tv The Day - News in Review Deutsche Welle February 14, 2019 5:02am-5:30am CET
lapp says the regional independence movement in catalonia plays out on the national stage political uncertainty ahead as prime minister pedro sanchez weighs snap elections i'm sorry kelly in berlin this is the day. i don't even say we were naive. here's what we've got to socialists over the past months in exchange for nothing from you another. day in the congress we have been at the center of a decision that is a point of no return in the legislature no more exactly the end of the road of pedrosa and she is the head of a government for a good up if you will be able to fit into hope that many times even before the vote if the budget doesn't pass the legislation would be cut short. if people don't have to not be so he needs to organize another election. the question is when.
and also coming up we'll take you to the berlin film festival where as you can see my colleague slash fater and scott roxboro are on the red carpet. yes we're live here at the red carpet at the bell and allah and it wouldn't be able earn international film festival without a little controversy and we've got not one but two controversies coming right up for you stated and we look forward to it. but first we begin the day in spain which faces snap elections after the prime minister petro sanchez failed to win parliamentary backing for his budget plan sanchez needed the support of seventeen cattle and lawmakers to push the legislation through but they withdrew their backing in protest after the leaders of the capital and secessionist movement were put on trial for rebellion for not being able to hold. legal independence referendum so the cattle land crisis this time
dragging the national government down with it heralding a possible shift in spanish politics sanchez is the head of the minority government opinion polls say that a new election which has yet to be announced will result in a right wing majority for the conservative center right and far right parties that would herald a harder line on catalonia now sanchez accused the right wing of wanting one thing that catalonia be at war with itself and that spain be at war with itself. of the war now we're joined by joaquin odious he is a professor of constitutional law at the university of seville welcome to the program and thank you for joining us just walk us through why was sanchez not able to get the catalans agreement on passing this budget. mostly because he wasn't about even to found ok well i'm too fat it was taken with
a couple long and politicians the political atmosphere here in spain has become very to do now that it's i don't for a couple of. attempts all become dependent it's sort of this issue is very so whenever the president trying to strike to sit down we've got a long arm of the cup are even in the president's political party trying to ask what do they want exchange of voting for this but that he was a he received pressure from he's right wing of his own party asking you to bump it down weak arguments so if you go sit down if you don't negotiate it's impossible to get this hour or so there were enough and will to start talking about. but i mean there is criticism not only on the side of sanchez there's also criticism of the catalonians in fact we were seeing some criticism from within because the mayor of barcelona today accusing the kathlyn separatists of being irresponsible and opening
the door to a new right and extreme right government in that fair. yeah that's that's maybe for like a you know both sides. right so i know they say this but it doesn't even try to speak out in the same table with the same parties i have the same thought the part of the setting is we sit down in the very well the only thing we want an independent they both went to a really extreme the point of fact is last song holiday with rush when to sit down with him to get something to the couple longer people but ultimately he cannot give the president he can get from our office as he can get more for the right thing by getting the president so it's true that there's a part of the also there were blocking too much then the diode gets up i would have an action but i would not be so sure that they're right we will win it's not so clear that we will by next week of these new columns part of extremes you know
you've said that sanchez that that he needs to sit down with the cattle and but i mean ultimately let's just look at his situation right now i mean he's in the minority government he's under intense pressure does he really have that for him to maneuver. it helps our image because we're really got to expand this fight must go to go see it through get out of the crowd or to the sponsor prime minister hinted that to me that part of the wants all pork for everybody it's pretty close but the company of much of the company if you want people before on what you are in government you never did you could. not think you'd become my troops but i'm convinced soaking up some room for deciding that they are the next just in the next year if he does not is because we're going to come up with a sure that now the french will start to come but the results so it's more quickly because the pollution but i'm going to get from the small. and now we have the
possibility of snap elections in the country joaquin audience professor of constitutional law at the university of seville thank you so much for your insight . the number of crimes committed in germany has risen by almost ten percent over the past year the highest level in a decade figures released today are causing alarm in the jewish community violent attacks are up by more than sixty percent this has prompted germany's central council of jews to call for a stronger action from police and politicians the signboards of a jewish restaurant smashed a pig head marked with a star of david dumped by a door swastikas and stars of david on a wall this was the aftermath of an anti semitic attack in the eastern german city of chemists in august twenty eighth. it was just one of more than sixteen hundred
anti semitic crimes committed in germany last year that's an increase of ten percent on twenty seventeen particularly worrying the number of violent incidents like this one in berlin has increased by two thirds. i am concerned but not really surprised it fits with what i hear from jewish organizations and representatives when i talk to them that. it should give us the impetus to take preventative action and to make sure that anti semitism does not arise in the first place. that much of this hatred comes from far right supporters but experts say some of it derives from opposition to israel including from migrants from the muslim world and germany is not alone anti semitic incidents are becoming more common in other countries too france this week reported a rise of more than seventy percent in twenty eighteen compared with the previous
year. unfortunately anti-semitism is on the advance everywhere in europe we need to find european solution is i support the idea of making the fight against anti-semitism a priority for the germany your presidency next year says yeah. another part of the picture in germany is that the jewish community is growing and demonstrations of solidarity with them by known jews are common while most germans recognize that from the holocaust comes a special responsibility to protect jews. still a minority ready to turn violent aggression against them. in venezuela the government and opposition are facing off over the delivery of u.s. aid tuesday massive demonstrations across the country with protesters demanding that aid be allowed in and in neighboring colombia venezuela in my gran's took to the streets on the border city of coca to where the supplies have been stored their
anger aimed at the venezuelan president nicolas maduro he's describing the american aid as a ploy to allow a u.s. invasion and has blocked its entry into venezuela. and the german president from fatah steinmeier has just wrapped up a visit to colombia where hundreds of thousands of venezuelans have. escalated by a show arrived in bogota only a few weeks ago but already she's out on the streets from morning to evening selling sweets she's desperate to earn a little cash so she can feed her baby boy. when. i left because i couldn't buy anything that no food no diaper. story is typical for the many venezuelans who have fled hardship at home and who live a hand to mouth existence in colombia. there are no migrant camps to shelter them off and the only help they receive comes from the generosity of the locals. the
government can afford to offer only limited aid with so many colombians living in poverty themselves. the german president's visit comes at a critical time and colombians have shown compassion responding to the mass migration into their country. but they're worried the political crisis across the border will escalate into civil war. further swelling the number of new arrivals. frank walter steinmeier is keen to prevent that. is missing and that the long view could go for. we have to find ways and means to avoid the bloodshed that many fear could ensue in venezuela as a. children's so that's why i hope that there will soon be a presidential election it's. on the presidential election which will give quite doth a legitimacy that he himself sees as necessary. for the vision
steinmeyer and colombia's president even to k. i agree that aid needs to get into venezuela as quickly as possible nope it meet the to not let humanitarian aid into the country is a crime against humanity. he said. it has to happen fast. that the international community cannot accept the current situation. the world can't stand by and do nothing is prevented from entering. that. you can believe everything must be done to get aid into venezuela he did not say if that should include military intervention. and for the venezuelan president nicolas maduro refusing to allow humanitarian aid into the country social media has become a lifeline to help people meet their basic needs for more let's bring in a very unforgiving who has been following this side of the story so i mean how are
they using social media to get through this crisis sara they are using these platforms to really try and seek help and often to seek the basics like food clothes like medicine things that have either become impossible to find or an affordable because of the hyperinflation and we are really seeing a lot of these calls for help on twitter on what's up also this is one of them it's an example twenty four year old mother she has four children she is money or east she only waits thirty six kilos and she's been taking care of by and then geo but the ngo itself here is asking for donations because they don't have the resources to really care for this woman and her family and just to make to put things into perspective a survey last year found that between twenty seven thousand and twenty eighteen venezuelans lost more than ten kilos in weight on average so the situation because of a lack of food because they couldn't afford it so the situation really is dire and
it's not only food i mean it's also medications of that also other things as well so how you know how is that side of the story absolutely i mean this is another huge set of the crisis is that the health care system is collapsing because there is a lot. medication the pharmacies are running out of stocks and also people are turning to social media to try and find the medicines and there's even a. public service and we are seeing for example this young man who has diabetes there's a massive shortage of insulin in venezuela at the moment and so he had to turn to twitter to try and hope hope hoping that some maybe someone would have insulin to donate and the thing is messages like this they are getting drowned out in the sea of tweets from many this bird venezuelans but if you're lucky your message might be picked up by someone like the admiral who was a pharmacist in caracas and he's really using his pharmacist twitter account to
connect people who are looking for a certain medicine with people who might have some of that medicine in stock here he pharmacist writes we are delivering patches of nitroglycerin for a seventy nine year old patient and i and supplements for another patient so it's not just pharmacies they're running out of stocks it's also the hospitals and we're seeing that many hospitals are no longer able to care for your patients they're asking patients to bring their own bandages for example or there are people waiting has become really important like a matter of life and death for many people and a desperate situation for so many and we can see that they're trying to use whatever resources they can get their hands on for the record budget you know walking us through what's happening online right now thank you thank you. from the world's most powerful drug lord to prisoner el chapo once the most wanted man in mexico is now facing life behind bars in the united states the reaction to that decision has reportedly the new added though in mexico where the new president
is focusing more on tackling corruption and less on toppling kingpins like. in fact he has declared mexico's drug war over in just a moment we will get reaction from an expert who has been on the front lines of the battle against mexico's cartels but first a look at the spectacular fall from power of joaquin guzman the man they call el chapo guzman will likely be housed at this supermax prison in florence colorado it's known as the alcatraz of the rockies where florida is a confident man won't find it as a meaningful to escape as the two prisons he sensationally broke out of in his native mexico. those escapes including one down a tunnel dug from underneath his prison cell toilet and a subsequent rolling stone interview with actor sean penn have contributed to this month's almost mythical status. there was
a hollywood element to guzman's recapture by mexican authorities as they stormed his hideout in twenty sixteen. they said later that a meeting with pan had been instrumental in leading them to him. but for some who live in his mexican home region of sin aloa it's not the fame they will miss but the money. we know they're close to here in but you helped a lot of people to build roads schools churches and well they'll suffer because that support will end because the government doesn't give the support that is needed. help the sick and also supported. you know. but those months charity can't make up for the charges laid against him conspiracy to commit murder money laundering and the use of violence against enemies of his powerful signal lower drug cartel. chapal is said to be sentenced in
june and will likely spend the rest of his life in jail his attorney says he will appeal against the conviction. of the war now we are joined by malcolm to be if he is the author of the last narco inside the hunt for el chapo the world's most wanted drug lord has been tracking the drug cartel for more than a decade thank you so much for joining us and i'd just like to begin by asking you because you know we saw in that piece there that el chapo really has this almost mythological status in this sort of a robin hood why is that. first of all thanks for having me in terms of the robin hood factor you know when i moved to mexico in two thousand and seven so we're talking twelve years ago and started looking at. one of the reasons i started looking at it i had not planned to cover the drug war but i started people everyone from the mexican attorney general's office to local media and foreign media had basically pronounced chop zero. dead you know sort of he's
finished i think the quote from the attorney general was he's a washed up football star and i started looking into his past and how he had cultivated this this mythology this robin-hood benefactor of the pour in of you know in a part of the country where the government does very little in the military is often frowned upon you know he did cultivate this image not unlike other drug lords but what also helped was going to really his success. as a drug lord this was you know people were not naive there was money coming in as soon as the violence started accompanying his trade i would say that's around two thousand and nine and that was when one of a lot of his cohorts started being caught the myths started crumbling and right u.s. and mexican law enforcement have not got enough credit for basically puncturing that myth and i want to i want to talk a little more about that violence because i mean in mexico we have seen that
violence soar even though these these top drug bosses like they have been captured so it doesn't seem as if it's about the king does it. no it's not about the king pin what the king pin can do in an organization where you know you have clear kingpins let's say it's never going to be one person but where it's run more like a multinational organization. one but you can have leaders who basically quell the violence people like chop or a. name came out in the trial as another leader of the single lower cartel they can or they could in the past sort of issue an order and say stop the violence and it would seize it would lead up what you have now is is just absolutely no order lots of infighting and the more infighting there is the more violent it gets not the less that's just the reality that we know now but meantime i mean we mentioned this
in our introduction of this story the fact that the current president the incoming president he's declared the drug war over in the country and just like to briefly get your take on that he's focusing more on corruption what do you think of this approach. i think his declaration is probably going to turn out to be hyperbole there's no way they're declaring the drug war over there plenty of things they've been fighting addiction for instance for years since two thousand and six at least when president calderon thought that was a priority they will still have to deal with the violence increasingly violent cartels like the new generation the new generation cartel so you've heard this declared over but what he's trying to do is readjust the strategy so that you don't just go for toppling the the heads you go for the money you go for the corruption it's a smart strategy at that and to the day as long as they continue to pursue it and continue with all the resources they have that includes u.s.
assistance we have treasury department officials who work on these on the money side of things that's necessary and it's a great tactic. author of the last narco inside the hunt for el chapo the world's most wanted drug lord thank you. announcing the berlin international film festival which is underway just across town and our correspondents you see them popping up there scott roxboro there on the red carpet they're standing by to tell us first of all about a little bit of controversy because as we have this chinese film one second it's been withdrawn from its world premiere in fact and from the competition what happened. yeah we were all extremely surprised yesterday when we saw that this film had been suddenly canceled the press screening had been canceled and just it was completely gone this is particularly surprising because this director johnny move
is very beloved fairly not only not only in berlin out of it in his home country lots of people have been looking forward to this movie and as far as we knew it was ready to go up until a day or two ago when suddenly the production just went black yeah i mean i mean he's almost the anointed one in the chinese told industry he was allowed by the beijing government to direct the two thousand and eight beijing olympics the opening ceremonies so golden child in some ways and in china and it was really excited about this film and talking to contacts that i have in the chinese film industry they told me it's looks like a clear case of censorship not just because what my was saying the timing of this film being pulled but also because of the subject matter of the film because the film is about the cultural revolution which is usually a complete non go area for chinese filmmakers a lot of people are surprised the jungle even had the chance to make a film like this but that still is speculation as to the actual reasons for the
still being withdrawn we were able to talk to her cause look the head of the bell and all the film festival and we asked him point blank why this film is pulled from competition here's what he had to say. i don't know about c s i just know he said he was looking ready because i'll take the response. ok and give that sort of low shrug their you know you mentioned the tongue is is a bit of a golden child in china how about his significance for the berlin film festival. well he was actually the first ever chinese director to win a golden bear back in one thousand nine hundred eighty eight and since then he's had several films come here premier here do very well films like hero house of flying daggers he's a face here he's a known entity of people love seeing his films and so it's just a shock suddenly that not only is he not here but he's been prevented really from coming yeah and to see the significance of this i mean trying to move as really was
the law in being able to make films in china with the approval of the government but still being highly respected outside as a pioneer of cinema he's been able to keep that balance for so long so if this is true that this film has been pulled because of censorship that really bodes ill not just for john but also really for the future i would even say cinematic cultural freedom in china right events promised us two points of controversy just very briefly before we go we we had another film in the competition elisa and marcella tell us what happened there. well that film premiered just a few hours ago right behind us and there were actually demonstrators that crashed the red carpet they were holding signs that said kino should not streaming festival which in german means theatre not a streaming festival which has to do with who gave the money to produce this right all right this film is a black and white movie spanish movie about the first couple of female couple to
marry legally in spain true story but the controversy is not about the subject matter it's about the fact that netflix paid for this movie and there's a huge protest against out from the other owners here in germany that say that that flicks is just ripping off the festival and should be banned and so that's a controversy that was here tonight and it's going to be continuing throughout the festival and i'm sure for the rest of the year ok fascinating stuff guys thank you so much my shader scott roxboro as always we appreciate it. on the days now don but as always the conversation continues online you can follow us on facebook twitter instagram all the social media sites i'm sorry kelly and our land thanks for watching.
a dangerous journey across the english channel. you can't seem to us you can't think you know how i call guy calls the c. comma is from iran he's made it as far as a college man wants to get to the u.k. before a brazen. these are already tried once but the sale. next on g.w. . tronic royalist in developing countries it's an industry and a deadly threat to people and the environment they think other solution to that is
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detectives starts feb fifteenth w. hello and a warm welcome to focus on europe with me lara babylonia we've heard a lot about people leaving britain ahead of bragg's it but there are others willing to risk their lives to get to the u.k. before its scheduled departure from the e.u. at the end of march some are crossing the waters at night on inflatable dinghies.