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tv   DW News - News  Deutsche Welle  December 18, 2018 7:00am-7:31am CET

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this is the news line for berlin another night of protest in budapest several thousand anti-government demonstrators rally outside the studios of congress public broadcaster that's after opposition m.p.'s were thrown out of the building earlier the protestors message if you throw us out the door will come back through the window. also coming up what's next for the two koreas twenty eight seen the estranged neighbors engage in some historic handshaking but is that enough to put both countries on a path towards peace. and chinese president xi jinping issues
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a clear challenge to the united states says he celebrates forty years of prosperity under his country's economic reforms. i'm going to thank you for joining us protests against hungary's rightwing government show no sign of letting up protesters throng from the streets to outside the country's public broadcaster on monday after opposition lawmakers were prevented from reading their demands out on state television now the rallies were initially sparked by controversial new labor laws but they're beginning to show a growing discontent with nationalist prime minister viktor orban policies. was thousands gather outside hungary's state broadcaster in budapest. they're here because of this. was. opposition m.p.'s
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being thrown out of hungary state broadcaster building. said. they wanted to read a list of demands on national television demands linked to a week of escalating street demonstrations. this. was not off the night protesters have returned to the streets there were around ten thousand over the weekend. that the. unions and opposition groups organize demonstrations against a new labor law recently approved by prime minister viktor or bans large parliamentary majority the law by critics as the slave law allows employers to our staff to do four hundred hours of overtime pay a year and delay payment for it by up to three months. demonstrates his are unhappy with the direction hungary is going broke donnie wahlberg is delta prissie itself
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that is the point but this is coming everything. so. does that problem but we have in this country you know when i was eighteen it was in ninety ninety we decided something got out that. we didn't want this system like this now . prime minister viktor orban and his policies are very popular amongst hungary and yet these protests show that there is a sizeable and vocal section of hunger in society that opposes him. it's the biggest and most visible challenge yet to what critics at home and abroad see is all about and slide towards authoritarian rule. let's bring in journalist stefan boss in budapest he's following the latest for us hi stefan thank you for joining us as we said it seemed a little protests that have moved to outside of the public broadcaster there in
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budapest bring us up to date on what's been happening. yes indeed dobro tests are definitely expanding and you know you i saw also during the night so much frustration among the protesters a really very angry about to want to happened. during the evening also when a momentary ends were basically thrown out and one of them lost a so much beaten up that happened actually very close to where i was and this man was basically rushed to hospital actually actually dead just a plan to keep the people of the ambulance at least on whole hour to get in because they were simply not allowed to get into the building by to security forces now i can tell you that there is still a lot of tension and it does more ning there east now also a talk about setting up a parliamentary committee to investigate what has actually happened but of course
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the death toll is only done by the opus ition the governing party and especially the prime minister viktor orban they are not planning at this moment to do anything and of course it is seen by negotiation really as an older example of what dave u.s.d. out of critic behavior is to current government and to the prime minister stephan i want to ask you about the prime minister in a moment but first let's talk about the people who are protesting if you look at the crowds you see flags but you also see flags from far right parties also left wing parties who are these protesters and how united are they. well i have to admit that that is a concern of the ect effaced says the far right slicks you mentioned the issue is really debts and there is of course a very big position partied at the circle to the job a cold war movement for a better hungary they used to be
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a very far right party very anti-semitic party also by several standards but they have a clear. i mean that they have been moving more to disinter and are turning into a people's party but a lot of people have split from that party and they've set up their own groups and there is some fear that they are among at least some of the protesters as well a but at the moment you also see of course the flecks of the party they are still saying they are united with the rest of your position the fear is a little bit. far right elements that you'll break now claims it doesn't have any business with will also become part of the rhetoric and perhaps starting to provoke that is a concern for activists so far it seems over old most people are united in their determination to see change in hungary all right journalist stefan both
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tracking the latest developments for us there in budapest thank you very much it's . now some other stories making headlines around the world there have been reports of fighting in yemen after a un brokered cease fire took effect between government forces and rebels in the port city of ho data a government official said clashes erupted just minutes after the truce began the civil war has raged since twenty fifteen between the saudi backed government and iran backed rebels. a white house officials has denied us president donald trump is preparing to deport an opponent of turkish president reza type of air to want on sunday turkey's foreign minister said trump had told everyone he would send a cleric for to logan back home everyone has called for guillen's extradition accusing him of being behind an attempted coup would twenty sixteen. u.s. television network c.b.s. says it will deny former c.e.o. leslie moonves a severance deal worth over one hundred million euros
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a move us left his job in september amid sexual abuse allegations which he denies c.b.s.'s move us hasn't cooperated with an investigation into the claims and has officially sacked him. and soldiers have rescued the great niece of nobel prize winning colombian author marcus from kidnappers melissa martinez garcia was abducted over three months ago while on her way to work at a banana plantation in the country's north her kidnappers had been demanding millions in ransom money. the ngo reporters without borders has released its annual report and it doesn't paint a pretty picture for freedom of the press and information now it says that eighty reporters or people working in the media have been killed so far this year and that is fifteen more than in twenty seventeen and most of the deaths happened here in afghanistan syria india and yemen now the number of jail journalists has risen to
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three hundred forty eight and the countries here in focus are china egypt turkey iran and saudi arabia's the countries with the biggest jailers of journalists now the report as we saw it ranks india among the top five worst countries in the world for journalists to work and let's get more on that with our correspondent in delhi while she's standing by for us to michelle good to see you so what are the most dangerous topics for journalists there to cover. well some of the most dangerous topics are often covered by the local level journalists in these range from the coverage of corruption by politicians or by the police by institutional corruption mostly and also the covering of crime some of the recent deaths which happened some of the recent models that happened woeful call journalists covering criminal networks like the sand mafia and of course the coverage of corruption as well has led to to being just a journalist of one of the most widely covered deaths of bio off
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a journalist was last year the death of four of the reporter the reporter the journalist and she is believed to have been killed for being critical critical of hindu right wing extremists this is another faction from this test site increasing and even if it isn't physical harm the trolling of german this online for that reporting specially critical of the right wing is definitely in writing a lot of how to some of the interests for of the journalists were deceived by journalists on the national level as well as at the local level so dementia is it fair to say that journalists there are now facing more obstacles and they have in the past. well some of the deaths with impunity in india have remained over the last ten years you can see the force by this the siege of the center for to protect journalists goes saying this much but what is increasing in india is threats by the government now there's increasing pressure on media houses to draw the line when it comes to criticizing the government and this is not just limited to trolling by people on social media even the government could simply
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try to make moves to say suspend the actor dictation of journalists who were accused of peddling fake news now that was the definitions of what was this was very legal pushed back by the government led to the retraction of the circular but even today they even very recently that all state governments are trying to limit access off a credit to journalists to top politicians to the chief minister of get it off for example so this is definitely moved to district and control the media narrative we are going into an addiction you know and it is troublesome for the government bought that many media houses continue to be very critical of the national government and its policies so the government pressure new michaud you're saying is rising here on the media what is the public perception of all of this well interesting view the public perception is also not very supportive of journalists many journalists are facing a lot of criticism from the public as well this seen with suspicion and the considered too far left or too far liberal so even the gulf even the public comes
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out and criticizes indian journalists and in fact views them with threats on the issues like lynchings and more violence over. reporting for us from delhi thank you so much. you're watching news still the chinese president xi jinping issues a warning to the united states he says no one can dictate economic policy to china as communist party celebrates forty years of meteoric growth under a policy of opening the west. saying the region and japan's government has approved a major increase in defense spending and weapons capability in the coming years now the country will get its first aircraft carrier since world war two and it will place a large order for advanced stealth fighters from the u.s. . counter trying to expand its military presence in the area a chin so obvious government said it also aims to address continuing tensions with
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north korea now this comes at the end of a year that's yanked make moves to improve ties with its other arch enemies the united states and south korea. the unified korea. twenty two athletes i see temperatures but atmosphere. it all started with. grand entrance one month earlier the north supreme leader suggested feeling unified korean olympic team. this despite donald trump's threat of a hanging over kim. suddenly the world saw another side of north korea boy cheerleaders applauding the unified women's hockey team. after months of playing tough guy it was a veritable public relations coup for kim. and then a first for the two koreas in may. president in met at the military demarcation
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line that divides the two countries. later moon would say at the moment chairman kim crossed the line the site became a symbol of peace not division. but came through curveball he departed from the official protocol and asked to join him in stepping across to the north arch enemies holding hands in the spring sun. i am hoping for a meaningful agreement that will be a big gift to the entire korean nation and every peace loving person in the world. the talks culminated in an agreement was signed in september its motto cooperation not confrontation. the two koreas were in charge. washington found itself sidelined. after being in power for seven years kim made his first
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ever state visit it was to china and two more trips were to follow north korea's relationship with china had hit a historic low but now kim was looking for friends for its part china wanted to reassert its traditional influence the outcome was that china would be at the table whenever. were discussed and then there was the elaborately choreographed summit between u.s. president donald trump in singapore. high on production values low on concrete results. according to trump north korea's nuclear disarmament was a done deal trump was pleased with the results a lot of progress really very positive better than anybody could have expected and . in reality kim had signed only a vague declaration of intent similar to his agreement with south korea business as
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usual for the supreme leader. kim had tunnels destroyed at the nuclear test site in the run up to the summit it was a sign of diplomatic reproach more. but total disarmament will not be coming anytime soon the weapons are as bargaining chips came wanted sanctions loosened but trump didn't budge. relations with the south on the other hand were more fruitful a canine peace gift from him to president moon for six puppies the dogs are south of the border where millions of north koreans can only dream of visiting. bernhard bartsch is a senior asia analyst with the bertelsmann foundation here and berlin he joins us in our studio good morning to you thank you for being with us there have been a series of significant developments this year as we just saw is it fair to say that it's been a good year for progress towards peace on the korean peninsula considering that
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a year ago there was a real chance of a war breaking out yes it has been a good year for peace on the korean peninsula however the fundamentals of the conflict have not really changed yet we saw there a lot of we were talking about the symbolism of the handshakes and all of these gestures of the two korean leaders together what is actually behind the symbols. i think the handshake between the north korean and south korean leader was actually quite meaningful that has been the most important diplomatic initiative of this year i think south korea has been quite skillful in engaging north korea and they have a number of specific on. contracts that they're working on now they want to build infrastructure that actually has potential for bringing north korea then of course there was the trump kim handshake that was meant to be historic in effect it was really just a very city is so where do you see donald trump's role in all of this. his policy
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is all about disruption but i think in the korea conflict we see that disruption in itself is not a strategy the real progress if you want to talk of any progress has been made by very classic diplomacy on the south korean side and also on the chinese side but isn't the fact that the u.s. and north korea met their leaders and that is not a sign of progress. it's that there was the will to make progress but between donald trump and the state department there's a big rift about that donald trump wanted that t.v. moment but the real policy for the rest of the year again the classic u.s. policy is there's new sanctions there's a new confrontation about the missile program so in substance there has been no progress at all despite some of the optimism that we have seen what about japan
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increasing defense spending in part because of tensions with north korea yes japan has. been trying to be more active as a military power north korea is a fantastic pretext for them they have bigger consideration is of course the whole situation in asia pacific especially china that is their main focus in the region talk about russia and china in the roles that they play in peace in the korean peninsula where do they stand at this point china has been quite successful in coming back into the game we saw the handshake between kim and she and china is now the most active player in this game because it is north korea's most important economic partner russia does not want to be left out but it's not a very active player in this whole just briefly ben how much influence us china still have on north korea's government. it has
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a lot of influence because all the trade goes to china so they can cut off north korea if they want or they can supply them with more economic development and more . money and stuff if they want to china than a still big role to play there a senior asia analyst with the battleground foundation panhard bartsch thank you so much for joining us in the studio this morning thank you. to some sports news now and of the surf was up in hawaii during the season ending event in the world surfing championship brazilian surfer gabriele medina have to australian julian wilson in the pipe masters final to take on the sport's biggest prize with waves reaching more than two metres high medina stayed calm and scored on all of his runs but to capture the crown it took perfection and the brazilian delivered in front of thousands of onlookers medina netted a perfect ten after serving this tune flawlessly any new he'd just nailed it again
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a second world surfing championship title first came back in twenty four. monica is here with business now looking to asia and monica big anniversary yeah exactly today china marks forty years since its economy opened up to the rest of the world a move of course that ultimately turned china into a global economic powerhouse second in g.d.p. only to the united states in his speech to the great hall of the people in the chinese capital beijing chinese president xi jinping valid to press ahead with economic reforms but he also made clear that beijing will not deviate from its one party system or take orders from any other country his comments come as the united states demands more transparency in trade relations with beijing. what china's transformative reform and opening up policy was launched on the eighteenth of december in one thousand nine hundred seventy eight that was the day
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when the country's communist party handed the reins of power to deng xiaoping who subsequently turned away from the soviet model of a planned economy and towards a more western friendly market economy the move towards modernization brought results for two years ago china's g.d.p. hovered around only one hundred fifty billion dollars annually nearly twenty years later in one thousand nine hundred seven it broke through. a trillion dollars ceiling and by last year g.d.p. had grown to over twelve trillion dollars china now slings a very heavy economic stake indeed even though the freedom to do business there continues to face massive barriers and in a moment we'll talk a little bit more about that but first a look at china's economic miracle. china's economy has grown faster than that of any other major country once poor and underdeveloped the asian giant has now grown into one of the most important export markets for manufacturers from all over the
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world a true heavyweight in international trade the architect who laid the foundations for its economic miracle deng xiaoping he became the country's leader in december of one nine hundred seventy eight and subsequently left a lasting mark on the communist country's economy under him private companies were allowed into china along with foreign investment then also created special economic zones in the four decades since china has changed in dramatic ways millions of rural workers have streamed in the country's megacities the gap between rich and poor has grown as has overall prosperity many more people there now earn enough money to spend on more than just simple survival i hope that china will continue to insist on opening up because clearly the opening that we have seen in the last forty years has been very beneficial for the chinese people and for the
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chinese economy but hopes that a market economy would assure and more democracy and freedom have remained largely illusory foreign companies complained that the state still has too much influence over trade or that its oversight is even on the rise and the country has also paid a high price for the last forty years of rapid growth it was purchased in many parts of china but the cost of the environment. of a war on china and its economic success i'm joined by cliff and coonan who works in china as a chorus abundant and he's with us now so you know china pretty well an amazing story there but as we've just heard in that report what's the end it comes at a price a price on the chinese paying well i think one of the prices they're paying is very much in the in the environment the pollution has become a big issue in china particular people get more wealthy they worry about their children what impact the pollution could have we also haven't seen much political change given the huge economic change that hasn't been matched by sort of
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a social change and change in the social fabric so people are dealing with that with the sort of opposition there between the economic and the social so what are we celebrating today i mean forty is off opening up policy how open is china well compared to forty years ago when china was this inward looking agrarian economy the change has been massive but what we're seeing now under xi jinping is that things are tightening up a bit they're definitely looking more in words. also standing up to america in this trade war so there has been a huge amount of opening up and a massive relief from poverty but at the same time the situation is becoming tighter now that you mention that the trade war trade routes i mean united states of course the world's number one economy china closely behind this and in his speech she also said that nobody's going to tell us how we do business and all these just strong words how strong is beijing they're well beijing has has
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a big economic argument when it comes to dealing with the u.s. . and you know the china has made u.s. goods has made goods very cheap for u.s. consumers and european consumers but at the same time they also they need the goodwill of the u.s. in order to keep expanding the economy particularly as they try to develop the economy into into different more high tech sectors exactly made for for for decades a china was the world sweatshop and now it's their. a new transition going on up to forty is towards a more high tech oriented economy has that working out well when you visit places like shenzhen in the south you know which is where the forty years of opening up began you see these incredible tech hubs and these amazing companies so one level you're seeing this great shift from from the sort of dirty manufacturing of thirty years ago to this high tech element but at the same time the trade war is making it more difficult to keep this innovation and to keep this process of innovation going
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and just very briefly cliff forty years on evolutionary of opening up a reason to celebrate i think overall i think it's a reason to celebrate right cliff. correspondent a long year correspondent in china thank you so much for your time. you know watching didn't use a live from berlin more coming up at the top of the hour meanwhile if you want to stay in the movie you can get all the latest news online at www dot com or you join us on twitter thanks for joining. me.
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