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tv   The Day - News in Review  Deutsche Welle  November 24, 2018 3:02am-3:31am CET

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i mean. poor theresa may every time the british prime minister thinks she's got a deal on breck's it someone throws a spanner in the works today it's a spanish as you heads of state get but it is signed britain's withdrawal deal on sunday spade is getting ready to sink it over gibraltar i'm phil gale in berlin and this is the day. this is not solved by sunday spain will have to use its veto it will cover the. opposition brought has not changed and will not change we must be involved in all issues related to gibraltar and this is on right now for spain it's actually been working with the government of gibraltar and with the government of spain it's about the wish of the people of gibraltar the fourth largest economy in europe.
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to get the smallest of calling me europe to sit around the table with. your soldiers over. people. is the result of. those are coming home the day that declares a humanitarian crisis a central american migrants a mass on the mexican border we'll hear about the fatigue and the frustration. we're looking for answers we're here because we want to cross we all want to cross into the united states. aspirants prime minister petra sanchez says sunday's summit to endorse a proxy deal could be in jeopardy if it's country doesn't get the insurance as it once over gibraltar spanish leader was speaking at a press conference in cuba. see noir if there's no deal.
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then it's clear that the european council summit will not go ahead because of it when it. is british overseas territorial the southern tip of their berry and peninsula which spain saying it's a briton more than three hundred years ago has long sought to reclaim. its got a look at us take a look at what's at stake for people who live or work in the british overseas territory. the spanish town of la linea on the border which. unemployment here is high many work across the border nearly ten thousand people in southern spain make the daily commute to gibraltar suno this could become an external border it's not yet clear how this will affect their jobs the tourism industry or the port in casinos.
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is concerned about the future he's worried his job and a tobacco shop and to proctor could be under threat. that oh yeah i'm fifty three years old there's not all of work here and i could suddenly find myself out of a job unemployed and i got the bottom of that bottle what. many here share his sense of uncertainty. we still be able to cross the border like we do now no one knows. many people here are taking no chances and preparing for every eventuality. the police stations here all swamped because so many people are applying for passports. as a thug on the bus of. gibraltar like the irish border is one of the main bones of contention in the brics negotiations the spanish government says toprol tour and spain are so interdependent that many issues such as jobs taxation and customs
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should be settled by laterally between madrid and london. it wants this to be enshrined in the final divorce deal otherwise it will block the agreement. this is an important point for us as a pro european government i mean if it's not solved by sunday they will have to use its veto official copy that. much is at stake for prime minister pedro sanchez spain southern region of angeles is holding regional elections in just over a week's time but sanchez has found support in the form of to baltar's autonomy as government it too wants bilateral talks between spain and britain over the territory's future relationship without our inclusion in the withdrawal agreement gibraltar. would have faced the cliff edge of the thirtieth of locks two thousand and nineteen. will gibraltar derail the brics in negotiations many in southern spain like me. are hoping for business as usual.
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is head of the madrid office for the european council on foreign relations he thinks that even at this late stage that could still be a solution. well i think these should be a way out of these because you brought that he's a very tiny issue in outside testing by a lot that other relationship with huge economic interests of both ends and spain and britain are the two countries in the european union that have most intense exchanges both in terms of people but also on business exchanges so we should find that agreement on these should not be you know turned into an obstacle for a negotiation and it's very obvious that you brought that is not pardon cannot be part of these agreement us part. of the united kingdom so we need to separate the agreement and i think this is this is doable unless it becomes a point in britain a fragmentation of the agreement of these be indicates also we started on this
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island but all of these points to the fact that they're actually from the beginning is a nonsensical idea i'm trying to make russian rationality out of these despite difficult . so let's look a little closer the bolder scatters across the road to brics it's true brolga know that i'm and the british parliament quentin bale is an associate fellow of international policy think tank chatham house and he joins us from london next for us to whites and he did lose his princely specialist a welcome to you both let's start with ukraine's imperial in london can spade veto the steel does it does the withdrawal agreement require unanimity. no it doesn't since spain can't veto it on the other hand nobody wants to go away feeling furious and and upset and indeed betrayed by the deal so i think that there will be a big effort to find
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a way to meet the spanish objections after all what spain seem to be so say is that they can be no inclusion of gibraltar in the final trade deal that the u.k. negotiates with the european union and less close in and britain agree so that on the whole does not seem insuperable the problem really is that the brits and i feel probably the european union to. really rather ignored this problem for far too long it was always going to be one of the most difficult issues to deal with. given that one wonders why the spanish representative at the negotiations did not say something earlier why has spain left this long to raise this problem. well on the one hand they didn't stay did raise the problem really quite a long time ago they said that they would be looking at the whole question of the
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role to gibraltar state's role to sovereignty the moment the british left the european union and i think london that was rather treated with the same sort of arrogant disregard the british tended to treat the irish problem for far too long the fact is the brics in principle. need broke and ireland northern ireland suddenly have an external border of the european union on that front here and you can't just shrug that off and say oh well it will be sorted out one way or another there has to be an agreement on how it's result and for months and months the word gibraltar was simply not mentioned in the negotiations in brussels so i don't think you can really blame the stan is ok let's let's hear from gibraltar chief minister carter well you've just got to look around
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europe and ask the french or indeed the spanish in relation to the issue of gibraltar and many others how angered they are by b. arrangements that are in the withdrawal agreement that the commission has now said is completely closed and cannot be reopened because it's opened for one comma or one full stop on gibraltar it's going to be reopened on any of the other issues that people in westminster say they would like to see done again and the french and all the others quite a bit what do you think of that sort of violence that is this unlikely or is this just brought on looking for reasons to leave well alone. well i think the problem is this every single change that might be made at this stage is a change that is going to make life a two reason may in london more difficult because it's the sort of change that is going to make her hard to find bricks it is within her own government and within her own party really very cross they'll say oh you're just really you have really
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giving in to the spaniards well it's a bit rich coming from a bunch of people who actually really didn't care as as it's been put rather vividly they pushed gibraltar under the spanish bus that they really didn't think about what the consequences would be and now we're really seeing the jamming coming to light ok question phil thank you for finance that's gibraltar alex forrest white saying let's look at the next to bold a northern ireland theresa may of course needs the parliamentary votes of northern honest democratic unionist party to stay in power and their leader has told the prime minister to ask the e.u. for a better breath sit divorce deal so what does olling foster want that isn't already there well i think it's more what is forced to not want in this agreement and not to say namely that backstop and that will come into effect to stop a hard to border between northern ireland which will remain part of the u.k.
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and the republic of ireland which will stick with it and they don't want this border to be put in place now the solution to that at the moment in this tale is that they could be off to the transition period a backstop which would save the whole of the u.k. remain in the customs union for a limited amount of time but also that northern ireland would have to stick a more closely to set an rules and that is really why and those day pay those unionists and pays because they are why that is. effectively a whole board in the r.f.c. so separating britain from northern ireland so this is really the big problem that everyone can see not even on the horizon it was right there in front of everyone's faces. if the do you believe votes against this withdrawal deal when it gets the british ball which is the will that mean it sunk well at the moment even tonight we heard from ali in force to saying that they're not happy with this withdrawal agreement and they certainly can't support it the moment and we're likely to him
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more of that this weekend because they've got a policy conference however downing street is still hopeful that they might stay in and not actually vote against it they've got ten do you pay m.p.'s in parliament who are supporting two reason maze minority government so they are reliant on them but she's also to raise them a hoping that they will be so worried that if they do vote against them bring down her government that they'd have then jeremy corbyn the leader of the labor party as potential next prime minister they'd lose that man they feel that he is sympathetic towards the ira and don't forget of course that to reason may has also given them a lot of money around one point one billion euros they've got hoffa fits this the rest of it to come and they could of course forego that money if they do let down but they're not the only ones in all of this so it might be that they hate one thing more than they hate something else ok. so that's we're going to the northern island gibraltar's let's talk about very recently is going to come of might come
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across but which of course is the british parliament yes and so we've just talked about the d.p. so they could of course vote against this deal but we've also got the labor party jeremy corbyn has said that they can't support the deal that's a huge number of m.p.'s we've got the scottish nationalist party they've also said the same thing we've got all the minority parties within parliament and we've got almost ninety conservative m.p.'s they are on to reason may's own side saying that they will not support the deal either so it is looking extremely wrong. kate if she does does put it towards parliament in december and they vote against it what then i mean everything is to play for there's the possibility of labor saying we have got no confidence in this government there has to be a new vote i don't imagine that some of these bricks it is he loathed to reason manilow this deal alight you to then let that happen because then they'd lose power but there was so much to play for and actually nobody really knows what could happen next briefing i want to try and get get you both you know this was all this
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all is done mind sitting around is it likely to be a second referendum in the u.k. you will you stop there's certainly a momentum building for a second referendum but going back to jeremy corbyn again the leader of the labor party he has already said that at the moment he cannot support that so they don't have all those m.p.'s that they would need for this important plus look at the country it is so divided still yes the polls are saying that won't people would perhaps a vote remain if there was a second referendum but it's not a huge number a huge majority for that so at the moment i don't think that that is it's like a but as i say everything is open and what would you quentin does this look to make a new referendum more or less likely. it certainly makes it more likely that it will as i mean i think in six months ago even one would have given the chance to have another referendum about ten percent i think we're getting
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pretty close to fifty fifty and what will decide it is essentially deadlock and if there is no agreement in parliament for any outcome then close to reason may and jeremy called in may find the other three ending is that the only way out of the deadlock and that i think then brings it forward as as a genuine possibility but it's still more of an outside chance to not but i totally agree that the numbers at the moment do not add up but the reason may she looks very likely to get this deal thrown out like lot of wins in december and then guess what she had planned it plans to come back for a second later to parliament one might ask why she's prepared for a second vote in parliament she's not prepared to have a second referendum ok. ok we got through that the old makes sense sort off crimes and failing that in fact here alex whiting thank you. and watching
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the day still to come will france's looted african art soon be heading home proposal or changes will focus on french museums to return artifacts pillaged during colonial times so while the rest of europe follow suit. attentions of the us mexico border are continuing to rise as thousands of central american migrants arrive in tijuana mexico the matter of the border town has declared a humanitarian crisis and asked the united nations for help on thursday u.s. president donald trump aboard that the united states could close the whole front but migrants but the migrants are not backing down. behind the sun is either a port of entry license but us police are determined not to let anyone pass illegally the way. it's just
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a drill but one designed to scare away central american migrants there were rumors that many were planning to rush through the lanes the operation ended up delaying mexicans with american citizenship were crossing the border for thanksgiving celebrations on thursday was that. they chose the wrong day right to this thanksgiving and then you get here stuck waiting in a line. hundreds of migrants also master around the nearby border crossing tired and frustrated and desperate to get to the u.s. that they are going to work we're looking for answers we're here because we want to cross we all want to cross into the united states. we're not criminals we're humble people who want to work and show the world that we come here with a good heart and we're not evil. u.s. president donald trump has threatened to close the border altogether board chairman of the u.s. center for immigration studies p j k news told t w that he supports the president's
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tough stance many of the south of the central american countries are. very bad places to be and so it's natural to understand that they would want a better life somewhere but. that doesn't mean that the united states has any obligation to solve everybody else's problems throughout the world many migrants are still at the chaparral border crossing desperately hoping for a chance to make that better life in the united states they have come so far but now all they can do is. refugee agency joins us from welcome to you does look like it suffering a humanitarian crisis. yes i mean it is kind of is it the mind that
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writes this after the read seeds of being told i'm and the snowman who else with him up the border on mexico mexico city now here in tijuana already more than they almost touched house with the cd and more on the way saw with us at its true hours thanks to these one johnny indeed this one and what about the situation makes it a humanitarian crisis. the this is we should i mean the people not the floods because it meets a festival is it makes immigration so that people that they fled to for economic reasons on and people that they fled to for coffee and and it and violence and persecution so they could not to go doc wants with the rice good life he'd be stealing it is so they came with not seeing it on anything with them and
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because these are the only surviving things on betty because and i mean to any agency see the society it is a song and people kind of support each of us and then we can see some human kind of assistance and especially towards a solution in order to integrate those of the os this down here means the cynics might say that this declaration of a humanitarian disaster is just a way of exerting pressure on the mexican government to release extra funds and indeed to to shame president trump would you respond to those. i mean this you've got to want to act is really is the as much as a the can that be the just the story through they say these sport to center where now. one thousand seven hundred people must be on the beach you can run in the uk
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that is six times in there into one block or so the cities there on the t.v. that are much more so for this reason that are p.b. said that are going to be set in a garment so it sounds wouldn't eat any positive wing and in theory they said they're going to set it much more ahead in the this cd and since monday's his disease is this is it the open international joke flare here into why not also in jolly good to those who do want to stay in mexico and oftener than it was c.t. to begin our eyes at their south through the money guardians of the stock or to seek so dr i think is a unique way unique opportunity in order to see that it will relieve the country and even work to need to find a job a hand to be in typically the us us most and this is rational for those
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who are called the entire family that really to need to find their way in order to grow up. thanks for joining us from just go from tony from the u.n.h.c.r. in to you on. the french president emanuel mccraw has reportedly agreed to return without delay twenty six disputed works to the west african country of benny as follows recommendations from the french from a commission that french law be changed to allow cultural artifacts taken from former communist to be returned earlier this year president macro became the first western leader to initiate a comprehensive review of colonial loot in a paris museum on the banks of the send a palace of african art. but the seventy thousand works here have a troubled past many of them were torn from their cultural home during the colonial era. a new report commissioned by french president emmanuel mccall says that
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france must return the art it stole. the authors found that as much as ninety five percent of sub-saharan african art is held outside the continent. in between a country with a renowned art legacy france's move is being hailed as a step toward justice. returning property is not a matter of victory for someone or failure for others because in the end it's not a battle. he needs these assets to strengthen its national economy to provide employment and also for all the cultural heritage manages and curators in this country. back in paris some resistance french our dealers are skeptical that museums can or even should return the vast collections. of the argument many years here in europe as has been kept in the right kind of conditions
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cared for by experts displayed in state of the art museums anybody in the world can visit these exhibits and the african. nigerian art collector. legace. lagos nigeria responds to those arguments. i would say that it is the argument is somewhat disingenuous and i would explain what i mean when they say that people have access to them most of the people of african origin are totally cut off from access to these books and these can be used very strong cohesive force to fortune national identities many new generations off africans are totally disconnected from death last precisely because this at walks which could have helped to forge this sense of national coalition was not there i agree that we do not we may not have state of the art more than museums in terms of
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technology and the science of museums keeping them in the right temperature i know that but yes we have museums in africa they have not been properly funded the argument therefore should not be the lack of facilities but what kind of steps have to be taken to ensure that proper. institutions are put in place and that's part train in a museum profession i was put in place that has provided relationship. with that collaboration with international museums to make sure that they strands file the necessary technology and knowledge to africa and michelle sort of take on continue to look it up for these works. i'm that's was the day ever comes session continues up online you can find us on twitter i have a new news block filled out those get to use a hash tag but that have a good day. to
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learn susan more transforming the moral use humanity ready for it this time on founders valley entrepreneur of song a your just takes a trip to korea where education is key. people are driven to succeed at any cost called. ken and tech startups help bring about
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a change. driven to succeed founders valley next d.w. this. a melting pot conscious. a phil ship a fake. a smorgasbord of. a benchmark for. single. global. i think in everything challenging first off i make a muslim. song much different culture between here and there saw challenging for
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