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tv   Doc Film  Deutsche Welle  May 7, 2019 3:15am-4:01am CEST

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only order is history the world is reorganizing itself and the media's role is keep shifting powers the topic in focus at the global media forum twenty nineteen the laboratory for the digital age. who are we following whom do we trust to debate and shape the future at the doj a valid global media forum twenty nineteen the place made for minds. more. different mining magnate sites in hulk a dickey in northern crease for one hundred years and goals to be mined fifty kilometers east of here. a lot of people are upset about that. mining and stuff
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cards are very sensitive you know chivvying up question what are we supposed to do eat grass this treasure in these mountains would go well no it would be shovel it would score years it will start happening we will be destroyed here. tourism is a key element of the economy here in the hulk of the region. fishing and agriculture also important. agriculture and tourism coexist with him to strip mining greece's economy needs foreign investment but at what price. we're on our way to how this gold company a subsidiary of the canadian mining group eldorado gold we want to interview some of the managers here. the security guard tells us to wait we want to find out more
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of the three mines that the company operates in this region especially the gold mine and skerries vale a phone call from the public relations department that. a number of gold mines are to be built to northern greece the proposed projects have led to bitter disputes between opponents and supporters. as a co-founder of a citizen's movement that's trying to stop the mines he's been fighting against gold mining here for twenty years. more from people here is that with. their fishing and tourism and told me moon she means water means clear. and gives good years would start everything it will be destroyed so. the fire in the people is
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still existing. now we're headed for the gold mines of skerries with as is maria could go to lisa's partner and another outspoken opponent of industrial mining. she's considered to be on official leader of the movement that's standing up to the eldorado gold and its greek subsidiary. will stop outside the entrance to the mine by the time maria gets out of the car the security guards are already on the phone. maria often comes here with a photographer to document possible environmental damage caused by the mine. this is where the gold will be extracted first with surface mining and then underground. twenty four thousand tons of rock per day will be dug out of the soil
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but there's a lot of gold there less than one gram for turn. a smelter will also be built here the value of the gold silver and copper the posits in this region is estimated at about fifteen billion euros. more than three square kilometers of forest were cleared to make room for the marine. corps you thought they'd build all this without a permit they got one later but it's still illegal. we checked and we reported that and alba violations to the appropriate government ministry. security guards arrived to find out what we're doing the entire area is sealed off like a top secret military base and visitors are not welcome. the mining company has been arguing with the greek government for years about this project some of the companies applications were approved but others were not several of the disputes
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ended up in courts or arbitration. the government has not yet given permission for the mines open so things are in the hold here. at their home marina and to lease shows documents that outline the long running dispute over the mine maria post news about the project almost every day or blog. there have been violent protests against the environmental damage caused here by the mine police or fire tear gas at anti mining demonstrators. company equipment has been set on fire we did two reports in all of this for germany's a r d t.v. network. we were filming in the nearby forest and april twenty eighth thirteen one of the spew broke out between activists and a mining company worker. who was trying to drive a bulldozer into the area and the protesters were determined to stop. the workers
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said he was just doing his job and if he didn't he'd be fired. he added the protesters might get him to leave but the company was staying put. thought of the officer this is an old growth forest and the mining company wants to build a road through here and a landfill so they're knocking down all the trees with their bulldozers even though they don't have permission to do that work and i need to drop the ball then that would now be. in july twenty eighth well we interviewed caterina glitzy he'd just been elected to represent how could he key in parliament she was a member of the left wing cillizza party which was then part of the opposition. a lot of. the people of this region and elected me so that i could go to parliament and try to stop this catastrophic gold mining project. is you know
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better than the scientists except that. maria has often watched this video that shows the reason leader alexis tsipras and june twenty third deal with cut to reno glazier at a rally in the town of your recess. if that is what we will not abandon you in your legitimate struggle against armed police and oppression the next time i come to this town we will have doubled our share of the vote we will form the next government and we will guarantee social justice and environmental protection. for good many more and more productive they're going to do it to put us came there to take advantage of this situation to exploit their movement for political gains where they were saying or is that we get elected on the twenty fifth of january two
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thousand and fifteen and on the twenty sixth they are gone and the other is gone. not only did this not happen but during the years of the series of government an entire plant was built that's quite a years. eighteen hundred hectares of forest were wiped out. in the years of legal wrangling i've had eldorado stock price hard drop to a five year low of about sixty us cents a share and lay twenty eight in other words recovered somewhat recently. here's a map of the color. the region resembles the one with three fingers. the satellite view clearly shows the locations of the mines and retention basins. quite close to some populated areas the effect of the mining operation of the surrounding landscape has been considerable.
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so this here is the village of the tony and this is the location were they knew the new facilities we rebuilt the new for what they saw in plant then you meant there was a plant and the house of those because of the waste facility of working all of this bulk of which you can already see over there in its size the new york you know like us waste facility is even bigger than the village of that i thought i knew that you can see behind me also the dam that will confine their waste is that the distance of only five hundred meters from the village of star tony where as in a mental state the moment her last gold stated this dancer is three point five kilometers. you can see is obviously not true. in
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addition to propose landfill is located in the seismic hazard zone. in one hundred thirty two this area was rocked by a severe earthquake that measured seven point two on the richter scale an estimated five hundred people were killed or injured. if huge landfill that contained several million tons of highly toxic mining waste which to be struck by an earthquake the effects on the surrounding area could be devastating. a lot of miners live in st tony pulis called operates a facility here the process is gold. lead and zinc as concentrate. the company also has a similar plan nearby a. lot of people here say that these factories are good for the local economy. this banner says the mines a coke addict is only future. this is the village of magali
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panic here located not far from the skerries gold mine about three thousand people live here and they are divided on the benefits of local mining. the dispute is cause friction among friends and family members. those who work in the mines say these facilities benefit the entire community. more than. forty the only resources that we have in this region are the mines. bass nothing else so we don't have tourist beaches or farm and there's nothing. there what are we supposed to do eat grass this treasure in these mountains up to. the shop with a mining company if you get the local economy moving again let me just open it. you will see our long lost. georges
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cutters you notice as a veldt or has been working for hella schools since twenty twelve he earns a good living and the company pays wages on time. i work at the scowrers mine and it's a good job we used to have some problems with a few local people who were opposed to the mine but that's changing slowly. but if you are still dead set against the mine i don't know why. there are real hard liners. they don't even sit down with us and discuss the situation though maybe they've got to just look at it as the summit. this is the east coast of collocate the. minerals including gold have been mined here since ancient times but today the extraction of these resources take place on an industrial scale and that has caused severe environmental damage.
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the government's archaeological oversight agency must approve all construction projects. but has not yet been signed off for the scary mind because ancient ruins were found there by at the site of the city of a compass silver coins dating back to the fifth century b.c. have been found here this indicates that the city was prosperous at the time. the village of euro keeney is located about fifty kilometers to the west an open cast magna site might has been operating here for one hundred years explosives are used to extract the so-called white gold. after the raw magma site lumps are blasted out of the ground transported to the crushing plants. the mining company grease in magna site employs three hundred
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forty workers earned miller strangers. and produces one hundred sixty thousand tonnes of magnesium carbonates and fifty thousand tonnes of basic refractory products per year. seventy five percent of the output is sold in europe including ten percent that's exported to germany. the british muslim abuse more might be. but why their. company managing director the meter sports a loss shows around. the business was founded in one nine hundred fifty nine by his father and grandfather. today it's one of the world's largest producers and exporters of making the site. portales joined the company after he completed his studies in military service since the one nine hundred eighty s. magna site is paid close attention to the environmental protection. of the guard the other side of the mining it is still work now but we have to make plans so
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the idea is to include. in the part of their action of the environment as part of your job and also to keep the area is live as possible i mean people who live here people move around the area and one has to consider also the end of the life of a mining and you don't want to leave something that looks. dangerous and i'm upbeat. as with all mines in greece the land in which the grecian magna site facility is located belongs to the state. the government sells the exploration and mining rights to companies. they are in money by selling the minerals they extract and they pay taxes on the trough it's. the rocks are crushed in several stages. and the employee keeps
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a close saw in the process. after the magna site is washed sorted and ground up it's fired into a rotary kiln at a temperature of about one thousand five hundred degrees celsius. mark the site is widely used for insulation and as a refractory material for blast furnace is in steel plants it's also a component part of products as the verses aircraft electric cattle and fertilizers . demeter supports a loss and plant manager by the owners are making a final inspection of their products. the company works hard to keep its regular customers happy. but it also has to move into new markets and that's where it faces tough price competition especially from china. porter last believes that greece's mining industry could compete effectively i think it is a port
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a couple of reasons firstly there is there are a lot of interesting especially invested in. minerals in greece which have not been fully exploited so there is eighties and there secondly it's in europe. and it's part of the european judoon that you don't have to rely on fire away places and all these sorts of things so that's a segment. there is a lot of mining know how most of the people working at this mine their local. sort of state job. which is. covering their. this took the financial needs which is interesting in many ways which
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requires a lot of new technologies and everything so we get a look of young people that are interested to be employed in a place where new methods and not that in order to do that you know. if that opens up new training and job prospects for those who can't or don't want to work in the tourism sector or in agriculture if. it's. a lakers forward that. this part of the mind complex. the water depth ranges between four and six meters depending on how much it's rained recently. the lake series as a habitat for birds and fish. water from the lake is
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used to irrigate olive groves and pine trees which are grown in the company's own nursery until they mature. then they are used in reforestation projects. some of the olive trees here are two thousand years old and they still bear fruits . demeter sports are lost loves to visit the nursery and reforestation is an important part of his company's business philosophy. we head live in the program for over thirty five thirty thirty five years. or started in the in a very small scale and then as we. increase in the division of the only three we increased also the all of today's that was bred in the mine and in. the s. . so. that.
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greece is the world's second largest producer of all of. these pine trees will also be replanted elsewhere. near the mine complex we meet. he worked at the facility for more than forty years now nikos to sixty five and retired he earns a little extra money tending to these farm animals. what is it is that. he's in good physical shape. and solace goats and chickens. then if you want all the animals are fine the sulphur doesn't bother them at all i even let the chickens pack around for food at the mine site. it's called the three of them. nico says his mother also worked at the mine i'm attains good health even in old age just look at all of us.
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in recent years going to kenya has been transformed from a miner's village into its worst resort. this pier where transport ships were loaded with magna sites doesn't seem to bother the visitors. some people have proposed converting the site into a trendy new restaurants but they'll have to find investors first. the local economy is focusing more and more in terms of. their now hotels apartments toughens and shops the cater to visitors. many of them use gary kinney as a starting point for trips around the cult of the region. at
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a cafe we talked to a local couple about the mining facility. after the flood the. moment i'm here to look for you the magna site mine has been here for a long time. a lot of people worked there for years and then retired. now a lot of those jobs have been filled by young people and i don't think the mine has had a negative impact on local tourism up to be with you the dorismond the car number. i'd say that the mine has actually helped the region in some families people from several generations of work there and in some cases three generations in fact. that is going to leave them with. the mine has had a mostly positive influence. i can't think of any negatives. but i've been
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scouring people are really worried about the gold mine. and that's why they get so upset. your father gets the girl. a group of anti mining activists have gotten that this byron you recess to tell us about some of the clashes that have taken place between demonstrators and police at the skerries facility. talisa maria are here to some of the protesters were arrested and charged with various crimes several of the people here full of the demonstrations and the police response no one would get the message that they meant give if they put up with the funny and that was one of the people and he's someone i can remember we heard the police talking on their radios and then they moved in. we started running. some of us wanted to move forward. but couldn't because there was a lot of smoke that the many put a stop to get the people on the poppy and the police insulted us i'm not going to
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repeat what they said. in my blog at the bottom up of musk they roughed us up. i broke one of my arms. later i was charged with resisting arrest disturbing the peace and a few other things. that hit these the see. the effort that. marina curry stereo was sentenced to probation and she's appealed the course decision. to get what is with them they charged us with manufacture of explosives. possession of explosives. disturbing the peace and attempted manslaughter. it was like half the entire penal code in the midst of a new book called the god. he is the only got to the minds front gate the police
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fired tear gas at us this people panicked and some fell to the ground. several of us were there for the whole demonstration and we were the last to leave the mess of the government because the police took photographs of us and that's what it was and that was the evidence that the prosecutors used to do accuse us of war when i was in the demonstration. was describing so in the middle of the middle we woke up in the middle of the night because we were afraid that the police were going to come over in a restaurant right away. they picked up some people from the village two days later we found out that they'd been taken to police headquarters. there were several trials and i had to pay court costs that was really expensive. i've already spent ten thousand euros just for the skerries trial. if you'd like to know that if you got a good. one
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. this is the tell the whole of your a source one of sixteen communities that makes up a municipality named for aristotle the ancient greek philosopher. georges so bust has been the new miss apologies mirror since twenty fifteen he's a member of the party and an opponent of the gold mine he's been called several times to testify at the trials of the protesters. or that said he would be for them so the indictment covers half the penal code the defendants have been tied up in the courts for years. and have had to spend a lot of money on lawyers and court costs. even though they might be acquitted in the end up with. there's less water now in the rivers and streams
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of color could be key because of climate change. reasons water reservoirs located near mounds of us. geology professor surrounds us dimitri august says mining operations pose a serious threat to the reservoir. yeah the usual stuff thought. if the old fart is allowed us cowries mine to open a facility has to be catheterized both above and below ground. there's a lot of water in the mountains. and it has to be pumped out from a height of six hundred seventy meters above sea level to about one hundred thirty meters below sea level as us that will completely drain a large area in the mountains. so will.
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the reservoir is essential for the entire cull could be the region. of the schoolyard lots more to scour as mine would release to toxic chemical substances into the environment especially oss and crystal in courts. and if those materials content of us are rounding communities either is dust or mixed with rain they could cause cancer. you get that you want to go yourself. a stair is months earnestness friends the mitri i personally beekeepers experience owns twenty five beehives lead the village of joe mccarthy about three kilometers from the scariest gold mine on him and whether he's worried that if the gold mine is allowed to open it would pollute the surrounding trees and soil with toxic materials. those pollutants would then be absorbed by the bees and that could be
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deadly for the insects and for humans then we read. through this if. we had a similar situation about forty years ago. back then the power lines around here were strung up on wooden poles that were covered with coal tar creosote. during the hot summer months the creosote mounted. beans thought it was nectar because it smelled like pine wood. later when people extracted the honey from the hives it was full of creosote. there's something one guy could happen again. with that pollutants from this gold mine. so the honey could be contaminated with the hospitals and crystalline
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quartz that we talked about earlier. but unlike creosote these materials would leave no visible trace. a lot of local farmers are worried about toxic materials getting into the ground water the soil but they grow their crops and the pastures where their livestock grains. this is the starter is theory the business was founded in one nine hundred eighty six and has grown steadily since then. the dairy no employees twenty five people they produce your goat and cheese and ships around the clock for sale to wholesalers and individual customers one of the managers dimitris the forests says the local residents are always talking about the gold why it.
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is that people are nervous about it. but i think that we have to make use of the wealth that we have in this region. of the. border that may be a difficult choice. but i believe that this sort of development will be good for the community. for the environment for jobs and for the tourism sector. the dairy also supplies products to the hotel where thomas need us work says manager he is the thoris believe that the future of depends on supporting and expanding local commerce and resources. the local beaches are popular with tourists. during the spring and summer hotels guesthouses and other accommodations are usually fully booked. hotel owners are trying to attract more tourists by extending the high season and targeting new demographic groups. they want to focus on promoting
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a high quality travel experience that highlights the region special features. thomas as a need us says that the cult the region has a lot to offer. if the identity of our area local production is the pride of how giving we have so much gold being produced here in terms of. products. that really we could leave only with those. promotion and marketing of our area. local hotel owners have been demanding that the government do more to improve infrastructure. some of them even finance various improvements themselves like high speed internet services thomas as a need is tells us that his hotel the alexandra palace spent more than eighty
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thousand euros of this so far. the hotel philistine it was built at the end of the nineteen eighties at that time most of the guests were greeks germans and britons. today many of the visitors come from nearby balkan countries like bulgaria romania and serbia. the number of greek guests has fallen off sharply in recent years mostly due to the country's financial crisis. several years ago gregorios to serious took over as the hotel's manager before that his parents had managed the facility. the family's invested a lot of money and proving the accommodations. to see this as president of the cult could equal hotel association and the national hotel yes federation. says he believes that turns them in greece has a bright future i don't know. what i like it's dangerous to demand the exploitation
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of the underground treasures in our region but. we should focus instead on the potential of the tourism industry. including the development of alternative tourism and hiking trails and golf courses. but we also need major infrastructure improvements mike roads and projects that add value to the tourism sector. and of course we'd like to have a rail line that links that saloniki. asylum into boston held in here. thomas says leaders serves on the board of the coke addict the hotel association. spends a lot of time lobbying local and national politicians for improvements in the regional tourism industry. i'm not going to ask for two months and that's the basics of roads and their road system and how
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giving these not the best trains. imagine. just getting on a train in half an hour you're at the beach from the saloniki it will boost. the federal ministry of economy development inters and told us that it's no financing fourteen road projects in calcavecchia alone at a cost of more than thirty five new. expansion work continues at the airport and that's illegal. this facility and thirteen order regional airports in greece and now managed by a subsidiary of the german company fraport. greece needs more investment especially now that the e.u. is ended its financial assistance program. but mines have a limited lifespan. the skerries facility would only be open for about twenty three
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years. then there's the man the corporal the model we want sustainable economic growth and for that we'll need sustainable jobs. but gold mining is not sustainable a mineral resources will run out one day the people who worked in the mines will have to find new jobs that's happened before in this region. than what i raise these points at the regional development conference in thessaloniki in march two thousand and eighteen. my stand on this issue is well known to the sciri to party and to the prime minister alexis to press and the minister of development and tourism your star talkies. and over the years all of them have expressed support for my position. on the scene for new and those new to the camera stops in the bitter woman that. we've come to thessaloniki to interview journalist the leader snickered topless he's done several reports in the mining industry in the region.
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he says that the government will have to make some tough choices as a decides whether to sign off or the scariest mind. you may hear for barry and of course the more feel after the government to earn income from gold mining that a smelter will have to be built to produce pure gold not just concentrate like now . but if that smelter is built it could cause serious health problems among the local residents. so that's the big control prosy. if the government approves the scowrers mine it will be risking the health of people who live near it. the book of esther everything. still is shows of the video of the twenty seventeen t.v. report. it's the helis gold managing director talks about the new floating smelting process that the company wants to use. out of the one you know you brought to for
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us this would be the first time anywhere in the world that this floating smelting process would be used to extract gold in a location that has high concentrations of arsenic. yet that means they'll be taking a pretty big risk. but even if the permits for the skerries gold mines were turned down sterling as they could topple is predicted that the mining will continue in the region. by the european union is on record as saying that it wants member states to become self-sufficient in the extraction of raw materials. that could mean turning all of northern greece into a mining zone the eldorado company is already looking at potential sites around the city of kill keysar trad o.-p. mountains and in the ever else river. meanwhile we're still waiting outside the
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hellish gold mine instead tony. we sent them a written request for an interview more than three months ago but the security guard still won't let us enter. well. the company has put up a sign that says nature hides power and prosperity in the depths of the earth. what lies ahead for the mining industry in greece. can large and potentially dangerous projects because it's only in contrast that disregard environmental protection rules and ignore the civil rights of citizens. the acceptance is essential and you cannot have good business you cannot have fair and industrial production in navia words not accepted. as we drive through the forest at skerries were followed by a police car. maria says that whenever she turns up at the mine company officials call
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the cops security is tight everywhere around the mine there's not much transparency here. so this is only a very small part of it and also you have to think that's good is only the beginning of this month and cock of those has many men that out of the posits of gold and copper deposits identified by the company there are over thirty seven mining concessions if you are allow this to happen then there's the entire mountain will be full of holes open pits and. i do have hope that the people will still have that this will not make it happen but it is extremely depressing to come here it's like an open wound local people come up here and cry is mistaken. it has taken a lot of tears and
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a lot of blood in the little. several weeks after we finished filming for this report hello school sent us a letter the company said that it would fulfill all of its contractual obligations . they noted that they had already invested about seven hundred fifty million dollars in this project and said that this mining facility will create jobs and generate revenue for the greek government. in september twenty eighth dean heller skull filed an out of court claim for damages demanding seven hundred fifty million euros in compensation from the greek government. the company said it suffered huge financial losses because the authorities kept stalling on granting permits for the scares as mine. so the dispute between hellas gold and the government turned political. in december twenty eighth in the greek council of states the
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country's highest administrative court began deliberations and whether to allow the mining companies to use the controversial floating smelting process. it's a complex situation for the region and for greece as a whole should the country's mineral resources be exploited simply to provide revenue for the government or should greece focus on developing other less profitable sectors of its economy. how do you define process and losses anyway. the ancient greek philosopher aristotle summed it up well enough nature is constant well this is not.
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going to. kick off. there are going to start more but everything's still up for grabs. even after the third to last matches honestly it seems. will become german champions. will qualify for europe.
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and will get a really. good. job. it is important that no star in his leaf until into the get to the bottom of how this act of terrorism accrued the attacks on christ church crimes of hate in a peaceful country speaking names of those who were lost rather than the name of the man who took the new zealand mine after the terror attacks. in ninety minutes on w. . an action packed life. anything's possible as long
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as our coffee and his friends can drink. this movie continuous darb refugee camp. his life story may have ground to a halt. twenty seven years ago but there's no holding back his dreams. come. thank you for watching. cinema starts may twenty seventh on the. turkey's top on that somebody has ordered a rerun of his some bulls maryla lection the decision comes after the ha partially of president breccia tayyip erdogan narrowly lost the vote and challenge the result sizing irregularities the opposition has condemned the decision calling as close
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plane dictatorship. a un report says a million species of plants and animals are at risk.