tv Doc Film Deutsche Welle April 14, 2019 2:30am-3:01am CEST
discovered. subscribe to the documentary on you tube. come down. georgia's most famous son joseph stalin full and but unforgotten. modern protesters demonstrate against putin. a legit russian war crimes in the two thousand and eight conflict. the grave of a victim of that russo georgian involved. and a border that is not supposed to be called the border. so what's on the whole in the mode of the whole i'm going to write that georgia is divided into of course
that's an awful thing. you know sort of odd sad almost today like this may sound very dystopian as an article but russia could divide this country. and keep a piece of it for itself one of those houses not enough. now to determine its god this piece of graffiti says we remember that. it was probably sprayed here just yesterday i believe you can see the red devil in the background of all the dates from the past two centuries in which russia did bad things to was georgians talk of that stuff wrote such a lot of people know nothing about the states still worst says they know they're not mine and still don't get that russia is our enemy is not. head to the relative
. to. the japanese company as debut novel and this place has won the most prestigious georgian literature aborts. even is to find out where georgia and its nearly four million inhabitants are headed first stop this demonstration in the capital tbilisi. it's a strange mixture of protesters include leftists and far right extremists feminists and gays and homophobes what seems to unite them is the nationalism ogust two thousand and eight so the flare up of the growing conflict the research georgian born lasted five days claimed eight hundred fifty lives and displaced many thousands. since then russia has occupied the former georgian territories of a posse and south ossetia an area amounting to a fifth of the country. the slogan on the sign a vulgar equivalent of pittsburgh at last.
i am. doubt it is meeting some friends in front of the swiss embassy switzerland has been mediating between georgia and russia because the two countries have no direct diplomatic relations. images from the war human rights groups say both sides committed abuses but at the tbilisi rally only the russian war crimes are on the agenda. the public humiliation of georgian soldiers depicted here made a lasting impression on darby. song. i have to admit that the sheer power of russia makes me feel insecure and this giant pile on level so low and it's hard to fight against it. that's why i have this feeling of being completely unprotected. now and this focused on
the russian president. and the nationalistic euphoria that followed georgian independence ninety ninety one the country's ethnic minorities were left out of the equation as effectively thrust into the arms of the russian. the. then eighty five kilometer drive from tbilisi the city of gori. dubbed it is heading to his next stop the joseph stalin museum. to be built in the soviet era the museum is a bizarre memorial to the brutal dictator joseph is a rerun of it starting it paints a picture of a benevolent father of his country. many of the visitors here are curious western tourists but some are genuine fans of
stalin who make the pilgrimage to the strife that is dedicated to one of the worst mass murderers of the twentieth century. up. here. in the museum they say that most of the stalin supporters come from russia. but no one is willing to say that to the camera. all their needs. when daddy sees the pictures here he can't stop thinking of the atrocities of the stalin era in particular the so-called great purge of nine hundred thirty seven to thirty eight during which more than one hundred twenty georgian intellectuals were executed. daveed says that swears germany has taken steps to come to grips with its nazi history. georgia has done very little to publicly reappraise star name.
an old museum which was built back then to glorify starlit the first since then nothing has been changed. nothing has been added to it without just a few pieces of information that mentions stalin's purges and the repression that us. it's a propaganda museum. but nowadays a lot of people view it as a kind of museum of a museum. post a graphic novel. one tiny room is devoted to the war of two thousand and eight. that's made it out of michael dudley it asks the museum's curator. really why she hasn't changed anything in this uncritical celebration. and it's really hard as it was
a sure circumstance and this is a museum and we have to tell the story of a man's life in a very short time we're going to do is when it's about his life and work with what that was said to people back then all the material came from the communist party. today we try to show the man. a very isolated man by the way a loner. who ruled over a land with one hundred seventy million people. or thought he sent them more brutally and all the negative material anyone who wants to read that can find it on their computers all over the internet our visitors come here to get to know style and the man. we want to go to sleep. on all his travels davita immediately takes note somebody experiences.
until twenty ten and large statue of stalin stood in central gori. dov it would like to seek out the fallen monument supposedly it's now lying in a disused industrial area outside the town the curator refused to tell him the exact location saying it would be shameful to display the great man in that way. mr clinton presently is get very good to be nice to meet a friend of a friend davita gets in touch with a chicken farmer from the area. says sun leads him to the overthrown stalin i think a. little more. the two men have a difference of opinion about the fallen dictator. says sas says he is not a stalinist but he had money as the dictator as
a kind of mystical being. jewish thought it was. all history shows that it's always the same of course we have a saying in georgia with it's the times that rain not cases that it's not an insult to stalin stature that someone who's not thinking right let me do it here on the scrap heap. and once are no real history not fake history and realize what kind of man he was. please translate this word for word. so some would like to see stalin back on his pedestal in central glory. davita is considering working the hypothetical return into his new novel. with i. don't. know. i haven't thought much about it so far but yes maybe but in my pessimistic or dystopian novel it could happen i see the current
trend in russia where real stalin's cult is growing again and they show quite openly how much interest they have how they worship him even russian politicians are doing that is another example of how strong russian influence is so well think about that for my book is michelle obama. so fortunately it was a meeting the one. that i would. this is not an international border despite what the sign claims georgia on this side of the fence south ossetia on the other georgians call it occupied territory the south the seasons and the russian say an independent state. diplomats refer to this fence as the administers of boundary nine. bandits so
much money. it's also expensive for russia to keep it to monitor it and punish us georgians. and then they make such an embarrassing mistake of the translation. i have no idea how that could have happened. i wrote. the words passage is forbidden is mistranslated into georgian as expenses are forbidden. georgians refuse to call the demarcation line a border because that would mean accepting the division of their country. since two thousand and eight observers from the e.u. monitoring mission in georgia have been patrolling here. in twenty seventeen alone they were just it one thousand six hundred incidents the
conflict is tensional here every day. i don't really believe that my literary vision fantasy will actually become reality ga this is fiction i'm like all negative fiction it's also warning. it is good for me to see this because it helps me imagine what the fictitious border in my book might look like. the fence divided the village of the valley of the night again and again georgian pharmacy cross over to work their fields on the south the season saw it get arrested after being beaten and forced to pay a considerable fine they had that. anyone could cross through the line for the third time the risks up to two years in jail in south ossetia that happen to neighbors of hama
a foreman german teacher. who had been on in god we have a garden that's right over there on the borderline with him if i go over there i can't take my grandchildren because they could be abducted any second by all the farmers on working over there in the garden city every day people get caught and hauled away you know i live in constant fear. through three times suffa season and russian soldiers set fire to thomas house but would she leave the area you never. hear about because this is where i work this is where i live it's my home it's my country it's my village where could i go where would i be allowed to go home of thought that's true right you know what do you think. you cannot leave me my never want to leave i will go on living here i will die here and
my children and grandchildren who live here my name and who lived. right next to the highway is terrible and a settlement built as an emergency shelter ten years ago. but still. says eight thousand of the total thirty thousand ethnic georgians who were expelled from south ossetia. there's a sense of resignation on the streets here via it has just been out shopping. he's the only one willing to speak to davi it on camera. you'll never get used to roads but what can we do it's very hard for the older people to appear there are many of them have already died but the young people are
only now starting to fix up these houses. they have no choice. this is party on the black sea coast. the port city is dilapidated as far as davita can see there's been little development here for years . party is important for the georgian economy but it's not a place many tourists are likely to visit. this is where davi grew up in a working class family his parents still live here as does his sister with whom he's very close.
but although david loves to see his sister cutter and his nieces not her and he says he'd never move back to portie every visit here recalls the negative experiences of his youth. is openly gay something that can be risky in provincial georgia although his family accepts his sexuality. daveed is expounding his theory about the division of the country his sister doesn't buy it. i don't believe georgia would be divided into two parts how could that happen when i simply don't believe it. it's nieces dottle as they call him as a kind of cultural trailblazer. he says and he introduces them to unusual literature. today it's especially hard for him to say goodbye.
his come to the hardest part of his journey. on the first day of the two thousand and eight war his cousin shoulda died in a hail of russian balkans. davita couldn't make it from tbilisi to the funeral because all the roads and rail tracks were blocked by russian tanks. since then he has never dared to come here. he often weeps over the force of his nineteen year old cousin who had been accepted to a university in dubai he died the day before he was scheduled to fly out.
shovel was killed while rescuing his wounded comrades he was awarded a posthumous medal for bravery. sits at the grave for a long time he doesn't want to talk here. a few hours later we accompany him to his favorite place in portie. davita is relieved to have finally been to the cemetery but the middle doesn't interest him. himself or so it makes absolutely no. difference to me. this award is
a big consolation to my aunt she's really proud about. this you know it's a big comfort for her. my pluggers she says but for me tempers i just wish she was still a life that's just not the movement churches but. nothing takes the train back to tbilisi. since its independence nearly three decades ago georgia has undergone visible modernization the country's political system has developed in parallel to its infrastructure. but still children artists and intellectuals do not feel entirely free that.
you can write whatever you want or you can do what you want to count the government won't interfere. and for that a large part of os decides is extremely conservative. and conservative is far too mild a word. and that part of society will not let us live freely. to put it in a nutshell you have the freedom to express yourself but at the same time you don't . miss sitting close by has been listening to the. she left the country twenty years ago for a life in fear of her service in london. she says that changes in georgia happening much too slowly she comes back once again and experiences the country as still lacking freedom as bad as it used to be that night a. lot of it is things that if a patient is. right. there that's.
all tbilisi is the cultural and political center of georgia and its religious center to. the orthodox christian church wields a huge amount of power and by western european standards is very conservative. nowadays davi spends almost more time abroad than here in the old quarter of tbilisi. from an early age he knew that he wanted to travel which is why he learned german russian and swedish his english is so good that when he was twenty one he was commissioned to chance lace harry potter into georgia.
after weeks of moving around georgia davi it is that. he spends the next few hours typing up his notes from his travels. and. it started out as a research trip for his new book but some of the stages proved much more emotional than he expected. in the coming months he will be developing his fantasy about the division of georgia into two parts one loyal to russia and one oriented toward hero . here at the royal district is sensible e.c. davita and his old friend directed dance had heard say are inspecting the stage set for their production of dov it's play tiger and lion. on the shores.
if you don't have believes that artistic freedom is still under threat in georgia. will you cut the deline or. would it still totally easy to shock audiences or readers in this country. so which is why there are always attempts to control free speech and origin. more drooly that's also being considered at the government level . just recently there was another initiative to control artists more strongly but luckily it failed. process it. put down beat the theatre is a safe haven. even here in tbilisi it is hard to lead an openly gay life. the riots that repressive measures every time someone reveals their sexual identity there are massive reprisals and also in political circles where gay people are
often blackmailed and of course this reaction is not only supported by the georgian church but also instigated. by much ups this is a huge problem and the government can't or won't solve it the problem are almost at the heart of over here on. this cafe in the old course have to be lisi is a popular meeting place for artists. to dive it is having a discussion with a psychologist friend thomas casually. tama is a member of the georgian ethnic minority of south ossetia. his family was driven up by the war and lived. a wall in the center of on the emergency
shelter. davi tells tom about his experiences on the trip his first encounter with the administrative boundary line left a deep impression as did the meeting with tom marr the german teacher his neighbors are regularly abducted road to control it may be friday when you go there it appears that in person the fence stops being a symbol or a cool design at a demonstration as well as will be triggered totally different emotions especially when you meet people who live five meters away from that fence. i don't want to sound sentimental but that was the moment where it became clear to me how differently those villages see the division. problem for them every single day this programme of those missing. tomo settled in tbilisi some time ago. and davi to look forward not back. they wish that more democratic and artistic
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