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tv   The Day - News in Review  Deutsche Welle  February 13, 2019 11:02pm-11:30pm CET

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collapse as the regional independence movement in catalonia plays out on the national stage political uncertainty ahead as prime minister pedro sanchez weighs snap elections i'm sorry kelly in berlin this is the day. i'm ready to say we were naive with you throughout the. week that the socialists over the past months in exchange for nothing from you another. day in the congress we have you know the center of a decision that is a point of no return in the legislature a more exact to the end of the road of pedrosa and she is the head of a government for a good up or see if you will be able to fit in to hook up with that many times even before the vote but if the budget doesn't pass the legislation would be cut short. so he needs to organize another election people and the question is when.
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and also coming up we'll take you to the berlin film festival where as you can see my colleague slash fater and scott roxborough are on the red carpet. yes we're live here at the red carpet at the valladolid and it wouldn't be able earn international film festival without a little controversy and we've got not one but two controversies coming right up for you stay tuned we'll look forward to it. but first we begin the day in spain which faces snap elections after the prime minister petro sanchez failed to win parliamentary backing for his budget plan sanchez needed the support of seventeen catalan lawmakers to push the legislation through but they withdrew their backing in protest after the leaders of the capital and secessionist movement were put on trial for rebellion for not being able to hold. a legal independence referendum so the cattle land crisis this time dragging
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the national government down with it heralding a possible shift in spanish politics sanchez is the head of the minority government opinion polls say that a new election which has yet to be announced will result in the right away majority for the conservative center right and far right parties that what heralds a harder line on catalonia now sanchez accuse the right wing of wanting one thing that catalonia be at war with itself and that spain be at war with itself. of the war now we're joined by joaquin o.d.s. he is a professor of constitutional law at the university of seville welcome to the program and thank you for joining us just walk us through why was sanchez not able to get the catalans agreement on passing this budget. mostly because he was concerned about even to see found on two thousand workers can
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we cut along and politicians. probably got most. of the revenue now to thailand for trial. because. this is a newsgroup so whenever the president tries to start to see him or are. probably trying to ask what do you want me to change or both but if you were he received praise for all he's right we know he's on partly after you. got along so you go about it you know never heard it's all he wanted there's some sort of they were not and were to start ripping our. but i mean there's criticism not only on the side of sanchez there's also criticism of the catalonians in fact he's saying some criticism from within because the mayor of barcelona today accusing the catalan separatists of being irresponsible and opening the door to
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a new right and extreme right government is that fair yeah that's maybe for like a you know buckhart. right when. they say it's better to bump even talk mostly about in the same playbook was apart from i have to say time to part of the spending if we see in the free world only a few more independent they book going through the extra point and in fact as well from our dividend growth we're interested where they don't do something to pick up long before. he kind of you think president he's going to get some more on because he got more for their own state by the government you think dependent so it's true that this is part of the arsenal they were born to do much. good so we have an interest but i will not be so sure that right we will we it's not so clear when we treat these new coliform occasions you know you said that sanchez that that he
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needs to sit down with the catalans but i mean ultimately let's just just look at his situation right now i mean he's in the minority government he's under intense pressure does he really have that for him to maneuver. yes because our legal system to stop this. get. ready for that and many there are targeted on top or everything he brings out but it can take a lot of measures you can really do you think if you want people before more you are in government you know her delicate procedure or not there can be crisis but i'm in so i have some room for a fact that they are elections in the next year is really gotten out he is going to cut relations that out the stress response that got out but the results so tomorrow he got a couple it's not that i don't like it from his mom. and now we have the possibility
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of snap elections in the country walking already yes professor of constitutional law at the university of seville thank you so much for your insight. the number of anti-semitic crimes committed in germany has risen by almost ten percent over the past year the highest level in a decade figures released today are causing alarm in the jewish community violent attacks are up by more than sixty percent this has prompted germany's central council of jews to call for a stronger action from police and politicians the signboards of a jewish restaurant smashed the p.k. made marked with a star of david dumped by a door swastikas and stars of david daubed on a wall this was the aftermath of an anti semitic attack in the eastern german city of kenya's you know goes twenty eighteen. it was just one of more than sixteen
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hundred anti semitic crimes committed in germany last year that's an increase of ten percent on twenty seventeen particularly worrying the number of violent incidents like this one in berlin has increased by two thirds if. i am concerned but not really surprised it fits with what i hear from jewish organizations and representatives when i talk to them that. it should give us the impetus to take preventative action soon and to make sure that anti semitism does not arise in the first place that as. much of this hatred comes from far right supporters but experts say some of it derives from opposition to israel including from migrants from the muslim world and germany is not alone anti semitic incidents are becoming more common in other countries to france this week reported a rise of more than seventy percent in twenty eighteen compared with the previous
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year. unfortunately anti-semitism is on the advance everywhere in europe we need to find european solution is i support the idea of making the fight against anti-semitism a priority for the german e.u. presidency next year. another part of the picture in germany is that the jewish community is growing and demonstrations of solidarity with them by non jews are common while most germans recognize that from the holocaust comes a special responsibility to protect jews there is sadly still a minority ready to turn violent aggression against them. in venezuela the government and opposition are facing off over the delivery of u.s. aid tuesday saw massive demonstrations across the country with protesters demanding that aid be allowed in and in neighboring colombia venezuelan migrants took to the streets on the border city of cook it took where the aid supplies have been stored
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their anger aimed at the venezuelan president nicolas maduro he's describing the american aid as a ploy to allow a u.s. invasion and has blocked its entry into venezuela. and the german president. has just wrapped up a visit to colombia where hundreds of thousands of venezuelans have fled. this killing by a show arrived in bogota only a few weeks ago but already she's out on the streets from morning to evening selling sweets she's desperate to earn a little cash so she can feed her baby boy. the one. i left on his way because i couldn't buy anything that no food no diapers. schooling story is typical for the many venezuelans who have fled hardship at home and who live a hand to mouth existence in colombia. there are no migrant camps to shelter them off and the only help they receive comes from the generosity of the locals. the
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government can afford to offer only limited aid with so many colombians living in poverty themselves. the german president's visit comes at a critical time and colombians have shown compassion responding to the mass migration into their country. but they're worried the political crisis across the border will escalate into civil war. further swelling the number of new arrivals. frank walter steinmeier is keen to prevent that. is missing mid to long vehicle for . we have to find ways and means to avoid the bloodshed that many fear could ensue in venezuela. so that's why i hope that there will soon be a presidential election it's. the presidential election which will give quite doth a legitimacy that he himself sees as necessary. for the to
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should steinmeyer and colombia's president even do agree that aid needs to get into venezuela as quickly as possible nope it meet the to not let humanitarian aid into the country is a crime against humanity. he said. it has to happen fast. that the international community cannot accept the current situation. the world can't stand by and do nothing aid is prevented from entering. that. you can believe everything must be done to get aid into venezuela he did not say if that should include military intervention. and for the venezuelan president nicolas maduro refusing to allow humanitarian aid into the country social media has become a lifeline to help people meet their basic needs for more let's bring in very on for the week a budget who has been following this side of the story so i mean how are they using
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social media to get through this crisis. they are using these platforms to really try and seek help and often to see the basics like food clothes like medicines things that have either become impossible to find or an affordable because of the hyperinflation and we are really seeing a lot of these calls for help on twitter on was of also this is one of them it's twenty four year old mother she has four children she is mung or east she only waits thirty six kilos and she's been taking care of by and then geo but the ngo itself here is asking for donations because they don't have the resources to really care for woman and her family and just to make to put things into perspective a survey last year found that between twenty seven thousand and twenty eighteen then israel and lost more than ten kilos in weight on average so the situation because of a lack of food because they couldn't afford it so the situation really is dire and
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it's not only food i mean it's also medication it's of it also other things as well so how you know how is that side of the story absolutely i mean this is another huge set of the crisis is that the health care system is collapsing because there is a lot. medication the pharmacies are running out of stocks and also people are turning to social media to try and find medicines and there's even a. public service and we are seeing for example this young man who has diabetes there's a massive shortage of insulin in venezuela at the moment and so he had to turn to twitter to try and hope hope hoping that some maybe someone would have insulin to donate and the thing is messages they get this they are getting drowned out in the sea of tweets from many desperate venezuelans but if you're lucky your message might be picked up by someone like the admiral who was a pharmacist in caracas and he's really using his pharmacist twitter account to
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connect people who are looking for a certain medicine with people who might have some of that medicine in stock here he pharmacist writes we are delivering patches of nitroglycerin for a seventy nine year old patient and i and supplements for another patient so it's not just pharmacies they're running out of stocks it's also the hospitals and we're seeing that many hospitals are no longer able to care for patients they're asking patients to bring their own bandages for example or there are people waiting for surgeries who cannot be treated and they are also turning then to social media to try and get help and this really has become this network has become really important like a matter of life and death for many people desperate situation for so many and we can see that they're trying to use whatever resources they can get their hands on for the week of walking us through what's happening online right now thank you thank you. from the world's most powerful drug lord
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to prisoner el chapo once the most wanted man in mexico is now facing life behind bars in the united states the reaction to that decision has reportedly been needed though in mexico where the new president is focusing more on tackling corruption and less on toppling kingpins like. in fact he has declared mexico's drug war over in just a moment we will get reaction from an expert who has been on the front lines of the battle against mexico's cartels but first a look at the spectacular fall from power of joaquin guzman the man they call el chapo guzman will likely be housed at this supermax prison in florence colorado it's known as the alcatraz of the rockies or florida is a confident man won't find it as a mean able to escape the two prisons he sensationally broke out of in his native mexico. those escapes including one down a tunnel dug from underneath his prison cell toilet and
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a subsequent rolling stone interview with actor sean penn have contributed to guzman's almost mythical status. there was a hollywood element to guzman's recapture by mexican authorities as they stormed his hideout in twenty sixteen. they said later that a meeting with pan had been instrumental in leading them to him. but for some who live in his mexican home region of sin a lower it's not the fame they will miss but the money. we know that close to here and but he helped a lot of people to build roads schools churches and well they'll suffer because that support will end because the government doesn't give the support that is needed. to help the sick and also supported. the movie. but this month's charity can't make up for the charges laid against him
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conspiracy to commit murder money laundering and the use of violence against enemies of his powerful cinna lower drug cartel. chapal is said to be sentenced in june and will likely spend the rest of his life in jail his attorney says he will appeal against the conviction. let's get more now we're joined by malcolm b. if he is the author of the last narco inside the hunt for el chapo the world's most wanted drug lord has been tracking the drug cartel for more than a decade thank you so much for joining us and i'd just like to begin by asking because you know we saw in that piece there that el chapo really has this almost mythological status seen as sort of a robin hood why is that. first of all thanks for having me in terms of the robin hood factor you know what i moved to mexico in two thousand and seven so we're talking twelve years ago and started looking at. one of the reasons i started looking at it i had not planned to cover the drug war but i
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started people everyone from the mexican attorney general's office to local media and foreign media had basically pronounced chop zero. dead you know sort of he's finished i think the quote from the attorney general was he's a washed up football star and i started looking into his past and how he had cultivated this this mythology this robin-hood benefactor of the poor in of a part of the country where the government does very little in the military is often frowned upon you know he did cultivate this image not unlike other drug lords but what also helped was going to really his success. as a drug lord this was you know people were not naive there was money coming in as soon as the violence started accompanying his trade i would say that's around two thousand and nine and that was when one of a lot of his cohorts started being caught the myths started crumbling and right
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u.s. and mexican law enforcement have not got enough credit for basically puncturing that myth and i want to i want to talk a little more about that violence because i mean in mexico we have seen that violence soar even though these these top drug bosses like they have been captured so it doesn't seem as if it's about the king does it. no it's not about the kingpin what the kingpin can do in an organization where you know you have clear kingpins let's say it's never going to be one person but where it's run more like a multinational organization violent one but you can have leaders who basically quell the violence people like chop or a. name came out in the trial as another leader of the single lower cartel they can or they could in the past sort of issue an order and say stop the violence and it would seize it would lead up what you have now is is just absolutely no order lots
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of infighting and the more infighting there is the more violent it gets not the less that's just the reality that we know now but meantime i mean we mentioned this in our introduction of this story the fact that the current president the incoming president he's declared the drug war over in the country and just like to briefly get your take on that he's focusing more on corruption what do you think of this approach. i think his declaration is probably going to turn out to be hyperbole there's no way they're declaring the drug war over there plenty of things they've been fighting addiction for instance for years since two thousand and six at least when president calderon thought that was a priority they will still have to deal with the violence increasingly violent cartels like the new generation the new generation cartel so you've heard this declared over but what he's trying to do is readjust the strategy so that you don't just go for toppling the the heads you go for the money you go for the corruption
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it's a smart strategy at that end of the day as long as they continue to pursue it and continue with all the resources they have that includes u.s. assistance so we have treasury department officials who work on these on the money side of things that's necessary and it's a great tactic welcome be author of the last narco inside the hunt for el chapo the world's most wanted drug lord thank you. announced the berlin international film festival which is underway just across town and our correspondents you see them popping up there scott roxboro there on the red carpet they're standing by to tell us first of all about a little bit of controversy because we have this chinese film one second it's been withdrawn from its world premiere in fact and from the competition what happened. yeah we were all extremely surprised yesterday when we saw that this film had been
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suddenly canceled the press screening had been canceled and just it was completely gone this is particularly surprising because this director johnny moo is very beloved at the barely not only not only a barely know of it in his home country lots of people have been looking forward to this movie and as far as we knew it was ready to go up until a day or two ago when suddenly the production just went black yeah i mean i mean he's almost the anointed one in the chinese film industry he was allowed by the beijing government to direct the two thousand and eight beijing olympics the opening ceremonies so golden child in some ways and in china and everyone's really excited about this film and talking to contacts that i have in the chinese film industry they told me it's looks like a clear case of censorship not just because what my was saying the timing of this film being pulled but also because of the subject matter of the film because the film is about the cultural revolution which is usually
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a complete non go area for chinese filmmakers a lot of people are surprised the jungle even had the chance to make a film like this but that still is speculation as to the actual reasons for the still being withdrawn we were able to talk to peter costello the head of the bed and all the film festival and we asked him point blank why this film was pulled from competition here's what he had to say. i don't know about c s i just know he said it was not pretty because if you take the response. ok and give that sort of little shrug at the end there you know you mentioned that tongue is is a bit of a golden child in china how about his significance for the berlin film festival. well he was actually the first ever chinese director to win a golden bear back in one thousand nine hundred eighty eight and since then he's had several films come here premier here do very well films like hero house applying daggers he's a face here he's a known entity of people love seeing his films and so it's just
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a shock suddenly that not only is he not here but he's been prevented really from coming and to see the significance of this i mean trying to move as really walked the law and being able to make films in china with the approval of the government but still being highly respected outside as a pioneer of cinema he's been able to keep that balance for so long so if this is true that this film has been pulled because of censorship that really bodes ill not just for john you know but also really for the future of i would even say cinematic cultural freedom in china right even as promised us two points of controversy just very briefly before we go we we had another film in the competition elisa and marcella tell us what happened there. well that film premiered just a few hours ago right behind us and there were actually demonstrators that crashed the red carpet they were holding signs that said kino should not streaming festival which in german means theater not
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a streaming festival which has to do with who gave the money to produce this right all right this film is a black and white movie spanish movie about the first couple of you know couple to marry you legally in spain true story but the controversy is not about the subject matter it's about the fact that netflix paid for this movie and there's a huge protest against that from the other owners here in germany that say that that flicks is just ripping off the festival and it should be banned and so that's a controversy that was here tonight and it's going to be continuing throughout the festival and i'm sure for the rest of the year ok fascinating stuff guys thank you so much scott roxboro as always we appreciate it. on the days now don but as always the conversation continues online you can follow us on facebook twitter instagram all the social media sites i'm sorry kelly and our land thanks for watching.
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the. dangerous journey across the english john. king seems to us you can think you know all i call guy calls. the seat. come on is from iraq he's made it as far as a let down wants to get to the u.k. before raising. fees are already tried want to book sale. next on t.w. .
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once upon a time there was a young girl. with a burning ambition. to become a conductor. i was a very curious child and very excited and you know food music and i would go to concerts with my parents and i always. yearned for being on stage for physicians and being part of that magic it was difficult trying to grow so she was told to become contactor but this girl. and obsessive. wanted to. really become a world famous conductor brimming over with virtuous city and league
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among the. elite minus the. start feb eighteenth t.w. . gave live. hello and a warm welcome to focus on europe with me lara babel lola we've heard a lot about people leaving britain ahead of bragg's it but there are others willing to risk their lives to get to the u.k. before its scheduled departure from.


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