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tv   Doc Film - My Colleague the Robot - Friend or Foe  Deutsche Welle  January 30, 2019 6:15am-7:00am CET

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nico is in germany to learn german. published in the. why not learn with him online on the mobile and free to suffer from the w e learning course nikos speak. the music so long gets an update. i think groups will be good morning stephanie. the cartoon chatted with musicians from around the world. groups starts feb second d. double.
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the robots have learned how to learn that one of the lottery results. i'm sorry my answers are limited you must ask the right question this. robot some self learning machines are on the advance taking on ever more complex tasks. you know but those robots are available twenty four hours a day and they don't get tired. soon trucks and cars will be driving without humans at the wheel digitalisation is revolutionizing medicine and the office jobs can be done by artificial intelligence. a robot could absorb all the knowledge in the world into its electronic brain see. if an invisible revolution is taking place.
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i know. the revolution has already begun. oh please press the green start button hello i'm. welcome to your gate training session how are you feeling at the moment you're feeling good play start walking in the direction you'd like i will follow you. as his. trainer she's trying to start walking again after a stroke i will wait while you take a break. change in. place a person but you can get used to it this is the new age we have to keep up. with band the patient does keep up and trained with the robot. first the staff was very skeptical we had to find out how to actually work in
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practice. it definitely can't and won't replace s.s. therapists. they can't replace the interpersonal relationship between the patient and the therapist but we've seen that it doesn't get training very well and that gives us an opportunity in the short time we have to work with the patient to focus on other things like strength and balance. so for some patients training can be done by a robot assistant. reyes is still undergoing testing at present it's capabilities are limited even taking the elevator is too much for it unless a human comes to the rescue. but most patients do well with the robot in fact they end up walking twice as far as with a human trainer host michel goes or co-developer over a us the robot attracts a lot of interest wherever it goes. built into his leash robotics will play
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a part in households and in nursing and a field about location that will certainly be dominant it's trade and commerce their robots will take over tasks that we can't even imagine today. we're going to have to encounter robots and we'll have to learn to live with them and see them as useful partners. to look for. innovative robotics is playing a major role in industry in this family owned business in southwestern germany it's driving expansion s e w euro drive has completely. revamped a part of its production mechanic has a new calling a collaborative robot or kobach as it's called it's taken over brando's work on the assembly line in contrast to other industrial robots. to safely interact with humans in the workplace they're equipped with sensors that reactor humans.
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are. not slaves by much as if it was a weird feeling at first but by now it seems totally normal for us we work hand in hand some of the tasks we have to do are not so great economically speaking. and the robot can take over those and relieve us physically it's. exhausting doing stuff like that i don't have time to do maintenance items to monitor the quality better so it's very useful for me it's. flexible easy to program and can carry out a wide variety of tasks they're an important part of the current technological trend known as industry four point zero. nine and be we found a way to use the modern technologies from industry four point zero and
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intelligently connect them with humans. for a quantum leap in productivity like. the new workflows of increased output industry four point zero stands principally for autumn ization digitalisation gear motors are going to in this factory for eighty years but in the past three years the work has changed fundamentally now the staff tender will receive the production on monitors or the machines are mostly planned and controlled the process. once a customer's order arrives digitally the little transporters packed full of software get moving bringing the necessary parts to the next assembly area.
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you can. upload the digital order onto this rolling crate. and now it knows which gears have to be installed so it contacts the individual components this way hundreds of different league variants can be built in a single assembly area. the robot communicates with the shelf where a light signal lies is which part is needed the assembly instructions can be called up any time. for ya month you know in the old days we had to get a five centimeter thick a four binder and look at up. we have all the instructions about five hundred of them right here on the tablet. in those old days hide him and stood at the assembly line carrying out the same motions over and over again today his work has become more complex working together with the intelligent machine he can fill individual
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orders for the customers. it was hard for me at the beginning i don't have a computer or internet at home and i had to learn my way around a lot but it's ok there's not so much on there just what i need so it's alright. machines that think for themselves and workers who learn new technologies. the smart factory is supposed to work with the safety goggles and with the headset. is being shown the next instructions on her smart glasses. stands for. the blending a real and computer generated information that two speeds up production. but another one one of these ok i used to play video games but i never had. one it's a lot of fun. the gears are ready all the data are loaded onto a wireless chip it knows what the next step is and automatically contacts the next
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station. thanks to automation production times here have been cut in half over the past three years many employees feared they'd lose their jobs. the machines the robots as job killers so far that hasn't happened in fact the company was able to boost its sales figures in times of automation jobs are only saved when companies continue to grow and they're not safe for all employees skilled workers are in demand but people with little training will have worse chances of finding work. is lifelong learning is the key. of the future has to be prepared to keep changing and adapting to the new challenges of the time. the next step the company is planning is to network with clients and suppliers the localized
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factory is moving out into the wide world soon the machines will independently supplies and report available goods to customers networking is at the heart of the internet of things twenty twenty the number of connected products and devices on the internet is expected to exceed twenty billion this will so radically change the world of work but it's being called the fourth industrial revolution. the development of steam engines in the late eighteenth century marked the start of the first industrial revolution in the textile industry and worked looms were replaced by machines weavers and other craftsmen lost their livelihoods many found new work in factories. heavy industry. in the late nineteenth century electricity was a trigger for the second industrial revolution a huge milestone came in one thousand nine hundred thirteen when henry ford introduced the assembly line for mass producing automobile. manufacturing became
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more efficient the telephone and the telegraph simplified and sped up communication by some measures this era saw the start of globalization. the one nine hundred seventy s. were a time of transition with the ad. and of computers and electronic data processing the third industrial revolution began. and every industrial revolution has led to job losses but generally created new work in the long term is just my this could be different view we robots have learned how to learn and we can communicate with other robots even the process i don't want is different about this full thing just real revolution the first the technological driver is different while the second industrial revolution was mainly about classical automation the automated machine was basically dumb and now we have intelligent automation intelligence is one thing
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driving change the other is networks it's not just local intelligence but highly interconnected systems that can exchange information in real time those on the technological drivers that are new went off the i was assigned to level work is changing massively first as a contrast to the second industrial revolution whole areas of work seem to be affected at the same time i think less of the toughens was on. a road test inserted here in sweden the volkswagen company with its two subsidiaries mam and scalia is trying out platooning a way of organizing groups of vehicles that's important for autonomous driving. these trucks drive in a column or platoon only the semi at the front has a driver who steers and chooses the suitable speed the others simply follow the leader. in each of the trucks behind still needs to have
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a person inside in case of emergency but the steering is done by computer. the trucks are connected by a digital be a cool to be a communication system cameras and sensors monitor the surroundings and report to the onboard computer if needed it can break far more quickly than any human. works on. good luck for the beginning i have with the elite the big lot of us. used to trust the computer and the truck in front of him and i would team you say sir because i think you're the ultimate pick three of them because where you live be more robust than that and humans human can be drawn they can be you see. them accidents happens. it's still unclear if platooning will make traffic safer in general but for trucks driving in the slipstream of the truck ahead results in
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as much as ten percent savings in fuel consumption and possibly personal savings. which will sort of fossilization by the job description of a truck driver may expand to fix the big question is can we make the driving periods more flexible. drivers are only allowed to work for a certain amount of time for a day is it a question is whether i can use the vehicle for longer without hiring more drivers . this isn't a fight and second we now have a lack of drivers which leads to more unskilled drivers being hired through the home and this company can relieve that by having automation partially take over from the typically skilled driver highest but this doesn't that brings more safety and fewer accidents and i did a driver to take on other responsibilities it means that transporters will be able to improve workflows but just but it's. a sign of life i'd have some good. in one future scenario truck driver has essentially become logistics dispatchers in
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the cockpit they can do office work or communicate with digital freight exchanges in real time reporting when their truck is empty and taking on new orders the robot does the driving and the human partner takes on more complex tasks. it's clear that in the long term fewer truck drivers will be needed however. at the moment germany has a severe shortage of drivers more than forty five thousand are needed. professional drivers think about autonomous driving. i just seventy four surely can't imagine it if i use i've been driving for thirty two years now and the idea of lying down and back to sleep while the car drives from a to b. i don't know i'd be scared i did id cards the father left out of the form of the driver falls asleep at some point and the third eva keeps on working they can work around the clock but the driver is limited to certain times them so is that. the
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amount of freight keeps on growing so i don't think i'll lose my job at least it just all but you know that deal. not that i doubt. it. but the future may arrive sooner than expected in another test in sweden myself driving truck is being monitored from this control room. soon the operator will be able to oversee not just one truck but an entire fleet and take over the wheel remotely if need be. other car makers are investing in new concepts for the private transport of the future like dominoes so if driving robot taxi which could also be used for car sharing. is in bad automobile we see come make us all joining forces with caution fans like conti go because it's clear to them that the classical business of money
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fracturing cars selling them to customers and doing a bit of maintenance is over this is this where they have to become businesses to people moving into new segments is necessary and revolutionists it may be hard at first because it's not your custom field but that's the direction it has to taken on to this town was askew. no business segments open up old ones are lost along with many jobs in two thousand and thirteen a study by researchers at oxford university grabbed headlines that predicted that in the united states half of the jobs could be lost due to computerization in the next twenty years it's a hotly debated issue sociologist and labor market researcher casting your guns concludes that it cannot yet be predicted how many jobs will really be lost by female in many occupations there are things that could be done by algorithms when i were a boss and they will probably be replaced in part. time only and hot and then they
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will probably change of eyes of unfair and there will be new tasks and skills that will be called for in these occupations some to do it is a cup of coffee i'm class have all but it's also clear that the jumps that are ready strongly computerized and highly standardized have a high risk of being replaced in the future and just usable over the unfairly sent as at savan and so on. robots and computers are taking over more and more tasks in the mental processing industry more than eighty percent of activity is going to already be done by machines and the electrical trades need to prepare for hard times as do bakers who have long stopped meeting their dough themselves in the financial sector computers can deal with nearly seventy percent of all tasks robots assemble automobiles and airplanes computers take care of nearly fifty four percent of every day office work and machines are getting better and better at the till or
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in warehouse. these jobs usually don't involve computers cleaning and garbage disposal and lawyers or notaries going to hand over only eighteen percent of their activities to intelligence software the picture in a hotel or. jobs is similar and doctors and pharmacists childminders and psychologists will be needed in the future as will teachers these are typically jobs that involve a lot of interpersonal skills and will still need hairdressers and cause me to these figures were calculated by germany's institute for employment research and general use for years. believe. me experiencing a rapid structural transformation in the working world but i don't share the view that half of all jobs will be lost. i think we should tone down the drama.
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the outcome will depend decisively on whether we manage to push forward digitalisation in a technology centered way that is focusing on what is technically possible but managed to control and structure this process placing people in the center. that means putting far more resources into qualification and further education because one thing is clear. the half life of technological innovations is growing shorter so the half life of skills and qualifications is also growing shorter. in the port of hamburg is showing the effects of digitalisation hardly a human insight. driving platforms transport the containers from ship to storage space. speed and efficiency are top priority in the logistics sector
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the competition with other international ports is stiff only when the computer is hoisted onto the truck does a person get involved. magic could all be done automatically that i could just stay home for nine. no really i have to run it manually for safety reasons destructor might still be in the truck the container could snack somewhere cause an accident. and that's why he has to get out and i do it manually. also. autumn ization has liberated people from heavy labor but is also forced many to change their occupation that's especially difficult for older employees but the container terminal operators are optimistic nonetheless. will manage in the future wherever jobs get lost which happens in a process of change also be new jobs arising.
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through research and development. we don't yet know what the look like. convinced that we'll have jobs like that in the future. especially here at the port of how there's a huge reservoir of innovative potential. sume that will be able to involve people in the process of change. the digital transformation is spawning new professions urgently sarkar digital experts like big data scientists who find ways of processing the masses of information relevant to their industry security managers are concerned with cyber security and data protection a digital consultant who's responsible for digitizing workflows and processes along with other digital needs of a company. content managers take on the planning of websites.
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social media experts deal with the internet community. those are just five of the fifteen professions that will be needed more and more in the coming years. and engineers are. needed to make humanoid robots they may soon be taking over many tasks from humans so. take that bipedal robot toro it's learning how to mount the cable holders on the fuselage of an air bus around sixty thousand are used in a single plane so this is the kind of demanding repetitive work that's perfect for a robot. you know what is in the tradition if you don't swallow bots are available twenty four hours a day and they don't get tired. you can have a so-called army of robots going with a worker who supervises
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a team of ten robots and only intervenes if necessary or what i go back or what i have to force it was we're also trying to use the latest robotics technology to make robots faster walked it up with us now that's. because this robot colleague is still a bit slow at the german aerospace center near munich they're doing basic research in robotics the robot david is learning how to use a drill and dolls the robot hand is controlled by thirty six separate motors but its fine motor skills are still not perfect. but david learns quickly and once it's learned a task you can always retrieve the information. clouded up by at the moment we're teaching it manual skills to be deployed never is justified in using such an expensive system. in situations where you don't want to
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send humans. dangerous situations or worse too tedious. or where they'd have to work for too long periods. there are lots of situations where a system like this makes sense for. robot training. the robot learns simple movements through imitation. every step in a sequence of. enables it to map its surroundings and the movements. it supposed to do. and how does the search engine find the appropriate. answer is that there is always an algorithm behind it. a list of computer commands a kind of instructions that describes a way of solving
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a problem. when david uses the drill every movement is enabled by algorithms in individual steps. developing a robot like this doesn't come cheap. the two legged robot costs more than one million. sometimes the cable. and it's not easy to maintain balance when there's something in the way that has to be practiced but for industry the investment is still worth it if he. is making huge strides. in two thousand and seventeen the german. breakthrough in remote control of service robots in space. was able to instruct the
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humanoid robot. from the international space station first a remotely controlled the robot earth with. a satellite link. inspected a solar panel and. researchers can imagine many other applications apart from space flight robots could defuse landmines nuclear reactors and put out fires . this is great. now we have the right connection. today we're building robots that can go into unstructured unknown environments. and so that they first have to be able to act much more independently. they have to be able to recognize objects with the help of cameras they have to be able to plan but above all they have to be able to interact with people. they have to be safe for humans and not injure them where the tasks have become far far more complex so they
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can now finally be carried out for one thing because we have robotic systems that are very sensitive. contacts that can be touched and guided by people but also because in recent years we've made huge progress in artificial intelligence in sensory perception and image processing and speech recognition that. this comes together also an artificial intelligence and planning more closely. that's really enable us to explore unstructured environments. and the effects of artificial intelligence are still invisible in many professions but intelligent machines will conquer the workplace more and more they can do what once only people could read write and understand. artificial intelligence copies human intelligence based on our brain with its network of nerve cells artificial neuronal networks are being simulated in
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computers and then. they're being fed bits of data by the billions in the form of photos or texts about people places or products until the neuronal networks can recognize new patterns and solve problems on their own. in nine hundred ninety seven a computer famously be world just. just twenty years later we talk to our digital speech assistants like. or siri siri what's the meaning of life all evidence to date suggests that it's chalk it self driving cars are also learning the vehicle may step on the brakes roughly once the next time it can already come to a gentle halt thanks to deep learning. will intelligent robots be our bosses one day. oh please get this order done by noon
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today ok at the cybernetics lab at auckland university they're taking a peek into the future pepper the little humanoid robot can already recognize facial expressions and voice tones. hyped up. to get this deal is a team want to expand his capabilities he could work as a social worker in an old folks home or as a sales assistant in a shop. i was kind of i want to rest i want to come robots do better than people can basically extend a robot by half a computer center and that's to say you can expand its brain as much as you knock out so a robot is essentially a walking database if it wanted to a robot could absorb all the knowledge in the world into its electronic brain a human can't do that but the subtleties of for mention of on this last part. robots are quicker at processing data they can do heavy lifting and they don't
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require a social security benefits. what else does autumn ization have to offer. went on your mom to mukesh try using robots gives businesses a way of making their work process is much more efficient orton's all fairness to that so we have to ask whether it wouldn't be possible to shorten people's working days interesting i'm fifty playing them if one is doing efficiency through rationalization by using algorithms or artificial intelligence leaders to process is being slimmed down and more efficient then we would gain more leisure time which would benefit people to want to come they would take the pressure off than be done just for. policymakers trade unions and businesses have been debating such solutions in particular with regard to jobs in administration insurance and banking which are undergoing fundamental changes. intelligence software is replacing
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employees. to open a bank account or invest your money you no longer need a human the alternative is robo advisors computer programs for asset management on line the algorithms can calculate investment models in seconds the software evaluates the credit worthiness and proposes a sum to invest. artemis . intelligence is also changing the work that lawyers do in typical law firms real estate deals or sales of companies require an army of lawyers thousands of documents need to be picked over and compared in terms of particular terms of contract it's a painstaking and tedious job we're going to handle it faster and more reliably intelligent algorithms take on the research and filter out the key passages that
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are needed to evaluate contract. i'd say as a rule of thumb we have time savings of around forty percent. means the lawyers can offer a more attractive service to their clients. just so. where does the ground work then the lawyer evaluates the contracts when the routine work is eliminated they'll be less need for the lawyers. convinced of the benefits of automation but he also sees its limitations. legal consultations will change dramatically through digitalisation. i think that in the future thanks to artificial intelligence we as legal advisors will get more and more decision making suggestions from the software. in a position to work much faster. if i think we have to take care not to go overboard in the use of artificial intelligence. because you have to distinguish between
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a decision proposed by a computer and the decision itself traddles for schleck. artificial intelligence can provide support but evaluation and counseling will still have to be carried out by a person. that's the past doctors at hamburg's baumberger clinic are hoping to take . more than ten million c.t. scans are made every year in germany and their number. as rising. radiologist. and his team need lots of time to carefully analyze the c.t.'s first glance damage to shooter was difficult to discern. recently broadening started testing self learning software in a research project with the phone hoover institute for medical image computing it
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analyzes literacy and provides the result far faster than any radiologist. let it run in the background took about one minute because the analysis takes place in different views it's called just one minute no person can keep up with that. analyzing a c.t. scan is an elaborate. take up to a half an hour for an experienced radiologist what i'm expecting from computer programs in the future is that will be able to discover it legions reliably pick out the suspicious spots for us to decide i also expect to get suggestions like this is probably or it's likely to be. helped. the advantages of software are speed and precision thanks to deep learning algorithms the software is fed with data from many different livers it compares
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analyzes and learns to recognize patterns at some point it will have the knowledge accumulated by experienced physicians in years of practice. the great thing is that i can take an algorithm that is already practiced on the livers in this hospital for example when other hospital easily than a doctor. be able to continue learning they're using the example of other groups of patients or other machines to take place simultaneously in many different hospitals . you can't do that so easily with a doctor or an artist to keep learning algorithm support the doctors in diagnosing conditions and choosing treatments for fans of an arts that imagine yourself as a don't to who knows every case of a particular disease that has ever been and then with all possible treatments and symptoms and has a life cycle or whatever then you would prescribe an entirely different treatment save for this fifty year old woman compared to a forty year old man from
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a different cultural background one body white and so forth the body and the human brain come to accomplish that. but that is just what computer brains are capable of housekeeping so we can expect radical changes in medicine because these systems can make individualized treatment recommendations that will be much more effective unless endeavors it up he forcefully to mom via. the new technologies required doctors who are open to them. are the burgh university hospital has had a robot in the operating room for some years its name is debenture. today it's removing an intestinal tumor actually it's just a robotic assistant surgeon who's controlling the robot arms using two joysticks. the robot performs the operation far more precisely than a surgeon could it compensates for small errors in motion it makes the operation
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more relaxing for the surgeon no more standing bend over for hours. to sort of get the smell of concerns that the surgeon will become superfluid are completely unjustified. a human being. is that when you. have the robot and flexibility and. something that benefits the patient. open to an expectation of new technology.
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is getting harder burg university hospital. in the clinic state of the. students are practicing minimally invasive surgery. procedures wearing three d. glasses. simulating the removal of a. and if. i have the same tasks and problems here that i'll have with real patients in
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the operating room and it's a mental i pick the right instruments and do the right thing in the right place and proceed tactically which was toxic for. experiences in heidelberg show that students who have trained with the simulator are later better ensure or at performing the operations or current research project uses virtual reality to prepare for operations in the colored three d. animated images from a c.t. scan the exact position of a tumor shown here in yellow can be seen. with the help of the b.r. glasses the surgeon can explore inside the patient's body while simultaneously receiving all relevant information such as lab data diagnoses or preexisting conditions up to now all that information had to be obtained from different systems costing valuable time. in the operating room of the future will also use augment it reality. the doctor can call up the patient c.t.
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scans on a tablet the virtual images of the organs are projected on to the real patient. we thought diminish the new dog if i didn't get pictures of things that i don't actually see just see him for example during surgery i get a video image of something that's invisible to my naked eye. it. will come which i can then it won't break into my operating procedure i see it looks i see the risk structures that i have to watch out for which lie beneath the tissue by that because the computer displays it for me. this makes my operating safer and maybe more relaxed i don't see the worry about cutting into a high risk structure because the computer shows it to me beforehand so it's a. new technologies are making things possible that were previously unimaginable not only in medicine. they're changing people supplementing them supporting them and replacing them we're currently in
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a time of change in the world of work will this lead to more prosperity and productivity or will human relationships suffer and work lose its meaning. thank you for taking part in this test goodbye. to. an open public debate is long overdue. we have to include the limitations in our calculations we have to steer developments because not so easy especially as artificial intelligence becomes more and more intelligent and the algorithms are self optimizing and improving at some point you have to say now it's reached a level of cognition that goes beyond what i actually wanted what it. is that you need to ensure that alcohol is and you'll goals coincide as long as he still can say you.
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know that perfectly roadworthy but ready in the junkyard in germany for a million diesel vehicles could be banned from the roads because they emit too much toxic in atlanta and ninety gentiles sorry. but do the admission limits really have a scientific basis and how reliable and quality data. the diesel design stuff. close up ninety minutes on w. . crimes against humanity. civilian streaks. witness six. their recorder which is travel around the
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globe just social media. but what is proof of. fiction and what is fact digital investigators combed through the flood of images they combine sources to try to reconstruct what happened and to substantiate claims of crimes thanks to this video recording of the sergeant who shall be a man is on trial now for forensics between bits and parts. believe. anything get. the chance because justice is about the truth. truth detectives starts feb fifteenth on t.w. . plague.
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place. this is t w news coming to you live from british lawmakers vote to century some a back to brussels parliament gives make a mandate to renegotiate her breaks a deal with the e.u. especially the part concerning northern ireland of the e.u. says there will be no new deal so is this mission impossible will go to london and brussels also coming up but as well as talk or bad self declared interim president one why dope from leaving the country and for.


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