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tv   Eco Africa  Deutsche Welle  April 7, 2019 6:30pm-7:01pm CEST

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texture and design is timeless and future oriented. sixty minutes. i'm not nothing but. i guess sometimes i am but mostly i'm nothing with the time and i think deep into the german culture. you don't seem to think that it's ground up to you because it's all about who they know i'm right so join me to meet the devil to bungee jump. hello and welcome to a new edition of eco africa my name is but my friends call me z. and i'm coming to you from johannesburg and south africa if you want to find out what a national park into for the people who live in it stay tuned and of course to meet
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my lovely colleague in nigeria hi there z. yes i'm now here in lagos nigeria are you ready for new episodes here's what's coming up on the show. to start something looking up muscle that's combining. with vegetable farming. a woman from south africa who is fighting against food waste. now solar energy changing rival farmers in the mountains of morocco. now rwanda is of the most densely populated countries in africa and that can trigger conflicts over resources when declared to be national parks in many ways and worry about their livelihoods the solution is to involve them more in wildlife protection one example the endangered mountain gorillas in rwanda is volcanoes national park the tourism they generate can benefit the local community as well as
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the environment. that. we value every damn cool is in fact heads tourists around the volcanoes national park it covers a hundred and sixty square meters and it's the oldest consumption. it's home to a range of species including some that are considered to be in danger of extinction such as thing called in monkey. there's not any other place you can find these monkeys apart from southwest of one that we find a different species of monkeys but in of o'connell's only you find. in monkeys so that's why the hobbit went to the monkeys many people. don't know about twenty there. these monkeys are not shy and don't seem to mind being stared at. each group
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of visitors is allowed to spend one hour of surfing down. they leave in the past tense forest and like to eat bum believes and shoots the trouble is people illegally come into the paddock. to make sure the monkeys have attacked and the main source of food. so that's why we have a planted outside a park for the local community we have those a bumper project also not only being being used for one across but also for protection of the sawyer of erosion control in general that was one way to avoid those people who are targeting the trees in the park. one that is a mess to dance you could be hated country in mainland africa and population growth remains high. because. every inch of arable land is now tapped for farming including mountainsides fields and grazing land stretch
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a great up to the age of the pack the mountain forests you know of education zone has already been stripped. the from us to caesar just a few hundred metres from the conservation area. most people who live near the paki use it would be a stroll the authorities have established the protections on around the path in which the residents are allowed to obtain and limited amount of food for the past minimum humans but only from certain species of tree it is also a feedback process whereby residents share with the authorities the needs and wishes. each district all six does all these local people who are near the park the seat and city priorities what they need like water like schools like different . like public clinics so they say their priorities and we give them money in
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order to make sure that today. what they need. ten percent of the money the pac man goes towards community projects last year that amounted to more than six hundred sixty thousand dollars which is a lot of money in one of the many promised an extra money as porters for tourists. this is one of the new religions we have big can meet and meet and the traffic should still try to reach involving local people in caring for the national park appears to be kamal the idea is that if it also benefits them they are more likely to help conserve it it is already the case that you are trees of being taxed down so things are looking up for the golden monkeys as well. chicken
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fish and salad three distinct species all growing and breeding in perfect harmony in a small space that's innovation our young entrepreneur has brought to book in our fossil kevin do on bach. causes you need device pyramid after months of testing on troubles he's finally been able to turn his ideas into a system that works like others out there is doing his bit for the environment. the agri pyramid is a hydroponic device that combines plants production with aquaculture and poultry farming. the circular system was designed by kevin in book enough asos capital walker to call. his prototype is designed for up to six hundred plants two hundred fish and two hundred bags of coke reproduction is
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located on the top level. of the fish meat waste from the birds it falls directly into the tanks at the bottom of the pyramid the water the fish swim and also nourishes plants like tomatoes or lettuce. the device runs on solar energy no chemicals have to be added to the system. the achree pyramid doesn't require large amounts of fresh water since its design limits evaporation dramatically. the system doesn't depend on the climate over quality of the local soil. hydroponic agriculture is one way for us to adapt to the phenomenon of climate change because we can no longer rely on brain because this another problem is that much of the soil in burkina faso is depleted. the ag prepare him it can be easily installed in courtyards because it takes up little space. kevin to amber hopes to
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set up at least two hundred more of the devices in book enough gas so. you know like that. if you're doing your job you tell us about. visit our website or send us a tweet. cash to do your bit we share your story. many farmers in africa still employ cultivation one frequent problem is a how about that awful thing changes in the weather come on the harvest can anything be done about it. that's a good question auntie but if for instance you could drive the grain you've grown directly on the fields sometimes a harvest could be saved that might otherwise be a total loss one company in germany is providing the rights to techniques to do it
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. it's a very simple piece of equipment. and cause. appreciate just how useful it can be for smallville to farm and. there are no grains remaining or the greens and you can also see that we don't have breakage is this is pretty enough to produce it especially for the african market because with cereals are still often fresh the way they were fifty or sixty years ago which means a lot has wasted if you can use this waste to far less really to work for those two and no food enough that comes from a. karl-heinz can all grew up on a farm and has spent much of his working life making machinery for post-harvest processing of crops these days he spends a lot of time in africa being there reminds him of his childhood. probably of my
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own i paid for my first bike with the money i earned on his arms not after working on the fields or got a wonderful meal and would know i've never forgotten it because we were going to follow you and that was not always the case there for a good reason this. godfrey morongo is from zimbabwe he wants to help secure the harvest in his home country and elsewhere in africa with the help of modern technology. mobile dryers like this one can prevent cereal crops from spoiling. morongo is setting up a network of technicians able to service the equipment across africa. he's a technology if you see asked himself and that helps. i've done this project to where. is the service going strong terms and you know we came here so we had our drawings and our parts and we were put together within three weeks. also
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makes a smoother try it can be used directly in the field to prepare a crop for storage a farmer could buy one or a service provider could go from farm to farm with it. and just keep trying if you don't prepare and drive the grain properly it goes moldy and eating food that's only unspoiled makes you sick of the. many other illnesses of the concord. it's estimated that up to twenty percent of cereals and forty percent of fruits and vegetables in sub-saharan africa including here in a lost spoilage smallholders rarely have the technical means to drive a crow they leave their nays to dry slowly in the fields as it does so it's a sceptical to pest some fungus what's more the fields are occupied and the next sowing the seeds us to wait canopus only sold a few dry is in africa so far but wants to sell more equipment can also be bought
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as a kit with detailed assembly instructions provided components to screw together no soldiering is required which makes it much easier if need be serviced technicians are available to help. fight the customer can put the machine together with his own staff or in the process they all learn how it works so it's useful training to hear . each try it comes with key spare parts to reduce the likelihood that if it breaks it remains out of service for. length of time waiting for replacement components means costly downtime misting time it's a race so that's raised to be one meaning you should have become a big company since these guys become punts karl-heinz business started small and has grown and grown he says many farmers could aim to do the same.
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you know in school facilities in germany and eastern europe. he hopes to in the next one in africa. hopefully that initiative will be helpful for african farmers to make the most of what they grow but in other parts of the world farmers have the opposite problem they produce more than they can sell or eat estimates say a third of all food worldwide ends up being dumped on the list of food waste as are north america australia and new zealand with europe not far behind generally in sub-saharan africa very little food is wasted but there is one big exception south africa. lol. tatyana from my regular visits to the garbage dumps around keep.
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every year give us a run for the seeds thousands of times wished it comes from restaurants or factory farms. we estimate that a third of food is dumped in south africa every year this has significant ecological impacts because all that food has compounded board and energy and from a climate change perspective in the landfill it emits harmful greenhouse. yes this both me thing and carbon dioxide. producing russia has years looking at ways of reducing food waste here in the western. he works for the regional department of agriculture from bahman it's come to visit one of his projects which he believes could provide a model for the rest of the country. has managed to persuade farmers to donate
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their fuel surplus instead of plowing it back into the ground lizette kloppers farm is the collection point. seven farmers bring their access programs here. as you can see if you should see the quality not thrown away food. export quality that they just deliver. these seeing me anything even if they sit at the mall on the spot to something though that's not good enough they want to deliver the based so yes they want to give up some time several tons of food arrive here in a single day it's a government sponsored vehicles then transported to soup kitchens in nearby town ships like a theme park which is home to twenty thousand people. poverty is right here as our gang violence and drug crime and it's often the children who suffer most. most people in the township live from state benefits the soup kitchens may be
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a lifesaver for some but they're still not the ideal solution long term. handouts are not going to put us on a sustainable chick tree we need to look at the whole system i mean it's not that that leaves us for a change to tip the system into a positive status if i'm looking at issue farming both on a commercial level how better farming practices can be implemented but also for a small hole the farm is so that they are both environmentally and economically sustainable. another example an a.v.m. park shows just. what small farming can do is that a few years ago some of the residents teamed up with the department of agriculture to begin to growing their own food yet the township now has forty five food gardens where members plant fresh vegetables for the good many of those in need can come and collect for free the garden project has been running since twenty fifteen dollars would they instead of getting paid their members get a share of the harvest those capabilities because of that rule mission is thought
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of as a whistle at the thought of a culture to create third gods and i did paul community with a purpose to lead the community back to add food and produce over to the bowls but we should realise that it's will not be enough to address the food security problem and i can talk. major food retailers are now joining the initiative to instead of disposing of food that is past its sell by date the retail chain woolworths donated to charitable organizations that work with the poor. all the food is still within the use by date and to ensure it remains refrigerated at all times woolworths issues it directly from the shops a cold storage room. and this is given me great hope for the future their food will no longer have the absurd situation of wasting a third of all the environmental and time it impacts that go along with that and
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actually work together through the value chain to ensure that all edible feed is eaten and i did eat reaches those who need it most. today the unsold food is going to a homeless shelter in cape town it's a practice that could work for the whole of south africa in a country where twelve million people regularly go hungry at least a part of the surplus food could be put to good use. from the south of the continent we had back up to the north our next report council morocco. when initiative is bringing light to remote villages in the atlas mountains a single bottle in places like that can change the lives of entire families and in this project it's being done in a sustainable way that's right z. they nation service setting up simple solar pa systems but the country wants to set an example in the region and he's also trying to implement solar energy on a wider scale to do it morrocco has build one of the biggest solar power plants
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that uses and the rate of seven thousand five hundred mirrors and the clean energy comes from a steady reliable source the sun would shine at least three thousand dollars a year in morocco. the drive into the atlas mountains take says hours for technician joe would either of the journeys like this one into far flung villages are part of the job and yet they're still something special because the work he does in installing solar panels changes people's lives. because of what he thought wonderful to see how drilled a family is when they get electric a lot of it all this time i think. it's just really nice. the mountain village of todd has no running water no electricity and no telephones mohamed and saeed family can hardly wait for his colleague to arrive and install
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a solar panel on their rooftop. they look on eagerly as the work gets underway. and the summer panel will cost the family a few hundred euros that's a lot of money here it's a pretty quick job the technology is relatively simple but maintenance and the batteries longevity are still problematic the system has to be wired up in a somewhat unorthodox way but nevertheless it works joad connects the module to the battery and it starts charging. it doesn't take long to install our technology is the time consuming part is getting to these villages so if i see. the farmer's entire livelihood lies in these fields suffer on. just one gram of the red spice can earn him up to a euro then saves family has financed their solar powered system with a crop of. solar power is expensive and we don't have
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much money. but we hope this panel will improve our lives. the moment of truth has almost become diluted runs the battery cables into. the house and screws in the light bulb will fall on. it's an exciting moment for the entire family for the first time ever the host has artificial light and. already this is the rate i could never see at night sometimes coltrane just crashed into a couldn't part with so happy no. digital you can't imagine what a great feeling it is to see how people do the work and by imagining. this evening inside the outside the lights are on for the first time for the ben sighted family its injury may come true. the next morning joe wood and his
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colleague make their way home they're heading to the city of was and the south of morocco. it's strategically placed on the edge of the sorrow and is known as the doorway to the desert. this is where joe wood small business is based rocco gets some three thousand hours of sunshine every year twenty eight year old judd has four employees and he says business is booming. and that's partly because morocco is government has been investing in sustainable energy for years and was assad is now home to one of the world's largest solar power plants. or do you know what is out is the world in capital so let energy be because of this new large power plant. nor does it. even from far away you can see the plants main tower that's been names nor which in arabic means like. until
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recently the local relied on imported fuel for almost all of its energy needs now the country is changing that developing projects like this one there is some seven and a half thousand mirrors surrounding the tower and a vast field the mirrors reflect the sunlight focusing it on to the top of the tower which heats up to more than one thousand degrees celcius. the moroccan manager of the project tariq vertical walkers' is meeting with marcos fresh enough from the german development bank k f l but more in germany has lent more than eight hundred million euros to the project the biggest single contributor to morocco couldn't have financed the project alone it's gone up but the new chief was supermodel. was no fossil fuels at the mall did it pass the same time zero energy needs i have a single. that's the reason our government is backing renewables with the prosecutor was in the option of lobbying. in just
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a few years more than forty percent of morocco's electricity will be generated from the sun and wind there are plans to build five large plants like this one meaning the country could soon be a global leader for solar power. from the high tech energy projects back to the mountains a donkey is being loaded up and his team are heading off to the next town. although morocco has expanded its select tricity gretta mentally in recent years some villages are simply too remote to reach them which is why these solar technicians are sorely needed. last night and his wife speak of the hardships they experienced last december that's one reason why they to find you don't want electrocutions to think again they can we used to just use candles when it's still mia son take it off no no don't write
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a blank. no you don't have anything on here life is a very difficult. tells us that moments like these are the reason he does well because he says the long tracks out of town are worth it every time. morocco is often referred to as the place where the sun sets but the sun is certainly rising on the energy revolution taking place in. time to wrap things up on today's show and to say goodbye from here in johannesburg south africa but would love to see you again next week thank you z. also sign of for now from here but don't forget that you can always queue went into our show by checking out the content on our website on our social media platforms from the whole into africa team thanks for joining us goodbye from lagos.
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dinos. correspondent at the baker sun stretch this second line with the words sex by the team. cuts mean no. small thing recipes for success strategy that make a difference. baking bread on the d.w. . when the water starts rising people fight for survival on a case on a budget deficit budget when there's a flood of water comes up to a waste when you're close fast to everyone even to fun place a lack of water is equally dangerous plays junk you can't sleep will move south so they can plant crops and find food. floods and droughts will climate change become the main driver of mass migration you can the right any going to six not if
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you want and probably most of them will come from. the climate exhibit starts in full thirty years on t w. the to. play. play. play. rwanda reflects on its darkest chapter president paul kagame he joins his ceremony to mark the twenty fifth anniversary of the genocide that chilled nearly a million people we'll hear from our correspondent at that for more.


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