what spain seem to be so say is that they can be no inclusion of gibraltar in the final trade deal that the u.k.
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negotiates with the european union and less close in and britain agree so that on the whole does not seem insuperable the problem really is that the brits and i feel probably the european union to. really rather ignore this problems of far too long it was always going to be one of the most difficult issues to deal with. given that one wonders why the spanish representative at the negotiations did not say something earlier why has spain left this long to raise this problem. well on the one hand they didn't stay did raise the problem really quite a long time ago they said that they would be looking at the whole question of the role to gibraltar states' role to sovereignty the moment the british left the european union and i think london that was rather treated with the same sort of
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arrogant disregard that the british tended to treat the irish problem for far too long the fact is the brics in principle. need broke and ireland northern ireland suddenly have an external border of the european union on that front here and you can't just shrug that off and say oh well it will be sorted out one way or another there has to be an agreement on how it's result and for months and months the word gibraltar was simply not mentioned in the negotiations in brussels so i don't think you can really blame the stan is ok let's let's hear from gibraltar chief minister fabiano piccata well you've just got to look around europe and ask the french or indeed the spanish in relation to the issue of gibraltar and many others how angered they are by b. arrangements in the withdrawal agreement that the commission has now said is
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completely closed and cannot be reopened because it's opened for one comma or one full stop on gibraltar it's going to be reopened on any of the other issues that people in westminster say they would like to see done again and the french and all the others quite a bit what do you think of that sort of violence that is this unlikely or is this just brought on looking for reasons to leave well alone. well i think the problem is this every single change that money be made at this stage is that change that is going to make life the two reason may in london more difficult because it's the sort of change that is going to make her hard to find bricks it is within her own government and within her own party really very cross they'll say oh you're just rolling out of really giving in to the spaniards well it's a bit rich coming from a bunch of people who actually really didn't care as as it's been put rather
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vividly they pushed gibraltar under the spanish bus that they really didn't think about what the consequences would be and now we're really seeing that joining coming to light ok question phil thank you for now so that's gibraltar alex forrest white saying let's look at the next to bold a northern ireland theresa may of course needs the parliamentary votes of northerners democratic unionist party to stay in power and their leader has told the prime minister to ask the e.u. for a better bret's it's a divorce deal so what does olling foster want that isn't already there well i think it's more what is being forced to not want in this equipment and not just namely the backstop and that will come into effect to stop a hard to border between northern ireland which will remain part of the u.k. and the republic of ireland which will stick with it and they don't want this border to be put in place now the solution to that at the moment in this dale is
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that they could pay off to the transition period a backstop which would save the whole of the u.k. remain in the customs union for a limited amount of time but also that northern i would have to stick a more closely to set an rules and that is really why and those day pay there is unionists and pays because they are why that is. effectively hardboard in the r.f.c. so separating britain from northern ireland so this is being the big problem that everyone can see not even on the horizon it was right there in front of everyone's faces. if the do you believe it's against this withdrawal deal when it gets the british public will that mean it sunk well at the moment even tonight we heard from ali and forced to saying that they're not happy with this withdrawal agreement and they certainly come support at the moment and we're likely to him more of that this weekend because they've got a policy conference however downing street is still hopeful that they might stay and not actually vote against it they've got ten d p m.p.'s in parliament who are
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supporting two reason mazed minority government so they are reliant on them but she's also to raise them a hoping that they will be so worried that if they do vote against them bring down her government that they'd have then jeremy corbyn the leader of the labor party is a potential next prime minister they'd lose that man they feel that he is sympathetic towards the ira and don't forget of course that to reason may has also given them a lot of money around one point one billion euros they've got hoffa fit this the rest of it to come and they could of course forego that money if they do let down but they're not the only ones in all of this so it might be that they hate one thing more than they hate something else of ok. so that's we're going to the northern island gibraltar's let's talk about vera else to recently is going to come and might come across but which of course is the british parliament yes and so we've just talked about the pace so they could of course vote against this deal but we've also got the labor party jeremy corbyn has said that they can't support the
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deal that's a huge number of m.p.'s we've got the scottish nationalist party they've also said the same thing we've got all the minority parties within parliament we've got almost ninety conservative m.p.'s they are on to reason may's own side saying that they will not support the deal either so it is looking extremely wrong. kate if she does does put it towards parliament in december and they vote against it what then i mean everything is to play for there's the possibility of labor saying we have got no confidence in this government there has to be a new vote i don't imagine that some of these bricks it is who knows to raise them and low this deal alighted to then let that happen because then they'd lose power but there was so much to pay for and actually nobody really knows what could happen next briefly i want to try to get you both in on this with all this is done mind sitting around is it likely to be a second referendum in the public's will you stop there's certainly
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a momentum building for a second referendum but going back to jeremy corbyn again the leader of the labor party he has already said that at the moment he cannot support that so they don't have all those m.p.'s that they would need for this important plus look at the country it is so divided still and yes the polls are saying that won't people would perhaps a vote remain if there was a second referendum but it's not a huge number a huge majority for that so at the moment i don't think that that is is likely but as i say everything is open and what would you quentin the does this look to make a new referendum more or less likely. it certainly makes it more likely that it will as i mean i think in six months ago even one would have given the chance to have another referendum about ten percent i think we're getting pretty close to fifty fifty to have and what we'll decide is essentially deadlock and if there is no agreement in parliament for
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a neat outcome then those two reason may and jeremy called in may find their friend to me is that the only way out of the deadlock and that i think then brings it forward as as a genuine possibility but it's still more of an outside chance to not but i totally agree that the numbers at the moment do not add up to the reason may she looks very likely to get this deal thrown out by parliament in december and then guess what she had planned it plans to come back for a second later to parliament one might ask why she's prepared for a second vote in parliament she's not prepared to have a second referendum ok oh ok we got through that and it all makes sense sort off crimes and failing that in fact here alex whiting thank you and watching the day still to come will france's looted african art soon be heading home proposed law changes will focus on french museums to return to fast pillaged during
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colonial times so while the rest of europe follow suit. tensions of the us mexico border are continuing to rise as thousands of central american migrants arrive in tijuana mexico the matter of the border town has declared a humanitarian crisis and asked the united nations for help on thursday u.s. president donald trump warned that the united states could close the whole front but migrants but the migrants are not backing down. behind the sunny port of entry life. but us police are determined not to let anyone pass illegally the way. it's just a drill but one designed to scare away central american migrants there were rumors that many were planning to rush through the lanes the operation ended up delaying
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mexicans with american citizenship were crossing the border for thanksgiving celebrations on thursday was a study in the most but they chose the wrong day right to this thanksgiving and then you get here stuck waiting in a line. hundreds of migrants also master around the nearby border crossing tired and frustrated and desperate to get to the u.s. there are going to work we're looking for answers we're here because we want to cross we all want to cross into the united states. we're not criminals we're humble people who want to work and show the world that we come here with a good heart and we're not evil. u.s. president donald trump has threatened to close the border altogether board chairman of the u.s. center for immigration studies p j k noons told t w that he supports the president's tough stance many of the south of the central american countries are. very bad places to be and so it's natural to understand that they would want
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a better life somewhere but. that doesn't mean that the united states has any obligation to solve everybody else's problems throughout the world many migrants are still at the chaparral border crossing desperately hoping for a chance to make that better life in the united states they have come so far but now all they can do is wait. for. the united nations or refugee agency joins us from welcome to you does look like it's suffering a humanitarian crisis. yes i mean the is kind of is it mind that it was the start of the reed sea and some people told us and the snowman who else with him up the border on mexico mexico city and now here in tijuana already
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more than. almost cut house with the cd and more are on the way so we have spent extra hours thanks to these people johnny in the disappearance of money and what about the situation a humanitarian crisis. the this is we should i mean the people not the floods because it meets a disability it makes immigration so that people that they fled to forty cannot meet and so on and people that they fled to for coffee and and it and their violence and persecution so they could not to dock at once without rice did life or he'd be sealed it was so they came with not seeing it on anything with them and the condition on thing and surviving. on that he could and i mean the u.n.
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agencies the society these are songs that you people find support each of us and then on the six some human kind of assistance and the special sort of solution in order to integrate those of the os this town here means the cynics might say that this declaration of a humanitarian disaster is just a way of exerting pressure on the mexican government to release extra funds and indeed to to shame president trump but i would your response and those. i mean this you've got to want to act is really is the as much as a they can that need to be just the story too they set these a score to center where now. one thousand seven hundred people must be on the beach . in the uk that is six cut in there into one not the course of the cities there are. either there are much more so for this reason that our p.b.
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said that are going to be set in a garment so it sounds good and it's only positive wing and in theory they said they're going to set it much more ahead in the the cd and since monday's his disease is this is it the open international joke flare here into one also in jolly good to those who do want to stay in mexico and often a damn it all to the city to to legalize their south through the money guardians of the sun or to seek so dr i think is a unique way unique opportunity in order to say that it won't leave the country and we did twenty people to find a job there and to be in typically the us schools and especially for those of course the entire family did really to need to find their way to a good. thanks for joining us from tesco fontenay me from the u.n.h.c.r. n.t.
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you are. a french president emanuel mccraw has reportedly agreed to return without delay twenty six disputed works to the west african country of benny as follows recommendations from a french from a commission that french law be changed to allow cultural artifacts taken from former communist to be returned early this year president macro became the first western leader to initiate a comprehensive review of colonial loot in a paris museum on the banks of the send a palace of african art. but the seventy thousand works here have a troubled past many of them were torn from their cultural home during the colonial era. a new report commissioned by french president emmanuel mccall says that france must return the art it stole. the authors found that as much as ninety five percent of sub-saharan african art is held outside the continent in
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between a country with a renowned art legacy france's move is being hailed as a step toward justice. returning property is not a matter of victory for someone or failure for others because in the end it's not a battle. he needs these assets to strengthen its national economy to provide employment and also for all the cultural heritage manages and curators in this country. back in paris some resistance french art dealers are skeptical that museums can or even should return the vast collections. that the argument many years here in europe is that the art has been kept in the right kind of conditions cared for by experts displayed in state of the art museums anybody in the world can visit these exhibits and the african arts nigerian art collector for
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me legace. responds to those arguments. i would say that it is the argument is somewhat disingenuous and i would explain what i mean when they say that people have access to them most of the people of african origin are totally cut off from access to these books and these can be used very strong cohesive force to forge national identities many new generation suffer africans are totally disconnected from death last precisely because this act works which could have helped to forge this sense of national coalition was not there i agree that we do not we may not have state of the art more than museums in terms of technology and the science of museums keeping them in the right temperature i know that but yes we have museums in africa they have not
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been properly funded the argument therefore should not be the lack of facilities but what kind of steps have to be taken to ensure that proper. institutions are put in place and that's proper training museum profession i was put in place that is provided relationship. with that collaboration with international museums to make sure that they strands file the necessary technology and knowledge to africa on missions that i think on continue to kick out for these works. i'm nuts was the day ever comes session continues online you can find us on twitter either the news or not so get does get to use a hash tag but i have a good tip. if
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history in the everyone is too small. he says the mathematician. to. digital africa starts december twelfth on t.w. . hi there welcome to your max your daily dose of european lifestyle and culture is a quick look at what's coming up. the list featuring.


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