tv DW News - News Deutsche Welle December 21, 2018 3:00pm-4:00pm CET
this is d. w. news coming to you live from berlin president donald trump loses another key cabinet member and he once stood shoulder to shoulder but now defense secretary jim is stepping down else and comes up with the president's approach decision to pull u.s. troops out of syria also coming up planes are flying again and britain's second biggest airport but authorities still haven't tracked down the drones that forced london gatwick airport to around its flights causing holiday travel chaos. fans
threatened for their faith christians in pakistan prepare for christmas but they're increasingly the target of deadly attacks we find out how one family has suffered but survives. plus the end of an era here in germany the country's last underground coal mine closed rooms as the energy sector moves towards greener sources we meet the miners who powered german industry from deep below the earth. below i'm terry martin good to have you with us u.s. defense secretary jim mattis has resigned over president trump's decision to withdraw all u.s. troops from syria the four star marine general will leave in february after holding the job since trump took office reports indicate that not just decided to go after a last ditch attempt to persuade the president to reverse it. decision on syria.
u.s. secretary of defense james mattis has widely been viewed as a stabilizing force both within the unpredictable us government as well as internationally the four star marine general has been defense secretary since president donald trump took office but now he's on his way out the door the two reportedly clashed on several major policy issues trump surprise announcement to withdraw troops from syria appears to have taken their differences one step too far in his resignation letter mattis stressed the importance of the us maintaining strong partnerships my views on treating allies with respect and also being clear eyed about both malign actors and strategic competitors are strongly held and informed by over four decades of immersion in these issues. that is also points to opposing policy views but the white house press secretary refutes the idea that the two had a strained relationship. secretary mabus has served the president and with the
president for two years they have a good relationship i've seen it up close and personal on a number of occasions and again they agree to disagree at times but that doesn't mean you can't have a good relationship with somebody it was laying out the reasons that he was stepping down from his post and beyond that i think it's absurd to try to question as if i mean they work together to do their yes they're. house democratic leader nancy pelosi said the departure of mattis is a further blow to the stability of u.s. partnerships and also sends the wrong signal to the nation's military. and shaken by the resignation of general mattis what it means to our country for the message it sends to troops our troops look to return modest as a leader and now he is going to be leaving the second was very serious for our country. and it appears trump's decision to reduce u.s.
military involvement goes beyond syria now u.s. officials say trump is also considering limiting the u.s. presence in afghanistan cutting troops by half u.s. forces deployed to afghanistan after the september eleventh attacks in two thousand and one. the timeline for either troop withdrawal is unclear some officials say a syrian pullout could be completed within sixty to one hundred days but first president trump needs to appoint a new secretary of defense. in his letter outgoing defense secretary mattis told the president quote you have the right to have a secretary of defense whose views are aligned with yours. for more reaction to the resignation i'm joined here in studio by d.w. cheap foreign policy editor sadist sad dot and in brussels our political
correspondent teri schultz welcome to you both of those start with you what does the departure of jim mean for america's european allies in the syria conflict well you know it's for germany it's really really important to have a reliable ally. when jim mad as a resigned germany lost a reliable ally in transatlantic relations in the h.b.o. and and much as much as resignation is of course was a result of the syria conflict so basically us leaving syria getting out of syria is a big problem just and october turkey germany france and russia got together trying to find a solution to the to the conflict and with us out of the picture it is going to make it so much harder to find a solution in syria terry already here in brussels. the u.s.
is the dominant player in nato as we all know so the resignation of the u.s. defense secretary must be big news there at nato headquarters in brussels what's the reaction from nato. well big news indeed and not welcome news at all you know when this these sort of difficult relations with the secretaries of state have happened with you know rex tillerson and and might pump a oh they don't say very flattering things about european alliances about the nato partnerships either. people have always said but at least we have mattis well now they no longer have madness and you can see from the letter how highly he prized those those ties to european allies he talks about respect for them he points out that he's been immersed in these kind of relationships for four decades contrasting himself with the president and now nato is really alarmed at who will come next and at what kind
of position the u.s. will take will will mad a successor be more like president trump who comes here only talking about financing the two percent of g.d.p. military budgets so i think they are very alarmed officially nato's response is very measured spokeswoman want to linger eskew tells me that nato wants to thank the contributions that secretary mabus as made in that secretary general stoltenberg looks forward to working with secretary mattis through the end of february and also working with his successor on this february date is also something very interesting because that's a nato ministerial and everybody would very much like to see jim met us at the helm through that day to the middle of february well the u.s. defense secretary's resignation comes on the heels of trump's announcement that he'll hold american troops out of syria is what the german government is saying about its have been as an ally and part of the n.t.i. as coalition we believe the consultation with the u.s.
government about a possible withdrawal of u.s. troops would have been helpful the german government believes that the so-called islamic state continues to pose a threat even if the terrorist organization has lost large parts of the territories previously under their control. german government spokeswoman early could speaking there say that germany is not alone in his concern about an abrupt u.s. troop withdrawal from syria what does it mean for kurdish forces in syria who have been so effective in fighting i as well when we first heard about the withdrawal that was also a big criticism that came out from a lot of sides of course kurds are very worried and u.s. is being blamed for abandoning its allies on the ground and of course we've also heard the president just stepping and without losing any time saying that they are going to get to the bottom of this and going to get rid of y p g which they
consider a terrorist organization being the kurdish forces fighting they exactly ok terry the u.s. is also planning a troop withdrawal from a reduction will say by half in afghanistan that's significant because those troops are key to the nato operation in afghanistan what are nato officials saying about this move. that's right well nato officials are very much underscoring that this has been not formally announced yet that they have not been notified at my last check and that this is an official policy that the reported seven thousand and fourteen thousand troops will be withdrawn so people are very much a wait and see on this this pull back from afghanistan but you're right it would be a really it would be a really difficult for nato to continue there are forty one countries who are involved in in the operations in afghanistan at the moment but the u.s. is by far the biggest nation the most the most powerful nation the top commander of
nato is always an american so yeah it will be a big blow to efforts to continue bringing stability to afghanistan not to mention they're in a very key point right now pushing peace talks with the taliban and as one analyst pointed out why would anybody seek peace when your opponent is announcing that it's going to pull out so this will put this will put so nato operations. it will be will be very difficult for nato to continue ok say to putting serious side for a moment looking more at afghanistan because germany has a significant stake in afghanistan germany has committed lot of troops and a lot of a lot of interest but also political capital into what's going on in afghanistan how does this news come go down in the german capital well that's also bad news for for germany just recently at the beginning of the year was the funder line was in afghanistan and she told the troops look you're going to stay here longer just be
prepared for that german defense minister the german defense minister exactly so having coming from that moment this in such a short period of time is going to be very difficult for germany it's difficult to imagine how things will develop in afghanistan without you. ok terry how do things look moving forward you mentioned that there is this new this meeting coming up with the nato in in february is the defense alliance now trying to reconfigure rate and understructure to respond to what has just been announced in washington. you know if us nato officials they say we work with whomever is in charge in any of the twenty nine allied countries so nobody is going to you know pretend that nato needs to to make any big changes it's more i think a matter of feeling a feeling that that the defense the defense part of the u.s. government was in good hands as long as jim maddest is very experienced and soldier and diplomat was in charge and they just can't imagine who is going to come next
now the other important point about february is that the u.s. has announced of course that it that it is going to pull out of the i n f the intermediate nuclear forces agreement with russia within sixty days which hits in february and this is another another point where allies will be happy that jim mattis is seeing it through to the end of february so that this very key treaty that these final negotiations with moscow this this really key decision is going to be taken with madness at the helm but after that i think people are very very worried here in brussels security architecture looking shaky there thank you so much terry that was teri schultz our political correspondent in brussels and here with me in the berlin studio our chief foreign policy editor save us how to think so thank you to both of you. now to some of the other stories making headlines around the world today spanish police have arrested seven protesters during clashes
in barcelona violence broke out at a demonstration organized by radical separatist groups they were protesting a meeting of the spanish cabinet which went ahead a little divisions in the region remain deep following an unrecognized independence referendum in twenty seven. methane explosion in the czech coal miners killed thirteen miners the blast more than eight hundred meters underground is said to have destroyed large areas of the coal mine which is near the town of color being the eleven polish nationals and two checks are among the dead. rioters in sudan torched the headquarters of the ruling party in the capital hard in khartoum on thursday soaring consumer prices have triggered the biggest protest the country has seen in five years at least eight people died in the violence the government is rumored to have shut down the internet. over to get hot
now it was some of the business news it seems the price of oil is slipping despite news to keep it up it's been slipping yesterday it's recovered slightly this morning terry about oil prices have been steadily sliding for weeks dropping more than twenty five dollars since the beginning of october when it was hovering at around eighty dollars invest as supply comes from opec prices but the council of oil producing countries is finding that easier said than done. earlier this month oil cartel opec and its partner countries agreed to cut production to one point two million barrels a day from january the rame to reduce supply and boost prices the price of a barrel of bread has been dragged down by a combination of factors the global macro economic outlook isn't shining on the oil industry and this week's rate hike from the u.s. federal reserve has exacerbated investor fears of an economic slowdown but oversupply remains the biggest challenge for the industry increasing crude production in the u.s.
which is now a top producer worldwide makes it more difficult for opec to control the global market. so while the downward trend in oil prices may be welcome news for drivers it spells trouble for opec an inability to influence price may mean its effectiveness as a cartel is diminishing so what's going on with all of what's going to happen next year let's speak to spencer well she's an market analyst and i access market and joins us now from bob and spencer is that low oil price only bad news. all the ripple effects. hi good afternoon well it all depends whether a country is a net producer or net consumer of oil so so net producers like the opec countries and also what the producers look like russia they would fit they would be it would be bad news for them but for countries that are the net consumers of oil which is most of the rest of the the world the low price is good news. because interested in
striking a good balance of interests there or are they just looking to maximize their profits. yes i think they are trying to two to find the right balance they would probably like the price to be somewhere around seventy or eighty dollars per barrel compared with the current price which is fifty three however even just two months ago there was worried that the market was overheating the prices it eighty six people worried it was going to hit one hundred and opec a worried about that one hundred number because then that stimulates competition from from other fields and actually back in june because of the high price opec released their production constraints because they're worried about that the price going to high so there's been an incredible change in the market in just two months . if we're looking at the longer perspective is that kind of drop that we are seeing right now is it a huge war and if so what makes it all useful. it's pretty
unusual but it's not unique so the oil market actually swung from what is defined as as a bull market through through september october because the price was going up so quickly to to a bear markets where twenty five percent of the of the value of a disappointed that to go from a bull to a bear is a really in that short time is it's a really significant change but it's not unique some back in two thousand and fourteen when the world became oversupply with oil the price also dropped very very quickly although it didn't go from the sudden ramp up to ramp down that was just a price fall spencer can opec actually do something about it and briefly where do you see all going next year. yes they can it all depends on whether they can they can deliver the cuts of one point two million barrels of the they promised they
have a recent history of being good at that in twenty seventeen they delivered the one point eight that they promised and however this time there is not a clear breakdown of who will deliver what so it's going to be harder to manage there's more uncertainty what will happen with prices i think there will likely be a little bit of a price recovery next year but not much and in the key thing to watch is the second half of twenty nineteen we expect another surge of production from the united states which is going to push the price down and put more pressure on opec to maybe cut even further. as far as market in london thank you very much for this analysis thank you. social startups are on the rise and for good reason the market forecasts says for example it's huge and it's getting bigger right now in germany alone two point five million people are in need of cab by twenty thirty that number could rise to three point five million most will want to
live at home for as long as possible and that's where the mobile can start up via comes in founded by a female entrepreneur via connects caregivers with those who need help in that daily lives last mouthful. yeah. the thing is cool antonia knows what she wants she founded her own company called care shift in berlin three years ago via its digital platform the firm places regular caregivers in homes of elderly or sick people who need support better idea was born of necessity and that is how it casts it in my hands and i founded care ship together with my brother after a very personal experience and our own family went out of the blue our grandmother suddenly needed care and we couldn't find a suitable helper or support for her kind of pass unnoticed with some. helper like beyond stitch for example he's one of about eight hundred freelancers who know work for a care ship a stroke left i'm sure how son paralyzed on one side the woman in her early
seventy's can no longer do many things or self so she went looking for help. and asked for it's clearly a question of helping people to help themselves so that the entire household can continue to be managed independently if they've finished a futile she pays him twenty euros an hour and twenty percent of that goes to care ship for her trust is key but once you've gotten used to someone you want that person all the time because otherwise you end up having to explain everything to someone new every day i really don't want that slow. berlin is still a hot spot for startups although it's grown increasingly difficult to find office space for employees among company founders here women are still a minority but that didn't deter antonia. here and. she's raised millions in capital to expand her business and. when setting up
a firm she says the most important thing is to stick to your guns. but also believes women and men are a little different in one respect. it's risky to say i'm quitting my job i'm just going to plow ahead and i think women are a little more cautious in that respect. but that's the wrong approach we just need many more role models who show that women can found companies and be successful that it actually no longer makes a difference whether you're a man or a woman. care ship has yet to turn a profit but antonia about hasn't but that shake her confidence she's certain that sooner or later she's going to achieve her goals. that's all you a business terry has more will do so thank you go. to pakistan where christians are increasingly the target of deadly attacks in part due to
a severe blasphemy law in the islamic republic the most high profile case involves a c. a b. b. a roman catholic woman recently acquitted of blasphemy with christmas approaching we're taking a closer look at what life is like for pakistan's christians. mere met members of the christian community in islamabad. christmas is a favorite time of year for this christian family in islamabad the cougars appreciate being together especially as their lives were completely turned upside down seven years ago shot of cool kid was falsely accused of blasphemy jailed and acquitted five months later in that time he lost his job and home but is grateful he didn't lose his life too although a free man now shot his detention continues to haunt him. we always live in fear and because of this we feel insecure. so when we talk about your future i think what kind of future can we have it all explained the law and the
policies here need to be implemented properly. blasphemy is an extremely dangerous and emotive subject in pakistan and i see a baby's name will forever be associated with it the catholic laborer spent eight years on death row after being accused of insulting islam she was recently acquitted of all charges respond to violent protests across the country some hardliners called for r.c. i mean judges involved in the ruling to be hanged. no one convicted of blasphemy has ever been legally bought to start but there are plenty of examples of people who have been killed by lynch mobs just after being accused of it and its religious minorities it was disproportionately affected by the controversial laws. pakistan's christians make up around two percent of the population and have been the target of escalating attacks in recent. rights groups claim accusations of
blasphemy is seen as an easy way to settle disputes as they are hard to disprove but the acquittal of aussie b.b. also provides a ray of hope for this past. the fact that an innocent woman can be sentenced to death has made a scandal it will set a bad precedent where they can arrest anyone and prosecute them so when we heard that b.p. was finally acquitted you cannot be happy were we were the two churches and offered prayers thanks to god. we were into fearful when we were young but we do have some fears now for example if there are gatherings we don't go outdoors when children go to church and they see armed guards they do ask why is there so much security security. attacks will continue to happen here no matter what will remain united under the name of jesus.
for many christians the fact that he has been freed is a christmas miracle only could not. and even though she remains in hiding in the festive period. some season and from what the future holds. so what can be done to protect pakistan's religious minorities for the let's talk to remember dean from amnesty international south asia she joins us from colombo in sri lanka thanks for being with us. no problem bibi might be out of jail but she has to remain in hiding for fear of being murdered how dangerous is it for religious minorities in pakistan. well i think the short answer to your question is folks and it's very dangerous for religious minorities we've seen plenty of evidence the mere with me i think the best and the sort of really needing
to a death sentence if not in the courts and in the streets as we saw in the case of hahn as we've seen in evie. and you know we've seen that since in one thousand nine hundred or is it christians and these even muslims have been accused of you know acts like that to me or disagreed in the koran or even misusing religious at the jets and there's plenty of evidence to prove why and it's dangerous for me to pakistan is an islamic republic with a constitution guaranteeing freedom of religion yet non muslims are often discriminated against in pakistan what can be done to change that culture of discrimination and indeed persecution well i think that the most important thing to note is that the sides there's a lot there is a ministry of human rights that has taken that has taken on this quite strongly and it is encouraging to see things like empowerment that it is being announced but as and still there are key amendments to the blasphemy laws in the country these you
see these these steps can really be cosmetic. do you think that the west should be doing more to protect people like. i think it's important to remember that the end of the day the onus is on the government pakistan to q four and is this doing that leaves the systemic discrimination against minorities that the west in seventy two war in fact i mean give me seen them to support i mean from the west the sea means that i mean out of the country and i think that the more voices of support us as the better thank you so much for talking with us that was from amnesty international for southeast asia in speaking to us from colombo in sri lanka that was remote mohit. you're watching news still to come the end of an era in germany as the country's last underground coal mines closes we meet the workers who kept it running twelve hundred meters below
the ground. all that and much more still to come here on t.v. . i am literally means as you. say i'm done a movie i want to. come you know it's one of the launches supplies are coming home stephen kosslyn who feels good to those affected when corporations are making big promises promises all love when the bean don't look good songs in forty five minutes on t w. student school. first climbing lesson. doors grand moment
arrives. joining a reckoning on her journey back to freedom. in our interactive documentary. an orangutan returns home on t w don't come to tanks. entering the conflict zone with tim sebastian. i'll be challenging those in power asking tough questions demanding. as comes rigs intensify i'll be meeting with key players on the ground in the senses of. cutting through the rhetoric holding the powerful to account of conflicts. conflict zone with tim sebastian kong t.w. . time for an upgrade. our furniture that grows old white. house with no roof. or design highlights you can make yourself. in
tricks that will turn your home to a special. upgrade yourself with t.w. interior design channel on you tube. welcome back your d w news i'm terry martin and our top stories president trump is losing another key cabinet member defense secretary jim matheson is stepping down after growing increasingly disillusioned with charles policies about just made the move after trouble started to withdraw u.s. troops from syria. flights have restarted at london's gatwick airport after repeated drone flyovers shut down operations for thirty six hours some. one hundred twenty thousand people have been delayed but now many of them will be able to fly out on one of the seven hundred departures scheduled for today. this is one of the first planes to land at
gatwick since wednesday drone sightings paralyze the airport leaving thousands stranded. hungry tired and frustrated the chaos is taking its toll i have yet to have lunch breakfast dinner coffee anything else since yesterday and i say i go to the left home at three o'clock yesterday morning come hundred ounce asli and it's now. five o'clock in the morning here is twenty six hours so one feeling mr. tired and i just want to go. authorities are now confident that planes can fly safely britain has called in the military and snipers to intercept the drones. i work with our partners and with their full authority because some options around the pool the base in a much better position to respond so i think it's right to host on these president
bush press a position to respond to detect and to track the threat and should it reappear. the airport says it aims to have one hundred ten thousand passengers travel out of get wake on friday the unprecedented incident has highlighted the threat drones pose to airports the international airline body. has called first steps to reduce rogue drone operations near airports. well let's get some more on this story from gareth cora field east a journalist for the register that's a london based tech publication and gareth is also captain of the middlesex target rifle team which is significant as we'll find out gareth you have dedicated an entire article to a question raised in our piece there and that question of course is why not simply shoot the drones down like every simple solutions to a problem that can be very complex and the big concern. is situated in
a built up area there is a lot of houses the sounds they bring to the area and soon be firing rifle bullets or even shotgun shells really means the et is a very dangerous thing to do these bullets and travel for miles and we think possibly when it comes to shotguns the drugs of flight may be flown to be too high to be reached. so there is a safety concern and there is also you have problems what you do once you hit the drug it's not immediately going to drop on someone's fault and safely land slide also it's something that even you know talking to someone about going around the head so it's actually quite dangerous so not really a practical solution at all ok now they've been dozens of drone sightings at gatwick airport since wednesday evening why is it so difficult to track them down and find those responsible. so it appears that the people who operate in these drones may have built their own or some kind of custom version of drona believe the
local police force still have not identified the make model so they can't even figure out what the transmission bands of the radio frequencies being used. is it also seems that there is a number of drones being several up here for just long enough to trigger. and then disappear again and it's not insanity case me or city hundreds or thousands of people stuck at the airport now why the police haven't managed to track them down yet i think the assumption has to be this is a very organized operation and someone or group of people has put a lot of thought into how the pools maximum chaos of christmas. ok given the proliferation of drug. a lot of them are going to be given to people at christmas presents i can imagine and they can be bought easily over the internet the risk of something like this happening is increasing what measures should airports be taking to deal with drone interference. i think it puts should now be taking the threat
a lot more seriously people in the drug industry have been warning for years that something like this is always going to be technical possibility there are numbers of you know you can get nets and jamming guns on such things but you need the legal missions to use them now here in the u.k. laws are going through that would enable that very soon i believe the e.u. is also about directive. but there are a number of technological solutions you can use just these that will actually enforce these things using radar jamming equipment can be. white by jamey equipment or disrupt turn signals can be useful it's one thing but of course in the house the problem was this line was a pilot one of its preferred ground route that they operated just sets it off in the way it flies so i'm not entirely sure how he would deal with other than sort of you know a large drone licensing system but again what licenses in the criminal group of criminals that we've seen in it it's a tricky question
a really difficult one to solve or thank you so much for your insights there was gareth kaur field there he's a journalist with the register a london tech publication. here in germany the nation's last underground coal mine is closing today for two hundred years coal played a key role in the economy fueling industry and shaping people's day to day lives but the reign of king cole is gradually coming to an end has the world moves to renewable sources such as solar power and wind power still those working in the last mine in germany's ruhr industrial region to see it go. these are some of germany's last coal miners. many of them have given decades of their lives to the job in four shifts a day twelve hundred meters deep shifting thousands of tonnes of bituminous coal sitting a minnow blue better known as. can clearly remember the first time he went down in
a pit cage thirty years ago. first time i did it i was still an apprentice so the training supervisor was there you learn where the escape routes were in case something happened but it was still overwhelming. even. the prospers. was once highly productive now it's the site of a massive sell off everything is being dismantled and sent back over ground most of the machines here will be sold on to turkey or china. feeling a bit melancholy with the last of our kind. used to mining coal for years and now. it's difficult. to finish mining one coal field and know that in two weeks you move on to mining the next one. but those days are over
a previous winding down everywhere and that herds. it's thanks to the coal mines that the rural valley region became the most densely. populated area in germany the pit head frames the coking plants and the steel works have left their mark the kiosks and miners housing next to the pits are testament to that there's hardly a city or town here in the region that doesn't boast a foreman street or pittman street works manager you're going croaker has already had to close down two mines prosper honey all mine will be his third and last. three big events take place in my life this year as i close my last mine germany stops producing black coal and at the end of the year i'll retire i don't think anyone can experience more emotions in one go than that. the curtain has fallen on coal mining and fifteen thousand locals have turned out to give it a fitting send off there's plenty of melancholy in the air as traditional clubs
miners choir's pick men mine rescue teams and foreman march by. the whole tradition of mining itself the royal region its family every time a pick closes down it's like losing someone in the family. once more they sing the song of german miners. these days it's the soundtrack of the region. the last miners at the prosper hanya plant will continue to wind down operations until the end of next year after that most of them will retire. closing of the. marks the end of a chapter in german social and economic culture a look back at the history of coal mining here and its role in powering german
industry. in one thousand nine hundred sixty five mining so-called black gold was a dangerous and laborious undertaking that. then about forty thousand miners went down the shaft every day demand for coal began to boom no longer just as a fuel but also as a source of energy for the iron and steel industries and with it the demand for miners grew by nine hundred twenty two around five hundred seventy seven thousand men were working below ground and the coal they were after late even deeper. a huge technical challenge. the first plunge in sales of german coal happened in one thousand nine hundred fifty nine. it had become too expensive in the face of competition from cheap imported coal much of which was mined above ground. the miners held nationwide protests and got their way no one lost their job but
that could not halt the long term decline of the industry in two thousand and seven the german government committed to ending subsidies for coal mines by the end of twenty eighteen. and that was the final death knell for the coal mining industry in germany. the u.s. justice department has indicted two chinese nationals accusing them of cyber spying . china's foreign ministry rejects what it calls slanderous accusations from the u.s. and its allies for. economic espionage the u.s. and china are currently engaged in a high stakes trade dispute. operation over ten years. according to u.s. authorities the hackers targeted some of the world's leading corporations they breached the networks of technology companies and then stole secrets from their clients. or in this case is significant because the defendants are accused of
targeting and compromising managed service providers or n.s.p. . emma species are firms that are trusted to store process and protect commercial data including intellectual property and other confidential business information when hackers gain access to m.s.p. they can steal sensitive business information that gives competitors an unfair advantage the attacks were allegedly part of a chinese campaign known as cloud hopper with the defendants working on behalf of china's intelligence service the managed service providers networks were infiltrated multiple times in breaches that lasted for weeks and months the deputy attorney general described it as part of a trend of state sponsored hackers breaking into u.s. networks more than ninety percent of the department's cases alleging economic espionage over the past seven years involve china more than two thirds of the
department's cases involving theft of trade secrets are connected to china china has rejected the u.s. allegations of industrial espionage the foreign minister in beijing is calling the accusations slanderous they also state that the us would also have to withdraw its charges against two alleged hackers from china this dispute is likely to further burden the already strained relations between the u.s. and china due to the trade conflict the bay of sits a northern peru is a paradise for scallops which have been harvested fifteen years exports go to france spain and the united states also funny is an important economic sector in peru and a livelihood for many fishermen in the northern coastal region keeping the local economy then afloat. the locals here regard them as gold nuggets because they provide many people here with the necessary income there are plenty of scallops in
the bay have said sure in peru they're easy to harvest because the water here is shallow and that means there's no diving required. this is a privilege bay that we have occurred in the area of security rich in all species. all varieties of seafood especially scallops. that. about eighty percent of the scallops come from situ a day off the north western pacific coast three hundred companies have settled here in the past fifteen years. they export the seafood to france spain the united states and canada many also go to china. you know when you know the only thing we need to know is how to develop the market better how to open more markets for example europe is not as big a market is china going to go if we could or if the sanitation authority could open
china as a market we'd be able to have much more potential for export here with a new book and i would tell my time. according to official statistics around eighteen thousand tons of scallops were harvested in peru this year four and a half tons were exported around a quarter went to france that resulted in a turnover of more than fifty six billion dollars. one take the scallop appears and everything is revitalized and you see more restaurants more cars going about more bus lines we give life to secure his whole economic system. to. the region benefits enormously the locals hope demand will continue and that the ecosystem for the sensitive seafood will remain as ideal as it has been. tata. one of the full frames.
and the. thought that perhaps the beyond a. good solid problem freak. it's been almost twenty five years since the lion king craze swept the world. has become synonymous with disney's blockbuster hit but instead of no worries the phrase is now causing an uproar. jared reed from our social media does is here to talk about how the tale of simba the lion king could be coming back to bite dismay is it good to see. what's all the fuss about so basically this boils down to kind of an ownership just feud over who can imitate or which as we know it means no worries no trouble it's from the key swahili language which is the one spoken by
around one hundred fifty million people in the east and africa and we adored savella have our own kiswahili redox you on to that region but it starts to get messy because disney actually has a trademark on that phrase and it applies it to clothing and so there is a growing group in this region who is saying will hang on why does the entertainment giant have some sort of ownership stake in something to do with culture they're not happy about it and swahili speakers in east africa want to take their phrase back as it were that's right they want disney to to drop the trademark this is something that's being has been discussed over the pos months in certain sections of the eastern african media and by bloggers and now finally a petition has not by as in bob an activist whose name is shelton impala in just a few days it's been signed by around one hundred twenty thousand people shelton says that in his opinion disney be allowed to try to mock something that it didn't
invent blog rides he does need to try to mock this by healy fraser. is typical corporate colonialism which we should all say no to so people saying that the trade mocking of the. greedy is appropriation of african culture. people are comparing it to like trying to trademark the phrase good morning which you know sounds a bit ridiculous they believe that they have a right to protect their culture from what they say is exploitation well disney of course. is a huge very influential media enterprise what are they saying about this they're saying we have done business purposes our only where we're not trying to trademark anyone's culture and legal experts a sort of siding with disney they're saying that this is an issue that's blowing up on social media because of a misunderstanding of intellectual property because disney doesn't i mean the phrase. anyone can use it freely i say just as long as when they do there is no
link to disney or the lion king so you probably could put it on a t. shirt but you couldn't have symbol on that t. shirt as well. it's been twenty five years now since so the lion king came out and we all loved it i did it but why is this fuss popping up now the million dollar question is because there is the live action remake of the lion king that's coming out next year starring beyonce it's very highly anticipated and that's what's drawing attention to this trade not just which probably in the end even though the headlines have been so favorable to disney probably will help but in the end because of the public that he shared thank you so much for to seeing that one of those come up to our social media editor gerri.
do you recognize that tune well disguised by the fact that it's played on an electric guitar that was silent night taken from a musical in this case called my silent night which is currently running in salzburg and austria is part of the celebration surrounding the two hundredth anniversary since that carol was composed robin merrill from our culture desk is here to tell us all about it so start silent night or still enough to in the original german said to be the most popular carol in the world robyn why do you think the. it is i think it's the simplicity of it both the lyrics and the melody. they really are quite simple but beautiful melody actually and the sentiment behind it of peace on earth i mean and the optimism all is calm all is bright i mean. it's all dark here at the by been severed and that's another thing i thought i
personally find it very atmospheric it's classic to sing around an open fire with candlelight. yeah and. i mean it is originally i was going to say and it's not as calls austria but in the german language and it's estimated that ninety nine point eight percent of the jump population actually know the chewed but i should say it's traditionally here first sang on christmas eve on december the twenty fourth so we're preempting it a bit there's no hard and fast rules we are allowed to sing in advance anyway let's find out more about is this global song that was composed two hundred years ago and a small austrian village. the world's most famous christmas song originated here in the austrian village of all been doth in the run up to christmas this small community news sites book offers this it are special silent night tours that illuminates the songs history. organist and teacher from.
and young parish priest use of more compose the music and wrote the lyrics and together they performed the song and opened off on christmas eve in eighteen eighteen traveling salesman took the song to markets across europe well christian missionary spread it even farther around the globe. hundreds of foster sisters the missionaries realized that it harbored a christian message and was easy for families to learn and that's probably why it became so popular than if we could put off. since the one nine hundred century the song has been translated into more than three hundred languages. actually it. was. the. the locals an open door off stage
a historical play in various locations that dramatizes the origin of silent night after the end of the napoleonic wars. was. this were a few on the for obama it was a terrible time because of the poverty created by the wars and the plundering troops that passed through the village this crippling of. today the song still evokes the hope for peace visitors to the silent night chapel can listen to the original version with its six verses and accompanying guitar chords. of it is like a lot of buy it should not surprisingly it's been reported by a lot of famous artists oh yeah evidently over three thousand cover versions of the
song from frank sinatra to see lo green about the elvis presley did a famous one as well let's have a look at two that your show you how injuring it has been down the is this is the classic one from big crosby fish record is actually from nineteen forty eight but he a regime recorded at nine thirty five but he wouldn't let it be released because he didn't think an entertainer should profit from a religious song funny enough any arranged seventy with his record company for all the money to go to charity then it was released and it is speculation the reason i mention this is just speculated that this was the very first charity christmas single complete change and this is kelly clarkson from just a couple of years ago and now she's actually and this is true of nearly all the come about actions people don't change the song they don't try and pop it up and try and change the tempo much because it just is simply a wonderful wonderful song and it's the best way to sing sing it simplicity is the
key and as i said you find most controversial it's just i mean elvis obviously did it and internet of his fortune and song now i what. i should also quickly mention the eyewitness accounts in the first world war the famous christmas truce where the football. that the german soldiers started singing stand and knocked on the french and the english to get up in that own language which is interesting really that they were fighting this trend for war and of course we know the sentiments of the lyrics in a piece on a song a song a piece of robin thank you so much rob america from our culture desk. you're watching t.v. news from berlin and we have more for you coming up shortly later will be with you with another full roundup of world news and of course you get all that is news and information around the clock on our website that's it dot com i mean you know all of us here thanks for watching.
natural riches. precious resources. and a rewarding investment. farmland has been called ethiopia's green gold the country has an abundant supply and leases it to international giants. the government is after high export revenues and the corporations high profit margins. but not everyone benefits from the booming business. model creation environmental destruction starvation. the selling out of a country dead donkey. starts december twenty ninth on t.w. . billowing into unofficial estimates more than one point two million venezuelans live in colombia legally and illegally. already uncle walter was
returned to vassar. to visit friends i don't think i'd ever go back there to live you know what i live there again i don't know so i'm not sure. witness global news that matters but made for mines. and gemini lifting the debt ceiling at any time and in a many places the names. you have of the right of the most played song to sing along to see this to come from super glue to win seats. for cat interactive exercises. like everything is online and interactive benjamin to flame with each other you play. the blame
. this is you know reviews life for berlin clashes martin attempted dialogue between spain and catalonia purchasers of barcelona scuffle with police that says things talbot meets in the city in an effort to reduce tensions with the region's independence movement also coming up calling it quits he was defense secretary jim not for signs of protest or.