Skip to main content

tv   Doc Film  Deutsche Welle  July 19, 2019 3:15am-4:01am CEST

3:15 am
self is in danger. but there is a glimpse of. the biggest companies are uniting to create a global. possibility. that not only animals will be safe but home to. the lion's share of the conservation of hope. florida july 1969. 3 men set off in one of the greatest adventures in human history their goal the move. that the fact that all 106000 were there to watch.
3:16 am
the cold war was in full swing and the competition between the u.s. and the soviet union extended even to space. on july 20th $1069.00 astronaut neil armstrong became the 1st human to set foot on earth spawn the permanent satellite. this event would bring armstrong fame that he had never sought and it would also change his life forever. neil armstrong became a living legend in the history of space travel like a 20th century christopher columbus. but at the height of his popularity he voluntarily withdrew from public life.
3:17 am
cutler. armstrong served as a navy pilot during the korean war 1955 he signed on with the government's high speed flight station at edwards air force base in california. his 1st job was piloting chase planes during tests of experimental aircraft the flight station was home to some of the country's best airmen. they had the right stuff a combination of bravery and maci small that drove them to take on dangerous missions with aircraft that were still in the development stage. armstrong's interest in aircraft dates back to his early childhood he and his father once took a ride in a ford tri motor known as the tin goose they also attended local air shows together .
3:18 am
armstrong knew from the very start that he wanted to be a pilot later he worked various jobs to earn money for flying lessons and earned a student flight certificate on the day he turned 16. he also made his 1st solo flight later that month. in 1947 armstrong enrolled at purdue university and studied aeronautical engineering his tuition was paid for by a federal program in return after graduation he was required to complete 3 years of training and service in the u.s. navy. afterward armstrong returned to purdue earning a degree in aeronautical engineering in january 1055. a year later armstrong married janet sharon whom he'd met at purdue. he
3:19 am
wasn't yet thinking about space travel he was now starting a career as a test pilot. in october 1057 the soviet union shocked the world by launching the 1st satellite called sputnik. at that time many in the way. i believe that the u.s.s.r. was technologically backward but the launch of sputnik changed all of that. and the soviet successfully tested their 1st intercontinental ballistic missile 1957 a cause of concern for the west. better than us responded by setting up a civilian space program the national aeronautics and space administration of the right among the agency's missions to put an astronaut into space. nasa chose a number of experienced test pilots to take part in the program.
3:20 am
meanwhile neil armstrong continued his career as a project pilot he flew a wide variety of aircraft including the famous x. 15 series these were experimental rocket powered aircraft that could fly faster than the speed of sound they often reached altitudes of more than 80 kilometers just short of the technical definition of outer space. armstrong was an excellent pilot but led an unassuming private life he and his family lived in a home in the mountains of southern california with no electricity or hot water. his colleagues described him as friendly but reserved he preferred to let his talents as a pilot speak for themselves. in the early 1960 s. few thought that a manned spacecraft to the moon was possible and the u.s.
3:21 am
space program was about to be outdone again by the soviet union. and april $961.00 yuri gagarin became the 1st human to journey into outer space the garden's capsule made a single orbit around the earth and then returned. but his good garden was being. celebrated worldwide as the 1st man in space the u.s. was putting the final touches to its own inaugural spaceflight. the next month former navy aviator and test pilot alan shepard took off from cape canaveral. it was only a 15 minute flight. shepherd did not orbit the earth as good garren had done after the flight his space capsule splashed down as planned off the coast of bermuda. shepherd's successful flight
3:22 am
prompted president john f. kennedy to make a bold proposal. i believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal before this decade is out of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth. in february 1962 the usa launched its 3rd manned space flight the pilot was john glenn an experienced marine corps aviator and a veteran of the advanced aircraft testing program washington spared no expense in its competition with moscow to conquer space. during a. nasa official started making crew assignments for future missions to the moon this program was called apollo among the candidates were james lovell. james
3:23 am
mcdevitt. john young. and frank borman. in june 1902 neil armstrong applied to become an astronaut. at this point in his life armstrong was trying to cope with a very serious personal tragedy. his 2 year old daughter karen died of a brain tumor in january $962.00. armstrong dealt with his grief by working harder than ever before. on september 17th 1962 armstrong was introduced as one of the 9 astronauts he was one of 2 civilians in the group the rest were active military pilots these men would take part in the gemini program which would feature a 2 manned spacecraft. that
3:24 am
same evening armstrong's parents file and stephen were special guests on a popular t.v. quiz program. the astronauts began a rigorous training program on board a modified air force jet to try to cope with the effects of weightlessness. the astronauts were pushed to their limits of their endurance because no one knew what dangers they might face in space it was a case of learning by doing. we
3:25 am
didn't go to mr cain to do the other thing not be close. but because they are. to help achieve this goal the u.s. space program developed the world's most powerful rocket. and did it without the use of sophisticated computers. and searched when i started in 1962 i had an adding machine on my desk just a normal adding machine with a crank are used to calculate trajectories we prepare complex tables and then fill them in you don't always get through to. the engineers who are now in uncharted territory no one had ever attempted a manned flight to the moon before they had to design everything from scratch. the astronauts including neil armstrong became america's new heroes armstrong was no
3:26 am
stranger to personal bravery. in the spring of 1964 armstrong's house caught fire in the middle of the night but he managed to rescue both his young sons . $400000.00 we're now working on the moon project the next step would be to develop the gemini 2 manned spacecraft. that was. a little. lift. the astronauts also practiced for spacewalks but here too they were playing catch up with the russians a cosmonaut made the 1st spacewalk in march $965.00. are
3:27 am
the astronauts worked on docking maneuvers involving 2 spacecraft the u.s. did this successfully for the 1st time in late 1965 half. dollars for the space program encountered several setbacks but learn from its mistakes. half hour. landings proved especially difficult at 1st. in march 1966 neil armstrong and david scott took off on a mission that was marked by both success and failure the astronauts plan to dock their gemini capsule with an unmanned target vehicle. their 1st task was to rendezvous with the vehicle.
3:28 am
but. after the astronauts carried out the docking procedure successfully they noticed that one of the capsules thrusters had become stuck in the on position which was causing the spacecraft to rotate at high speed armstrong managed to study the spacecraft and then decided to abort the mission immediately the capsule landed safely in the pacific ocean southeast of japan. the gemini 8 mission was a major disappointment for the u.s. but nasa was still determined to win the space race. was there a political aspect to your work back when the from the from in front of the excess we were very aware of the competition. these. 0 was like ah no. these an opt out there is some
3:29 am
bonnie. we had great my style of it of. course the fix was on. the us was now preparing for the 1st flight of the apollo program which featured a 3 man crew. but the mission would end with the deaths of 3 astronauts. gus grissom. white. and roger chaffee. during a launch test in january 967 a fire broke out in the capsules cabin and spread quickly all 3 astronauts were killed nasa blamed the fire on deficiencies in capsule design workmanship and quality control. the agency made improvements to the spacecraft and to operational procedures.
3:30 am
meanwhile nasa continued to experiment with using parachutes to return apollo capsule safely to earth. a more difficult challenge was the design and construction of the vehicle that would actually land the astronauts on the surface of the moon. armstrong took part in flight tests early versions of the lunar module. armstrong took part in flight tests over earlier versions of the lunar module. some of the astronauts called it the flying bedstead the module suffered from a number of technical problems at the start in may 968 armstrong was at the controls when the crap started to spin out of control.
3:31 am
armstrong ejected safely with just seconds to spare. but time was running out for nasa to meet president kennedy's call to put a man on the moon by the end of the 1960 s. in december 1968 the apollo 8 astronauts frank borman jim lovell and bill landers took off from the new kennedy space center in florida. but 1968 was a turbulent year. the war in vietnam was raging. young people held antiwar protests across the country. dr martin luther king was assassinated. then on christmas eve in 1968 the world heard a voice from space a voice that carried a message of peace and reconciliation. and
3:32 am
in december 1968 neil armstrong was appointed commander of the apollo 11 mission but the lunar lander still needed work. in may $969.00 the crew of apollo 10 took part in a dress rehearsal for the moon mission the astronauts tested all the equipment and procedures that would be involved in an actual landing. the flight that would place the astronauts on the surface of the moon apollo 11 was now just 2 months away. armstrong was under enormous pressure as he revealed in a 2010 interview. these are satellites fun was arraigned this day and they thought it was like our show there's 10 zillion several other. it's
3:33 am
a sure thing he didn't win till it was given the. thank god it was so that's my dad would tell me as well i'm. not. the u.s.s.r. was also working hard to put a man on the moon. alexei laon not an experienced cosmonaut was chosen to command the 1st lunar landing mission. the soviets had been carrying out tests of the huge and one rocket that would carry the crew into space. but in july 1969 during a test launch the latest version of the rocket exploded shortly after liftoff. meanwhile in the u.s. nasa sought to personalize the space program by publishing photos of the astronauts with their families. as the scheduled date of the moon launch approached people around the world found
3:34 am
a new interest in space. huge crowds gathered around the launch site the visitors were in a festive mood. on july 16th neil armstrong buzz aldrin. and michael collins to make their final preparations. perhaps it was appropriate that a reclusive engineer not a dashing air force pilot should be the 1st man to set foot on the moon. his name was neil armstrong. shortly after 7 in the morning the 3 astronauts headed for the launch pad.
3:35 am
armstrong the mission commander and pilot buzz aldrin will attempt a landing. michael collins will stay on board the command module as it continues to orbit the moon. it's now been 8 years and 2 months since president kennedy gave the order. among those doing the launch is former president lyndon johnson. or.
3:36 am
the saturn 5 was the 1st u.s. rocket that was designed and built exclusively for space flights even though it was originally proposed as a launch vehicle for military satellites. janet
3:37 am
armstrong and her 2 sons watched the liftoff from a friend's yacht it's now 1032 on the morning of july 16th. the crew reached orbit around 12 minutes after launch here they fly over the canary islands on an altitude of 190 kilometers. now the crew had to make a key flight decision once they did there would be no turning back. nearly 3 hours after liftoff the 3rd stage of the saturn 5 rocket was fired which pushed the apollo capsule into
3:38 am
a trajectory toward the moon. about 30 minutes later the crew separated the command module from the spent 3rd stage of the rocket and docked with the eagle lunar module that was still attached to it the docking maneuver worked perfectly the apollo astronauts were now well on their way to making the dream of a moon landing come true. the crew played a cassette tape of tulsa's crofts about to start. the theme had recently been
3:39 am
featured in the film 2000. on a space odyssey the u.s. mission to put a man on the moon was about to become reality. but the flight controllers on the ground were concerned that an unmanned soviet spacecraft was orbiting the moon at this time the probe was to land on the lunar surface and gather soil samples what's believed to a crashed into a mountain on july 21st. on the afternoon of july 19th apollo 11 swung into lunar orbit and the crew started making preparations for their descent to the moon surface.
3:40 am
genet armstrong hoped for the best. landing except for late afternoon on july 20th armstrong and buzz aldrin now entered the eagle lunar lander and separated from the columbia command module. armstrong steered the lunar module standing up the vehicle had no seats to cut down on wait. the astronauts families followed the flight on t.v. . suddenly the modules guidance computer set off several alarms but it turned out to be nothing serious. we all feared the worst but i mission control technician who'd seen this problem before told the crew to ignore the computer and keep going or ignore we had been called. armstrong noticed that the lander was headed for
3:41 am
a rocky area so we took a piece of action. so. armstrong stepped on the gas and flew the module like a helicopter knowing full well that he was running out of fuel it's so we hold our breath as the reports came in 60 seconds if you're less than 30 he's going to die so. armstrong kept his nerve and landed the module safely. back right ok and i'm. gonna ground out of my. head again. because. armstrong and aldrin were now scheduled to sleep for a few hours but instead they started making preparations for leaving the lander and stepping onto the moon surface. more than anything
3:42 am
was possible. because i could not see it it's just i just decided to move and i didn't feel so much. back on earth an estimated 600000000 people were following these events on my t.v. . before he left the module armstrong took a bag of garbage that had piled up in the cabin and tossed it out the door. ok michael verified it. and i had to have a gallon it took 15 minutes for online to climb down the letters 9 steps.
3:43 am
good always coming down the ladder now. armstrong's 1st step on the moon just lasted a few seconds then he jumped back on to the ladder ok i got. it back up and up for sale it's. right over lap all right but there is a panic with the kit bag. i got everyone into purple cab. armstrong tipped down again this time with his left wing in mission control gave aldrin instructions on how to use the camera. by this it appears that we have to have a good one once they go back and break out of a tug at the on the big one that might. have. as a part of the ladder. only a crack. at the back. on our grandparents
3:44 am
although they have a very. very very minor mary and there's a good burger at the other white powder. and it's very fine. armstrong stepped away from the ladder and turned toward the camera. after about the lamp. then he spoke the words that would go down in history. the scene was filmed by a camera attached to the outside of the lander. and would have been while i was climbing down and pulled the lever they'd open the storage banner which contained the black and white t.v.
3:45 am
cameras. under school for you know that's how we got to see him climbing down the ladder and the need. of the lied to help them solve. armstrong was now the star of the 1st live global t.v. broadcast. the whole world was watching. that. picked up. the moon landing was not broadcast in the u.s.s.r. in 2010 cosmonaut alexei leonov described his reaction to armstrong's historic achievement. di di crossed my fingers and wished him all the best it was dangerous and i knew what could have gone wrong but he did his job brilliantly.
3:46 am
20 minutes after armstrong and buzz aldrin climbed down the ladder. armstrong took photos of his colleagues at the turning point in the history of space travel. i've never been a writer. armstrong and aldrin then examined the lunar lander for possible damage they also set up a quick trip to measure the moon's exact distance from the earth and to study lunar earthquakes. i am right back with the astronauts climbed back into the lunar module close the hatch and sealed it. while they were moving around inside buzz aldrin created a serious technical problem. there i know a foot in his back to vanish bumped into the ignition switch for the ascent tangent i did saw him broken on. to for n.c.
3:47 am
should we hadn't called to. buzz aldrin used a felt tip pin to activate the mechanism. before they reentered the lunar module armstrong and aldrin left behind a commemorative plaque. during their 2 and a half hours on the moon surface the astronauts put up an american flag. get up oh my girl your. president richard nixon phoned the crew with a special message. i am right there i. am i think i remember. right. and arab man. up. a
3:48 am
german newspaper said. is now american. the astronauts now had some time to sleep before they blasted off to rejoin the command module but they didn't get much rest it was cold and the earth was shining brightly . armstrong and aldrin left a lot of equipment on the moon surface including the modules landing gear and the scientific testing equipment. aboard all 3 of the if once they were back on board they reopened the hatch and tossed out their backpacks gloves and boots the thought is to go to left all that stuff behind to reduce the weight of the lander before liftoff of. course if you take. they also had placed a gold in all of branch on the moon surface and a metal honoring cosmonaut yuri gagarin the 1st man in space.
3:49 am
armstrong and aldrin spent a total of nearly 22 hours on the moon as the lander module took off the powerful exhaust from the engines blew down the american flag that the astronauts had put up . the mission had gone well so far but the white house had already prepared a statement in case something went seriously wrong. and buys the house. late already written a speech for nixon to read to the american people if the astronauts had not been able to return to worth for whatever reason. you know. there's a big checks and actually recorded speech in advance. he mourned the loss of the crew and promised that america's exploration of space would continue at least as we
3:50 am
. just. 3 teams of astronauts had trained for the 1st moon mission if apollo 11 had failed a backup crew would try a 2nd launch. vehicle. we would have put astronauts on the moon in $969.00 in any case it fortunately we got it right the 1st time yes i thought it was but i planned 8 days after the apollo 11 crew began their mission they returned safely to earth. the capsule splashed out on the morning of july 24th in the pacific ocean around 1200 kilometers southwest of hawaii. the crew was picked up by a navy helicopter and then taken to an aircraft carrier that was waiting nearby. mission accomplished. armstrong and aldrin and collins then walked to
3:51 am
a mobile quarantine facility where they would spend the next 3 weeks i president nixon arrived to greet the astronauts personally they had to stay in foreign teams because nasa was concerned that they might have brought back pathogens from the lunar surface. on august 13th new york welcomed the astronauts with one of the biggest parades in the city's history. was armstrong said later that it was not important for him to be 1st on the moon it was more important for him to return from the moon safely. over the next 3 years there were 6 more apollo missions but none generated as much excitement as apollo 11 did. the astronauts newfound fame. was often hard for them
3:52 am
to handle neil armstrong in particular was annoyed by all the fuss. still the apollo crew traveled the world and were given a warm welcome wherever they went. during a visit to germany armstrong was surrounded by reporters and fans. armstrong would now have more time to pursue his passion for flying gliders he resigned from nasa in 1971. that same year he joined the faculty of the university of cincinnati as a professor of aeronautical engineering he was already serving on the board of directors for several companies and continued to do so for the next 20 years.
3:53 am
armstrong resigned from the university in 1900. lived in a small town in ohio where he was born and but even there he couldn't escape his fame in 2005 he found out that his barber had sold some of his hair trimmings to a collector armstrong was angry and ordered the barber to donate the proceeds to charity which he did the same. in 1909 the apollo 11 crew traveled to washington d.c. for a ceremony to mark the 20th anniversary of their flight. in the 1970 s. buzz aldrin had battled depression and alcohol addiction. in 2002 was involved in an altercation with a conspiracy theorist who claimed that the moon landing had been filmed at a hollywood studio. here. you walked away when you.
3:54 am
thought of. your cowardice and. neil armstrong took a light hearted approach to such claims at the golden camera lord ceremony in berlin in 1999 he was honored for starring in the 1st live worldwide t.v. program the. first. kept me looking good as he. kept me alive. to recognize also my crew. or. only goes to show. ever but certainly most importantly swedish.
3:55 am
decent. sort of. on location i. armstrong married his 2nd wife carol in 1904. if you believe the conspiracy theories anymore space probes that mapped the lunar surface in 20112012 found all sorts of evidence that apollo astronauts had indeed been there. the landing site of apollo 12. footprints left by the apollo 14 crew. lunar rover vehicles used during the apollo 151617 missions and their trucks. scientific equipment that the astronauts had set up. and of course the site
3:56 am
where neil armstrong 1st set foot on the moon surface. in 2009 president obama and the astronauts mark the 40th anniversary of the moon landing. up in hawaii as many of you know i still recall. sitting on my grandfather's shoulders when those capsules would land from the surface it brought back. we'd go out we. protect life take it serious waiver to go home. had another ceremony armstrong aldrin and collins were awarded the congressional gold medal one of america's highest civilian honor. neil armstrong died on august 25th 2012 after undergoing heart surgery at the age of $82.00. people around the world mourned the loss of
3:57 am
a man would flown to the moon but kept his feet planted firmly on the ground. armstrong's cremated remains. were scattered at sea by a navy honor guard he summed up his historic achievement with a few simple words. and my own view the important achievement of apollo was a demonstration that humanity is not forever changed to this planet. if astronauts ever return to the moon or even if they travel to mars. they will carry with them the memory of neil alton armstrong.
3:58 am
freedom of movement in a united europe. it's a reality that affects a number of private citizens and businesses. what opportunities does europe wide freedom of movement offers. benefits what is the potential for abuse. in 30 minutes on d w. they starry eyed idealists or
3:59 am
p.r. strategists. main business starters honest to change the way they build online platforms that invented then make money. do startups like these qantas future all on a minute just a marketing trick. made in germany. on. what keeps us to say what makes us sick and how do we stay healthy. my name is dr carson the i talk to medical experts. watch them at work. and i discuss what you can do to improve your head. stay tuned and
4:00 am
let's all try to stay in good shape. d.w. . to stick to curious and. do it yourself network. for your next you tube channel. and don't miss out on. u.s. president donald trump said a u.s. warship stationed in the strait of hormuz has destroyed in the rain in drones which flew within a 1000 meters of the vessel trump said the craft had ignored multiple calls to stand down and was threatening the safety of the u.s.s. boxer and its crew. japanese media has reported that tokyo is planning to summon south korea's ambassador on friday as the conflict over world
4:01 am


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on