tv The Day Deutsche Welle June 20, 2019 1:02am-1:31am CEST
in attack. it's a scene that still evokes unimaginable heartache for families of the 298 passengers on board malaysia airlines flight m h 17 shot down over eastern ukraine 5 years ago security analysts pointed at russian backed rebels fighting in the region and tonight a team of international investigators has charged 3 russians and ukrainian with murder saying they may not have pushed the button but they helped put a missile launcher in place with the intent of shooting down an airplane a male rock'n'roll in this is the day. they'll be placed on national and international wanted lists so we'll reveal their full names and show you their pictures over the gold he said they are responsible
for shooting down an egyptian eagle get good at this one and out of. this is the real. santa guy skeet kind of relief because now the start of the process over like a lot of utilities why do you bring you food and diapers because he made this possible and they will need to cut jungle. i think it's just they deny everything they don't cooperate nothing. also coming up tonight as countries around the world strengthen their borders and put up walls to keep out refugees we go to uganda a country that is welcoming more people than ever would you look at the infrastructure before we have constructed access wards in that if it is a tremendous well constructed discourse. well of course structed it is the.
international investigators have named 4 suspects who will face murder charges in the shooting down of malaysia airlines flight m.h. 75 years ago the team in charge of the program house that one ukrainian and 3 russian men would be facing charges for their alleged involvement in downing a plane back in july 24th team flight m h 17 was hit by a russian made missile while flying over eastern ukraine all 298 people on board were killed most were from the netherlands. here's what one member of the investigative team the dutch chief prosecutor had to say. for them to feel in the prosecution's charging these 4 men because we believe it was their plan their cooperation and their actions in july 2014 that led to the downing of flight m.h. 17. need sell it even though they didn't push the button themselves there is
a suspicion that they worked together to obtain the missile launcher and put it in position with the goal of shooting down a plane. and to talk more about the findings of the dutch led investigation want to bring in our correspondent of a vessel in brussels who's been tracking this investigation for the past 5 years and in kiev ukraine standing by is nick calio to get reaction from there want to start off with you barbara if i may it was of course evidently a very complex case it walks us through why was it did it take this long to determine who the suspects are. because like that was incredibly painstaking work because we just remember how much it took us to discover was to put the puzzle pieces together to reconstruct the downed airliner and to prove that it was in fact shot down by an anti-aircraft missile and then the next step to sort of figure out
which battery which aircraft launcher was at that particular day in july 2013 in that particular region off east ukraine and sort of give a name to it and figure out where it was and who was and then the next step off of course and probably the most difficult was to sift through sounds and stuff intercepted telecoms and social media messages between people being in the area at that time between the military between militias and everybody who was involved in this conflict at that time and people were using names like dolphin and orion those were the 2 who were now being accused and to figure out who's behind those names so it was very difficult to make want to go to you and. can you tell us more about the suspect. so these 4 men 3 of them are russian
citizens the 4th is a ukrainian citizen the 3 russian citizens are all believed to have connections to russia's special security services and you basically have the full chain from egos get otherwise known as little cold who at the time was the self-proclaimed minister of defense of the don't yet separatists government right down to people who were on the ground near the battery when the launch of the rocket happened people who were also believed to have been involved in recovering the black box of the malaysian boeing to be hiding from investigators initially and then organizing the return of the book missile system to russia after the tragedy of god and that what has been the reaction in ukraine where you are to the murder charges that were brought by dutch prosecutors. well we've had statements both from current president villages alinsky and his predecessor was in charge of ukraine when this happened was a sense of vindication that the ukrainian version of events that this was something
that was carried out by russian weaponry and organized by people with connections to russia that seemingly was very welcome to have that confirmation from the heavens today having said that though this story isn't playing as big here in ukraine as it probably is in the rest of europe because as you'll remember since the tragedy of july 24th seen thousands of people have died in this conflict that the dying still continues up to the last week so in a way for ukraine this is just part of a much bigger story that continues to dominate life here whereas we see for most of the rest of europe this is a reason to remember to go back to this conflict which shows no sign of ending well it barbara it's a go to you i mean this is of course playing very very big in the netherlands a date and time has been set for court proceedings by dutch officials i just wonder i mean how likely is it that the suspects will actually ever spend a day in court. it is extremely unlikely as far as the 3 russians are
concerned the more or less impossible there will be a trial will be in a sense it is so they won't be in the courtroom but of course when they get a lead that is possible there will probably even be a verdict but nobody will go to jail for it ukraine has sort of that they might look for their own citizen who was implicated in this and arrest him but then what happens would be up to them how they deal with this but nothing will really come of it it isn't the symbolic act it is a symbolic start i want to continue our on that in that vein barbara because of course the majority of the victims on the mh 17 were dutch i mean they have been through a horrifying experience i just wonder i mean is this really justice what justice will look like for them is it meaningless this is just a symbolic act to hold this hold these people accountable. it won't be meaningless because at least people have been named and there will probably be
a verdict but of course it will remain a very partial satisfaction this is only partial justice this is probably the best they're going to get and they have some knowledge to come to terms with it that this is somehow all that the now the lens and the other countries who have who have been involved in the investigation team can didn't live afford them because the rest is politics and the kremlin is not budging in this question so not entirely. their nic or russia didn't cooperate with the investigation moscow has of course for years very early maintained and denied any involvement in the shooting down of m.h. 17 but investigators say they have grounds to believe russian servicemen were involved will there be any repercussions for the kremlin. well here's the crucial the crucial information here is that those 3 russian citizens of the 4 now
implicated they are all veterans of russian security services the question is were they still in active service or were they receiving orders from moscow at the time of this disaster the ukrainian size is vehement that they were but this has been a pattern all through the investigation not only of this tragedy but of deaths resulting from this conflict russia saying that people who previously had been identified as military personnel had either taken holiday to go and serve as volunteers in the separatist forces or had left active service is just a matter of days before leaving for eastern ukraine so that is the crucial distinction there that the russians are likely to make in terms of the repercussions of moscow well i think it is going to be something that moves away from the sphere of justice to the sphere of diplomacy as bob are saying there is the west all western governments willing really to put pressure on moscow and to really not take this policy of obfuscation and we've heard over the last 5 years
moscow offering various versions. their versions of this disaster initially saying that it was a ukrainian plane who shot down shot down this malaysian boeing or that it was a ukrainian battery launching lots of contradictory versions that seemingly did little to bring any clarity to this case and this is really a question of political will now right now barbara i want to give you the last word if i may does this now mean that the investigation into the downing of m.h. 17 is dime. no the investigation will carry on lot of because the investigators say we're not done yet however the question is what can the chief they might be able to and their names have been floating around for a considerable time to name the people who have been manning this rocket launch of this particular book aircraft miss a who was operating on that day that is one part but the other part of course
looking at the higher. russian military and particularly as nic mentioned of course the military secret service and how much knowledge how much insight does the west have and how far is willing to go that is completely up in the air in the end quite doubtful bever of a cell in brussels an economy in kiev reporting i think you both. are united nations human rights expert says saudi crown prince mohammed bin someone should be investigated over the killing of the journalist. the un's agnus column are cited what she called credible evidence of in some ons liability and wednesday's report she said she found that the protests conducted so far by saudi arabia and turkey had failed to meet international standards because she was killed last october at the saudi consulate and a stumble. like to welcome
a now andrew miller to the show he is the deputy director of project on middle east democracy mr miller has served under president barack obama at the national security council and he joins us now from washington mr miller so good to have you back on the show again and your assessment does this u.n. report conclusively prove that the saudi leadership was behind the murder of mr. it still doesn't conclusively prove that he was behind the murder but the report explicitly notes that there doesn't have to be a smoking gun that by virtue of muhammad been saw mom's position as the defacto head of state within saudi arabia that it's inconceivable he wasn't aware of the plot against the show she and that as such under international human rights laws he is legally liable in some respects so even if he did not direct or order his assassination he is morally and legally complicit in the journalist death so what
now what next. what the un special repertory recommends is twofold 1st that the u.n. secretary general open an international investigation and she actually chides the secretary general saying that he doesn't have to wait for requests that he has it in his own authority to initiate some type of investigation into what took place and 2nd report in a very unusual step calls for specific action by the united states by both the administration in initiating an f.b.i. investigation if one doesn't exist and what happened given the show she's presence in the united states and to apply global magnitsky sanctions which are human rights related sanctions on those who are found responsible the report also calls on klon gris to investigate what happened to call for the administration to turn over all available evidence including classified material that can shed light on all mom's
role and who else was responsible for the death of mr show how likely is it mr miller that this administration the trumpet ministration will take a leadership role in this investigation. unfortunately it is it is difficult if not impossible to imagine that the trump administration will lead the way on this issue the trumpet ministrations foreign policy has been quite scattered and quite unpredictable but in one respect it's been consistent and that is saudi arabia is a privileged partner if not of the united states at least of the trumpet ministration and president trump and those around him including secretary pompei 0 and his son in law jordan questioner have done everything possible to shield mohammed bin psalm on from any culpability and to show jesus' death what this means is that it's up to congress to determine what happens congress is a co-equal branch of government including in foreign policy in the united states
and knowing that the administration will destruct any investigation congress has to force the hand of the administration if congress can come together on a bipartisan basis and a bi caramel basis they can achieve real progress in the investigation and hopefully get to the bottom of what happened but of course as you know better than anybody else there are a lot of strategic interests involved as well do you think it will trump human rights. so far it has at least for some members of congress frankly in both parties while there is generally a general desire for some type of some type of investigation and some type of oversight even democratic lawmakers are reluctant to impose sanctions or to hold mohamed bin psalm on responsible for fear that it would end the relationship i think from the perspective of many of us in the human rights community that you can't have a strategic relationship with a country that wouldn't gauge in such conduct and unfortunately has showed you
murder is just a kind of a piece of a variety of actions that saudi arabia has undertaken domestically and regionally under mohamed bin psalm on that has been clearly contrary to u.s. strategic interests as well as to american values including freedom of the press and freedom of speech what are the stakes for saudi arabia i mean what is the impact of this u.n. report on saudi and its standing in the world. i having spoken with a number of people who are normally defenders of saudi arabia both within the united states and outside of it the general sentiment is that this won't be forgotten that no matter how hard the trumpet ministration and mohammed bin so man try to divert attention from this issue that is going to follow him and mohamed bin psalm on along as a stain on his record as a stain on his stewardship of the country and given that mohammed bin psalm on and
his father king saul mon expect him to rule for decades this is something that's going to remain a thorn in his side and ultimately if he's able to dig out of this hole that he's created for himself if he's unable to establish some degree of remorse for what's happened as well as redirect the saudi state to behave more responsibly it's not clear that that the saudi u.s. relationship is going to survive in its current form or that saudi arabia will be looked on in the same wide by the international community as a. producing actor as some state that is actually working towards a global public good which which consists of stability security and some degree of predictability in saudi arabia simply isn't that at the moment joining us from washington andrew miller deputy director of the project on middle east democracy said thanks again for coming on it's my pleasure thank you.
new figures from the u.n. refugee agency show record numbers of people have been displaced by war or persecution more than 70000000 people around the world are currently displaced most of the refugees are taken in by developing countries 4th on the list of countries hosting refugees is uganda we take a closer look at this african nation and ask why this country has been more welcoming to refugees than many others. seen by seem stitched by stage it is phony is making a new dress she recently trained as a seamstress as part of a u.n. refugee aid project in 2016 she fled with her family from war torn south sudan to uganda. on our way of the rebels came they took our property tortured us into print ways and beat us. little bones it's. like millions of
others from south sudan edith and her family found refuge in uganda refugee 8 here functions differently people and simply confined to a camp liking kenya refugees who were rife here are immediately given a work permit and land which is provided by the communities and then you neighbors they also receive monthly benefits we have gosh and so does well because when we give them food get that is restricted to the food that we've given them but then to give them cash they have the option to buy and supplement what about dead dead dead that is so it's optional. ugandans have a strong willingness to give to those in need for 20 years they also suffered during the civil war they also benefit from international aid which can be used to build hospitals or schools but of course there are still challenges.
as a young school we have enormous challenges one of it is the infrastructure like the classrooms are not enough we don't have saints or laboratories we don't have labor ready though we have the books but we have nowhere to put them then also the teachers move from 5 distance to come here so there are no stuff what does the most of the students especially the girl take from 5 distance to come and land in the school. no budget room a school is in a jew money district in the north of the country 400000 people live here half of them are refugees some of whom arrived here 50 years ago many are from south sudan where the most recent civil war broke out in 2013 it's led to an ongoing conflict between rival factions titus jogo the refugee officer in the district is happy that the refugees were able to find a new place to call home in uganda he believes it benefits the locals to the
prisons over to some and yours mindy's so many people have been employed not now not in a city from disobey strictly but it was well underway tuck's when you look at the infrastructure before we have constructed access what roads into it if it is a tremendous well constructed discourse or structed it says it does but there are also negative aspects rizzo's is like would supplies onto enduring in january this year almost 6000 more refugees arrived in uganda but it wants to keep its borders open and can only manage this influx with the help of aid money at least for the time being as uganda's policies continue to be put into action it's hoped that refugees who become self-sufficient like seamstress aegis phony. an earlier date of use and their current or spoke with the un's high commissioner
for refugees feeley foregrounded he appealed for more international cooperation. high commission and nearly 71000000 people worldwide are displaced all refugees are high increase in numbers compared to last year one of the reasons. the main one is inability to resolve conflict to put an end to wars all wars chronic wars new wars new crisis unless this is addressed to gether unanimously by the international community we will continue to see these figures rice how should the world leaders address the situation by working together. we have seen that even in the crisis that have caused the worst humanitarian problems like syria like libya like e.m.m. we have not seen unity on the part of the international community unless there is a unity in the security council where germany sits and tries to encourage of
disunity in other fora unless there is this unity of intent we will not solve conflict and we will continue to inflict the consequences of conflict on millions of people that make these very difficult choice to leave behind everything that they hold dear and go into exile. about half of the refugees are children what impact does it have on their lives that they have to grow up in a situation like this and isn't that a dramatic element of this whole situation children do not make choices they just leave because it's dangerous for them and the dangers are multiplied by their fragility by their exposure be it to disease be to hunger especially in some situations be it to exploitation and abuse which sadly we see in many of these conflicts and another thing that they think is very important education you know being on the move being in exile makes it reduces your chances to get
a good education and we can only imagine what generations of children without education may me so we really need to act on all these things at the same time. a huge number of people are refugees at the same time in countries trying to close their border what is your message to those governments this is the result of the political manipulation that has been made of this movement of people forced movement of people presenting their must rights presenting them as people that are coming here to steal our jobs and to threaten our security instead of presenting their must people the need of solidarity and so. board and instead of being strategic in trying to address the root causes i agreed that we want to put an end to these phenomena and i also believe that 71000000 is a big figure but when you look at the world $7500000000.00 people it is a manageable figure it can only be managed by working together by the dramatizing
this whole issue of refugees and migrants and by being strategic about looking at the root causes if we start working in that manner and not continuously put back the issue into the political domain we will make progress for the people affected and for all of us high commissioner thank you very much. and that of course was due to overuse i now garner with the un's high commissioner for refugees for the program and that was the day as ever the conversation continues online you'll find us on twitter at twitter rather either at g.w. news or atlanta iraq don't forget to use our hash tag that day and remember whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is on the.
coming. up to move. into the conflict zone confronting the powerful means international criminal courts there's a new enemy in washington the trump administration is accused didn't have no legitimacy and says once it's done my guest this week you're in the hague is truly a vocal sujit he was the president of the i.c.c.
something he did from the organization against such possible conflicts so for 60 minutes p.w. . i'm not often kept in the job. because sometimes i am but i just ended up in which at that point the germans thinks deep into the german culture of looking at the stereotypes bequests put in here think the future of the country that i don't. need to change to take to this drama they owe me so it's all about a new i'm rachel join me to meet the gentleman from d.w. post. where i come from we had to fight for a free press and was born and raised in a military dictatorship and just want to be a shadow and a few newspapers when official information as a journalist i have worked all the streets of many can trust and their problems are
all the same 14 the social inequality a lack of the freedom. the press. should work on the farm just a sign and when it comes to the fans the humans on scene are my 2 phones who have decided to put their trust in us. my name is jean paris and i weren't. u.s. fed leaves interest rates unchanged but it leaves the door open for a later cut so what does that say about the american economy and about the central banks independence from a pushy president. also on the show the u.s. hopes to bolster its coal power plants unveiling new rules that scrap of missions targets and will likely slow the shift to renewables. and we'll take you to