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tv   Close up  Deutsche Welle  December 2, 2019 8:30pm-9:00pm CET

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discovered. subscribe to the documentary on you tube. but this time lord it was a book and and that there's no one. for months hong kong citizens have been demonstrating more and more of a sypher asli against china's increasing restriction of their freedom. aha. aha i thought out the protests have no official leader are organized only through
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social media and are both surprising and creative artists are playing a major role. tourism has plummeted and the economy is suffering huge losses. but during the work week most things take their usual capitalist course in this international finance center . hong kong streets tell a different story on sundays. hundreds of thousands of hong kong citizens are turning out in mass displays of civil disobedience.
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at the beginning of this wave of protest in early june the masses were demanding the withdrawal of an extradition bill which would have allowed hong kong to deport criminal suspects to china the. the outrage over the proposal took lawmakers completely by surprise. kong's pro chinese chief executive kerry lamb seen here at her inauguration 2 years ago in beijing underestimated the extent of the citizens anger for far too long for how. the people's wrath grew ever more threatening with each confrontation between activists and the police. and the angry citizens of hong kong feared that the law would expose them to
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china's arbitrary legal system. as carrie lamb retracted the controversial bill at 1st reluctantly but then more resolutely she had long lost control of the situation. carlos and often this is going to withdraw the bill not coming the protests because a lot of people have said that the focus off the protests for this shift from the bill to the police has been doing in hong kong and a lot of people are not happy with what the police has been doing. tony chung is a reporter at the south china morning post this specialization is relations between hong kong and china. first kind of them both seem to to be a person could really mend trust and relationship but it ended up no of the protest and it seems to call the house not to solve and especially worsen.
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what considerably worse in the situation happened right here on august 31st at the prince edward underground station. the site has now become a pilgrimage for victims of police brutality. after a demonstration police followed several activists into the underground train and there were scenes on the trains that utterly shocked the peaceful people of hong kong i i i i. i i. artists and illustrators took images of young people bleeding and put them online where they spread like wildfire as did the videos of police brutality. it triggered a chain of reactions activists started occupying the underground stations bringing
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public transport to a standstill. i militant activists have since declared the underground. system as an enemy concept . stations have been destroyed all over hong kong. before the sunday demonstrations workers try to say what can be saved. as an advisor to hong kong's chief executive. she's a powerful woman in hong kong and a personification of the enemy in the democracy camp 3 months up quotes misty no it looks like to us that's the number of peaceful demonstrators instantly but the hop call is this the violence is escalating they are throwing
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a lot of petrol you know so that is worrying. there's no question that some parts of the movement are becoming more radical. nor that the police are also using excessive violence. the trust between the government and the people has reach a fairly low point it has always been the case in recent years that's a lot of people find it hard to trust the government completely. hardly anyone is talking about the extradition bill now. now the movement is demanding an investigation into police brutality as well as amnesty for activists who've been arrested releasing protesters from the criminal status as rioters and most of all free elections overnight the slogan 5 demands none less was created
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it's become one of the battle cries of the movement but it's chiefly the call for free elections which goes too far for the beijing friendly government. to protest a talking all or nothing approach you know all 5 months you know. must be met the government would formally announce it would withdraw the bill on 4th september you know and we have since an independent oversight on police law enforcement by bringing in international experts from u.k. connla straining the scene that's as far as we can go. both sides are now facing each other stuck in a kind of hostile trench warfare the question is who can hold out the longest by china has been hoping that the protest would eventually lose momentum. the challenge for the activists is to keep up civil disobedience and keep the mass demonstrations going. this is where the creative types come in.
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samson long as an artist and is seen as one of the most creative minds of hong kong's cultural scene. every sunday he meets with friends to go on a demonstration. the large sunday demos were legally permitted by the police until the end of september. now they're illegal but the protesters still go and i think most intensely is the volume intending on most people because. in a peaceful protests all the legal for this we have a 1000000 of people come out but if it is the clay illegal. a lot of people doing it when we need be to you know all fluffy and force and. however this tactic hasn't worked in spite of the ban samson and hundreds of thousands of others still go out and demonstrate their fears for the future are greater hong kong citizens have many
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democratic rights. we don't need anyone's permission to exercise our right to exercise all freedom last. each. that is very clear the people of hong kong knows that it is written in our constitution in the basic law that we have this basic freedom. the democracy movement fears that hong kong's illegally guaranteed independence could be eroded and complains about beijing's growing influence many people here fear it is just a matter of time. samson wong visualize this fear in a guerrilla art campaign projecting a countdown on to hong kong's highest building. and
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it counts down the time until hong kong is finally returned to china and 2047 a provocation. by. the young freedom loving hong kong people it's about their future and nothing less. perhaps that explains their unwillingness to compromise. by renaming we mean the 5 miles but we all know that this is a. business once that. is started they think oh it will practically coordinate everyone's sed. it is a mall and check this i also have a hall called me for a purpose because that. sampson wong who is also a junior art professor believes in the power of images. to sing about the role of
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a marriage. or show other to all creativity and movement thing it is rare a situation where and crowd creativity become. very important by crowd creativity i mean everyone created to get up trying to make the movement stronger sold in this long just about polls to us it's not just the ball particle it. is the ball more ball to sustain the energy of the all to move. i was the. result. it's more about actions like. where people create a song called glory to all call. the story of this song illustrates what wall means it all began with the melody on the
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internet. law at some point an unknown person wrote a narration and people started gathering spontaneously to sing their new anthem. then a few professionals produced this music video which was also put online anonymously . in no time at all glory to hong kong became the battle anthem of the protest movement. it is something demonstrations whistled in underground stations and a flash mob congregates almost daily somewhere to sing it as a collective protest it's not really about the morality all that music all day in
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the red sea is about how crude to use the whole action of people occupying those shopping malls saying this all and i think this kind of create things that they all factions most important to them but it's about people and. sustained attention to them will also sustain their motivation to come all week by week. the crowd finds out about organization of the various actions on social media active hong kong citizens follow dozens of internal unclosed groups and decide which action to participate in depending on where they are. proud intelligence is guided by a quote by action hero bruce lee a hong kong icon. his maxim be formless shapeless like water has become the narrative thread of the democracy movement.
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the protesters flow through the city streets like water with no leadership unpredictable surprising and nearly always before the police can react. the pro-choice in a faction is deploying the same strategy they to organize flash mobs here with a slogan supporting hong kong's police sometimes singing the chinese national anthem. actual singing battles often take place like in the shopping mall where democracy activists singing glory to hong kong on the top floor drown out the chinese patriots. who see people now singing. the f.m.
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in who's in it's the shopping mall i was just. being the football. i mean so i think that is the future of hong kong. just in one is a famous local hong kong illustrated political cartoonist and art professor. he has a comic column in a much read newspaper. and he thinks that art can do much more than criticize china it touches people's hearts. i think this hope of time a lot of people in hong kong. really sat and you know. depressed frustrated. really negative emotional and a lot of works they are actually not about public and not about
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mobilizing action but about healings. and not just in one has started archiving all the drawings posters and images of the pro-democracy movement he already has thousands. and they have a large influence on the movement. the cartoonist the player rolled to. some i call. it the yellow raincoat. appear to when the 1st. protests will soon design a minnesota sniper. to have a young man in the yellow raincoat climbed some scaffolding to stick up a protest poster in mid june. he remained up on the scaffolding for several hours before jumping down to his death. he is seen to be the 1st fatality of the protests. have.
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illustrators made the raincoat a symbol for the protest. the young man as a sacrificial icon for the movement. and then some icons different icons. weekend and merged. like the thing to the lady that the girl with the eyes being shot. was a young woman hidden here behind on braless by her friends was at a demonstration when she was hit in the face by a tear gas bullet. and so that is end of the icon i think that one is more in has no impact because when i see it like overseas people who want to show support to holcomb's as cover when i see. very often the cartoonists work find
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their way from the digital into the real world onto the so-called lenin walls. these public pen boards derive their name from a wall of graffiti which sprung up in prague after the murder of john lennon. back then as today the icon of young protest movements. who. was. nobody knows exactly how many of these walls there are currently in the city. some say dozens others say hundreds. who were everyone can express their opinion here congratulations a message or tips on how to protect yourself from tear gas. already. when the 1st
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lennon wall appeared in hong kong in 2014 the police were soon on site. today these pen boards of protests are popping up all over the city so fast that the police can barely keep up. now we don't have a specific location because all the events. here and there so like even there something like a lemon war in different districts. is just that ok even that lemon was destroyed by other people people who put it up and there's no central location so all the words were marriage here and there and here and there there's no limitation for the time frame or the physical space so i think it is not just about. freedom of expression this is it is also about how communities come together to create political space to reclaim the city so we always think that people.
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they political before this move was a lot of them not really. a sam willing to do anything passing the walls on this like thing. and no true create political space in the coming days she's all next system for this. water tank why some people are now claiming this space there are smaller actions almost every day in hong kong. schoolchildren are occupying a space here in the financial district with a spontaneous sit in. school children are among the most active of the protesters. more than. a few streets ahead a further demonstration is taking place this time it's legal with a permit from the british general consulate. the inhabitants of the former crown colony are asking the former colonialists for help. unusual times call for unusual
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means. many of the peaceful protesters have the feeling that something special is happening in their city and they want to be part of it. young yang our critic in curator has come across this demonstration rather by chance. she's taking part in the protests but only if they are violence free as an effort citizen on the street like for me. i could feel the texture and temperature of the city becoming gradually different like for instance people carrying you could suddenly going to a conversation with a stranger about you know what's happening you know what led the protests what do you think of it i was just in this kind of conversation yesterday you know hong kong chinese people so we looked in to context on the street people say hello they
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would just. the way. i think that i see that kind of change is not just for the human chain but for a lot of protests we see a lot of violence fighting scene but behind you see a lot of. both of those i like the unity among them they don't know each other but the support they show to each other is just unbelievable. how many people are behind the protests no one can really answer this question. among the $7000000.00 plus inhabitants of hong kong around $1200000.00 are mainland chinese who have moved to the island. their number is growing by a good 50000 a year. and just like everywhere else in the world the polarization between the 2
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opposing camps is increasing. and not being optimistic about you know the whole city being united but what is positive is i think that coming that's coming out of this is all these had been undercurrents and now it's all opened up and we it's out tries to deal with it or not deal with it so decisions could be come in the 2 years and then unities could divide again but this is what life is about i. there are many signs that the protests have led to an ever increasing division of society which can be seen recurring on the edges of the demonstrations. this man in the czech shirt clearly a follower of the government was very vociferous in his criticism of the protests on the street. after
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a few minutes of his hefty tirades these scenes follow. was her 2 thanks to the brave intervention of a few people breaking up the fight was the man is not seriously injured was in the latest stage of the movement you know there's a more direct fighting if the police and a lot of young stand they all can like the wearing life food here with the hand that and then mas and and a lot of worse if they start to patrick than as i like a fighter. i think this kind of work is important that they try to good night after one to canada and there they try to put track than treat them as like
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a hero i think. so that i think it's also to give them the energy and the supports to those people in a friend live the was on october 1st the 70th birthday of china the situation escalated a new law for the 1st time the police shot live ammunition at militant activist was the shots triggered a new wave of pupil and student protests everywhere in the city. and at this point over 2000 activists have been arrested was beijing has said very little about the unrest in its special administration region was the question of whether china will decide to send in the army has been on everyone's lips for weeks now was this in the basic. blore
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the chief executive could seek to keep oil and the army in case all. public safety you know but this i don't think she will want to because even though legally is permissible practically we might need some help you know. post section why you know it will be seen as the death of one country 2 systems. what will happen next and how do artists see their role in the coming weeks i want to make change i want to change people. for somebody to come and. i want my work. and let them understand. i think some people are kind of feeling the world support i don't believe in that i think it's more. our whole structure because i was saying many countries actually.
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order to make china angry. who knows if democracy would come and maybe democracy in hong kong depends on democracy in china what we're doing here is to. ask if it is possible this kind of make believe which children are there that right they just pick up something from the beach this and then they make a castle of course they know it's not a parcel but they make it to be a castle you know dream house and we believe that.
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the film. was the speech of his life perhaps his best certainly his most difficult
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chancellor helmut kohl addresses the people of east germany shortly after the fall of the wall. the crowd clamors for terminology journalist peter lim was was at the scene. 30 years later looks back on the type of preston. starts december 19th w. . last. night. most of. us.
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this is g.w. newsline from berlin the united nations climate summit opens in madrid. do we really want to be remembered as the generation debt burden be telling his fans that feed the wild the planet but. the u.n. secretary general says it's either that or saving the earth by claiming.


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