tv Check-in Deutsche Welle September 22, 2019 6:30am-7:01am CEST
we talk to those began the struggle for freedom and. personal courage or know it but most important go no telephone call for almost all that you're going to put in the school through we have for a goal didn't surprise me i saw it coming 10 years before the flood sure. what does it take to change the course of history. raising the curtain starts september 30th on d w. this square and this building has witnessed history. the grand gilded flight of stairs
has led major statesman and to bomb city hall and why bomb well for 40 years it was capital of the german federal republic this edition of czech and it is a journey through time in 2019 the german federal republic celebrates its 70th anniversary it all started here and bonn when the german constitution was passed in may 949. today i want to invite you to join me on a tour of 70 years of history from germany's provisional capital bonn all the way to the current capital berlin together we'll discover what the giraffe has to do with the country's constitution or basic law as it's known here and we'll revisit the places and locations that tell the story of post-war germany. we take you to bob's museum of german history.
we catch an open air film and berlin government quarter. and we share of viewer video sent in from the hate speech of the dutch government. to kick things off i'm taking a walk down bond's path of democracy along the route you'll come across the alexander kearney museum. john was heavily involved in world war 2 so there weren't enough venues in the city for officials to meet when it became the new capital the parliamentary council got together and this natural history museum to draft a basic law for post-war germany now the country's constitution. like. this is with all the important people gather. dark clothes it was all very grand and formal. the base of an orchestra performed that was the day i know was asked to
create a government and draw up the basic law. but it was already a museum back then. yes it was this is always been a museum and there voice been lots of stuffed animals standing around they all had to be removed for the ceremony back then the problem was that one animal couldn't be removed the big. so the taxidermists didn't do a great job. contained. and they were worried that if they moved it it might fall apart. there are wonderful old photos of all the people sitting here over very serious and ceremonial with a giraffe appearing over their shoulders. off the shores. so what exactly was the basic law and. fields here and beyond the cleared interim
capitol of the federal republic of germany you'll find out in an overview of the 1st decade after the war displayed in barnes house of history. it was helmut cole's idea to create this museum of modern german history which opened in 1900. titles our history germany since 945. with the approval of the basic law constitution the federal republic of germany all west germany was established in 1949 you have your before nonce here. looking back on 70 years of german history here we see kind of had no assigning the basic law. not. a lot of germany was still in ruins but no i wanted to emphasize the importance of this historic moment in so he used the very grand gilded silverware from
cologne town hall in. the start of the establishment of west and east germany in 1949 sealed the division of the country. became the provisional capital of west germany and the seat of its parliament. its fast freely elected members sat on these chairs. and you all this tells us something about the 1st west german parliament. we got some of the original seats and created this display also the podium and lectern from which are no and others address the assembly element. we have some speeches about nuclear weapons which was a major issue back then and. i look at some and also lighthearted and even gravity one. which show how parliamentarians sometimes let rip.
important moments from east german history are also on display such as the uprising of $953.00 and the building of the berlin wall. in the west soaring prosperity went along with burgeoning protest movements and alternative lifestyles. the v.w. camper van came to be an icon of the hippie era. it stood for change individual ism breaking with society one's parents and grandparents. and for the search for peace and freedom by. the fall of the berlin wall and german reunification are key moments in postwar germany history. but as time passes the government exhibition has to
be updated. this object tells a number of stories. it started out as a fishing boat then it was used by refugees trying to reach europe. it was selvage during a rescue mission in the mediterranean near malta it's been on their own here since we reworked the exhibition last year we wanted to devote a section to the theme of migration and integration. because she had a museum and is a great place to learn about germany past and present. another stop along the path of democracy is we learn how much mids besides berlin's bellevue palace at the 2nd official residence of the german president.
so is there a way to know if the president is home today hoist the flag like buckingham palace buckingham palace the other ones yes exactly you can see the flagpole up there. soon as the president comes through the gates have they raised the flag pole. the font to get his and just as he leaves again they lower it also but the font of the diagram happened looks a bit like the white house you know it's sometimes called the ones house on the running. all in fact there are lots of it as along the river village and this one was built in the mid 19th century during the romantic period with. the romantics were very keen on the wrong one too shall i and i think will slip all of this new talk. time for our remail this week it was the minute by your apartment door and take those on a tour of the hague a dutch t.v.
one person you won't be able to miss on the path of democracy is this man right here. in our one of the fathers of the basic law and the federal republic's 1st chancellor. this bust a work of sculpture who battles from pilgrim display some of adenauer was biggest influences and life. goes begin. this dance here beneath his right it with cologne cathedral because i
know was mayor of cologne until 953. when the nazis came to power he not only had to resign but he also faced persecution. that's what the balland habits represent a period of persecution. you wouldn't. see the rhine river. valley go behind it some hills. they stand for this didn't get to go to each. other now it was very much a rhineland. it's really important especially nowadays with all the talk about europe is the goal with the woman on its back. she's hard to see her arms and head down. yeah bit hard
to read no no i'm actually yes that is that's you wrote her on the back of the greek mythology. no it was an early champion of a united europe. along with the french president child to go. they were both through all the old and had both been through 2 world wars by the. by the way they came to the conclusion that they would only be peace when different communities got to know each other and neighbors became friends. with and. i'm now going to catch a train to berlin because after reunification parliament and government return to the old capital.
i make my way to berlin you guys get to check in with our globe try to stay payment he was in iceland where he went at the capital reykjavik and then took a little tour outside the city to see that geyser is at the golden falls. stock because of the feeling part of recovery secure 1st among all the structures in the capital city and the best place to see the city from the street about. $74.00 metres it's the country's tallest church and it's named after the icelandic clad women. of the passion to. my next stop is the great job. i wear traditional fishing in the streets by the
developments to keep these restaurants at my picture but the top of building right behind me. papa is a conference center and a concert hall for the iceland symphony orchestra the building features a distinctive colored glass facade inspired by the landscape of iceland. got another. letter. to you. not. to bring you in reykjavik it's a little look at just 40 minutes out of the city at the time to visit the sexually at night because it's very relaxing and not as many people. do that the blue lagoon geothermal spa is one of the most visited attractions in iceland. i think.
the warm water is rich in minerals like silica and sulphur and anything in the blue lagoon is reputed to even help some people suffering from skin diseases. picked. up early start having to go. it's a popular tourist route covering about 300 kilometers leaping from break into the southern up lands and back and the 1st step is the guides. get. the most aggressive form you can tell but if you push the. water into the air every 6 minutes so everyone there is waiting for it to pass. my. book.
we're heading up this valley just up there this geothermal hot springs and there's a river where you can jump in really. after a 3 kilometer hike up the valley you get to a river in which you can bathe. right guys. right through to. from berlin's main station it's only a stone's throw to the government quarter. right after crossing the river surely you'll pass by the chancellor. and the bride's talk. and since we're commemorating the 70th anniversary of
the republic and you can be certain there's a reason for my visit to this stretch behind the right here you'll find the 1st articles of the constitution not set in stone but in glass. article 3 has a particularly interesting history. all people are equal before the law and the women have the same rights. the male dominated parliamentary council trying to keep that out of the constitution but the 4 female members persevered and won. as you can probably tell the right time building itself is a lot older than the federal republic it was built over 130 years ago a lot has happened since then the fall of the german empire the fire republic the nazi dictatorship the division of germany and ensuring unification since $9900.00.
and there i started building is the thought of the german parliament the bullets time and the political heart of the country. where i starred as a symbol of germany's troubled and complex history it was opened in 894 by kaiser wilhelm the 2nd he loathes democracy and fear the power of parliament in 1900 the social democratic politician philip chinaman addressed the crowd from the balcony and declared germany a republic kaiser wilhelm the 2nd abdicated that young democracy would be shaken by many political crises. in 133 hitler became chancellor an arson attack on the reichstag was a welcome opportunity for hitler to dissolve parliament and suspend the constitution 945 nazi germany was defeated that reichstag was in ruins germany would soon be divided and to berlin as well. in 155 what was left of it
was demolished the rest of the building was restored in the 1960 s. . in october 1990 half a 1000000 people gathered there to celebrate german reunification it was soon decided to move parliament from bomb to berlin. in 1905 the artists christo and john claude wrapped i start building in solving the fabric. a comprehensive reconstruction then got underway to designs by the british architect norman foster who added a dome of glass. since 1909 the building has been the seat of the german parliament the bundestag. foster's design is all about transparency light and openness as befits a democracy the building has become one of germany's most popular tourist attractions.
especially when the weather is nice on sunny days huge crowds gather in front of the right stark i'm interested to hear what other visitors think about germany's evolution throughout the past 7 decades. the fish out 170 years of the german constitution and the german federal republic what comes to mind and. now you fear there's a 2nd world war in the creation of a democratic state and the democrats thought as the cloud do you think germany has changed over the past 70 years and tickets. it's incredible how much free it things are compared to when i was young. women used to have to get permission to guys who were. just not active women and nowadays i'm 74 and i was sometimes too old to work too much more so as you know.
i am rather concerned about recent developments. things that are emerging once again that i thought we had left behind us once and for. all what do you think as an outsider has changed in this time over the decades after the 2nd world war. a lot i mean just. considering that you had this one wall and. for 50 years basically it was an island in east germany and then you know we're unified and you know they're part of the e.u. and. you know kind of a bigger you know political entity i want to see this building because it's very great it's amazing it's. it's big it's someone goes it's a very beautiful and this is history or. only germany it's history for old and
i want to be a part of this history i want to see this. the government corridor between the right stock and the ship play has definitely become a significant and lively part of the capital there's plenty of space and lots to do . if you're like me and you can't get enough of german history check this out if you come to the government quarter and summer here and for a treat on a big open air screen it's only taken on a journey through time. when the sun goes down the steps of the high stuck building become cinema stalls. i know . the big circular window in the parliamentary office
building opposite the materialist but. becomes a film screen a window into the past from the german empire into the bomb our republic the nazi era and the post group period. piece on. this soviet located of west berlin and the allied airlift are represented on a foot bridge across the river. it's a great institution. talks about the testimony to the freedom of all the people around the world there's a great film. this also footage of east germans risking their lives and escaping to the west. on the 9th of november 1989 the burden ball came down. we hear from people who were there that night. we want to finally be reunited.
i think this is the day germany becomes one again it's an incredible feeling. the gripping historical footage a light showing compass is the entire facade. no with the lights in the background it was very special. but there's no it's not like there's spots on the banks of the spray and the building of the rock star gets lovely as he shows ricky served well i thought it was really good really impressive and a great time. there is amazing. film about the history of democracy in germany is shown on some evenings in german with english subtitles the last showing of some of the target is the day of jim and
unity. and this is where we come full circle just a few meters down the road from the parliament you'll find a piece of. this tenderfoot speech on the permanent mission was the embassy of the federal republic and communist east berlin today it's a meeting point for fans of the rhineland way of life. it was founded by 2 men from bonn in 1997 and quickly became a hangout for berlin's political elite. that was our look back at the history of the german federal republic from its birth and on all the way to its present home base ember a letter germany's
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the family starts october on d w. this is d.w. news live from berkeley young environmental activists ramp up the pressure on. the u.n. use climate summit wraps with a call for action the next generation to a bigger size cutting carbon emissions. just the city prices get another violent clashes full month since these protests not proceed demonstrations