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tv   Close up  Deutsche Welle  July 10, 2019 9:30am-10:01am CEST

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well couple i think those in the car probably pushes you he says oh you've left some tomatoes there he shouts at you pick them up pick them up. if anything's left he's not happy to see. you and slaps you in the face he hurts you he has no respect for you and that is slavery slavery not just exploitation. and that's what that's so exploitation is something like poor pay but when they push
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you when you have to work in the burning sun and have no say no papers and you sleep in the ghettos. all that is slavery modern slavery slavery doesn't require change it's no slavery is what's happening here this is slavery. sagna calls them slaves hundreds of thousands of seasonal farm workers from africa and eastern europe on fields in italy yvonne who comes from cameroon was once one of them. today he fights for their rights and against a mafia style system of dumping prices abuse of power and exploitation than wants to bring the people who profit from that system behind bars and end the farm work
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is inhumane living conditions. this is typical housing for the immigrants he. used the fireplace for all kinds of things because there's no electricity no lights no running water nothing. but they know how to help themselves they use this for heating and cooking. there's the table. here's all well and the plates they eat off. look here at mattresses. yeah maybe 40 people can sleep here. 40 people you've seen it.
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this is a typical house for 4 people. sometimes plaster from the ceiling falls on them when they sleep it's much too cold here there are no windows they close up the openings with sheet metal so. the migrant workers have to buy old basic amenities from the criminal gang monsters called the copper ali often they come from the same countries as the foreign workers. for rotten mattress feltham and 10 year round who's. in that yellow house over there are italians. not foreigners italians. they do business with. us
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it's the only house around here with running water and electricity. and the people have to go over there to charge their mobile phones because there's no electricity here they'll take $0.50 for charging a phone to wash yourself over there it cost a euro or euro and a half. disapprove it makes me want to cry. i feel disgust and hatred when i see human beings living under these conditions today in the 21st century in italy. so it's just sick of all of the despicable and the whole world knows about it everyone knows about it but they don't care because these are migrants. the migrants are treated like animals. they are supposed to work to boost the business of the farmers and politicians. but no one sees them as people
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so it's his son james the one that's italy welcome to italy. caesium you get the migrants who live in the camps are completely controlled by the people known as. their own kind of mafia. when the farmers need workers for the fields they call the cop alley on the phone. and the cops but ali abuse this position of power to exploit and control the immigrants and they live side by side with them in their evolve it ready. the a purely on basilica to regions of southern italy a known as the country's vegetable gardens a purely alone produces
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a 3rd of tomato harvest in the remote areas around the fields we find the so-called ghettos. with. entire shanty towns have grown up here. while it also show. will need a hidden camera in the fields put down your big camera. and. look up without a name but. probably don't want cameras. to be fair because that would mean people could see their illegal business. lazy me get rid of all the immigrants don't like them because they don't want to be seen in the ghettos they were ashamed of being filmed and that someone in their home countries in africa might see them. when they
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talk with their parents or friends in africa they tell them a very different story that their lawyers are working. office they lie because they're ashamed to admit that they live under these conditions. more than 3000 people live here joining the harvest most africans people who have been arriving on italy shores for the past decades and who italy feels it's been left to deal with without help from europe many of the farm hands are undocumented the government turns a blind eye without these low wage workers produce would end up rushing in the fields. there's all the garbage everywhere there are mosquitoes and flies and it stinks. these camps have no sanitation they are lawless places that might pose
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a personal risk to yvonne he believes that the death threats he receives originates here the capper ali who live here know him as a tenacious opponent for years he has been going to camps like these to gather evidence of the gangmasters illegal activities he seeks out eyewitnesses identifies perpetrators he knows many of the residents and their stories. like this man from sudan who fled to italy around 20 years ago. and get. his dream of a better life ended in this shack where he sells used clothes his customers are refugees from around the world. right. in front of the store a man suddenly approaches yvonne knows him as
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a couple rally for a while he hides his anxiety but then our sister in. the visit quickly. only if we want an end to these ghettos we want infrastructure water light kitchens decent sleeping arrangements and my dream is to achieve that with a no cop organization. didn't look up. in value and works in rome not far from the vatican. here in his apartment he founded no cop it's a system that certifies produce found and ethically acceptable conditions. look
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up. is based on article 4 of the universal declaration of human rights which says no one shall be held in slavery or servitude slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms. i don't know cops it's no cop is an organization that says no to the cop or a lotto system of gangmasters. it works with a system of labels. you need to get so it unity kit will put these labels on all the products from farmers who don't exploit their workers. call of the we will monitor to ensure that the rights of the farm workers are respected they. feel different so they then we have formed a partnership with
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a union of small farmers called ultra greek ultra. up in place and they have around $60000.00 farmers in their association. so we're starting out with a good little baseball bats. in 2017 yvonne sanya i was made a knight of italy's order of merit. he was awarded the honor by a talian president sergio matter of the law for his commitment to human rights and his efforts to expose mafia like structures in farming. the more. that was a grandiose moment in my life. a unique moment because i received this honor from a country that was not my own i'm not a talian i'm cameroonian for the moment or the end receiving this prize from a country that is not my own makes me very happy look.
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in 2017 yvonne also became a father it was a good year but it was overshadowed by death threats but his enemies knew that yvonne was determined to take them to court to the highest court in the country if need be. the feel weighs heavily on his wife or on ika. are on. long island actually she would have been all. these threats are unfortunately a sign of how well he is doing his work. how much he is disturbing the interests of the big players. and that's very disturbing to us as a family. but the one of the few that are. especially when he goes back to the places where these threats are coming from. we pray for him. that we were a that he will reach his goal without harm or useful but of course on.
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a pretty good that he was going to buy the new van has shown that he's very brave and very obstinate. and he's demonstrated that change is possible slowly through hard work and the sacrifices he makes i support him every day in this battle that he fights. back in 2007 if i'm came to italy not to fight but to study he been fascinated by the country since his youth it all went well until he failed an exam and lost his scholarship at his university in 2 and. he needed cash and his search for work took him to nada in the south of the country to harvest tomatoes. he arrived at this train station on july 10th 2011 what he experienced then changed
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his life forever. today he's returned to the site on the edge of town with back then some 1000 workers from africa were living in tents on the plastic tops or out in the open. play place it was unbelievably filthy and hot here. and i asked the good lord what have i ended up here. waukegan adage light comes from a completely different context interregnum says that she was there i lived in a decent house a student dormitory with a toilet is my own room a bed. and suddenly i found myself here sleeping on a mattress on the ground. as
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he takes us across the property if i am discovers that farm workers a living here again. there are not many of them but the conditions are hardly better than they were when he was here. 3 days after i arrived i encountered a couple who called himself making. he was from sudan he was a big strong guy called mekhi. for the next 4 days yvonne worked on the field brutally supervised by mickey he was paid 3 and
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a half year 0 for a $350.00 kilo crate of tomatoes on the 1st day he managed to pick 4 cranks that made 14 jirus he had to pay $10.00 of them to make even transport food and water so after a 14 hour day in the heat and with bt meds he made 4 euros. said local that's how it was. and if you got sick i remember one mate of mine and he fell down just like that. the sun was too strong he just collapsed. that was heart. when he fell i went over to him and asked him what was wrong. she did he said. i got some water and trickled in on him. and i told the cop what
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a holiday. he has to go to the hospital. but i wasn't one nearby. hospital was far away. said leave him there if you go to the hospital you'll have to pay 50 euros for the transport that's not exploitation any more for me that slavery a new slavery. survived his collapse on the field. i work for 5 days. and on the 5th day we said enough. we are angry enough is enough we want cars trucks we want our rights to be respected. we are tired of being treated like slaves this is us. yvonne helped organize a strike the 1st large scale uprising among seasonal farm workers in italy the men
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from the ghetto joined it telegram a local broadcaster reported on it then the death threats came and yvonne fled. but his anger brought him back again after nearly 3 months the harvest was starting to run on the fields the farmers gave in and offered higher pay and labor contracts the government in rome passed a law against the brutal copper a lotto system and soon after the 1st trial of farmers and gangmasters began with the bonds involvement. his fight for human rights has now become a full time occupation it's a fight on many fronts in production halls on the fields in court and increasingly at negotiating tables here in brazil a carter he's meeting with some farmers who'd like to have his partners as the
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direct employees of the farm hands the meeting was arranged by events closest ally trade union leader gianni fabrice. italian fruit and vegetable production is hovering on the brink. products are subject to price dumping. the retailers say to the pharmacy but we'll pay you the same price for your peaches as we pay for peaches from morocco or turkey that much cheaper than yours you want to sell that's the price that's the reality of farming in italy. well system here and the system is kept alive by the big companies in the food industry sector. and. clear pushing down the prices to rock bottom
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so that the farmers have no margin to maneuver. so they are forced to exploit their workers. the van is working with farmers and trade unionists to find a better way. of you. know to. we have to raise people's consciousness and beg the consumers to have more social responsibility. consumers have to realize that behind the kilo of tomatoes that they buy is work work in which people are being exploited for. work which is ethically correct and if this rethink doesn't happen then we are dead. 2 days later if i am receives a message that gives him a boost an italian supermarket chain office in his 1st deal it will take an initial batch of no cap products worth up to
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a 1000000 euros in its assortment that will make it attractive for farmers to work with yvonne and his organization. in the town of glass santa yvonne shows how the no cap system works here a farmer picks up his workers himself rather than leaving the transport to the criminal labor broca's. psyche for an awful this is what gives the copper ali their power that's how they bring their workers to the fields. what is i mean there's no public transportation so what the cost but i really who take care. they're transporting and abused them. up why not use. the gangmasters pack up to 30 people into a van that is authorized to hold a maximum of 8 years it would be grovelling in those overfilled vans is terrible.
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not much uppity to most of them don't have any windows because the cop at all you don't want the police to see that they're carrying 20 to 25 people on the road so inside there's hardly any air there are deaths every year shocked i mean. within the space of 2 days in orcas 20 i seen 2 separate crashes of over field events claimed the lives of 15 african one because. of what i wanted to be different. so these guys these workers came here in a normal vehicle. they didn't pay anything for the transport. as you can see their clothing is white like it's workload out in moscow they also
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have protective masks and gloves to protect their hands. limit the hold on we're taking care of safety in the workplace superpower life. before anyone starts working here he gets a contract and the pay is in accordance with legal requirements. the last tomatoes of the season being picked on this field one of the workers thomas from guyana agrees to talk with us pretty flay. we don't have contracts. don't their contracts or account work you course and europe are entirely if you don't have to walk on trucks or walk i mean you can walk so we always come. it think i'm a bad person or i think i'm ounce i'm not the one being nuts i mean one been different. if skin black and red black blood c.d.c. intern so all we are one defend the list one by one people the
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man on whose fields thomas and the others are working also sees it that way. b.v. known as family has been growing organic vegetables here for 30 years. hey guys just pick the red tomatoes just the really red ones. are. just set be even your own as workers have contracts he's one of a growing number of farmers who want to break out of a system of extreme price pressure that's turning them into perpetrators look up other medical for me the couple are allowed to system is the worst mistake in existence since they are using a labor force that's being fundamentally exploited. for harvesting tomatoes is very exhausting and so this labor should be accorded a proper value. and there but that's another reason why it's important to make contracts and protect the workers. and the more. that are called for the tomato
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harvest we pay $5.00 euros net per hour plus social contributions that's twice as much as in the cup or a lotto system. trickle up and the entire system of the tomato harvest needs to change the battle against these prices is extremely tough and there are big difficulties that it was. an italian trade union has calculated what a solution might look like if the big retail chains paid the farmers just $0.02 more per kilogram of tomatoes they would have $235000000.00 euros more income with that they could set up humane housing and working conditions for the farm workers and the problem with the copper ali would vanish on its own. it's late october 20th election in southern italy. lawsuit against gangmasters
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unexploited farmers has been going on for 5 years. in this course he celebrated a great triumph the explosives were convicted in the 1st trial but now their appeal could end in a dramatic defeat. some dozen posts here today we are in appeals proceedings. there. in the 1st trial 9 were sentenced to 11 years in jail. they were convicted of 2 in italian that is of enslavement. 9 and 3 italian farmers were convicted. at the start we were around 50 people who went to the police to press charges
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fairly normal we named the names of all those who exploited us today there are just 8 of us with that courage and the main witness. the other side seated here in the dock have been defending themselves with all available means the final message showing up within a matter of expensive lawyers but yvonne has been steadfast. simu sukkot it because all those men are guilty of abusing workers i was a victim of that and i denounced it. if the appeals court was up hold the guilty verdict it would be a remarkable success for yvonne be it a symbolic one. if. it's in the clear because of course say it's clear that this trial has not changed the working conditions for the farmhands in the fields. of ridiculousness the caliber lotto system is still in place everywhere
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in italy. and the terrible living conditions of the people in the ghettos without. water or light are still there i knew that this trial would not change all that. none the less if on sunday i seized the trial as a milestone. some ball up in the soup it's worth fighting. we're living in a world where you have to fight if you need a solution if you don't fight nothing will change. things will only change if you fight. we are prepared some.
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strong women who love that land. may belong to the korea conducted. territory faces threats from drug runners and speculators but these indigenous people are fighting for non-state. amie's the cornea heritage. in 75 minutes r.t.w. . staying up to date don't miss our highlights w. program online w. dot com highlights. coming up.
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this is due to be a news along. live from berlin a guilty verdict and a long prison sentence in a murder trial but will it call public anger here in germany as iraqi asylum seeker has been sentenced to life in prison for killing a 14 year old girl whose case has been fueling a heated debate about migration and violent crime. also coming up the battle for breakfast the 2 contenders to become the next produce prime minister and take britain out of the e.u. make the.


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