tv Eco India Deutsche Welle May 28, 2019 6:30am-7:00am CEST
inevitably sea level by at least one meter in century it's really frightening. the or. why are people more consigned. to yellow. stars may 31st w. hello and welcome to eco india this week we get you up close with the communities who are often the 1st responders to some of the biggest ecological and social changes our planet is witnessing some of that i hope coming to you from mumbai in india on the shore to be let's look at how traditional salt workers and went about out adapting to new work and cleaner technologies how creating access to sound of
tree napkins is slowly empowering girls in a public school in delhi and how a set of board games could potentially change workplace communication for the better. but 1st let's me the community from the salt plains of touch in the western state of good cheer up as traditional sort minus a few generations back the community used to manually pump out brining water onto their fields as time passed these old pumps were introduced increasing their carbon footprint creatively but for a few years now the the harnessing the power of the sun. the temperature has nearly reached a scorching 40 degree celsius in the little run of guts the eastern and of india's largest song playing. some 2 ben has been working here ever since she can
remember it is grueling work sort of structure and is considered to be one of the toughest jobs in the world today. can i get somebody it's too hot to stay in the salt bands. some to bend belongs to the community of invest in india where 3 quarters of sold in india is harvested in the monsoon season from june to september the song planes are flooded with dry kneeboard when the water recedes in october 35000 families begin their annual from villages across the state with a little wrong to spend the next 8 months making sort. b.l.f. habitable. out. that i thought become with all the materials and build
a small structure to live in 1st they start to make a veil that actually relates the briony then the men started digging and the vermin moved the dirt to create a path. that will go. under the water from the brine venice into the pan once the what does starts drawing a layer of salt forms on the bottom which we have to keep breaking into small chunks with the hole every day this goes on for months and i can't see them that can. happen. the pumps are kept running day and night to move to brighton from the submerged areas into the flood business for years the small farmers have use diesel pumps which cost the 140000 rupees about $1800.00 euros to operate through the season it is a huge expense that leaves many families with no savings. in
2013 self employed women's association a trade union piloted the solar pump project done families participated from the start now 15000 augury of families have joined the labor organization in the region the concept involves using the heat of the sun as fuel during the daytime and switching to diesel pumps at night. but those of us. amaze me up with buying a solar pond is a still an expensive proposition for the. the organizations banking going helps the families with seasonal loans to be repaid weekly during the sold making months for the 1st time in years to soar farmers have started to take all money as savings. but when it got it when they go back during the monsoon for 4 months because of
switching to solar the family is able to take home around 425-0000 rupees in savings when they use diesel pumps there were no savings they used a lot of money from lenders for basics for the 4 months at home there was such a difference between using solar pounds and using diesel pumps it has really transformed their lives even more cost causing it one of. using solar bombs in the stead of these albums it's not only better for the health of the villain and their families but also for the among. a get up radio either way it ever got over the bad light if you notice carefully the environment of the rapidly changing around us imagine how much pollution has been awarded by the more than 1100 sort of bombs already in use by the other yes
all that you have got out there i'm on auckland's we are very happy about this but we want to go further and make sure that 15000 a god your families used to stick knology 100 we contribute to improving our environment what about a lot of our money but lousy and a lot of our large companies in the region don't seem to care about this but sisters are making sure that the condition here is less than it was earlier rather enjoy what they do mark back that one fire and their boats proceed. to carry some 2 brand has 3 solar panels and a family is a lot better off than before she makes about 160 rupees or 2 eurosport on the song she produces. onto the market price is much higher a study by self employed women's association. shows that soul farmers who have
switched from diesel to solar powered bombs have seen their savings increase more than 150 percent. the union is now helping them improve the quality and quantity of the sold the produce so that they can negotiate a better price in the future for now to switch to a cleaner technology and access to micro credit is a huge step forward for the families. now salt is one of the most basic one of the most essential ingredients in any dish but what exactly is sold and where does it come from this explainer will take you back to a science class and school and tell you how. about 3.5 percent of sea water as weight comes from the soil dissolved in it that means if all the salt in the ocean were spread evenly over the earth's anti-a surface we would make a layer more than 500 feet thick that's the height of
a 40 story building so what does the salt and how is it created a crystalline compound made of sodium chlorine and some impurities salt found dissolved in oceans and some lakes comes from the venturing off rocks on land. raindrops as they fall on land dissolve carbon dioxide from the end moment and become acid dick the carbon dioxide plus water called carbonic acid it all adds rocks and creates mineral ions are electrically charged it or make particles. these particles are carried to seize and lakes by rivers and streams where they bond in a chemical reaction to form sort. this process has been happening since the beginning of time making salt over 202300 1000000 years old. common solid as we know it is found mixed with other chemicals and bodies of water and have. to be purified before we can use it for our girl mary or industrial needs. one kind of
salt rock solid or hillary it is them please crystallize salt chunks the deposits formed as ancient oceans evaporated. brine on the other hand is water containing the high concentration of sot up to 26 percent the most obvious source of brine is the ocean but it can also be obtained from salty leagues such as the dead sea and from underground pools of salt water. did you know that salt has even been found on mars leading to a theory that either marsh once had the youth or that some salt on our planet might have just reached earth from outer space. shifting focus now only 12 percent of india's 355000000 menstruating women you send into the napkins the rest to alternatives like unsanitized cloth ashes or sand the goats of similar public school in new delhi are learning to manufacture their own sanitary
napkins and help increase access in the slums in the school its neighbor hood. many me feel as i shared my feelings from the 1st day of my period with my female cousins and i shared it with my mother and my teacher as will happen. when i talk to my father he's my it and encouraged me to be more mature and keep my head out as he did for the meadow though. i used a lot during my 1st period as i was unaware about sanitary napkins i was not in this town back then i did since i've been studying you know i have become much more familiar with and sitting up in some of the my mothers do you think because she is from an older background you know if you've got black i might actually find him and then the other lot so for me it's related to napkins and menstruation you can't eat
during a period because go to temple or go into the kitchen or rush out here and we shouldn't touch admin friends and have to distance from them then i think there are many templates like these that. are displaying barely breaking the typos 15 years ago they began teaching students about their bodies and mistresses is a crucial part of the curriculum practice will go to school. sunday show dust mop up time teaches the menstrual hygiene classes she wants the famous to feeling ashamed about talking about a page showing the person experiences spark of the night in process. plus the strands learnable of the biological processes in their bodies yes now both involve the subsumption only 12 percent of india's been and you senator you tell us why the rest resort to alternatives such as unsanitized not ashes and vice us.
that realize that this is the most sensitive issue and. it's like and if i'm not going to talk about it definitely my next to me also not going to talk about my situation with other people and other boys and girls. that's the thing that started to getting in my mind and i thought no i need to break this up i need to dig this but yet that i need to want men and other people in the. summer sure does mop up dirty just a ghost not only about their bodies but also how to make sanitary napkins which they do in their school. after being a certain amount of cotton wool in their faces to the form of her she got. the program was introduced by guess who love her so nutrition movement and enjoy promotes hygiene across and. more than 5000 grocers benefited from the ministry of
purging education program. mad zambia not theirs might not be a whenever i use a sanitary napkin i feel proud because it's me made it my never been so great they don't have any of the plastic and chemicals that are in the other napkins in the market looking at my body i feel very content as i know what i have used to make my napkins it's good for my health also. learning about the necessity of sanitary napkins and school is just one part of the campaign the student school wants to further spreading the word and talking to women in nearby slums about menstrual hygiene they sell their neck is for chiva these are for us since it's far cheaper than commercially produced bads. this aspect of indian society will take time to change but some of the women in the slums are starting to understand the advantages of sanitary napkins. they. made at you.
but i you know i live here in the slum oh you know i was using clothes and but then i heard about the sanitary nupkins made by the good bad there. very good and are better than the ones available on the market. i really like using them. for years goodness they were. the girls also invite women from the slums to come to the school to learn more about women's body in an informal setting. the opening with these young ladies young go on. and they will be happy to play these games he also the schools.
speaks of plans for health and. there are still many young women with insufficient sensitive position and access to hygiene products of sanitation movement projects like this in other parts of the country and the need for a good look at society as a whole about what menstruation here's one of the most natural things in the world often. difficult conversations like speaking to the woman and her family about safe menstrual hygiene is what brings about real change communication is a key factor in creating conducive environments not only a tool but also at the workplace even today women continue to face gender discrimination a battle space designed instict tackle this problem through enhancing communication she has designed for games and works for us so that workplaces in india can speak about and fight gender discrimination through gamification and team building.
here the day starts with playing games but this is serious work in this public research center in paris designers and developers work together on education. games graphic design a right he could form a code design to games for the indian market. the aim is to raise awareness about workplace discrimination by making employees play. in the video game another day the player acts as an h.r. manager and meets priyanka who's reporting a case of harassment. present her work to a colleague. we had our phones that. she says that people whistle at her there that they touch or. her colleagues say she shouldn't wear short skirts she should wear something more traditional to. the game simulates
a face to face interaction with the employee answers questions that help the player address the problem and learn new social practices. all the western grounds are in india now obviously the girls dress in a more western way it's more practical there's a kind of gap now it's a problem we thought was important to address. one big dozens of. her other game is a board game called hired. each player has to find out who refuses to recruit women old people or people from religious minorities the most common victims of discrimination. the role play starts and everyone is trying to one mask each other's behavior who i see that you are both sexist and ages. i asked sellers i hear this again to show
the biases you have in india when recruiting and the idea is to show on the contrary that everyone can be integrated into the team you have to hire by looking at people skills and not other aspects. right he could make came to paris from new delhi 10 years ago. she was working in an insurance company. and she quit her job for this project is a woman who i wanted my competence my know how to help for a social purpose that. india gave me a lot when i was young and i wanted to give something back to india. she brought her artistic skills to the team but also her deep knowledge of indian society. you have to adjust to indian cultural sensitivities you can't just go to your boss
and say look what you're saying doesn't suit me off slam the door and leave the indian mindset doesn't work like that there's a lot of consultation compromises it's a cultural thing so. you will be included games have been played in about $25.00 companies in india thanks to a local ngo that reaches out to them and introduces the project. in france to discrimination that work is far from being solved that's right he could boom a can tell. you from a woman who is confident will be told she is bossy but if it's a man who has the same kind of behavior we're going to say this is a leader. women are stigmatized even if they have the same qualities as men. right he could boom a is working on adapting these games for europe since european organizations have also shown interest. moving on.
one of the fascinating solution and estonian designer is using scraps of cloth left behind by large textile manufacturers to create a brand of small fashion usually most mass production manufacturers are left with an average of 18 percent of textile raise that is usually taken to land. the top cycling system this design has managed to see about 75 percent water by using just these left. mountains of textile waste these are pictures of a dump site in bangladesh. both in india and bangladesh tons and tons of textiles from industrial leftovers are thrown away every year. but some of it forms the basis for a new fashion line. the estonian designer right ousts uses industrial leftover materials to create items like t. shirts sweaters and dresses she wants to be a catalyst of positive change. if you just drive around the industrial area well
to see just the leftovers everywhere. mixed with plastic kids playing they are burning it it's toxic waste of air pollution it's like or and the 2nd thing all the. toxins are going to the ground water the people who are living thinking and getting sick there are so many issues related to the decks that waste. cooperates with 3 textile manufacturers in bangladesh and one in india one of them is back simcoe one of the biggest in bangladesh that makes clothing for brands such as h. and m. calvin klein tommy hilfiger and sara more than 240000000000 items are produced in its factory every year. on average 20 percent of what's produced becomes waste. 3 years ago developed
a system called up my. it consists of 2 main steps for certification of the company to ensure transparency and a detailed leftovers report that center every month from the factory. this makes planning easier for. when they start production then we're all going to get the needed information that we know how big will be there the wastage what kind of material so we always make the environmental calculations as well there's also calculates how many blouses or trousers or different products we're going to make out of the electoral worse etc so that that makes it very easy for the big companies as well if something a company would like to adopt a. great ouse is based in the estonian capital tata. shop is located in telus q.b. a former industrial complex that's been turned into a creative heart of a stone artist's.
this is where she does the sampling and designing. the designs are sent back to bangladesh and india to be manufactured. by using leftover materials she can save on average 75 percent water and 88 percent energy compared to conventional production. but the scheme does have some limitations the biggest limit is that we will never know how much we have one certain type of material yes that's definitely a limit it means that for example. in one design with the arrow for example we never know how many we can do with let's say blue and grey but there will be always be with gray but the blue and grey will be always
lived. different i mean that's the thing but that's that's the part of our collection despite the challenges that has a lot of potential not only for ray charles now wants to convince other companies to take the same step. after their production so that we are helping them to make their way through. the production that they can actually in the moment when they. start deciding their products in order to. start designing. products as well because they will know how much leftovers we will be from their main productions another element of the project is tackling post consumer waste with a new project denim she collects old jeans from recycling centers and i still mia the company turns them into gun which is used to make clothes like these. customers appreciate the combination of up cycling and recycling. i like to design
but also yeah obviously the idea that you can use fabric that's left somewhere and make it into something really cool i think it's important the boy is known in this line and i think what she's doing is something very special so i think the design and methods are very good and for me it's very important there's a strong design and they're strong ideas. companies could produce around 10 to 15 percent more by using leftovers can save a lot of money for 8 hours it's a win win situation she's already working on her next collection. today with the amount of ecological damage the planet has suffered nearly all of us are forced respond to some change all the other. stories have given you the inspiration to take the 1st step towards creating the change we want to see for the planet we'll be back next week. until then.
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