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tv   Close up  Deutsche Welle  August 6, 2019 12:30pm-1:01pm CEST

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mogens is now spreading throughout our society chaotic will experts be able to agree on ethical guidelines or will this technology create deadly new autonomous weapon systems. types or robot collapse starts aug 14th on t.w. . freedom. she'd almost forgotten the feeling. in fact there were times she thought she'd never experience it again. but here in istanbul on the banks of the bosphorus good hard to read of
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a has rediscovered what life and liberty is like. today i feel free i feel good at the foot of a man at the most i can breathe again and feel the sun on my skin. i believe has a lot man. good about highs and ethnic weaker. she was kept in a camp in western china for one year 3 months and 10 days. her ordeal began in may 2017 when police arrested her in her hotel room building just to get home i was exhausted could have all they took me to a cell with heavy metal doors. they made. so much noise whenever they were opened
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up much later. this cell was about 20 square meters in size and had no windows. it held about 40 women. half of them would stand while the others like close together on the floor. all of them had heavy chains around their ankles. conditions inside the cells were unbearable assess no sanitation no water no food and then there was the brainwashing. had to swear loyalty to china's communist party. because that would have to look at themselves of them it was once a week they showed us a video about xi jinping. and. we were forced to write self-criticism essays they wanted to make sure our mindset had
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changed and improved given that. every monday morning at 955 we had to get up and sing the chinese national anthem the rest of the week we had to sing 5 songs a day. to meet them so me. me your ginger go may go you or me. i've forgotten the rest. to learn to love. like to like those are the kind of songs we had to sing. if we refuse they wouldn't give us any food.
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it's believed that there are about 100 cameras and western china like the one good behind describes. sprawling complexes which are according to several rights groups detained over a 1000000 weekers. mostly a muslim turkic speaking minority that we girls are native to this she was young region the territory is almost 5 times the size of germany and only autonomous in name in reality china has turned it into a police state. beijing is sought to subdue the beakers and deep set conflict that meets as far back in history. in past years riots have become increasingly violent as chinese authorities respond with brutal crackdown. that weaker is rose up to protest cultural religious and economic discrimination.
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in recent years under the pretense of fighting religious extremism and in response to a series of terrorist acts carried out by readers the chinese authorities introduced what they term reeducation measures. today an estimated 10 percent of china's we good population is locked away in these camps women and men from all walks of life it seems no one is spared the repression. even prominent cultural figures have been targeted popstar 2 songs promoted we go identity and culture has been missing since his arrest in february 28th. 9000 kilometers away from the junk bank canada is the seat of the prestigious university of british columbia this is where 29 year old chinese student shawn chung studies law shawn was one of the 1st able to show evidence of the internment
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camps and john. talking about. feeling a lot of it. at 1st i'm actually a little bit a skeptic because i had that. kind of thing to fall so i decided to check it on my self and research. in his dorm he collects official documents from chinese authorities available on the internet public tenders building permits orders for construction materials. with you know addresses on the documents he locates the camps on satellite images and compiles an accurate map which he publishes on his blog almost a campsite finding. things like a cache. and at least it's a 10 list it's not a complete
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a map. because i only have the title images fall of the last major. sean believes there are about 100 gems across john they're easy to make out their design differs greatly from conventional prisons for out of pictures i can definitely tell it here is that if you tension if i say that he like see. you you can see it out west how yeah yeah. yeah and and this wall is like it's up out of sri to a 5 metre high if you feel compelled to wade through the shadows off if any typical i think. least feature in many odd cans high security blocks and they're expanding rapidly in 2016 there were only
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a few apartment houses on this open plain 2 years later it's become an enormous camp. in just a short time new buildings were erected over a space of 166000 square meters according to one secret document shown obtained more than 8000 people are here no. obvious lead at least pantheistic spending i think well one reason if. they are. they are detaining him on the mob hit hole there. they have to build new cabinets to accommodate you know detainees. we traveled to sion jongg repeatedly in the hopes of getting a closer look at these camps.
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where foreign journalists aren't welcome here. as soon as we arrive in the region we're followed by several cars like this white. or this one air. and plain clothes agents are openly tracking our every move. out in the streets were prevented from filming. was here. over the course of 3 trips to the region where arrested a total of 7 times. like on this rural road here a chance. were stopped at a police roadblock. i i i got fed up. with this idea and. then we were brought to this police station where officers check our documents and can target us while we secretly continue filming.
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so you're a journalist from shanghai what are you doing there. we want to film the campaigned saying. there's no reeducation camp there there's no camp and bunching no yes there is a big camp with many and makes no there's no camp. the camp end up on chang is clearly visible on this satellite image. we're not allowed to pass the police force us to turn around. she jennings we her population of 11000000 already lives in what amounts to a giant open air prison. there are police stations and checkpoints everywhere. that people
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here are under constant surveillance they're searched everywhere when entering train stations and supermarkets are boarding a bus. their mobile phones are also regularly monitored. jean jennings has pioneered facial recognition software a system used throughout the country a surveillance web of hundreds of thousands of cameras film streets and mosques. cameras can also be found in taxis or at the entrance to public toilets. but the readers are not only subjected to round the clock surveillance they also live with the ever present fear of being arrested and sent to a camp at any moment. on one of our trips to zhejiang we managed to approach the
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camp on this satellite image using g.p.s. coordinates provided to us by sean john. who succeeded in driving there and filming these extraordinary images. were in no time in the southern. city has at least 8 camps this one appears to be brand new. some 10 buildings razor wire and security cameras everywhere watching every square centimeter there are bars on the windows. yes. we were not granted access to any of the camps but one chinese journalist managed to secretly shoot this video at a camp in western jon last august it was still under construction at the time today more than a 1000 people are held here. inside all majority is that look like prison cells
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and on every floor 3 such classrooms banners like these trumpet party ideology ready of racial doctrine is that she jingping socialism with chinese characteristics will ring in a new era. across china's border in kazakhstan we meet a woman who knows exactly what goes on inside these camps i. say raul signed by the chinese citizen and member of the ethnic minority. in nov 27th teen she was arrested transported to a camp and forced to teach mandarin to inmates for months later she was released she was not told why today she lives in exile. this is the 1st time she recounts what she experienced there on camera may can boil down day after day i
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have to work with the inmates baby and the 100 or a 1000 times i would make them repeat i am chinese and proud of china. was it was a gent they had to stand up and loudly were slightly high and make a call though and i had to instruct them thousands of times they have to say how much they love she has been paying on the communist party now go think of that and i would tell the whenever i end of the classroom i was followed by 2 armed policeman. they stood behind me while i taught. entire class was recorded and there were policemen at the door to vacation. the campell some 2 and a half 1000 inmates because attacks and we. say regula witnessed violence and abuse . sometimes armed policemen would storm into my class. every 2 or 3 of them and they would seize inmates and drag them out on the think awful
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lot of chanda i never saw those people again once they're able to. walk or drive pretty same you sometimes uneven ings as we age we take cries for help so. have a short stay so long and charles will come for copeland i'd never heard such voices so desperate. and full of suffering junction we were sure they were being tortured in the city. the authorities say the inmates are being reeducated but evidently they're being tortured and abused. i don't want how come all the inmates were given injections but i think it's not as medicine as torture. you see the injections we used to when control over their brains. over the people in the camp had no strength anymore to rebel against anything. forced injections to make
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inmates pliable in istanbul good barger leader of a confirms the practice she says she herself was forcibly medicated during her internment. hummels of the us so they gave us an injection once a week here or here we had to put our own through a small opening in the door but we women soon noticed that because of the injections we weren't getting up period anymore i stopped menstruating one month after i was arrested as the injections made our minds go blank we didn't even think about families anymore i couldn't remember where i was born we didn't feel the cold or hunger we felt like a lifeless piece of meat that had been dumped there is also what the author themselves. was. was initially china pushed back against international condemnation of the mass detentions by flatly denying accusations. but then it changed its approach.
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to it helping in. the prisons were to be given a legitimate sheen. this report on state television shows men and women in a camp learning mandarin. well. it's official. the report says camp inmates are receiving vocational training and seamstresses are carpenters the rooms are all clean and everyone looks grateful to be able to be there. and i used to be an educated but those days are over now widening my horizon. i don't even want to think about where i would be if i couldn't study here. maybe i would have fallen prey to religious
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fanatics and become a criminal. if the government and the party found and rescued me just in time. we showed the report to goo bahaji leader of. the camp i was intended look totally different we were never allowed us of our 20 square me syringe this record has 10 or 20 people and says look how well they're doing. but in the other camps people are crying. i've only just been freed and i can assure you where i was is nothing like what they're showing here. it's a lie it's not true at all. good about how i won't forget the women she left behind women like herself arbitrarily detained and deprived of their
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freedom. enter notebooks she lists their names and the reasons for their arrest well then i assume as i remember and name a russia don't. let us play that. alia locked up because she traveled to turkey fatima 52 years old arrested for being an english translator that's what they only some detained because a photo of a praying go was found on a smartphone i miss them deformed but at the mall i mean they would offer to move frisch arrested for wearing a headscarf but their uncle yelled there while the. good $111.00 is a cousin x. it isn't and ran a company exporting clothes from china to kazakhstan she was arrested while on a business trip to the chinese city of order. her release came out to the government of kazakhstan intervened on her behalf. remember that most
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i've been doing business in china for 20 years i'm not a terrorist i'm just a normal business woman and the mother of 3 children. almost sick while on the book i mean that you know. when i came home my children told me they petition tirelessly for my release and. i'm very lucky to have escaped from such a place where i was accused of terrorism to hold them and that's when the hope of. our own a 1000000 weekers live in exile outside of china might be a bunch of you know. some are afraid of being forced to return to regime john. beijing's oppression extends beyond its own national borders. it's even targeted members of the weaker community in france for. 4 months the
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chinese embassy in paris has refused to give members of the diaspora the documents they need to extend their identity papers. one week or woman has agreed to talk to us on condition that she remain anonymous her family fears reprisals. she says she's the victim of attempted blackmail if she doesn't return to shane jiang to pick up her birth certificate her residence permit in france will expire was a perfect office i'd rather live here illegally then go back and walk right into their trap that they want to force us to return and then they'll find some way to send us to a concentration camp they're trying to pressure as many leaders as possible into coming back since. that's exactly what happened to goodbye. she didn't go back and was arrested. the engineer had
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been living near paris for 10 years when she received a call one day from her former boss in december 26th jean it was a trap he called again and again insisting she returned to china to sign paperwork for her pension. do you want your greed to go at the time reports on the existence of the camps had not yet emerged. from what you say runs if he called her incessantly for a week and told her with a stern voice you have to come back you have no choice you have to sign your paperwork we can't wait for you any longer so it's like you have to come back. to return take it all and plan to stay for 2 weeks she was supposed to be back in france on december 10th this all. when she arrived in china her passport was confiscated and her husband and 2 daughters could no longer reach or for 6 months
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they knew nothing of her whereabouts since the closure of a room was it was a very tough time then and june or july of 20176 months later my aunt called and told us that her mother was in a reactor cation camp i think she said she was being retrained she's in vocational training or she's in school. back then we simply couldn't imagine what that meant and that it would take so long we never dreamed there could be such camps with thousands of prisoners. the french foreign ministry says it can't intervene because unlike her husband and daughters. is not a french citizen. but her family won't give up hope. i don't dare to talk about that. as.
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of. today they're welcoming a week or activists visiting from finland for months without hearty has been traveling around the world meeting members of the diaspora. 1. 100 on how to use a general practitioner whose parents both civil servants back home were interned for 2 years they've since been released and placed under house arrest. just now more on his fighting for the many others who have disappeared into detention. since it's eerie important and significant for us all of us a senior experience and encouraging. show or a simple c.
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so each answer and it each has a feel that we are all warm and. if you like to get there you'll be powerful. should we get. more out hardy left john when he was 19. now he's 35 and lives in his reader wife and their 2 children in a helsinki suburb. we really enjoyed tell you here and the there. was a culture and they were saying because freedom here believe us or human dignity human rights. the last time he traveled to sheen jiang was in 2016 that was also
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the last time he saw his relatives look i hope i show you something like my picture there's a picture so. it's me and my beloved life . it's leader traditional. clothes seemed we took the picture when we lost. we use it. all our parents into punk. alarmed by the threat to his people on or on set up an association that compiles the names of people interned in china i want to let the world know what happened to my people to my parents. he regularly organizes demonstrations to raise international awareness of china's campaigning against me good muslims. today bigger is from all
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over europe are rallying in the house seeking. welcome thank you for coming. the flag they're carrying is outlawed in china it's the flag of the east turkistan the geographic area they came under chinese rule in the 18th century the chinese renamed the region change on the weaker is staged numerous uprisings and twice established an independent east turkistan state before she was young was incorporated into communist china in 1989 some weaker say only independence will save their people is that the solution that's the solution we will like to house the reason as we have stablished independence and it has within the twenty's and result 1st time in 1933 2nd time in nigeria 44 years so we're not a country that has never stop wishing dependence war or war never never were able
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to run a government we have a track record of showing. everyone here knows someone who's interned in a chinese camp. has been living in europe for 9 years his nephew stayed in john and is now also detained. there are also some. we feel we are this. massive few of us as you can see only at that. comes out very few to serve as a voice for all people. who are people who are suffering immensely dying and i'm not even exaggerating it exists but the harm went on holiday and his fellow demonstrators have vowed to continue speaking out on what rights groups call the largest mass incarceration of the 21st century and to ensure the victims are never forgotten.
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the past season was the highest scoring single mom this millennium. there was some a great time. for your education once more with feeling. very fast to see that. kid. 30 minutes on. yourself. next you just. don't miss out.
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this is the deadly news coming to you live from berlin beijing wants hong kong protesters spanish mint is coming police make mass arrests after clashes with pro-democracy protesters the general reports from the midst of the street battles which if plunge the city into crisis also coming up. pakistan's army says if you go to any extent to support kashmir tensions on the rise after india revotes kashmir special status tightening its control over the move.


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