tv Eco India Deutsche Welle May 24, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm CEST
that man the man might like to try something new i love you even want to show you what's dangerous and looks like a trace like me writes as. if the story. gets very personal tips on the minds of very. good. starts may 20 d.w. . hello and welcome to eco india this week we get you up close with the communities who are often the 1st responders to some of the biggest ecological and social changes our planet is witnessing that i hope coming to you from mumbai in india on
the shore to be let's look at how traditional salt workers and good to drop out of acting to newer and cleaner technologies how creating access to sanitary napkins is slowly empowering goes in a public school in delhi and how a set of board games could potentially change workplace communication for the better. bob 1st lets me the community from the salt billions of such in the restaurant state of good to up as traditional salt minus a few generations back the community used to manually pump out briony water onto their fields as fast diesel pumps were introduced increasing their carbon footprint creaky but for a few years now the harnessing the power of the sun. the temperature has nearly reached a scorching 40 degree celsius in the little run of touch the eastern and of india's
largest plane. some to bend has been working here ever since she can remember it is grueling work sort of structure is considered to be one of the toughest jobs in the world to. have in somebody it's too hot to stay in the salt and. some to bend belongs to the community of gudrun invest in india with 3 quarters of sold in india is harvested in the monsoon season from june to september the song planes are flooded with dry kneeboard when the water recedes in october 35000 augury of families begin there and it will crowd from villages across the state. to spend the next 8 months
making sort the aveeno b.l.f. capital one. job that have become with all the materials and build a small structure to live in 1st they start to make a veil that accumulates the briony then the men a start digging and the vermin move the dirt to create a path. that will go as it were. and the water from the brine values into the pan once the want to start drying a layer of salt forms on the bottom which we have to keep breaking into small chunks with the whole every day this goes on for months and i can't see doing them better calving not being funny happen there. the pumps are kept running day and night to move the brine from the submerged areas into the flood busines for years the sole farmers have used diesel pumps which cost them 140000 rupees about $1800.00 euros to operate through the season
it is a huge expense that leaves many families with no savings. in 2013 self employed women's association a trade union piloted the solar pump project done families participated from the start now $15000.00 augury of families have joined the labor organization in the region the concept involves using the heat of the sun as fuel during the daytime and switching to diesel pumps at night. but us out of a. amaze me up and buying the solar pond is a still an expensive proposition for the other areas the organizations banking going helps the families with seasonal loans to be paid weekly doing this all making months for the 1st time in years to soar farmers have a starter money
a savings. get it me too but when it got it then that audio's go back during the monsoon for 4 months because of switching to so the family is able to take home around 425-0000 rupees in savings then they use diesel pumps there were no savings they used a lot of money from windows for basics for the 4 months at home they just such a difference between using someone up arms and using diesel pumps it has really transformed their lives even more causing it one of the. using solar bombs in the stead of diesel bombs it's not only better for the health of the vim and and their families but also for the in mind. i get up to do either you ever go back to bed late if you notice carefully the environment of the rapidly changing around us imagine how much pollution has been
awarded by the more than 1100 sort of bombs already in use by the other yes all that you have got at the alama not quite so we are very happy about this but we want to go further and make sure that 15000 a guardian families used to stick knology 100 contribute to improving our environment of our mom but lousy on a lot of our large companies in the region don't seem to care about this but a system of a making show at the point you should hear is less then it was earlier rather enjoy it what they do mark back that one day i am their boats. today some 2 brand has 3 solo pumps and a family is a lot better off than before she makes about 162 piece or 2 euro's but done for a song she produces. on to the market price is much higher
a study by self employed women's association shows that sold farmers who have switched from diesel to sauna. bums have seen their savings increase more than 150 percent. the union is now helping them improve the quality and quantity of the sword to produce so that they can negotiate a better price in the future for now to switch to a cleaner technology and access to micro kinetics is a huge step forward for the agony of families. now salt is one of the most basic one of the most essential ingredients in any dish but what exactly is so. and where does it come from this explainer will take you back to a science class in school and tell you how. about 3.5 percent of sea water as weight comes from the soil dissolved in it that means
if all the salt in the ocean will spread evenly over the earth and die a surface we would make a lair more than 500 feet thick that's the height of a 40 story building so what does this salt and how is it created a crystalline compound made of sodium chlorine and some impurities salt found dissolved in oceans and some lakes comes from the vetting of rocks on land. raindrops as they fall on land dissolve carbon dioxide from the environment and become acid dick the carbon dioxide plus water called carbonic acid erodes rocks and creates mineral ions or electrically charged it or make particles. these particles are got it to seize and lakes by rivers and streams where they bond in a chemical reaction to form salt. this process has been happening since the beginning of time making salt over 202300 1000000 years old. common salt
as we know it is found mixed with other chemicals and bodies of water and has to be purified before we can use it. or industrial needs. one kind of salt rock salt or here light is simply crystallized salt chunks the deposits formed as ancient oceans evaporated. brine on the other hand is water containing a high concentration of sot up to 26 percent the most of this sort of brine is the ocean but it can also be obtained from salty leaks such as the dead sea and from underground pools of salt water. did you know that salt has even been found on mars leading to a tyranny that either must once have seas or that something. might have just from outer space. shifting focus now only 12 percent of india's 355000000 menstruating women. the rest to
alternatives like unsanitized cloth or sand the goals of. learning to manufacture their own sanitary napkins and help increase access in the slums in this neighborhood. many many flaws the one i shared my feelings from the 1st day of my period with a female cousins i shared it with my mother and my teacher as well happy. when they talked to my father he's my it and encouraged me to be more mature and keep my head up out as he did for the meadow though. i used quite a lot during my 1st period as i was on a bit about side it's a knack and i was not in this town back then we did since i've been studying here i've become much more familiar with centered in up in some of the my mothers do you think because she is from i don't go back out. i might actually find him and play
in the other large software that's related to napkins and menstruation. during a period because i'm going to temple or go into the kitchen or rush out here and we shouldn't touch admin friends and have to distance from them for good and i think there are many tests like these that. try to school in delhi breaking the top news 15 years ago they began to choose to serve all their bodies administration it's a crucial part of the curriculum at this all goes. something showed us more about the teaches the menstrual hygiene tossers she wants her females to stop feeling ashamed about talking about a picture sharing their person experiences part of the night in process. in the class the strengths learnable of the biological processes in their bodies and about them focusing citation only tell us and often gives women do some need to tell us
why the rest resort to alternatives such as unsanitized drugs ashes and vice us. that realize that this is the most sensitive issue and. it's like and if i'm not going to talk about it definitely my next in the. ministration with other people or other boys and girls. that's the thing we started to getting in my mind and i thought i need to bring this up i need to dig this but yet that i need to want men and other people. some you should ask him about 30 just the ghost not only about their bodies but also how to make sanitary napkins with the do in their school. after being a certain amount of cotton wool in their faces to the form of her she got. the program was introduced by those who love her so nutrition over time and enjoy that
promotes hives intercourse and. more than 5000 girls are benefited from the ministry of her gender the question program. the. merits of being not theirs might not be all women ever i use a sanitary napkin i feel proud because it's me with it mind that's going so great they don't have any of the plastic and chemicals that are in the other napkins in the market looking at my body i feel really content as a human i want i have used to make my napkins it's good for my health also. learning about the necessity of sanity left inside school this is one part of the campaign the student school wants to further spreading the word and talking to women in nearby slums about menstrual hygiene they sell their napkins for treat abuse or for you know since it's far cheaper than commercially produced bads. this aspect of it in society will take time to change but some of the women in the slums
are starting to understand that vantages of sanitary napkins. made it to you. but i you know i live here in the slum oh you know i was using cloths and but then i heard about the sanitary napkins made by the girls. there. very good and are better than the ones available on the market. i really like using them well your goodness they were just. the girls also invite women from the slums to come to this school to learn more about women's body in an informal city. we are opening with these young. go on.
and they will be happy to play these games they also the schools and the media suspects of friends will help. there are still many young women with insufficient sex education and access to hygiene products because one of sanitation movement projects like this in other parts of the country and the need is for their ticket society as a whole about what menstruation here's one of the most natural things in the world are. not difficult conversations like speaking to one and her family about safe menstrual hygiene is what brings about real change communication is a key factor in creating conducive environments not only a tool but also at the workplace even today women continue to face gender discrimination a battle space designer insta tackle this problem enhancing communication she has designed for games and watching games so that workplaces in india can speak about
and fight gender discrimination through game and team building. here the day starts with playing games but this is serious work in this public research center in paris designers and developers work together on education. games graphic designer may code design 2 games for the indian market. the aim is to raise awareness about workplace discrimination by making employees play. in the video game another day the player acts as an h.r. manager and meets priyanka who's reporting a case of harassment. present her work to a colleague. we had our concept when she says that people whistle at her there that they touch her. her
colleagues say she shouldn't wear short skirts she should wear something more traditional so. the game simulates a face to face interaction with the employee answers questions that help the player address the problems and learn new social practices. although western brands are in india now obviously the girls dress in a more western way it's more practical there's a kind of gap now it's a problem we thought was important to address. doesn't exist yet. her other game is a board game called hired. each player has to find out who refuses to recruit women old people or people from religious minorities the most common victims of discrimination. was. the role play starts and everyone is trying to one mask each other's behavior. see
that you are both sexist and ages. i asked sellers there it is again to show the biases you have in india when recruiting and the idea is to show on the contrary that everyone can be integrated into the team you have to hire by looking at people skills and not other aspects. right he could make came to paris from new delhi 10 years ago. she was working in an insurance company. and she quit her job for this project. there's a woman who i wanted my competence my know how to hope for a social purpose. india gave me a lot when i was young and i wanted to give something back to india. she brought her artistic skills to the team but also her deep knowledge of indian society.
you have to adjust to indian cultural sensitivities you can't just go to your boss and say look what you're saying doesn't suit me off slam the door and leave the indian mindset doesn't work like that there's a lot of consultation compromise it's a cultural thing. you will be included the games have been played in about $25.00 companies in india thanks to a local ngo that reaches out to them and introduces the project. in france to discrimination that work is far from being solved that's right he can tell. you farm woman who is confident will be told she's the boss but if it's a man who has the same kind of behavior we're going to say this is a leader. and women are stigmatized even if they have the same qualities as men. to me is working on adapting these games for europe since european organizations
have also shown interest. moving on to another fascinating solution and estonian designer is using scraps of cloth left behind by large textile manufacturers to create a brand of small fashion usually most mass production manufacturers are left with an average of 18 percent of style waste that is usually taken to landfills booked up cycling system this design has managed to see about 75 percent water by using just these left was. mountain. textile waste these are pictures of a dump site in bangladesh. both in india and bangladesh tons and tons of textiles from industrial leftovers are thrown away every year. but some of it forms the basis for a new fashion line. the estonian design a red house uses industrial leftover materials to create items like t.
shirts sweaters and dresses she wants to be a catalyst of positive change. if you just drive around in that's the area where to see you see just takes the leftovers everywhere. mixed with plastic kids playing they are burning it it's toxic waste it's awful air pollution it's like or and the 2nd thing. is are going to the ground water the people who are living there they are drinking it getting sick there are so many issues related to the decks that waste breakouts cooperates with 3 textile manufacturers in bangladesh and one in india one of them is back simcoe one of the biggest in bangladesh that makes clothing for brands such as h. and m. calvin klein tommy hilfiger and sarah more than 240000000000 items are produced in its factory every year. on average 20 percent of what's produced becomes waste.
3 years ago right alex developed a system called up made it consists of 2 main steps a certification of the company to ensure transparency and a detailed leftovers report but center every month from the factory. this makes planning easier for. when they start production then we're all going to get the information that we know how big will be there the wastage what kind of material so we always make the environmental calculations as well there's off work. well that's how many blouses or trousers or different products we're going to make out of the left or worse etc so that that makes it very easy for the big companies as well if something a company would like to adopt. breakouts is based in the estonian capital. a shop is located in tel escapee
a former industrial complex that's been turned into a creative hub of a stone an artist's. this is where she does the sampling i'm designing. the designs are sent back to bangladesh and india to be manufactured. by using leftover materials she can save on average 75 percent water and 88 percent energy compared to conventional production. but the scheme does have some limitations the biggest limit is that we will never know how much we have one certain type of material yes that's definitely a limit it means that for example. in one design with the arrow for example we never know how many we can do with let's say blue and
gray but there will be always gray but the blue and gray we always look at different and that's the thing about that's that's the part of our collection despite the challenges that has a lot of potential not only for break outs now wants to convince other companies to take the same step. companies don't have any idea how. after their production so that we are helping them to make their way stream transparent and all the production that they can actually in the moment when they start deciding their products they already do. start designing. products as well because they will know how much leftovers we will be from their main productions another element of the project is tackling post consumer waste with a new project denim she collects jeans from recycling centers in estonia a company turns them into yawn which is used to make clothes like the. customers
appreciate the combination of up cycling and recycling. i like to design but also yeah obviously the idea that you can use a fabric that's left somewhere and make it into something really cool i think it's important the boy is torn in this line and i think what she's doing is something very special so i think the design and methods are very good and for me it's very important there's a strong design and there are some great. companies could produce around 10 to 15 percent more by using leftovers and save a lot of money for 8 hours it's a win win situation she's already working on her next collection. today with the amount of ecological damage the planet has suffered nearly all of us are forced respond to some change of the other. stories have given you the inspiration to take the 1st step towards creating the change we want to see for the
be. an action packed life for. me but i anything is possible as long as i'm comfy and his friends can dream are not that. this movie theater in kenya is dark refugee camp. his life story may have ground to a hit. 27 years ago but there's no holding back his dream slayer. thank you for. cinema the stars may 27th on double hulled. some time in the 26th. my great granddaughter. what move the world be like in your lifetime and around half
a century. the when i was born there were 3 people you will share the planet with 9000000000. your world be around 2 degrees more. evidently sea level rise by at least one during this interim. move going to have some climate impacts mature greater than what we see going to. try to cause trouble at the lud. why are people more concerned. little yellow. stars may 31st on the d.w. .
play. play. play. play. as a day. that. britain's prime minister says she has no choice but to quit she will resign on june the sept. i do so with no ill will but with enormous and ensuring gratitude to account for the opportunity to serve the country i know. through the maze failure to deliver praxis and nearly 3 years after the race referendum sealed my fate also on the program sealed with a kiss after 30 years.
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