tv Focus on Europe Deutsche Welle July 25, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm CEST
the answer to my long cardiac enjoy. more. even though i asked was it with. my choice to discard because given the way to transport trolls. and international match and i will. indeed have. a lot in a very warm welcome indeed to focus on europe with me peter craven and we begin right here in germany where one want to raise the number to dial if you need urgent help from the emergency services now in most instances 1st responders arrive at the
scene of the emergency in quick time but what often happens next is truly disturbing increasingly these helpers are not met with gratitude but aggression and violence emergency doctors and paramedics are regularly shouted at and views than even attacked it's a huge emotional and physical strain for me help us where we join these 2 young men marcus miller and toby as fellow on an all night shift to see just how tough things really are in the western city of often about and the answer is violence is quite simply part of the job. it's 630 saturday evening and a new shift is beginning for the emergency staff to be as filler is training to become a paramedic he and his chief instructor marcus miller have 12 hours ahead of them they've packed pepper spray officially it's to fend off animals.
saturday evening is not the most popular shift. of the mocking and of have longed for more busy on weekends because people like to go to parties and the. the more alcohol is involved the higher the risk of aggressive encounters. they receive their 1st call. an unconscious woman outside a supermarket. that's all they know. it's rare that they ever get more information than this. just take e.c.g. for now. the patient is huddled on the ground with her companion has obviously taken drugs he's growing impatient. there's a lot of let me talk to her 1st somebody who i need to speak to to see what's going
on and then we can get into the ambulance it's quieter that won't have a lot of questions but the paramedics attend special courses where they learn how to deescalate tense situations retreating into the ambulance is an effective strategy. we're just going to talk 1st ok. you know the one who doesn't now we have to talk going on the vehicle or. even routine situations can escalate fast toby as filler learned that the hard way when he was called to a train station a year and a half ago a man had collapsed when he came to he attacked the medics. toby as filler was nearly knocked on to the railway tracks. only later did he realize how narrowly he had escaped death. after 6 days months these images of what happened resurfaced. i couldn't go to work for 5 weeks i couldn't sleep anymore
and every time i tried to go to sleep those same pictures would fill my head again now days of. assaults are becoming more frequent partly due to higher expectations. people call the emergency hotline and they expect us to do what they want with we these people are asking us for help but if we don't do things the way they expect then things them quickly become aggressive or violent. along with you on. their next call 6 police officers coping with a man on drugs. he fell off the balcony of the 1st or 2nd floor 1st floor his injuries are probably from broken glass plating. the man had been throwing furniture out of the window when the police arrived he jumped out the officer suspect he took ecstasy or cocaine is that he's still very aggressive the police have handcuffed her. on 1st on the 1st of all if.
the patient won't stop spitting at the rescuers he's given a mouth guard they just calm down everything's alright we're here to help you everything's alright nobody wants to hurt you. finally they can go to the emergency room the police come along. ok. without them would have been left alone with the patient. on the phone. for. the 1st 10 hours or over time for a cup of coffee. marcus miller is a martial artist his colleagues asked jokingly why he didn't intervene. with her that's not a joke that's what the police of all because that's why our colleagues usually put up with a lot until the police the cold until they need to defend themselves but i think
we've got a pretty high tolerance threshold of doctors there who was. 7 in the morning their shift draws to an end. they have been spat at shoved and threatened sadly all in a day's work. now this year the people of europe are marking the 30th anniversary of the fall of the iron curtain back in 1989 so today in the 1st part of a special focus on europe summer series we begin to take a closer look at the countries at the heart of that process of monumental historic change one nation that of course played an absolutely central role in the collapse of communism was poland so what's the mood currently like in poland well our
reporter met with one of the heroes of the struggle and a rural family from today's. this old barrack in the dance was originally a torpedo warehouse located some 500 kilometers from berlin this is what he iron curtain began to crumble back then this was still called the lenin shipyard today it's still used for welding hovering shortening or lengthening ships the smell of rust the night heinz in the sea year here we find the european solidarity center the heart of liberal poland interest we meet the hero of the solid honest movement less phones still a non-conformist even the surety is wearing seems to be an open challenge directed a poland's current government it reads constitution in quotation marks the nobel peace prize winner and former polish president back then co-founder and leader of the solid donnish movement. you say i grew up without a father of the sort of on there i'm sure he would have looked after me and then i
probably would have become of the director of the shipyard and not just a worker on euro but the one i was certainly cut out for it. instead i became an electrician. but one challenge the director here had on and became famous. now you tell me was that good or bad is the way it is no because this is where. in the summer of 1980 s. for one's adjoin the striking workers the norms were too high the shops were to empty the work was too dangerous they were also fighting for their rights and for freedom just like today after 18 days the communist government was brought to its knees in this room left for when the signed agreements with a noticeably large pen down which the 1st independent trade union in the soviet bloc was born question here. feel technically speaking it was our sally darn ash
movement that eventually led to the fall of the wall. but political leaders at the time and the whole world could see that communism was coming to an end the time was ripe for change though. in the spring of 2019 celadon a celebrated its 13th annual round table a further polish democratic convention the anniversary was marked by a container outside the center the conservative government did not send any form of congratulations at telling absence. the government this more concerned with supporting people like albert but let's get. he lives in eastern poland where birth rates are higher and church pews are fuller. his home village has just over 2000 residents virtually all of whom voted for the national conservative law and justice peace party the farmer says peace keeps its promises. i love a good dalai bender. i voted for the peace party in 2015.
i'll keep voting for them because i believe they'll do everything to keep the villages in poland strong dollar you will from our share of national guard. policy for the party came to power in 2015 thanks largely to the $500.00 plus program on the which families receive $500.00 slots and pichai ld per month along with free school books earned money for school starters it's said to help people get up from their knees as they say in poland. that's not saying. all of it though i don't think we can tell by our wallets. the money is benefiting our children it's for additional tutoring and classes and for vacations yeah. the money from the state which receives generous subsidies from the european union makes life more comfortable for the farmers and yet the but let's be family wouldn't say they're grateful that communism ended and the iron curtain fell they
feel the former hero left for when super trade them and made a deal with the communists or not there so. that was president he invited foreign investors and the poland to russia most of us good iron back then that might have been a good idea but they let too many enter too many polish people were sold out thank goodness the piece put an end to that shit. today the polish capital warsaw is like a portfolio exhibition it's a city of global klingler it's their sleek cosmopolitan skyscrapers would fit anywhere in the world the city has changed beyond recognition since the fall of communism. german car manufacturers chinese banks american consultants a reporter asks has poland sold itself out. this is a different world is a new world. oprah anyone with enough motivation power and finances can take
whatever they want. things aren't good the way they are like rules. but i'm sure it'll sort itself out in 100 years. but left home villages hosting an agricultural trade show they're all proud of their new prosperity they can keep up with the rest of europe at least when it comes to agriculture even if they are peace fodor's now living in a unified europe is a given 30 years ago that wasn't the case the founding of the 1st trade union in the port city of the dance gold those years ago set off a historical chain reaction between the east and west that led to the end of the iron curtain. well if i q now to meet a man called antonio down more a he's the inspiration behind a special some account the takes young italians into the heart of the mafia controlled parts of the city of naples where the mafia is known as the camorra what they get to see that is
a shocking sight indeed and the big question is what to do well as we find out now combat seeing the mafia is a battle where every tree counts. this is definitely not what mira from bologna and expected her holiday to be like laboring at 40 degree celsius at the foot of mount vesuvius mira and other teenagers from all over italy are spending a week here at a camp set up by antonio de maurice anti-mafia organization the but are tatar about drugs but are really the gold on i'll show you how to do it wish to know you should chose instead of here he labile the level with me today antonio wants to plant trees with the teenagers. every tree is a sign against the come aura the mafia that rules in naples and companion. i'm up here the best thing is hanging the country out to dry or they bring their. plants are dedicated to the my fields victims i'm planting them also means bringing them
back to life which is it worth your. brains over and suppresses an entire region. and tonio wants to oppose them and fight for a clean and just italy and this is also what he wants to convey to the teenagers to reach you by merely opposing the maffia means watching your surroundings the future is supposed to be better than our current situation while the point wherever the mafia goes they bring pollution death a lack of security and a loss of jobs so when we fight against the mafia this means we must create alternatives to go in there with the mafia so you've given them then to create. a school lessons during the break there are daily discussions on current issues like plastic or environmental pollution and many teenagers like tito found in chen's a find this important at the end of the day he says it's about his future in italy and on this planet. before you start to understand the problem perhaps with
a little help from the others if you don't know what must be done but don't do it then you're a hypocrite. today an excursion to naples is planned the meeting point this palace was once home to a mafia boss now it's been confiscated. once in naples and tonio takes the teenagers to one of the most deprived areas of the city scampi. because it used to be the meeting point for drug dealers who could buy any video of a home to ever leave 2 exceptions that this is the way the world lives on their different apartments agree more danger prevent people from moving in it is over for them rather than for or. for most of the teenagers who are middle class the mafia long seemed far away there was never any contact now it becomes visible for the 1st time in. time didn't expect anything like this janitor. it's very impressive a sense of just going on. wherever the mafia rules poverty is widespread antonio
explains this way controlling the area is easier the teenagers learn to appreciate the safety they grew up in back in the village trees are ready for planting in the mountain. both of you in the middle east plays the flower pots in the direction of the drive the plot was stick out the back and do what they will be over here a book which plans is this a book. antonio views his work against the mafia as his life's project he keeps opposing the cumorah although they sometimes interfere with his work by setting machines or cars on fire. at mt vesuvius the mafia burned down an entire forest antonio wants to show this to the teenagers and explains that now the mafia can make millions through reforestation. utility very few of them even some of the get that large sums of money is spent on
reforestation in this area here we're talking about millions of euros that even if these are just estimates the moment to open up racism to people defeat. a week later most teenagers know that they want to start doing something back home to protect the environment or oppose the mafia. they will never forget what they experience here. should have a very funky sue i really enjoyed the camp being in touch constantly with the people here especially the neapolitans but i think that you know what he took up the register that they live in a different world i'm on your back only i could never imagine what it means to live here even. before they leave they all hike up mount vesuvius. the journey is a strenuous as the fight against the mafia says antonio. but he is confident the
teenagers will enjoy the view. now it's a well known fact that people in france take that cheese very seriously indeed one of the country's most famous for riots he says the creamy rich and highly are immensely she's known as coming back produced in the north western region of normandy but did you know that in recent times what they call a camel war has been raging it comes as traditional people like stanislaus deal about kick up a stink against mass produced. this is in. the dark lex around her eyes are typical of the breed. what really makes these cows special is their milk which is perfect for making come here. to produce it the cows have to graze every day on pastures like this one which belongs to. each morning
the dairy farmer goes out to check on his herd very fishy to have. to fly make sure they have water. and then are sick or have escaped. the. 9 are still missing. slowly but surely the entire herd gathers. proud of his 130 cows in the milk they produce it can be used in cheese with the official quality label coming there from normandy. it's true that these cows produce less milk than whole. but their milk is better for making cheese because it has a higher level of protein the point being. but in recent years. faced unfair competition the french corporation opened large scale cheese factories in
normandy its mass produced cheeses made from pasteurized milk. labeled its products made in normandy a strategy the corporation prefers not to comment on. the movie strong feelings from local farmers and artisan cheesemakers like rio. they said a true come in there must be made for milk from normand cattle and ideally from run milk. culturing cheese from raw milk is a very delicate process with strict rules. on the. milk cheese is alive its taste changes over time according to the season party best whereas the pasteurized product tastes the same from january 1st to december 31st over simplified a bit but it's basically that. the locals know just how special a true wrong will come and there is even those who normally don't like cheese
appreciate its fine flavor. i never eat chemically but let me tell you this one is really good. height weight and it's the best. it's creamy nothing like those rubbery pasteurized once this is real come in there from here. after a long struggle regional farmers and cheese makers and luck to lead reached an agreement from 2021 onward the corporation will have to make its cheese using at least 30 percent of milk from normand colors. in exchange the rules for receiving the origin quality label will be relaxed somewhat to allow pasteurized milk to be included a move which benefits mass producers. come in their makers like oreo can live with a compromise as almost half of the milk from normandy has to be pasteurized anyway to comply with health laws. but cheese purists in paris feel normandie cheese makers have agreed to a bad deal. says almost always
sat on the table bellowing pasteurized milk incoming there is completely unacceptable that's good because it will mean the end of traditional coming they are making that was bad enough but the main purpose of the label is to protect a process or tradition so as to guarantee that future generations will still be able to enjoy run milk cheese or come in there. in $5100.00 or 150 years time actually come on the can of that would be. in normandy the criticism from the capital was not welcomed farmers there felt they had struck a good bargain as luckily will now have to buy more milk produced by norman cattle on the spot one time a very happy that norman cows will continue to graze enormities meadows little sample pool i think that's important for the breed for normandy for cheesemakers and for how mbare because it means it will once again taste of normandy. despite industrial producers on the one side and traditionalists on the other the real
winner of this coming their conflict is the norm on the cow. and let me put your minds at rest roll milk come on bear will continue to be produced it will be registered as such on the package you know what the purists are going to say about that money. now i want to very different note there's an old saying according to which everybody has a hobby and that's certainly true for a growing number of young girls in finland who share a passion for what's called hobby horse saying they take part in remarkably well attended competitions that have all the trappings of traditional western no friends but it's far less expensive and that's follow us home. this show jumping course but its many obstacles is a real challenge for horse and rider. just next door the competition requires graceful dressage just like
a real equestrian events. this sport which is gained in popularity among young finns and girls in particular is called hobby horse. postell that they all have been involved in hobby horses for more than 10 years it's almost become a lifestyle i guess that they are i like to do it because it's sporty and also it concerns craftsmanship that they are. from all over the country poppy horsing fans of come to see the finished championship in senior jockey over 10000 young fans practice hobby horse and today because like it it started with some girls whose harley was worse right and they started making their own hobby horses as real horses were too expensive i mean they wanted to find an alternative which doesn't require large sums of money. so anyone can join in. that and i agree they say the hobby rapidly became a proper sport including competitions competitive rules and trophies.
to participate in research for example you must 1st open load a video went to youtube and send it to the organizers website some find this a strange pastime but that leaves the western writing champion unfazed say how is it any week out loud just just a number here we're all friends and we all cheer one another on. where a large community which is probably the best part of the hobby. horse blankets colors some of even turned hobby horse into a business. every hobby horse is unique and costs around $100.00 euros. to someone and let them know that there are no limits to your imagination here you can use any design i've been doing this for almost 10 years and every year there are new things to discover. this hobby horse in just the finish phenomenon. here at least there certainly will soon be all the rage in other
parts of europe too. and he does indeed appear as though all the whole city is beginning to catch only one or 2 other countries such as the u.k. and germany well that's all for now from focus on europe but to come back next time around and tell them bye bye and troops. thanks to you as. well as. the as.
although most of the banks. to know that 77 percent. are younger than 60 pot. that's me and me and. if you know what it's time no voice is part. of the 77 percent to be talking about the issue. exclaims. the 77 percent this weekend on d w. robots are still in the development phase of somewhat what's going to happen when they grow much. schumann's admission in spain able to peacefully co-exist before the farm we on the verge of a robot collapse place if we just bumble into this totally unprepared with our
heads in the sand fusing to think about what could go wrong then let's face it it's probably going to be the biggest mistake in human history. artificial intelligence is now spreading through our society cut is this the beginning of a digital age. will we be subjected to continuous state surveillance. for ai experts be able to agree on technical guidelines for or will this technology create deadly new autonomous muslim systems. play school robot collapse starts aug 14th on t w.
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