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tv   Close up  Deutsche Welle  December 3, 2019 9:30am-10:01am CET

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or rather. actually was everything was precisely planned in structure to the freedom of russia. vladimir vladimirovich do the ends justify the means. putin's witnesses who starts december 13th on d w. he's. at peace time all that was separate book and and that there's no one can predict what happened. for months hong kong citizens have been demonstrating more and more of a safer asli against china's increasing restriction of their freedom ah. ah i thought out the protests have no official leader are organized only through
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social media and are both surprising and creative artists are playing a major role. because. tourism has plummeted and the economy is suffering huge losses. but during the work week most things take their usual capitalist course in this international finance center. hong kong streets tell a different story on sundays. hundreds of thousands of hong kong citizens are turning out in mass displays of civil disobedience.
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at the beginning of this wave of protest in early june the masses were demanding the withdrawal of an extradition bill which would have allowed hong kong to deport criminal suspects to china the. outrage over the proposal took lawmakers completely by surprise. kong's pro chinese chief executive kerry lamb seen here at her inauguration 2 years ago in beijing underestimated the extent of the citizens anger for far too long for her the people's wrath grew ever more threatening with each confrontation between activists and the police. and the angry citizens of hong kong feared that the law would expose them to
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china's arbitrary legal system. as carrie lamb retracted the controversial bill at 1st reluctantly but then more resolutely she had long lost control of the situation. carlos and often this is going to withdraw the bill from the protests because a lot of people have said that the focus of the protests for this shift from the bill to what the police has been doing in hong kong and a lot of people are not happy with what the police has been doing. tony chung is a reporter at the south china morning post his specialization is relations between hong kong and china. first carol i'm wolf seem to to be a person could really mend trust and relationship but it ended up now of the protest and it seems the problem has not to solve and especially up worsening.
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what considerably worse in the situation happened right here on august 31st at the prince edward underground station. the site has now become a pilgrimage for victims of police brutality. after a demonstration police followed several activists into the underground train there were scenes on the trains that utterly shocked the peaceful people of hong kong i i. i i. artists and illustrators took images of young people bleeding and put them online where they spread like wildfire as did the videos of police brutality. it triggered a chain of reactions activists started occupying the underground stations bringing
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public transport to a standstill. i 8 militant activists have since declared the underground. system as an enemy concept. stations have been destroyed all over hong kong. before the sunday demonstrations workers try to save what can be saved. as an advisor to hong kong's chief executive. she's a powerful woman in hong kong and a personification of the enemy in the democracy camp 3 months of protests you know it looks like to us that's the number of peaceful demonstrators instantly but the hot cocoa to this violence is escalating they are throwing
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a lot of petrol you know so that. there's no question that some parts of the movement are becoming more radical. nor that the police are also using excessive violence. to trust between the government and the people has reached a furry low point who has always been the case in recent years that's a lot of people find it hard to trust the government completely. hardly anyone is talking about the extradition bill now. now the movement is demanding an investigation into police brutality as well as amnesty for activists who've been arrested releasing protesters from the criminal status as rioters and most of all free elections overnight the slogan 5 demands none less was created
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it's become one of the battle cries of the movement but it's chiefly the call for free elections which goes too far for the beijing friendly government. to protest that they are still a blocking all or nothing approach you know for 5 months you know. must be nuts the government would formally announce it would withdraw the bill on 4th september you know and we have strengthened independent oversight on police law enforcement by bringing in international experts will you take another australian. that's as far as we can go. both sides are now facing each other stuck in a kind of hostile trench warfare the question is who can hold out the longest by china has been hoping that the protest would eventually lose momentum. the challenge for the activists is to keep up civil disobedience and keep the mass demonstrations going. this is where the creative types come in.
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samson long as an artist and is seen as one of the most creative minds of hong kong's cultural scene. every sunday he meets with friends to go on a demonstration. the large sunday demos were legally permitted by the police until the end of september. now they're illegal but the protesters still go and i think most haitians really it's about limiting a local because. in a peaceful protests all the eagle ford has we have millions of people come out but if it is declared illegal. a lot of people when it you it may be see all fluffy and false and. however this tactic hasn't worked in spite of the ban samson and hundreds of thousands of others still go out and demonstrate their fears for the
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future are greater hong kong citizens have many democratic rights. we don't need anyone's permission to exercise our right to exercise all freedom of the. each. that is very clear the people of home paul knows that it is written in our constitution in the basic law that we huff this basic freedom. the democracy movement fears that hong kong's illegally guaranteed independence could be eroded and complains about beijing's growing influence many people here fear it is just a matter of time. samson wong visualize this fear in a guerrilla art campaign projecting a countdown on to hong kong's highest building. and
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get counts down the time until hong kong is finally returned to china and 2047 a provocation. by. the young freedom loving hong kong people it's about their future and nothing less. perhaps that explains their unwillingness to compromise i don't buy renay we mean a 5 day miles but we all know that this is a. business one step. is started to think oh it'll practically odd quod in there everyone just decide. it is a mall and check this i also have a hall call me for a tell us people say. sampson wong who is also a junior art professor believes in the power of images. to sing about the role
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in the age. in the show either to creativity and movement i think. it is rare a situation where and crowd created for they become. very important by crowd creativity i mean everyone created to get up trying to make the movement stronger sold in this not just about polls to us it's not just the ball particular it. is the ball more ball halid to sustain the energy of the of the movement. guys know you. guys know. it's more about actions like. when people create a song called corey to home call. the story of this song illustrates what wall means it all began with the melody on the
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internet. at some point an unknown person wrote a narration and people started gathering spontaneously to sing their new anthem. then a few professionals produced this music video which was also put online anonymously . in no time at all glory to hong kong became the battle anthem of the protest movement. it is something demonstrations whistled in underground stations and a flash mob congregates almost daily somewhere to sing it as a collective protest it's not really about the morality all that music all day in the regs is about how you produce the whole action and all people occupying the
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shopping mall is saying this all and i think this kind of create things that they all factions most important to them but it's about people and. sustained attention. also sustained motivation to come all week by week. the crowd finds out about organization of the various actions on social media active hong kong citizens follow dozens of internal unclosed groups and decide which action to participate in depending on where they are. proud intelligence is guided by a quote by action hero bruce lee a hong kong icon. his maxim be formless shapeless like water has become the narrative thread of the democracy movement.
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the protesters flow through the city streets like water with no leadership unpredictable surprising and nearly always before the police can react. thank the from china faction is deploying the same strategy they to organize flash mobs here with slogans supporting hong kong's police sometimes singing the chinese national anthem. actual singing battles often take place like in the shopping mall where democracy activists singing glory to hong kong on the top floor drown out the chinese patriots. who see people now singing. the to f.m.
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and he in it's this shopping mall i was just. before full i mean so i think that is the future of hong kong. justin won as a famous local hong kong illustrated political cartoonist and art professor. he has a comic column the much read newspaper. and he thinks that art can do much more than criticize china it touches people's hearts. i think his hope of time a lot of people in hong kong. really sat and you know. he pressed frustrated. reading negative emotional and a lot of works they're actually not. about public and not about
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mobilize action but it's about healing. and not just in one has started archiving all the drawings posters and images of the pro-democracy movement he already has thousands. and they have a large influence on the movement. the cartoonists the player role to. some icons for example the yellow raincoat it appeared to when the 1st. design the minnesota side. of the young man in the yellow raincoat climbed some scaffolding to stick up a protest poster in mid june. he remained up on the scaffolding for several hours before jumping down to his death. he is seen to be the 1st of the protests.
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illustrators made the raincoat a symbol for the protest. the young man as a sacrificial icon for the movement. and then some icons different icons. he can't and nurse like. the i think the delay to go with. me sean. was the last of the young woman hidden here behind on braless by her friends was at a demonstration when she was hit in the face by a tear gas bullet. and so that is an icon i think that one is small in a small impact because when i see like overseas people who want to show support to home as cover one is the better he often the cartoonists
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works find their way from the digital into the real world onto the so-called lenin walls. these public pen boards derive their name from a wall of graffiti which sprung up in prague after the murder of john lennon. back then as today the icon of young protest movements. who. was. nobody knows exactly how many of these walls there are currently in the city. some say dozens others say hundreds. who were everyone can express their opinion here. congratulations a message or tips on how to protect yourself from tear gas. when the 1st lennon wall appeared in hong kong and 2014 the police were soon on
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site. today these pin boards of protests are popping up all over the city so fast that the police can barely keep up. now we don't have a specific location because all of the events happened here and there so like even there are something like in the lebanon war in different districts. this is just that ok even though lenin was destroyed by other people people who put them up there and there's no centralized location so so all the works with a marriage here and there and here and there there's no limitation for the time frame or the physical space so i think it is not just about. freedom of expression this is it is also about how communities come together to create political space to reclaim the city so we always think that hong kong people
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law. they political before this move on a lot of them not really. a sam willing to do anything passing the walls obviously i think. you know. create political space and a couple issues moment system for these. i wanna hang out why some people are now claiming this space there are smaller actions almost every day in hong kong. schoolchildren are occupying a space here in the financial district with a spontaneous sit in. school children are among the most active of the protesters. who are. a few streets ahead of further demonstration is taking place this time it's legal with a permit from the british general consulate. the inhabitants of the former crown colony are asking the former colonialists for help. unusual times call for unusual
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means. by. many of the peaceful protesters have the feeling that something special is happening in their city and they want to be part of it. the young yang art critic and curator has come across this demonstration rather by chance. she's taking part in the protests but only if they are violence free as an asterisk citizen on the street but for me. i could feel the texture and temperature of the city becoming gradually different like for instance people carrying you could suddenly going to a conversation with a stranger about you know what's happening you know what led the protests what do you think of it i was just in this kind of conversation yesterday you know hong kong chinese people so we looked in the context french on the street people say
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hello they would just. the way. i think back i see that kind of change is not just for the human chain but for a lot of protests we see a lot of violence fighting scene but behind you see a lot of. beautiful the unity among them they don't know each other but they support the schole to each other is just unbelievable. how many people are behind the protests no one can really answer this question. among the $7000000.00 plus inhabitants of hong kong around $1200000.00 are mainland chinese who have moved to the island. i their number is growing by a good 50000 a year. and just like everywhere else in the world the polarization between the 2
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opposing camps is increasing. i'm not being optimistic about you know the whole city being united but what is positive i think that come that's coming out of this is all these have been undercurrents and now it's all opened up and we it's out choice to deal with it or not deal with it so divisions could become in a truce and then unities could divide again but this is what life is about i there are many signs that the protests have led to an ever increasing division of society which can be seen recurring on the edges of the demonstrations. this man in the czech shirt clearly a follower of the government was very vociferous in his criticism of the protests on the street the after
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a few minutes of his hefty tirades these scenes follow god's word thanks to the brave intervention of a few people breaking up the fight the man is not seriously injured was in the latest stage of the movement you know there's a more direct fighting if the police and a lot of young saw it they all can like they're wearing life here with the hand that's and the mosque. and and a lot of words if they start to patrick then as like a fighter. i think it's kind of what is important that they try to good night after he won to canada and they tried to put track than portrayed them as
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a hero. so that i think it's also to give them the energy and the supports to those people in the front line. on october 1st the 70th birthday of china the situation escalated a new. for the 1st time the police shot live ammunition at militant activists. the shots triggered a new wave of people and student protests everywhere in the city. at this point over 2000 activists have been arrested. beijing has said very little about the unrest in its special administration region . the question of whether china will decide to send in the army has been on everyone's lips for weeks now. was this in the basic law
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the chief executive it could seek help to keep the army in case all. public safety you know but this i don't think she will want to because even though nico is permissible practically we might need some help you know. perception wise you know it will be seen as the death of one country 2 systems was what will happen next and how do artists see their role in the coming weeks i want to. change i want to change people. for somebody goes. i want to buy work. let them understand what we're thinking their way i think some people are counting on the world support i don't believe in that i thing are just more powerful. our
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whole truck all those other thing many countries who actually. although to make china angry. was. going to was if democracy would come and maybe democracy in hong kong depends on democracy in china what we're doing here is to act as if it is possible this is kind of make believe which children are good at right they just pick up something from the beach the sat and then they make a castle because they know it's not a puzzle but they make it to be a cost of your dream house and we are doing that.
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this is deja vu news live from berlin nato gathers for a 70th anniversary marked by a search for unity president trump among those who's already in london he's repeated his call. for members of the world's biggest alliance to spend more on the facts we'll go live to the summit also coming up. demonstrators keeping up the pressure is delegates get down to work at the u.n. climate summit in madrid weather experts say the last decade has been the hottest.


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