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tv   The Day - News in Review  Deutsche Welle  February 14, 2019 1:02am-1:31am CET

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collapse as the regional independence movement in catalonia plays out on the national stage political uncertainty ahead as prime minister pedro sanchez weighs snap elections i'm sorry kelly in berlin this is the day. you can say we were naive to where you are going to read about the socialists over the past months and exchange for nothing from you without your course today in the congress we have enough the censure of a decision that is the point of no return in the legislature for more examples the end of the road of pet drugs and she is the head of a government for a good up if you will be able to fit into hope as i said many times even before the vote but if the budget doesn't pass the legislation or would be cut short. it could boil down to to not be so he needs to organize another election. the question is
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when. and also coming up we take you to the berlin film festival where as you can see my colleague slash fater and scott roxboro are on the red carpet. yes we're live here at the red carpet at the valladolid and it wouldn't be able earn international film festival without a little controversy and we've got not one but two controversies coming right up for you stay tuned we look forward to it. but first we begin the day in spain which faces snap elections after the prime minister petro sanchez failed to win parliamentary backing for his budget plan sanchez needed the support of seventeen catalan lawmakers to push the legislation through but they withdrew their backing and protest after the leaders of the cattle and secessionist movement were put on trial for rebellion for not being able to hold. a legal independence referendum so the cattle land crisis this time dragging
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the national government down with it heralding a possible shift in spanish politics sanchez is the head of the minority government opinion polls say that a new election which has yet to be announced will result in the right wing majority for the conservative center right and far right parties that would herald a harder line on catalonia now sanchez accuse the right wing of wanting one thing that catalonia be at war with itself and that spain be at war with itself. of the war now we're joined by joaquin he is a professor of constitutional law at the university of seville welcome to the program and thank you for joining us just walk us through why was sanchez not able to get the catalans agreement on passing this budget. mostly because he wasn't about even to sound like
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a well to start it was taken with a couple on the politicians they got most around here in spain has become very to do now that it's right on for the colony. then who will become the pendant it's it's out of this edition it's very hot so whenever the president trying to strike the street down we've got a long arm of the car park even in the president's political party trying to ask what do they want exchange of voting for this but if he was a he received pressure from he's right wing of his own party asking him to bump it down we come along and so you do go sit down if you don't negotiate it's impossible to get this or so there were enough and well to start talking about. but i mean there's criticism not only on the side of sanchez there's also criticism of the catalogue of the fact we were seeing some criticism from within because the mayor of barcelona today accusing the kathlyn separatists of being irresponsible and
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opening the door to a new right and extreme right government is that fair. yeah that's that's maybe for like a you know both sides. right so i know they say this but it doesn't even try to seek out in the same table with the same parties i have the same thought the part of the setting if we sit down in the very well the other thing we want an independent they both went to a really extreme point of fact just last summer holiday with russ when to sit down with him to get something to look up a long report but ultimately he cannot get the president he can get from our office as he can get more further out say by god don't you think the plan that so is true that there's a product he's also there were blocking too much then the diode gets out i would have an extreme but i would not be so sure that they're right we will win it's not so clear when will the benefit of these new columns part of extremes you know you
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think that sanchez that that he needs to sit down with the catalans but i mean ultimately let's just look at his situation right now i mean he's in the minority government he's under intense pressure does he really have that burden to maneuver . if you have some room because you're already got to extend this fight must go to go see it through get out of the crowd or do this on prime minister hinted that to me that part of the one support for everybody it is pretty close but the company of much of the company if you want people before on what you are in government you never did you could. not think you'd become a truce but the olympics so you have some room for the fact that they are the next just in the next year if he does not is because we're going to come up with a sure that now the french will start with guns but the results so it's more clear because the political battle to get from the small. and now we have the possibility
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of snap elections in the country joaquin audience a factor of constitutional law at the university of seville thank you so much for your insight. the number of anti-semitic crimes committed in germany has risen by almost ten percent over the past year the highest level in a decade figures released today are causing alarm in the jewish community violent attacks are up by more than sixty percent this has prompted germany's central council of jews to call for a stronger action from police and politicians the signboards of a jewish restaurant smashed a pig head marked with a star of david dumped by a door swastikas and stars of david on a wall this was the aftermath of an anti semitic attack in the eastern german city of came nitz in august twenty eighth. it was just one of more than sixteen hundred
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anti semitic crimes committed in germany last year that's an increase of ten percent on twenty seventeen particularly worrying the number of violent incidents like this one in berlin has increased by two thirds if. i am concerned but not really surprised it fits with what i hear from jewish organizations and representatives when i talk to them that. it should give us the impetus to take preventative action and to make sure that anti semitism does not arise in the first place a guy that. doesn't admit his was. much of this hatred comes from far right supporters but experts say some of it derives from opposition to israel including from migrants from the muslim world and germany is not alone anti semitic incidents are becoming more common in other countries too france this week reported a rise of more than seventy percent in twenty eighteen compared with the previous
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year. unfortunately anti-semitism is on the advance everywhere in europe we need to find european solution is i support the idea of making the fight against anti-semitism a priority for the germany your presidency next year says yeah. another part of the picture in germany is that the jewish community is growing and demonstrations of solidarity with them by known jews are common while most germans recognize that from the holocaust comes a special responsibility to protect jews recently still a minority ready to turn violent aggression against them. in venezuela the government and opposition are facing off over the delivery of u.s. aid tuesday saw massive demonstrations across the country with protesters demanding that aid be allowed in and in neighboring colombia venezuelan migrants took to the streets on the border city of cooking where the aid supplies have been stored their
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anger aimed at the venezuelan president nicolas maduro has just scribing the american aid as a ploy to allow a u.s. invasion and has blocked its entry into venezuela. and the german president. has just wrapped up a visit to colombia where hundreds of thousands of venezuelans have. arrived in bogota only a few weeks ago but already she's out on the streets from morning to evening selling sweets she's desperate to earn a little cash so she can feed her baby boy. i left them as well because i couldn't buy anything that no food no diaper. schooling story is typical for the many venezuelans who have fled hardship at home and who live a hand to mouth existence in colombia. there are no migrant camps to shelter them off and the only help they receive comes from the generosity of the locals. the
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government can afford to offer only limited aid with so many colombians living in poverty themselves. the german president's visit comes at a critical time colombians have shown compassion responding to the mass migration into their country. but they're worried the political crisis across the border will escalate into civil war. further swelling the number of new arrivals. frank walter steinmeier is keen to prevent that. is missing mid to long view good for. we have to find ways and means to avoid the bloodshed that many fear could ensue in venezuela as a. field things so that's why i hope that there will soon be a presidential election. in the presidential election which will give quite doth a legitimacy that he himself sees as necessary. dia's that is fair
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fatherhood steinmeyer and colombia's president even to k. i agree that aid needs to get into venezuela as quickly as possible nope it meet the to not let humanitarian aid into the country is a crime against humanity. he said. it has to happen fast. that the international community could not accept the current situation. the world can't stand by and do nothing aid is prevented from entering your money to. do you can believe everything must be done to get aid into venezuela he did not say if that should include military intervention. and for the venezuelan president nicolas maduro refusing to allow humanitarian aid into the country social media has become a lifeline to help people meet their basic needs for more let's bring in very own for the make a budget who has been following this side of the story so i mean how are they using
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social media to get through this crisis. they are using these platforms to really try and seek help and often to see the basics like food clothes like medicines things that have either become impossible to find or an affordable because of the hyperinflation and we are really seeing a lot of these calls for help on twitter on what's up also this is one of them it's an example twenty four year old mother she has four children she has money or east she only went thirty six kilos and she's been taking care of by and then geo but the ngo itself here is asking for donations because they don't have the resources to really care for this woman and her family and just to make to put things into perspective a survey last year found that between twenty seventeen and twenty eighteen then israel and lost more than ten kilos in weight on average so the situation because of a lack of food because they couldn't afford it so the situation really is dire and
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it's not only food i mean it's also medication it's not that also other things as well so how you know how is that side of the story absolutely i mean this is another huge set of the crisis is that the health care system is collapsing because there is a lot. medication the pharmacies are running out of stocks and also people are turning to social media to try and find the medicines and there's even a. public service and we're seeing for example this young man who has diabetes there's a massive shortage of insulin in venezuela at the moment and so he had to turn to twitter to try and hope hope hoping that some maybe someone would have insulin to donate and the thing is messages they get this they are getting drowned out in the sea of tweets from many desperate venezuelans but if you're lucky your message might be picked up by someone like row who was a pharmacist in caracas and he's really using his pharmacist twitter account to
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connect people who are looking for a certain medicine with people who might have some of that medicine in stock here he this pharmacist writes we are delivering patches of nitroglycerin for a seventy nine year old patient and i and supplements for another patient so it's not just pharmacies they're running out of stocks it's also the hospitals and we're seeing that many hospitals are no longer able to care for your patients they're asking patients to bring their own bandages for example or there are people waiting for surgeries who cannot be treated and they are also turning then to social media to try and get help and this really has become this network has become really important like a matter of life and death for many people and a desperate situation for so many and we can see that they're trying to use whatever resources they can get their hands on for the rico budget deal walking us through what's happening online right now thank you thank you. from the world's most powerful drug lord to prisoner el chapo once the most wanted
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man in mexico is now facing life behind bars in the united states the reaction to that decision has reportedly been united though in mexico where the new president is focusing more on tackling corruption and less on toppling king pins like. in fact he has declared mexico's drug war over in just a moment we will get reaction from an expert who has been on the front lines of the battle against mexico's cartels but first a look at the spectacular fall from power of joaquin guzman the man they call el chapo guzman will likely be housed at this supermax prison in florence colorado it's known as the alcatraz of the rockies where florida is a confident man won't find it as a mean able to escape as the two prisons he sensationally broken out of in his native mexico. those escapes including one down a tunnel dug from underneath his prison cell toilet and
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a subsequent rolling stone interview with actor sean penn have contributed to this month's almost mythical status. there was a hollywood element to guzman's recapture by mexican authorities as they stormed his hideout in twenty sixteen. they said later that a meeting with pan had been instrumental in leading them to him. but for some who live in his mexican home region of sin a lower it's not the fame they will miss but the money. we know that close to here and but you helped a lot of people to build roads schools churches and well they'll suffer because that support will end because the government doesn't give the support that is needed. help the sick and also supported. the you know. but this month's charity can't make up for the charges laid against him
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conspiracy to commit murder money laundering and the use of violence against enemies of his powerful cinna lower drug cartel. chapal is said to be sentenced in june and will likely spend the rest of his life in jail his attorney says he will appeal against the conviction. let's get more now we're joined by malcolm b. if he is the author of the last narco inside the hunt for el chapo the world's most wanted drug lord has been tracking the drug cartel for more than a decade thank you so much for joining us and i'd just like to begin by asking you because you know we saw in that piece there that el chapo really has this almost mythological status seen as sort of a robin hood why is that. first of all thanks for having me in terms of the robin hood factor you know when i moved to mexico in two thousand and seven so we're talking twelve years ago and started looking at. one of the reasons i started looking at and i had not planned to cover the drug war but i
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started people everyone from the mexican attorney general's office to local media and foreign media had basically pronounced chop zero. dead you know sort of he's finished i think the quote from the attorney general was he's a washed up football star and i started looking into his past and how he had cultivated this this mythology this robin-hood benefactor of the poor in the you know in a part of the country where the government does very little in the military is often frowned upon you know he did cultivate this image not unlike other drug lords but what also helped was going to really his success. as a drug lord this was you know people were not naive there was money coming in as soon as the violence started accompanying his trade i would say that's around two thousand and nine and that was when one a lot of his cohorts started being caught the myths started crumbling and right
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u.s. and mexican law enforcement have not got enough credit for basically puncturing that myth and i want to i want to talk a little more about that violence because i mean in mexico we have seen that violence soar even though these these top drug bosses like they have been captured so it doesn't seem as if it's about the king does it. know it's not about the kingpin what the kingpin can do in an organization where you know you have clear kingpins let's say it's never going to be one person but where it's run more like a multinational organization violent one but you can have leaders who basically quell the violence people like chop or a. name came out in the trial as another leader of the single or cartel they can or they could in the past sort of issue an order and say stop the violence and it would seize it would lead up what you have now is is just absolutely no order lots
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of infighting and the more infighting there is the more violent it gets not the less that's just the reality that we know now but meantime i mean we mentioned this in our introduction of the story and the fact that the current president the incoming president he's declared the drug war over in the country and just like to briefly get your take on that he's focusing more on corruption what do you think of this approach. i think his declaration is probably going to turn out to be hyperbole there's no way they're declaring the drug war over there plenty of things they've been fighting addiction for instance for years since two thousand and six at least when president calderon thought that was a priority they will still have to deal with the violence increasingly violent cartels like the new generation the new generation cartel so you've heard just declared over but what he's trying to do is readjust the strategy so that you don't just go for toppling the heads you go for the money you go for the corruption it's
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a smart strategy at that and to the day as long as they continue to pursue it and continue with all the resources they have that includes u.s. assistance we have treasury department officials who work on these on the money side of things that's necessary and it's a great talk to now can be author of the last narco inside the hunt for el chapo the world's most wanted drug lord thank you. announced the berlin international film festival which is underway just across town and our correspondents you see them popping up there scott roxboro there on the red carpet they're standing by to tell us first of all about a little bit of controversy because we have this chinese film one second it's been withdrawn from its world premiere in fact and from the competition what happened. yeah we were all extremely surprised yesterday when i saw that this film had been
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suddenly canceled the press screening had been canceled and just it was completely gone this is particularly surprising because this director johnny move is very beloved at the barely knowledge that only a barely know of it in his home country lots of people have been looking forward to this movie and as far as we knew it was ready to go up until a day or two ago when suddenly the production just went black yeah i mean i mean he's almost the anointed one in the chinese film industry he was allowed by the beijing government to direct the two thousand and eight beijing olympics the opening ceremonies so golden child in some ways and in china and everyone's really excited about this film and talking to contacts that i have in the chinese film industry they told me it's looks like a clear case of censorship not just because what my was saying the timing of this film being pulled but also because of the subject matter of the film because the film is about the cultural revolution which is usually
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a complete non go area for chinese filmmakers a lot of people are surprised that john you even have the chance to make a film like this but that still is speculation as to the actual reasons for the still being withdrawn we were able to talk to peter costello the head of the bed and all the film festival and we asked him point blank why this film is pulled from competition here's what he had to say. i don't know about suicide i just know he said he was looking ready because of taking the response. and thinking that sort of low shrug there you know you mentioned the tongue is is a bit of a golden child in china how about his significance for the berlin film festival. well he was actually the first ever chinese director to win a golden bear back in one thousand nine hundred eighty eight and since then he's had several films come here premier here do very well films like hero house of flying daggers he's a face here he's a known entity of people love seeing his films and so it's just
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a shock suddenly that not only is he not here but he's been prevented really from coming yeah and to see the significance of this i mean trying to move as really walked the law in being able to make films in china with the approval of the government but still being highly respected outside as a pioneer of cinema he's been able to keep that balance for so long so if this is true that this film has been pulled because of censorship that really bodes ill not just for the jungle but also really for the future of i would even say cinematic cultural freedom in china right even as promised us two points of controversy just very briefly before we go we we had another film in the competition alisa and marcella tell us what happened there. well that film premiered just a few hours ago right behind us and there were actually demonstrators that crashed the red carpet they were holding signs that said keano should not streaming festival which in german means theater not
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a streaming festival which has to do with who gave the money to produce this right all right this film is a black and white movie spanish movie about the first. female couple to marry legally in spain true story but the controversy is not about the subject matter it's about the fact that netflix paid for this movie and there's a huge protest against that from the other owners here in germany that say that that flicks is just ripping off the festival and should be banned and so that's a controversy that was here tonight and it's going to be continuing throughout the festival and i'm sure the rest of the year ok fascinating stuff guys thank you so much my fader scott ross perot as always appreciate it. on the days. don but as always the conversation continues online you can follow us on facebook twitter instagram all social media sites i'm sorry kelly and our land thanks for watching.
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