tv DW News Deutsche Welle August 23, 2019 9:00am-9:31am CEST
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british prime minister bar as johnson has been told by french president emanuel. that the brics it backstop is indispensable to any deal between the e.u. and the u.k. regulating britain's exit from the block. but johnson says they will be no deal unless the backstop the insurance policy to prevent a hard border with the republic of ireland is removed from the deal. brazil's president jacob also nardo 1st retracted then repeated his accusation that the blaze is sweeping the amazon was started by environmental organizations here tonight a firestorm of criticism after blaming non-governmental organizations for the fires j. about sonata did not support his claims with proof he made the statement as new figures showed that there had been a record number of fires there this year. the french seaside resort of b.r. hit's is gearing up for the arrival of world leaders with more than 13000 police
deployed as well as military personnel and drones 7 heads of state from the world's wealthiest countries the g 7 nations will spend 2 days tackling hot button issues including trade disputes climate change and iran. a syrian migrant accused of fatally stabbing a man in the eastern german city of candidates last year has been found guilty and sentenced to almost 10 years in prison the killings sparked a wave of anti immigrant protests and riots. it's the lungs of our planet the amazon rain forest and right now it is burning forest fires are raging in brazil and the consequences for the fight against climate change could be devastating who is responsible and what can be done i've seen some misconduct in berlin this is the day.
in my opinion the fires in the amazon might have been started by n.g.o.s because they lost money. to. their intention to make trouble for brazil or because dollars because you can't get the it's totally absurd the fires are burning because of a policy of environmental devastation. little thing that our global farmers have been buying us time davis and the fisheries service that the amazon rain forest has been giving us will fall will fall away then the global climate change will go a lot faster so the fact that we're seeing as how things were going to result isn't just bad for brazil. it's a problem for the world. also coming up on the day boris johnson's brags the tour moves on this time paris the british prime minister insists with a little creativity and energy there is
a way out of the brags that deadlock both france and germany say there is no time for a new agreement but if london can come up with something clever they might be willing to talk i want to be cute and see if you go to the bridge people and that of course i want to do and i think we can get a deal and they give him. a warm welcome to all our viewers on p.b.s. in the united states and across the world tonight an environmental disaster with global implications the amazon is burning in brazil at a record rate forest fires are raging in the rain forest there have been nearly $73000.00 fires this year already a more than 80 percent increase compared to last year environmental. they're blaming the rightwing president jarrah both the narrow they say he has loosened environmental regulations and encouraged loggers and farmers to clear the land
accelerating deforestation. both n.r.o. has struck back claiming that n.g.o.s might be starting the fires themselves to make him look bad he was pressed once again today and again he cited no evidence. do you want me to blame the indigenous martians there are strong suspicions it's because the n.g.o.s lost their funding and you will get good ability of a good. strong suspicions based on what they know who think there's no proof nobody writes all set fire to that if you don't catch someone red handed setting the fire then look for those who ordered it it's a crime. that it could be the farmers board yes everyone is a suspect but the biggest suspects are the n.g.o.s. now the raging fires cover in sao paulo which is home to more than $12000000.00 people under a blanket of smoke so thick it blocked out the sun you see video here of how
brazil's biggest city was plunged into darkness in the middle of the day and there were also reports of black rain in sao paolo a twitter user posted a photo here of what she says is a glass of rainwater and you can see it looks more like something from a dirty puddle. let's get some analysis on the story now we have mollica vera saw me with us she's a researcher of prelims humboldt university she's an expert on sustainability and conservation and she's currently researching how to prevent the for station high molokai thank you for joining us and put this into context for us how significant is the situation that we're seeing on the ground in the amazon right now as you just pointed out you know this is an 80 percent increase from normal levels and i think the forest fires i'm on the fest a show ends of the governance level. issues in brazil right now that's encouraging organized crime and killing of indigenous people. in 2018 we
saw every week 3 indigenous people that's every week being killed for protecting their and suster land so so what that means is that. these 5 years have huge implications for biodiversity and the people living in the forests i do want to ask you more about the governance but tell us what those implications are 1st of all for biodiversity why is this such an important land as you know the amazon basin is very rich in bad diversity and has important forest climb a 6 bucks and the impacts on the forests has climate implications and an and and of course biodiversity implications because of it's a reach hotspot for biodiversity in a wide fight forest fires are rare in the amazon but in the during the dry season people exploit the dry conditions to set 5 years for for
a screening for farm lands and cattle pastures so what you get getting is that the current government governance situations and very warm conditions in brazil is encouraging more people to organize crimes especially for forest clearing so what do you mean by organized crime who do you say is. behind this so there is a huge land market in brazil for clearing len and legalizing these land these land forth for farming and cattle right ranching so the talking about farmers and of course some of the fight fires are caused by farmers themselves but most. of it is what you call gary laws the people who are looking for land to convert into cattle ranching and farmland this is a business that's happening in brazil and the current government situation is encouraging that kind of business model you keep saying the current government situation are you pointing the finger directly at the president also narrow environmentalists say he has leased loosened
a regulation environmental regulation can there really be a direct link made between his policies and what we're seeing i think i think there can be directly and i think he's encouraging he's dismantling and vironment the laws and he's. in particularly he's undermining indigenous rights. because he knows that indigenous people have been protecting those forests so this double actions is really dangerous for the amazon right now what can countries like germany for example do here to help the situation i think. i think recently we saw the suspension of german aid to for the environment and we clearly see that this has no if it didn't work and didn't work i think what we see is the only actions that can really work is to work with the trade deal trade agreement or trade agreement between bridge between the e.u.
and the marcos a country clearly says that both parties need to respect the united nations convention framework for climate change clearly everything that's happening in brazil even before the trade agreement. with all this is happening the trade agreement was still sign and now that we see the money for the acceleration of the actions on the ground. the dismantling and of environmentalists the laws and . especially on indigenous people we see that the trade deal is even more dangerous so what we are asking is for angela merkel to work with e.u. governments to block this these trade deal unless until governments like bows and arrows government able to show commitments to the virus agreements in particularly to run to the rights of indigenous people if you talk about economic pressure here just very very briefly are both in our says his government doesn't have the resources to fight these fires do you believe that no because i think i think we
saw in the past that the space agency have done amazing work in fact we have seen that nowhere in the world where they are doing live monitoring of their frustration and immediate enforcement so this has happened in the past i don't know what has changed right now economically for bows and arrows to say that they don't have the resources to do it all right mallika vera saw me from berlin's humbled university thank you so much for sharing your insights with us today thank you so me. coming back to europe now a hearty handshake for boris johnson in paris today and a show friendship with the french president but beneath the warm gestures of the brags that deadlock hasn't budged both men stood their ground today a man on the call saying that ireland's integrity is still the biggest priority for the european union and boris johnson repeated that the backstop the insurance policy to avoid a hard border in ireland is not acceptable still they agreed that it is possible to
find a solution and it's up to london to come up with one. dozen of another one will wait until october 31st to find a good solution if we can't find one we come back on spec of a not so we have to make this a useful month. yet there are realities linked to the r.v. situation and your relationship with island we have to respect what's already been negotiated on this point. will supply it i just want to repeat one crucial thing under no circumstances will the u.k. be putting checks at the front and we don't think it's necessary from the point of view of the you to do that to protect the integrity of the single market we think there are other ways of doing that we've got i think adequate time to do it let's get on with doing. good have you correspondent max hoffman was in paris following today's events he sent us this assessment the fundamentals didn't change here in
paris they're still the same boris johnson the u.k. prime minister wants to get rid of the backstop and everyone else in the european union including in my remarks on the french president want to preserve it to preserve the integrity of the single market but one thing seems to be different boris johnson has started saying that no matter what happens on the 31st of october the u.k. will not enforce border checks border controls on this border between northern ireland which is part of the u.k. and the republic of ireland which is part of the european union that potentially puts the pressure on the european union what will they do in case of a no deal brags that if the u.k. does not enforce this border will they do it and risk having more violence like in the past decades if they don't then they cannot preserve the integrity of the single market so this once again has become a high stakes poker game and the question is who if anyone will blink 1st. all
right let's get more analysis on the story now nico czarist is a senior lecturer and european union law the university of east anglia in england thank you for joining us and i want to get your take 1st of all just our 2 days of talks reports johnston in berlin and paris and we saw some friendly and positive tones on both days but at the end of the day nothing really has changed so what did you take away from what we've seen. i would agree with what your correspondent said i mean they go war so it is true that. there were some flip from he serves the atmosphere was about the glow friendly especially when it comes to that meeting with some solar america but actually both. both. men. don't have reinstated their positions so they haven't moved from one fundamentally that is hard to remember on the one hand mr jones from said that he
doesn't want to he wants to beat the box still but on the other hand he's friends and german counterparts have said that. you cannot just be the boss box on the less you bring some kind of funny at least the out there and gives something that is actually including that we should all agree on that it was getting dark in november and yet because we saw johnson seeming to indicate that they could find a solution with some creativity and energy he said i like this can do attitude that he heard to particular amber lynn so why are we all of a sudden seeing this movement behind the idea of an alternative solution does he know something that we don't yet. i don't know whether he knows something that i don't know but the point is that for the last 2 and a half years when the negotiations have started we are all looking for a solution to the our sport or the brown is that there are no gunderson that wall that they don't set a customs union and they are not little i think
a lot already and that if they don't have that they have a fictional sport that they u.k. wants to be out of the customs union wants to be out of the single market so there will be some kind of sex when it comes to goods even if they get bored but mr johnson has been walking many times that he pulled that was commissioned by post but plenty of gay needs that when it comes to research like. that it takes on. the northern ireland has to be one a unique actually pointing to a situation whereby ireland will actually divert from the rest of the youth but the point is there that actually. how the northern ireland we've seen a unique event is somehow regulatory. there is no solution to the border problem boris johnson said multiple times in the past 2 days that the u.k. under no circumstances would put checks or controls on the e.u. border and you've just been touching upon.