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tv   The Day  Deutsche Welle  September 20, 2019 4:02am-4:31am CEST

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the students sitting in the classroom they will be outside and in your face the global climate strike is set to be the biggest and most important event yet in the fridays for future of movement to stop global warming a movement aimed at waking up the world and the leader of it all is a girl named gretta tonight the children on the front lines against climate change trying to save us all from ourselves i'm broke off in berlin this is the day. i want you to listen to the scientists. the reality is my generation has been committed to a planet that is collapsing. and i want to tip it unites find the science. to president truck climate science is real it's not a hopes and then i want you to say to action can you really look them in the eye
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and say no sorry i couldn't do anything because that country over there didn't do anything so if they're not going to do it and i'm not i'm from sweden it's the small country and that is the same argument why should we do anything just look at the us. also coming up with the us iranian yoyo of war in peace one day the u.s. is threatening a military response today tehran is threatening war with washington suddenly playing the diplomat we are still striving to build out a coalition i was here at active diplomacy while the foreign minister of iran is threatening all out war as the fight to the last american. to our viewers on p.b.s. in the united states and all around the world welcome we begin the day with the children and the grown ups this week on capitol hill in washington d.c. in a series of. heated ugly serious and inspiring congressional hearings we were shown
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2 very different worlds both competing for attention and resources there were the angry adults shouting accusations that each other behaving badly and then there were the thoughtful teenagers on their best behavior reminding the grownups to keep their voices down and their minds open of this is what it was like when u.s. president trump former campaign manager spoke at an impeachment hearing as for actual collusion a conspiracy there was none what there has been however is harassment of this president from the day he won the election the president trump wanted you to intimidate attorney general sessions correct you'd have to present trump that may ask the question another way are you the hit man the back man the lookout all of the above i think in the good looking man actually i just might be happening answer your question or you could have a conversation by yourself but if you'd like to ask me questions i'll be happy to
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answer and continue the reason is we don't ask me questions here anyway and i time this is a house judiciary not a house party. you know those were the adults the young people that we heard from this week they spoke about responsibilities that are far beyond their years there was joshua long he issued a plea to lawmakers to help him and his fellow hong kong in their struggle to preserve democracy and free and fair elections despite being genes rule that appears to be getting heavier all the time and joshua have plenty of company yesterday the 16 year old gratitude bear appeared before a congressional committee and showed what considered reasoned and selfless commitment to a kohl's can look like a 16 year old told a committee of lawmakers most of whom are old enough to be her grandparents that they should focus all their powers on the climate crisis and not on her or any
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other public figure no cult of personality instead a reminder to respect themselves and the plant i have not come to offer any prepared remarks at this hearing i mean instead attaching my testimony it is the i.p.c.c. special report on global warming i am submitting this report as my testimony because i don't want you to listen to me i want you to listen to the scientists and i want to unite behind the science and then i want you to take real action everyone who will walk up to me after this testimony saying that i have such a bright future ahead of me will be lying to my face it doesn't matter how talented we are it doesn't matter how much work we put in how many dreams we have the reality is my generation has been committed to a planet that is collapsing the fact that you are staring at
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a panel of young people testifying before you today pleading for a livable earth should not fill you with pride should fill you with shame to president trump. climate science is real it's not a hoax it's accepted that humans are having a negative impact on our climate as a proud american as a lifelong conservative and as a young person i urge you to accept climate change for the reality it is and respond accordingly when your children ask you did you do absolutely everything in your power to stop the climate crisis when the storms are getting worse and we're seeing all the effects of the climate crisis and they ask you did you do everything can you really look them in the eye and say no sorry i couldn't do anything because that country over there didn't do anything so if they're not going to do it then i'm not that is shameful and that is cowardly and there is no excuse to not take action to not improve how as much as we can in the united states i think i
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don't need to add in this ng but just another perspective i'm from sweden it's a small country and there it is the same argument why should we do anything just look at the us they say so just so you know that's that is being used against us well. well it has been a week of accusations and threats of military retaliation between the united states and saudi arabia of one side and iran on the other following saturday's airstrikes on saudi oil fields u.s. president trump blamed iran and said that the u.s. is quote walked and loaded implying ready to strike back but yesterday drug called for new things sions against tehran and nothing more since then the word from washington has been diplomacy or today iran took over the role of issuing threats when he was asked what the consequences would be in case of a u.s. or seoul the strike on iran iran's foreign minister of odds are if answered. and
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all well war we don't want war we don't want to engage in a military confrontation a military confrontation will have a lot of casualties but we won't blink to defend our territory given serious comments today about on active all out work does that change the calculation and you think there's an opportunity for some sort of peaceful resolution to this certainly that's what the president trumpets what america always wants we'd like a peaceful resolution deed i think we've demonstrated that we are still striving to build out a coalition that is here into active diplomacy while the foreign minister of iran is threatening all out war as the fight to the last american. well the simmering conflict between saudi arabia and iran is increasingly affecting iraq which like iran is a majority shiite muslim country iraqi shiites are concentrated mainly in the southern part of the country including the major cities of karbala and najaf now
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having suffered repression for a long time during zot saddam hussein's sunni dominated regime they now have political power but tensions between them and their sunni fellow citizens well that tension remains shiite militias formed after the u.s. invasion of iraq continue to operate in the country they are loyal to iraq's shiite prime minister but also to neighboring iran perhaps more so than to their own country. to show off how intense times hundreds of shiites something is a celebration finishing their military training at a base neck cavalia. they want to let the world know they're ready for battle. anyone who prefers them must count on retaliation. young especially with the popular mobilization forces are a decisive force in iraq the u.s.
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and israel want to weaken it even though it is supported by the iraqi government. that's because no other group in iraq is more powerful than. almost. in 2014 iraq's grand ayatollah cool to fight is to take up arms against the so-called islamic states tens of thousands of shiites he did to school and phone to the popular mobilization forces or hush hush on the militia the p.m.i. force alongside the iraqi army they were armed and trained by neighboring iran which calls itself the defender of shiites today there are roughly 140000 feiss possibly more loyal to tehran the baghdad and united in the hatred of the us and israel. but. back then everyone answered our religious leaders called. at 1st we didn't have weapons today the p.m.s. is a recognized military force on the side of the prime minister. the weapons we've been
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supplied with are very good. in the world today. but for a few weeks now the group's weapons decker's have been hit by explosions at least 5 since mid june the militia claims they were attacks carried out by israeli drones israel's military has neither claimed responsibility for the explosions nor denied us. now the popular mobilization forces have to take revenge from an escalation of violence is becoming more likely. the op chivvied the sharon and they're very afraid of us that's why they've attacked these bases. although we have strong fighters and we've learned a lot in our training and will not break our will i me me of a form that i that has sort of has the want to destroy. the heroes of the hostile xabi. but for every one they kill 10 new fighters will arise it's
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a one and they are out what. more can i sell as. mentioned are increasing in the region especially in iraq and a confrontation between the us and iran the crisis ridden country could once again become a battleground even if each side is playing the opposite. over more on this growing volatility i'm joined now by becca waters an analyst at the rand corporation specializing in u.s. policy in the middle east she joins us tonight from washington ms wasser it's good to have you on the show i want to pick up on that story we just saw there in iraq for having me it's good to have you here iraq is getting more attention since last weekend's attacks in saudi arabia because of the strong influence of iran in the country are we looking at a future with iraq torn in 2 between tehran and washington. well there are some of these tensions that preexists and have existed for some time
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there has been longstanding iranian influence in iraq at the same time that there's been strong u.s. influence based on you know the 1st gulf war as well as continue to us force presence in iraq compounding that there's also influenced by other actors such as russia and china both of which are noted as strategic competitors for the united states so there are all of these different actors that are existing in the iraqi political and diplomatic space and you know the jockeying for competition and for greater influence is likely to continue for some time there was real shock and saudi arabia that the oil facilities there could be so easily targeted and destroyed so you know after the shock becomes the realization and then being that saudi arabia cannot defend itself as well as was assumed is there an added
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responsibility for the united states. well it is if the united states chooses to make it an added responsibility saudi arabia has for a long time fallen under the u.s. security guarantee that said saudi arabia is not a treaty ally of the united states and not to signal matters so the u.s. is not obligated to come to the defense of saudi arabia that said that given the longstanding security relationship between the 2 you know it is likely that the u.s. would try to help saudi arabia and defend saudi arabia from conventional attacks in particular but makes this quite difficult is that this is haq is actually quite a symmetric in nature and it's been very difficult to. show exactly how it is tied to iran which has led to a little bit of reticence on all sides to respond because it's unclear what type of
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response would be proportional and what should be done but it's likely that the u.s. is going to try and shore up saudi security as best as best it can last week we were talking about something very different a possible fall in the really in u.s. relations the national security advisor john bolton he had been fired trump was reportedly considering easing sanctions on tehran he was reportedly open to a meeting with iranian president rouhani at the u.n. with no preconditions today rouhani was granted a travel visa to come to new york next week has all of the hope that we were we had last week has that been lost after the saudi oil attacks. no i don't think it's been lost i think there has been demonstrated restraint in terms of response from saudi arabia as well as the united states had been different
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i would definitely be telling you that perhaps things looked a little bit bleaker but it seems as though there's been a bit of a push towards diplomacy the u.s. has responded only by sanctions thus far and even though secretary of state compare has called the attack an act of war there has not been a military response and it seems as though a lot of what's being discussed is perhaps maybe just merely an increase in u.s. force presence and that leaves the door open for diplomacy and for conversations to be had about the best ways to move forward. with iran but also in terms of regional stability going to answer before we run a. belt israel. benjamin netanyahu may not be prime minister much longer the u.s. president has reportedly not spoken with mr netanyahu since the election and when he was asked about the election results president said our relationship is with
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israel is the troubled ministration in your opinion losing one of its fiercest foreign leader. well in this case president trump is not wrong the relationship is not merely just the relationship between the personal relationship between him and bibi netanyahu but also the relationship is really about the united states as a country as well as israel as a country so by not trying to shore up power or some type of support for netanyahu personally he is actually stay within the lines of and bounds of his office and ensuring that that strong relationship remains should netanyahu not remain in power. all right was here with rand corporation ms was we appreciate your time and your valuable insights tonight thank you. thank you.
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relations between britain and russia have been frosty since the attempted murder of a former russian spy and his daughter last year in england the script or kate's lead london to accuse moscow of exporting state sponsored terrorism on to british soil but some say the kremlin's criminal reach does not stop in the u.k. the recent fatal shooting here in berlin of a former chechen military leader allegedly by a russian citizen has thrown up new questions was he murdered in germany on orders from the russian state. but i was there in 103 limited it's a question his ex-wife monitor tivo can stop thinking about she says and was really sought asylum in germany in 2016 because she was being pursued by the russian secret service. a smattering of the storm a brilliantly written we were warned that something could happen at some point but
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i never thought such a brutal attack could take place so easily here in germany where the security services the police and the law are among the strongest in the world there's. always 23rd hunger srila was crossing the spark in 1000000000 to be easy to mask a man in the bicycle approaching from behind and fired several shots their legit gunman fled but was soon caught the identities of the 2 men quickly or a suspicion. the victims in hunger sheer will spirit in his home country georgia he belonged to the minority church and community there until 2005 he had been a commander in the 2nd chechen war against russia that put him in moscow sluice of want to terrorist an attempt had been made on his life 4 years ago. which i think he was killed because of his role in the chechen war. and you know it
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shouldn't all these problems started when he came back from the war which in most cities in. the name of the alleged gunman is a lot of according to his passport here act in germany shortly before the attack possibly using a fake identity the investigative group betting kid believes says the nation may have been ordered by the russian secret service. indeed center gave. us the clues are in the passport used by the subject and in his visa application. they pass. out. the name given on the passport doesn't exist in any russian database and also into fitness. it must go order the killing. says the end of august to the suspected assassin has been held in despair in prison
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and is montane into silence his russian passport was issued under the name but in circles the false identity according to media reports so the suspicion the confounds russian secret services would become the focus of the british. and the in state prosecutors want to comment on speak relation about russian involvement. with the into the motive behind the attack is difficult to pinpoint we haven't found any evidence of a classic motive from the world of organized crime we haven't found any personal motive between the parties and presume it is more to move the case is being followed across europe so gilligan's q. is a german member of the european parliament he says spell in slow call authorities are overwhelmed and wants federal prosecutors to take over the investigation. i think it would be wrong here to hesitate because it is about our resilience as
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a country and it is about our security situation and threat it's better to act fast in a situation like this. but the official reaction so far has been to slow film and not to the t.v. . even though she knows this situation sensitive. case has the potential to shake up german russian relations. is that going to happen to talk about that i'm joined here at the big table now by our security analyst christiane good to see you christiane so we don't know that much really about what investigators have found so far and i guess we are going to look to our crystal ball here i mean how likely do you think it is that a foreign secret service was behind this murder and i mean do you think it was the russians right now john investigators are trying to find out who this guy really is the alleged killer is in custody and he's shows absolutely no will to cooperate
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there were some newspaper reports saying that the u.s. secret service gave some material to the drum some evidence that shows that the alleged killer is in some form connected to was some certain russian state agencies true or false we don't know john investigate just staying absolutely quiet and do we know what you know what interest would be crim when have in seeing this chechen leader or former judge leader dead well congressman he was a farm a wall lot he was the leader of a brigade in the brutal guerrilla warfare against russian troops after the wall if left to georgia than they did to ukraine eventually ended up here in berlin where he asked for asylum. off the record investigators say this guy had many enemies not just in russia not just in the russian army and if you analyze
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that whole case politically there are some doubts that russia really could be behind the killings because russian president vladimir putin is pursuing the sort of reach and crease strategy right now he wants to break up the deadlock the diplomatic deadlock his country is in he wants to get rid of the sanctions understate all that killing and that in that phase could derail the whole strategy and that's a good point but we know that putin is a man if you carries a grudge and he doesn't forget do you see any similarities with this case and with these therapies group or case in the united kingdom last year well in the past russian hit teams have killed some former wallace would take more if you were abroad and these cases are now being really analyzed the scriptural case to me looks a bit different because mr scrip i was officially labels to be
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a traitor by the russians and in the scripture case we know that the 2 agents would try to poison this to scribble were members of the russian secret military service this is not the case perhaps not yet the case here in berlin now if evidence does come to light pointing to russian involvement in this murder. what is that going to mean for german russian relations it would be years serious blows serious damage to german russian relations and that's why in my view why russian government officials extremely cautiously reacting on that whole affair if there's any proof that russia the russian state has ordered that killing germany had to react perhaps by even imposing new sanctions against moscow but if you do that you have to be 100 percent right sure otherwise if you. falsely accuse the state of committing crimes of fuel soil it would end up in a diplomatic disaster and we know i mean you've covered politics here
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a long time you know that the german government is very careful anytime it is talking about actions that may or may not have been taken by the russian state or security expert christiane tripple as always christiane thank you. and the date is almost done but the conversation continues online you'll find us on twitter either at d w news or you can follow me at bret golf t.v. don't forget to use our hash tag the day and remember whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is another day we'll see you then africa.
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there ranger are there life. in minutes people love the russian arctic. climate change and mining are threatening their nomadic way of life. so now that's children are now preparing for a different future. a life without reindeer. it's
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time to fix the forests. climate change and greedy timber companies have taken a toll on forests all around the more. times that. forest management techniques prevent. caster. modernizing our environment. made in germany in 16. w. 2 it's. the finest musical compositions. don't do mean if you listen to them don't tell me that there's you never felt.
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for yourself and the joint you come on film when you. really feel the since you see this. on t w. you know. hello and welcome to focus on europe i large thanks for joining us the sinking of the emmaus estonia in the baltics was the worst maritime disaster and post-war europe in september of 1904 the ferry was caught in a storm and sank in just 30 minutes few of the 1000 people on board survived today question.

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