tv DW News Deutsche Welle December 17, 2019 5:00pm-5:30pm CET
after 2 years in just 5 months. to one of its best sellers. pope francis takes a major step towards dealing with cases of sexual abuse in the catholic church. secrecy. experts say the mixed martial arts has a lot of groups in germany to recruit new members. to the program. a global summit started in geneva aimed at finding better ways to support the world's growing number of refugees the 1st global refugee forum brings together politicians business leaders and refugees the u.n.
says war and persecution have forced 20 $6000000.00 people around the world to flee their homelands almost half come from just 3 countries syria afghanistan and south sudan. the 4th is the number of palestinian refugees which was the single largest refugee population before the syrian conflict most refugees living countries bordering their own and some spend their whole lives in camps like mohammad from somalia who lives in kenya. mohammad. has come to pray at his father's grave hidden away in one of the biggest refugee camps in the world. he's here to honor the memory of his father but this site is also yet another painful reminder of his own suffering. i feel sad the times still living in the camp where my father got sick passed away. mohammed's parents fled their still conflict ridden home country somalia almost 3
decades ago to see graffitti in neighboring kenya and mohammad was a child he would have never threw it at the age of 28 he his wife and 3 children would still be refugees here according to crimean rule they are confined to life inside the camp and are not allowed to work. both my wife and i were born here our children were born here it's very difficult to stay where you are born for your entire life we don't have the freedom of movement which is a basic universal human rights. i feel like i'm in prison and i'm not able to leave. mohamed is one of more than 200000 refugees here in the. fields unwanted in kenya the government has been threatening for years to close the camp heightening his feelings of uncertainty he also feels
neglected by the international community which has shifted its attention to other humanitarian crises else. dab was never meant to be a long term solution yet for most people life as a refugee here in the camps is all they know there's drawn out in camp ground the deteriorating level of humanitarian assistance and the only distant prospect of resettlement has collectively taken a severe mental health toll on thousands of residents. here one of the n.g.o.s operating here says the protracted crisis in the camp has caused a growing number of refugees to develop mental health conditions. depression is one of the illnesses we treat see alarmingly becoming increased amongst the depression is serious because most of the time you get refuges attempting suicide it's actually due to depression. mohammed says he suffers from anxiety and
insomnia and he's not alone he says many of his former school friends have given up hope some of them drifted into drug addiction yet the obvious have been committed suicide and. my friends have hung themselves because of what they are going through it's happened several times in this camp and sometimes i think about killing myself because of the hardship i'm going through but then i think of my children they always say to me. mohammed says he's not ready to give up just yet he wants to fight on his children so that they can have a better future so they can get an education and enjoy the freedoms he never. for himself his wish is to leave the camp before he dies so that he doesn't have to be buried next to his father as a refugee. but explore this further with mohamed affray he's the
u.n.h.c.r. special envoy to the whole of africa he's also been kenya's deputy minister of foreign affairs i was drafting welcome to day w. why are conditions and of absolute bad. thank you very much for having me well 1st of all on the conditions in the dark. so they. decided to leave because of the studio it continues to exist it's come it's going to be in the end it was 7 years ago and it was never meant to be a climb into the future or city or fundamental kind of a calm generation some under her people used to be in her farm home and done that over the last 6728 yes and that's precisely as would like to divide my many many of the biggest just clear that a protective situation like that of the some under the computer skin from western.
priests we didn't have indication doesn't finish recruitment should continue to focus on because of the imagine a crisis i don't know what. the south sudan would continue to at that act a creation of the national media and the fact that us so the station into doubt is such in that we need to constantly monitor and continue to help those some others that if we're honest not fundable let me just say that i'm a bit and let me just press you on that so you're a minister in kenya while this dot com exists 27 years and you say spain has regardless of the fact that it wasn't meant to be there for so long if it is that for so long nearly 30 years why hasn't the kenyan government done something about it why hasn't improved it all moved people out of it. well 1st of all we want to appreciate their hospitality and generosity of the kenyan government and the king and people abroad to secure. the peace and peace and tranquility for that
if we use and then that is something that we should all appreciate of time but the government and the people of kenya and we continue to in kind of the government to to to prove to be some pottery duce and to get that if we just support them in a manner that is compatible with the lives of the well being but you will appreciate the sources on this that we should and this is why the globe if you do forum is a forum when we begin to split the light and set some kind of situations in order to seek for more additional support us we in kind of government governments and institutions to come i'm sure case and best practices kenya deserves all the support we can be able to marshal in the not too many protective situation of this but to get out of the u.k. so let's talk about the global refugee forum what do you expect to happen over the 2 days that the forum meets there will cause governments and businesses to do what
they have so far failed to do. my full support i think. that in the globe if you do a forum for the world provides an opportunity for member states. to showcase best practices we have in nearly 26000000 to produce a home in the wild and 70000000 displaced population globally and therefore it is there is this struck this is countries provided support that if we do see one form of another this is the place where best practice it will be it is i mean bookplate this will demand but above all this is a forum where we hope that additional resources come to mobilize the by the part of most of the member states and the international community will not have to provide the needed support to that if you just let me have that on the one which continues to increase therefore this forum provides the perfect opportunity for resource
mobilization of the reef but also the best practices not going to be can be seen that on the one ok well we wish you well out with your assets thank you so much for joining t.w. mohamed afy from the u.n. i. thank you very much for having. now we'll take a look at some of the other stories making news around the world major french labor unions are holding a day of strikes leading to the closure of schools tourist attractions like the eiffel tower and other public services i've actually comes on the 13th day of protests against the government's controversial pensions before the plant. in india seen fresh clashes between demonstrators and police over a controversial new law it offers citizenship to religious minorities fleeing persecution in neighboring countries but does not apply to muslims per se it violates the country's secular constitution. that's a pakistan where of course the sentence the country's former president pervez musharraf to death he was found guilty of high treason for suspending the constitution in 2007 he ruled the country from 1999 to 2008 after leading
a bloodless military coup against a civilian government. and the sentence has been a long time coming for former pakistani president pervez musharraf seen here at a court hearing in 2013. the verdict guilty of treason the sentence of death. sharp's lawyer rejected the court's decision calling on pakistanis to stand by the former ruler i said this this good complaint is farts this complaint is wrong it was just a victim i said i'm not i'm not that i'm mad at committing the complaint there's no question of i can't accept that. now let the lawyers let go of it. the verdict is part of the ongoing followed over new shark suspension of pakistan's constitution in 2007. the movie ignited widespread protests leading to his resignation. he may have lost popular support but the former general continued
to have his backers in the country's powerful military. today's verdict is seen by many as a strike by the courts against the army's grip on the reins of power. this is a unique decision of the. and that is fear plugger son there for the 1st simon miller to be has been punished by the court under the constitution and the law and it was overdue because constitution had been while it did no less than 4 or 5 times and they hear about stand. for the time being at least the death sentence is unlikely to be carried out correctly is currently in exile in dubai where he is seeking medical treatment. and u.s. plane make a boeing is to suspend production of its 737 max airliner from january the best selling aircraft was grounded in march following 2 fatal crashes in just 5 months
but has delivered no new 737 max is since then when it works to fix the folds behind the tragedies the production phrase by one of america's largest exports will hit suppliers and airlines around the world and the u.s. economy. there are 400 brand new 737 max aircraft parked in boeing's holding area they've been grounded since april this year some are even parked in the employee parking lot the production stop slated for this coming january is a drastic measure and it's bad for boeing's $12000.00 employees i think hauling production as is a pretty major downside that disrupts the whole supply chain that puts labor and terrible spot causes. a real loss of the economies of scale that this airplane has that you keep that assembly line go on because of all the efficiencies in october 28th seen as 737 max crashed in indonesia then another one
went down in ethiopia last march 346 passengers were killed in those 2 plane crashes with the 737 max is faulty steering software playing a decisive role in both incidents so far boeing has been unable to deliver a software correction that can be approved by the u.s. federal aviation administration this 737 is boeing's best selling aircraft airline's of place thousands of orders so u.s. airlines and european air carriers of had to cancel flights due to lack of aircraft the airlines themselves are in just a terrible spot because they're selling spring break they're selling some are without knowledge of what their fleet is and all parties need to have complete transparency here so we can come up with some reasonable plan you know get this crisis get things back on track the loss of production at boeing might have a ripple effect that could burden the entire u.s.
economy. now pope francis has announced sweeping changes to the way the roman catholic church deals with cases of sexual abuse by abolishing secrecy laws the rules known as papal secrecy will no longer apply in accusations trials and decisions involving sexual abuse critics had accused the church of using paypal secrecy to justify decisions to keep those cases away from civil authorities michel . so let's get more on this from deja news religious has at least a motto in god welcome us in the pun typical secrecy this is about the heart of this announcement just displaying to us what that is the difficult secrecy is basically the bolasie that is instituted through church law the cases of prince question of the for and swords including sexual abuse but also i mean whatever other transgression good happened within the context of the church things such as say priests not appropriately office not appropriately taking care of their flock
considered cetera 1st to be put through the church system and not go to external authority so in the case of sexual abuse these reports were meant to go to the congregation of the doctrine of the faith one of the main institutions within the vatican this was actually one of the main elements that activists and former victims. victims advocacy groups have actually the men to be brought to an end and this is as a matter of fact exactly what we're seeing right now so it's really a momentous decision ok and so so it is no longer the case that if someone has concerns about sexual abuse they will have to go to the catholic church about it so this sounds like a significant move full full victims of sexual abuse it is not only that they would no longer no longer have to go to the church 1st i mean it's no longer the case that those who are actually try to go beyond the church would be punished by the
church for the ring so i mean in the for the last 2 popes benedict and and bold threat was excommunication for actually going outside so this has changed it's very hard to i mean you cannot overstate how the change in policy is i mean we're seeing essentially what most people concerned with this story in the history of sexual abuse in the church have essentially been demanding these these the very linchpin. the question of transparency and the question of you know i did occasionally reparation for grades committed ok so how far does that. extend then does this mean that churchill authorities will cooperate with secular authorities like police investigations so church authorities are obligated in principle to collaborate with national authorities only in those countries where munda tory reporting of crimes is actually an obligation that's for instance not the case in germany that's not
the case you need to leave and there are various reasons why it's not it's the national law what this change is actually permits it opens the gates for open reporting even in those cases when it's not mandatory so it's not very clear how is it that it will ultimately be applied or will be enforced at the level of parishes and at the level of priests. and that it is in terms of policy a massive change so this sounds like it will be easier to bring offenders to justice i would not be too quick with that because one of the broken stud we have with the church as an institution is not merely the reporting of course there are people with good intentions that are very much willing to bring out thirty's that have not been able to do it under penalty for instance of excommunication but at the same time the problem is that you have a mish of relations in an institutional setting that are very very difficult to break apart sometimes you have people who have been suspected that go back 2030
years are still part of the church are not necessarily sort of inserted in a context in which they would be reported and this is not something that the church can you mediately address but it's a significant step a massive step. thank you you're very welcome. a journalist group reporters without borders to say that at least $49.00 journalists have been murdered this year in the course of their work that's almost half the figure for last year and a historic low but journalism still remains a dangerous profession in many parts of the world like syria mexico afghanistan pakistan and somalia those countries accounted for more than half the victims killed this year reporters without borders is also concerned about a new wave of repression against journalists reporting in iran which as our next report shows includes harassment of iranian media based outside the country. you should book grotty knows what it means when press freedom is threatened the editor in chief of prague based radio farda the persian service of radio free europe radio
liberty says harris may have exiled journalists by the iranian regime has escalated during the current protests. intelligence officers have been. operating different accounts and different websites in order to be fair game the journalist protests against fuel price rises erupted in iran in november the state responded with violence and nationwide internet blackouts domestic media have faced increased censorship and broadcasters based abroad are among the only other sources of information that they're reporting appears to have angered the iranian regime. who normally what they do all day summoned their parents. to iranian intelligence ministry at quarters. and they force them to
contact their loved ones and to tell them to resign immediately and they say if they don't resign i we would bring them back to iran. some overseas persian language media have had the assets confiscated and their journalists branded as terrorists but despite the risks the exiled reporters say they will continue their work in their words journalism is not a cry. but take a look at more of the day's top stories romania is commemorating the 30 years since the revolution that led to the fall of communism on december 17th 1981 dictator nicolae ceausescu i gave the order to fire on protesters in the town of tomasz wara but the $59.00 deaths failed to stop the revolt days later it's spread to the capital bucharest and shot cesco was overthrown. police in australia have arrested 2 men suspected of smuggling more than $600.00 to kilos of ecstasy inside
hundreds of barbecues and wraps up a 6 month investigation spanning 3 countries in july police in cyprus tipped off australia north or just about a possible shipment of m.d.m.a. to sydney. european space agency's postpone the launch of a 3 year mission to study planets in other solar systems mission control made the decision after discovering a software error in the soyuz rocket due to put the kilts telescope into orbit around the earth. it was bush for us brushfires continue to ravage western australia residents are struggling to save their homes and their lives or one point was lucky enough to escape with his life and his dog 12 year old lucas stark grabbed the dog and fled his otherwise empty home on his brother's pickup as flames approached and then he drove himself to a meeting place arranged by his father but the brushfires are caught up with lucas he was forced to drive off again it was later found by a firefighter a reunited with his family it was well here in germany mixed martial arts or m.m.a.
exploded in popularity of recent years but it's not yet become a mainstream sport and some experts believe its relative obscurity was allowed hooligans on the far right to use it to train and recruit new members. mixed martial artists nico sampson is one of germany's most talented young fighters also a social worker. you know it's m.m.a. has a dark side it's a platform for hooligans and members of the far right it's a full contact sport so. for sure if you're viewing this from the perspective it's also 'd useful good or could be useful using this in the street i think that's the thing which is the most appealing for them. countless promotional videos shared online demonstrate hooligans and right wing
extremists are using the sport to prepare themselves for violence and as a means to recruit new members. it's common to see m.m.a. trained hooligans working out in football uniforms of clubs with known far right elements in their fanbase. to the games and far right fighters have their own spaces for training and events this is possible because mixed martial arts is not officially recognised as a sport in germany and lacks a single overriding governing body all this means it's nearly impossible to regulate sampson it's a steers clear of hooligans but knows right wing recruitment is a problem. the scene in germany should be aware of and should talk about it because it's a developed one with the right wing we see in not only in sports it's we see in our whole society he's trained in jim zwerg fighters were kicked out for their extreme far right views but he believes preventative work and education should be the 1st
option. if you will ride one person you just organizing yourself which is also dangerous because you don't then you don't have an inside in what is happening there and maybe these people start to recruit. all the people which is also a dangerous development expert says steps have to be taken to salt. the issue because it is less controlled there are more opportunities for them to to organize things and to to be in control basically i think rick ignition and greater regulation of the sports will will will benefit it and will help to fight off the far right influence these changes could go a long way to ensuring the far right and hooligans don't have a fighting chance to recruit through mixed martial arts. or italian football has
been rocked by another racism controversy this time from the league itself city r.'s decision to use pictures of chimpanzees as part of its racism campaign a stunned people on social media website football italia said the artist wanted to reclaim the use of imagery from races supporters of european football's anti-racism and group fair condemned the idea asking is if it is difficult to say what syria are worth thinking who did they consult italian team broke also expressed surprise saying we don't believe this is the right way to fight racism. this is d.w.i. news coming up next in the news a ship pakistan's former dictator sentenced to death we'll look at what both sides were sheriff's court ordered fights i'm aims for the country. police in their fight for allegedly targeting against protesters is that call dr fueling outrage against the government. why some japanese singles are and listing their parents and
. play. play. play. klum play. christmas tell it all. created today's ruling. 70. years in politics business leaders the run up people of the islamic simpler. terms of making its initial flirtation. strengths and states of emergency sinks into chaos the old chums the 2nd displacement camps the people from steel.
cars. the stars and the families of the modest. 97 in the big negative since december 23rd. this is due to the news a shop coming up a death sentence for a dictator to. talk just on. suspended the constitution now of course has sentenced him to death. what does this mean in a country by the great almost all its existence plus the. police of the regime.