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tv   DW News  Deutsche Welle  December 2, 2019 2:00pm-2:31pm CET

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the be . this is the reviews coming to you live from the end the united nations climate summit opens in madrid. do we really want to be remembered as the generations after bertie did share the risk and kept people wired to plan the burden. that saving the carbon neutrality by 2050 says the u.n. secretary general antonio good tatt is also coming out. for dr you get caught look
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at the case of the saudi woman still in prison long after the ban was lifted on women behind the wheel to. enjoy his coalition partners on a collision course the social democrats and the new leaders who want to change that coalition deal with love matters will serve the tips can help government survive. among the. we begin in madrid the delegates from almost 200 countries have begun a 2 week climate summit amid a growing sense of crisis negotiators are tasked with ironing out the rules for implementing the 2015 paris climate accord that's when countries agreed to limit global warming to less than 2 degrees celsius above pre-industrial temperatures but would it be another case of too little too late during this opening remarks un
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secretary general until you go to school and delegates to take bold action as outlined 2 very different visions for our future by the end of the coming decade we will be on one of 2 paths when is the path of 3rd round where we have 3 borked past the point of no return job provide the health and safety of everyone on this planet do we really want to be remembered as the generation that birdie having to stand there. while the planet burns the other option is the path of hope oppressive resolve of sustainable solutions a press where more fossil fuels remain where they should be in the ground and where we are on the way to carbon neutrality by 2050 and that was the un secretary general antonio good terrorist speaking at the opening of the climate conference
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before we discuss what this summit can achieve let's take a look at the challenges facing delegates in the grid. there is no sign of a slowdown in greenhouse gases concentrations in the atmosphere let alone a decline. that is according to a recent study by the united nations if this trend continues experts say the result will be disastrous future generations will be confronted with even higher temperatures droughts floods storms and wildfires will become more severe and more frequent. after a year of protests the pressure on governments is mounting scientists are also urging governments to act they say that countries should increase their carbon reduction ambitions in order to prevent an even more catastrophic outcome i am. at the top of the climate conference agenda is
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a global emissions trading system it would allow countries that exceed their self set emissions reduction target to sell a right to emit some claim the system could create incentives to further reduce emissions. joining me now in the studio she's a reporter with signs and environment desk welcome now under plot indicating it's time for urgent action what can we expect from the summit which is just got underway in madrid well the motto this year is actually time for action but realistically they're not really ready yet they still have to finish the rulebook which will govern how the parts agreement will be implemented. fix is going to be dealing with the carbon markets and that has been particularly contentious so it's not even clear that they will get through that by the end of this year but they also have to look at raising their ambition at the moment the countries have set pledges that would not take us to a 2 degree rise in temperature but more like a 3 degrees rise in temperature which is just too high so still to be done and this
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often at these summits a blame game that emerges what do you see as the most critical challenges well the biggest challenges political will i mean is there enough do they actually want to reduce carbon emissions enough so the island nations of issued a plea to developed industrialised countries to to ask them to do that i mean these countries are island nations are the lowest submitters and yet they're feeling the impacts of climate change most another issue like i said is the carbon markets so that is particularly controversial environmentalist argue the carbon markets aren't going to help at all and that it takes away from the idea of the parts agreement to just reduce carbon dioxide emissions and there's this this argument that's going to take place negotiations and we'll see what comes out of non the united states has pulled out of the cold but china is still in and china is an absolute terms the
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biggest emitter off carbon dioxide emissions is it taking enough action will china is one of the countries that is going to meet its target. possibly early so that is something that's obviously positive from them they're also the largest developer of renewable energy in the world so there's definitely something in their favor but the problem is that their targets are just too low and if they continue the way that they're going we're still going to see that global temperature rise they are also investing in coal plants in china but also outside of china so that's also an issue and recent months we've seen these for ideas for future. impact she seems to have galvanized the young people who are getting impatient with the lack of action on climate change how do you see this playing into this debate well governments a feeling the pressure they can now see that after millions of use and people from
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all over the world taking to the streets in september and then hundreds of thousands again this friday just gone they can see that they're going to be held account for for the emissions that they're they're still working on. young people are also going to be growing up the next generation to be boasting so they really have to take action so that they will you know get further with the young people coming through. is going to be there so she will also be talking i guess we can expect a speech that's quite similar to what she did in new york so that is going to put pressure on governments as well. to be heading to the madrid summers look forward to hearing from you from the. one from the disc a pleasure to talk to you. jimmy johnson has promised farm was agreed to say in the introduction of new environmental and climate protection measures in effort to quell growing anger nicol meds
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representatives of the agricultural sector summit in berlin again answering comes after farmers staged a tractor protest in the capital in opposition to what they see is burton's regulation. said family was spotted culture tradition and identity. has been to farming country to find out how climate protection plans impact those working in the fields. meat philip clausen a 29 year old dairy farmer in the northern state of schlitz big hush dine in germany his land cover some $170.00 hector's and he works together with his father an employee and an apprentice this can shed was built 3 years ago and complies with the latest german regulation on animal welfare. although with the shutter $150.00 cows at a cost of $6000.00 euros per cal so that means forking out around
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a 1000000 euros just in order to make money from the cows which is really working at the moment we get $0.34 for a liter of milk but the production costs are much higher so unfortunately at the moment it's a loss making business. the farmer says increasing environmental protection regulation is hurting his business soon he'll have to spread manure with a hose instead of this muck spreader the purpose of the new rules is to reduce the spread of the pollutants omonia. you don't want me to start from january of next year i won't be allowed to use this manure spreader on farmland anymore and from 2025 not on grassland either this or acquire another investment of around 150000 euros. he's already reduced his own salary to cut costs relatives often help out for free as well he's bothered by pos he perceives as the poor image farmers have especially when it comes to animal welfare. money from the
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cows if they're not in good health we won't make money from them were expected to cover the costs for our own salary it's not on things like luke asked him chuck is in his 2nd year of training the increasingly difficult economic conditions for farmers has prompted him to question his career choice for. a friend tissue lose motivation because all you see of the problems business is being crushed. like this at work. the operation is subsidized by e.u. grants. but the dairy farmer says he'd prefer to get a decent price for his products. the least little produce is up to standard but it's being sold off cheap you pay more in the shops for a liter of water than you do for a liter of milk this shouldn't happen and since we're doing to the standards. philip 1000 is part of a growing protest movement within germany's agricultural industry some 100000
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disgruntled farmers have linked up on social media enabling them to spread their message and organize demonstrations speeds. let me bring you up to date that some of the stories making news around the world and to govern to disabuse you of iraq a day after the resignation of prime minister of a 100 demonstrators say the move doesn't go far enough they're demanding that political leaders stand trial for the violence that's left more than 400 people dead 2 in 2 months of protests. intense clashes between syrian regime forces an armed groups have reportedly claimed almost $100.00 lives on both sides activists say fighting around the last opposition stronghold of islam is the most violent since a russian brokered cease fire went into effect in august. sean has been on sanctions on american n.g.o.s and is suspending visits to hong kong by u.s.
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naval ships and military aircraft to return to treat measure off the pro-democracy movement got a boost from human rights legislation signed by president don examined. she's been described as not the most influential women in the activism blazed for female empowerment in saudi arabia yet. has been languishing in prison for 2 years on unspecified charges she's not alone even as the women one basic freedoms to drive and travel many of the female activists and champion the cause the mean. now. family is hoping international. joins me now and she's been following customary welcome i of what more can you tell us about jan and case well it's safe to say that jane is one of the most prominent women at the forefront of. the rights for women whether it has been the dismantling
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of the male guardianship system which has largely rendered saudi women as 2nd class citizens putting unbelievable restrictions on their lives and essentially giving all major decisions in their lives to the men within their family sometimes even the son she's also been at the forefront of the campaign to allow saudi women to drive she rose to prominence in 201320145 posting videos of herself on social media where she is actually defying the ban on female driving as we're seeing right now this is video of her 2014 as she was crossing the border from from the united arab emirates into saudi arabia where she was arrested and put under arrest for about 73 days fast forward to 2017 by road decrease saudi arabia actually finally lifts the ban. with hopefully with it coming into effect in about a year later in june 28th however
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a few weeks before she before she would have been able to see her dream become a reality she along with other prominent activists such as. use of were arrested and you know it's been almost 2 years like you said she's languishing in prison her family alleges that she was electrocuted water boarded and sexually harassed and detentions so tell me more you talk it was a very dire kind of. likes and symptoms that she's facing in prison what can you tell i want to ask family saying about the conditions in prison well her family has really been campaigning internationally for her release i recently had the chance to speak with her sister nina and have new here in berlin and this is what she told me but the latest in her sister's case so the charges of. everything that she has done about her activism so as. a place for a job at the u.n. everything that she has done for her activism. holding her i think you know it's
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very difficult to say but i would say maybe they don't want anyone to have an opinion and to speak their opinion they want everything to come. to the bottom of what condition she would you know. started in march of this year but since they stopped everything so we don't know why this stuff and we don't know what's going to happen since april she's in solitary confinement other than this we have no news i mean we talk the talk to my parents talk to her but what's going to happen we have nothing at all and she doesn't know what's happening do you know anything about her condition she being treated well is she being mistreated how is she doing. i think compared to the times where she was being tortured she is a bit. but let's say terry confinement is torture i think so i don't think
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it's a good situation. so obviously the family if they can say this to told you the moment then said the conference has been kind of. the image of implementing some kind of reforms yet nothing has really changed for people like you show that's true i mean i think there are 2 things that one must separate here there are the reforms the state of reforms in saudi arabia and the state freedoms if we will if one can even separate them in terms of reforms that this is true the crown prince mohammed bin feldman who is the de facto leader of saudi arabia has been implementing a lot of social reforms the drive lifting the driving ban is one of them using the restrictions on the interactions of the sexes in public women's attire partial gradual dismantling of the male guardianship system such as women's ability to travel without the permission of the male guardian that's one thing on the other and these are all to compliment the economic vision the vision 2030 of saudi arabia bringing saudi arabia into the 21st century then there's the state of freedoms and there it's
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a slightly different story and we've seen the you know the brutal murder of saudi journalist in the saudi embassy in istanbul and this example of the female saudi activists who are still in prison so it seems that while the you know the saudi government is ready to give reforms these are all top down reforms and perhaps there isn't the same openness for an open discussion about these reforms both she and jane were welcoming of these reforms but but they were not given a chance to unfortunately critique them or lift them even or gif it back on them so i think these are 2 separate things that are going in saudi arabia reforms are one thing freedoms are another one is on one is on the go the other not so much i have been thank you very much for sharing your insights on the story with us. turning out to romania which is the high streets of butts and section of the european union as many as 4 in 5 babies are born by c. section and some hostages critics say that siege of corruption in the has doctors
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make more money from us is even than from a natural birth. when little aryan goes down the slide his father's always there to catch him at the bottom his mother manuel a can only watch because of the syrian section she had when she gave birth to him that nearly killed her. doctor decided to take this action and i don't know what has happened but something room has happened because their respective we have to decide to be a head for surgery ever since manuel as started talking to the press about her experience many women have contacted her to share their stories doctors often insist on performing. well as doctor came into the clinic after hours apparently slightly drunk although the operation went badly he insisted she give him the traditional cash gift yes i think it's about the money when you go to hospital you
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need money from the nurses from the entrance of the hospital to can get into the hospital this is how we. a natural birth costs 300 euros but for a syrian you have to slip the doctor up to 1000 euros. at the clinic no one wanted to be interviewed here like everywhere in romania the government has raised salaries for medical personnel over the last year but still 80 percent of births are ceasar ian's irina pope has is a midwife she has to meet patients in a café if she wants to explain the advantages of natural birth she lost her job in the clinic after contradicting doctors who insisted on a c section i'm sure that. is because i want my doctor knows me and. my medical for i. don't feel safe bribery is so common in romania's medical system that the
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government is clamping down and auditing facilities much more but even the health minister admits it's not enough. she of the school of the future that recently we had to close a birth station because of the risk of infection and of a doctor sent them the employees were against it. it was right before christmas they had 60 syrians lined up and needed the money program a. little aryan doesn't know why his mother can never pick him up but man a well and is glad she can at least kiss him it means she survived. the future of america's government isn't dot after a coalition partner the social democrats elected 2 new leaders critical of the partnership that they have indicated they want to see major changes that raises the prospect that the coalition may collapse and result either in an early election or in a minority government. soundscape skins and norbert potter bore younes will soon be
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leaving germany social democrats that in turn could spell the end for the grand coalition with the christian democrats and christian social union the results of the s.p.d. poll came as a surprise as did the clear margin of victory the new leaders to be want to chart a new course for the party and reopen negotiations with chancellor angela merkel on future government policies. has the responsibility of the social democrats to make policies for the low and medium earners at this time and again we see clauses in our contract with the c.d.u. that are not in their best interests and that has to change. but the conservatives are likely to resist any major changes to government policy only 2 years before the next election c.d.u. leader on it could come common power made this clear. we stand by this coalition on the basis of what we've already negotiated. 100 m.
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we want to get back down to work quickly but. the opposition greens say berlin is headed towards a government crisis the s.p.d. the s.p.d. has to clear this up this week do they want to govern this country yes or no you can't govern if your answer is maybe you can the s.p.d. has veered left what this means for german government should become clear over the coming days. some of the story i'm joined by detail these political correspondent kate brady at up on the mention studios welcome guess how much of a crisis is this could these developments needs to the collapse of the german government. it certainly looks like the possibility of the social democrats withdrawing from the so-called grand coalition with young americans conservatives is looking more likely of course the many members of the social democrats weren't particularly keen on forming at another grand coalition with merkel's conservatives
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after the 2017 elections which has always meant that there hasn't really been a full sense of a united sense behind the idea of continuing this this government that said now we'll have to look towards later this week when the social democrats are set to gather at their annual party conference and that might give us a more indication of what the new leadership now plans to do of course we've already heard that they want to renegotiate that coalition deal which is being blocked at completely by the cd you right now we just heard from the leader of the city and a click from current power she said that renegotiating that deal is completely off the cards so then that would be the question of whether or not the s.p.d. would be willing indeed to withdraw from this coalition deal which then could as as we heard leads to early elections of course the elections were planned for 2021 or could even see germany with a minority government for
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a short time period as well and get this uncertainty comes at the worst possible time for the e.u. it's trying to negotiate bragg's it also for germany which prepares to take over the rotating presidency of the e.u. . exactly the last thing that the e.u. needs or wants right now is yet another political crisis and of course for a long time germany is being held up as quite a beacon of stability in the european union and of course as well it is your biggest economy so for a long time the e.u. has looked to germany for a sense of stability in times of crisis of as you mentioned we've got the we've got brecht's it coming up ois planned to come up at least by the end of january that said though there might well be some parts of the european union not least of all in neighboring friends where a shake up in german political might well be welcomed as of course a collapse of the government might bring in
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a new government which would in turn like push forward perhaps some better plans for climate protection and even better increased spending for the european union which would certainly be music to the ears of the french president manuel michael kidd pretty dubious political correspondent thank you very much. to football mind bruce eventually loved continue to be the surprise leaders of the bundesliga off the beaten freiburg for 2 on match day to strike a brit and bloops court twice his 1st coming after a well worked move just after half time to sit still and international then tackle the defender to get back the ball and then who least loss of home for the hosts the foles lead the table by a point and becoming serious title contend. and before we leave you remember the amazing find recently in the permafrost the remains of an
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18000 year old poppy were found by locals. in north eastern siberia russian scientists have not presented the frozen can-i to the media it's incredibly well preserved with teeth and even risk still intact scientists are trying to work out if the poppy is worth. a dog or represents an evolutionary link between the 2. the puppy was the name dog or which means friend in the jacket language and is of course also the start of the question dog all worth in english. they're watching the news coming up next on the w.'s the interviews in forest fires that release move carbon into the atmosphere than the alice on forest fire. and anger and revulsion across india after $27.00 arrows is gang raped and.
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coming up and musician and remember not sworn a website as you have a dot com and you can also follow us on twitter and definitely use. as soon. oh.
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every journey begins with the 1st step and every minute where each of the 1st word i'm going to think of me coaxing germany to find the truth. why not come with him thanks. it's simple line on your mobile
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and free. double using learning course because weak german may be easy. big thing that created today's world. to turn intelligent politics business is the brawn beat up even looking islamic revolution under the title honey he has always dreamt of state in which route. opens up making its initial flirtation with capitalism. strong sense states of emergency britain sinks into chaos margaret thatcher remarks in cabbage them too and they will most of the stores of liberalism . chunks of a 2nd to 6 poland chance that threatens the old order. for
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a bit this could be the end of communism and. like crisis. the strongest america that defines our markets today. 970000000 the big bang created a small strokes december 23rd v.w. . this is the death of user shop coming up in the us fairly often stop an epidemic of rape another case outrages the nation this time the 27 year old veterinarian. and then mother why don't no way home we women in india ever feel safe. and follows in indonesia not release more harmful greenhouse gases and follow us in the amazon and most of them are being set deliberately. placed.

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