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tv   The Day  Deutsche Welle  December 18, 2019 5:02am-5:31am CET

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senior low the reason fewer people are taking the risk to report from war zones and 2019 for the 1st time not a single journalist died while working abroad tonight the growing dangers in our backyard myth that misinformation like never before political leaders openly attacking a free press and voters bombarded with the message don't trust the media i'm burnt off in berlin this is the day. the message that the government is sending is a very clear beat style laid for your next and i think it's an idiom and extreme violence against journalists is only as a lesson america that compares with the news the international community is sending just dismissing that state sufficient power it can get to wheat we smell during a joint. session coming down the murder of the john of
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a stephanie cutter was an attack on free media. journalist must feel safe. in europe. also coming up at recruiting future neo nazis a report on the growing popularity of mixed martial arts here in germany and why it's attracting hooligans and far right extremists. but. full contact sport i think that's the thing which is the most appealing for them it's an develop one with the right wing and we see in not only in sports it's we see in a hostile society. to our viewers on p.b.s. in the united states and all around the world welcome we begin the day with a sobering statistic for those of us who work and report the news in 201949 journalists were killed doing their job and it's yearly reports
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reporters without borders says that most journalists who were killed were killed in just 5 countries they are syria mexico afghanistan pakistan and somalia the good news is that that number is a 16 year low but a low for the world there is a disturbing trend journalists being detained and arrested arbitrarily and many end up in prison tonight $389.00 journalists are behind bars china tops the list again with a 120 journalists that have been imprisoned now we know that there's 120 that's a guess we have no way of knowing the exact number in china and that's followed by egypt saudi arabia syria and turkey reporters without borders says that homemade threats against journalists are growing they include politicians attacking the media from washington d.c. to manila and in iran journalists were recently arrested simply for trying to cover
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recent protests against a hike in gas prices the iranian government has also intensified its harassment of persian speaking journalists working abroad. new chabot grotty knows what it means when press freedom is threatened the editor in chief of prague based radio farda the persian service of radio free europe radio liberty says harris may have exiled journalists by the iranian regime has escalated during the current protests. intelligence officers have been. operating in different accounts and different websites in order to the frame the journalist protests against fuel price rises erupted in iran in november the state responded with violence and nationwide internet blackouts domestic media have faced increased censorship and broadcasters based abroad are among the only other sources of information that their reporting
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appears to have angered the iranian regime. who normally what they do all day summoned their parents. to iranian intelligence ministry at quarters. and they force them to contact their loved ones and to tell them to resign immediately and if they don't resign we would bring them back to iran some overseas persian language media have had the assets confiscated and their journalists branded as terrorists but despite the risks the exiled reporters say they will continue their work in their words journalism is not a crime. well joining me now the big table is christiane mir he's director of reporters without borders in germany it's always good to see you christiane i want to pick up on what we just saw there concerning iran i mean what we see happening
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in iran and it's not a big surprise is it because it's a place that doesn't enjoy the press freedoms as we do with the west for example in the right yeah unfortunately you are right i would be happy to disagree on this but iran i mean for a long time is one of the biggest jailors well why didn't that not among the top 5 but it's among the top 10. just pretty prison him putting journalists in prison for doing that job the number of journalists killed in 2019 draw a 16 year low a major reason is that fewer reporters are going abroad to cover wars crisis regions are not getting reported on like they used to that's a troubling development isn't that troubling development because it's producing black holes that you sold basically and i mean that's where we see web journalism about it through reporting about what's happening all over the word and more over this leads to another figure if you see look
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a bit more into details of this figure of 49 journalists having been killed 59 percent out of these 3049 journalists killed has been killed in countries which we call countries in peace like mexico pakistan and says this is much more troubling in your report makes clear that domestic threats are not decreasing and that includes wave after wave of misinformation that the public is being forced to confront with we hear about it all the time i want you to take a listen to what was said just last week at the u.n. climate conference about this information the reason why here is because of the deep pockets and the power that's been exercised by fossil fuel companies and their allies around the world they've been spreading misinformation about them about the science they have you know strong. think progress on climate action. but you know what's changing what's changing is the powerful of diverse movement for climate action that we're building around the world there you have right there you have
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someone the climate conference saying you know part of the part of the battle we have is the misinformation that's out there so what does reporters without borders advance journalists to do i mean we're fighting you know battles in so many fronts it seems i mean it sounds so simple my answer maybe but in the end i think it's you have to fact check and maybe seeing twice before sending out tweets before sharing misinformed piece and i mean that's i think one of the basic ways how we could and should 5 misinformation which existed which could live pollute basically the news and why and in that way i think on a broader level we have to talk about this information pollution as well if we don't know how to regulate to actually sink but this is a long term discussion but we do have some initiatives on this what can be done would you think is thinking we've got the u.s. presidential election happening next year and there's a lot of talk about misinformation as well as election manipulation. coming up what
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kin journalists do to ensure that a free press survives and that pursuit of the truth is not corrupted i mean we have to look on it on a twofold way 1st of all i think journalism as such and a journalist among themselves they have to be in solidarity if one of them is attacked and i think this is something which you shouldn't and the s t made comparing the us in germany with other countries but the obvious thing is really be accurate be consistent in filmation and as i said in advance to be be be transparent maybe some some somehow a bit more about how you inform how you investigate and we know that users that audiences appreciate this very much. and this costs maybe a bit more but you have to engage more with the audience which is the out there on twitter and facebook but i think in order for not to losing their credibility i think that's important because journalism is important fought zoo where it's
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because everything what we know about the world we know but journalist richard wright credibility is a big factor for us where in the world before we let you go where in the world is it best to be a journalist now what does reporters without borders think i mean it's a very good question because we talk so much about negative things but you look to the scandinavian countries look to no way finland say we have a highly diverse the chief of media hype pluralism we have almost no attacks we have a very good freedom of information act and i think scandinavia norway finland r.z. stream countries that you just have to like the snow if you want to work there christiane mia with the director of reporter without borders sure because that is always good to see you thank you thank you. the question is now a valid one will the boeing 737 max ever leave the ground again yesterday the u.s. plane manufacturer boeing announced that it is suspending production of its 737 max airliner beginning in january the entire fleet was grounded less march following
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232 crashes in the span of just 5 months boeing has not delivered any new 737 matches since then and that is key to this story the $737.00 maxes but wings best selling plane boeing is also the largest industrial employer in the united states this is bench and will have knock on effects for parts suppliers thousands and thousands of jobs are now in jeopardy. there are 400 brand new 737 max aircraft parked in boeing's holding area they've been grounded since april this year some are even parked in the employee parking lot the production stop slated for this coming january is a drastic measure and it's bad for boeing's 12000 employees i think hauling production has a pretty major downside that disrupts the whole supply chain that puts labor and terrible spot causes. a real loss to the economies of scale
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that this airplane has that you keep that assembly line go on because of all the efficiencies in october 28th seen as 737 max crashed in indonesia then another one went down in ethiopia last march 346 passengers were killed in those 2 plane crashes with the 737 max is faulty steering software playing a decisive role in both incidents so far boeing has been unable to deliver a software correction that can be approved by the u.s. federal aviation administration or 737 is boeing's best selling aircraft airlines of place thousands of orders so u.s. airlines end european air carriers of had to cancel flights due to lack of aircraft the airlines themselves are in just a terrible spot because they're selling spring break they're selling summer without knowledge of what their fleet is and all parties need to have complete transparency here so we can come up with some reasonable plan you know get this crisis get
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things back on track the loss of production at boeing might have a ripple effect that could burden the entire u.s. economy. for more on boeing's misfortune i'm joined tonight by julian bray he's an expert in asian security he joins me tonight from cambridge in the u.k. it's good to see you again you have been tweeting throughout the day that this suspension will become permanent why do you think. it's quite a good anything but it's quite simple there's a whole supply chain behind this production this means a compound to live the just in time thawing doesn't carry any stock and all these components programmed into the production so if they go into council production it means that everybody in the supply chain and there are thousands of manufactures
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building various components for this aircraft they will be very seriously. disadvantage shall we say some make those loopholes some businesses mike may close and some component may not be made again i mean well what you're predicting is catastrophic for boeing these 737 max is its best selling airplane is there an aircraft that could suddenly come in and take the place of the 737 minutes hang on a minute max might be the best selling aircraft but if it can't fly what have you got so you got a pile of junk really needs to be needs to be safe and the problem they've gone to is a try to rush this through now i've said all along and we've talked about it before yeah and i said there's no way that aircraft is going to get back in the air anytime soon and of course what has happened now is they have a new ball so yes i and the f.a.a. which is the american regulator was accused of being in bed with boeing if you like
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it's like a school child marking his own homework most of the regulate tree tests they had to go through were carried out by boeing on behalf of the f.a.a. so they're playing really haldol now and saying there's no way this aircraft is going back until we all started side not buying is satisfied so what do you see happening now is i'm just thinking about of the impact of this on the entire u.s. economy is going to be tremendous is there anything that boeing can do to try to mitigate this impact. well for a start you've got to remember that this aircraft the 737 it's got a very old airframe and they did not cheat build this plane from scratch they actually adapted an old airframe put 2 very large engines slung forward of the wings so that caused all the problems with the with the leveling device not working
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so the plane went down and finally crashed and so what you got here is they've got to decide whether they're going to scrap this completely and this is the doomsday scenario if you like and say right we start again we realize it's this is a bad aircraft from the marking point of view from everybody's point of view there have been 2 serious crashes we can get these things right and i understand there are stress problems with the existing airframe because it's never built to carry these huge engines is carried is built to carry smaller engines initially not so fuel efficient but that was the aircraft and it's very very successful ryanair for example has a whole fleet of them and they've been very happy with them but obviously they've ordered new ones everybody's old and new and british airways of struck a deal with boeing as well but if you can't fly the aircraft then you have
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a problem so what is happening now is that there's also a boeing plant in china and china got about 129 of these aircraft sitting there my prophecy if you like a bit of crystal ball gazing is that i think they're going to close down that production line and it isn't going to open again because once you just drop the supply chain you cannot get all the components back again they will have to find new suppliers to retro fit retro to make these components and want to bring it back on straight what about i think in a lifetime. yeah you're going to china i think yeah i think they'll move the whole lot to china say look guys we're going to try something else now see if you can get it working. that is the only logical way to go they cannot go on with this this well this it's a sick aircraft and there's no other word for it yet whatever they tried to do
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they've tried revamping the software the angle of attack senses will fold say they too are. putting stress the stress fracture fractures on the original ass frame where is that all string up to retro design to cope with the new. stresses that on this aircraft and really when they fix it all and all the the say it gets back in the do you really want to fly it's a crossed knowing the history it doesn't set for it's a good it's a good question mr mr bray and i mean i do wonder though how boeing would be able to justify you know sending production out of the country especially in this era of american 1st and us president donald trump we will see julian brady they already were unfortunate were already they already sent it out yet that's true of this tour we're unfortunate we're out of time mr julian great aviation expert it's always good talking with you mr gray we will see what happens with this airplane thank you
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. mixed martial arts or m.m.a. has exploded in popularity here in germany however it's not yet a mainstream sport and it's not one that everyone watches or talks about such as football or soccer and that is what some observers say makes it a breeding ground for hooligans and far right extremists we have this report on a sport that some are using to recruit neo nazis. mixed martial artists nico samson he is one of germany's most talented young fighters also a social worker he knows and then a has a dark side it's a platform for hooligans and members of the far right in. full contact sport so. for sure if you're viewing this from the perspective that it's also a useful could or could be useful using this in the street i think that's the thing
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which is the most appealing for them. countless promotional videos shared online demonstrate hooligans and right wing extremists are using the sport to prepare themselves for violence and as a means to recruit new members. it's common to see m.m.a. trained hooligans working out in football uniforms of clubs with known far right elements and their fan base. hooligans and far right fighters have their own spaces for training and events this is possible because mixed martial arts is not officially recognised as a sport in germany and lacks a single overriding governing body all this means it's nearly impossible to regulate sampson it's a steers clear of hooligans but knows right wing recruitment is a problem. the scene in germany should be aware of and should talk about it because it's a developed one with the right wing we see in not only in sports it's we see in our
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whole society he's trained in jim zwerg fighters were kicked out for their extreme far right views but he believes preventative work and education should be the 1st option. if you are right bring person you just start organizing yourself which is also dangerous because then you don't have an inside in what is happening there and maybe these people start to recruit. all the people which is also dangerous development expert says steps have to be taken to solve the issue because it is less controlled there are more opportunities for them to to organize things and to to be in control be sickly i think rick ignition. great the regulation of the sports will will will benefit it and will help to fight off the far right influence these changes could go
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a long way to ensuring the far right and hooligans don't have a fighting chance to recruit through mixed martial arts. and for more on that now i'm joined here at the big table by julia tornadoes she is one of the authors of the report you just saw and she also happens to be and a world champion it's good to have you on this show. talk to me about this sport why do you think mixed martial arts is is the place where it's easy or more easily. able to recruit people for the far right to be one of neo nazis attracted to the sport that you love that's a good question but i guess from experience and i also know from experience that that's the closest to the street you know it's like it's like easy your clothes have the physical ability to hit someone easily it can kick you can punch and i've know you have to evolve. and kicking and so i think it's pretty attractive plus the
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hooligans nowadays as we know from the studies are physically very strong and they're not to be a belly people anymore they are trained for the day eggs so it's called and that is what the day when when things happen with the end of the world as we know it comes right and then they need to fight back they need to fight back what is it there were mixed martial arts that makes it better to recruit compared to soccer for example there's basketball soccer ice hockey what is it about. do you think it makes it better to recruit. while they see is violent like they say m m a's the violent way like you can actually express yourself and i mean i'm an athlete you know i'm a world champion myself maybe you do not look like a hooligan no no i'm not i mean i hate my political convictions another thing but i mean i love the sport because i love it and it's it's so much for me it's judo and
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it's like you know the valve radius of martial arts and i don't know i don't understand actually why they love it what are you what have you experienced you're world champion so you've been around all types of people you were directed to do sport have you witnessed recruitment going on. not myself but i know from experience like there was some fight because there were some events like. for example where people were known for their fall riot background and for violence so there they have been banned. and then the other events are still like underground stuff i mean we we on the global stage you know it's grown it's a fast growing sport and then we have to make sure that this is not going to happen and how do you do that how does someone like you work a nother person in the sport who is there secretly to recruit neo nazis. we see. as a big issue because we all athletes and we i mean we can do the prevention stuff
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like tell them it's not good to do that but to like kick them out or exclude them from the happening it's dangerous because then they start they're going to go yeah they're on the outside and they start doing their own group and they own stuff and they own business do you need regulation with more regulation in the me do you need something i mean for example football soccer has something like you know you wait for a thief do you need something as that struck structured like that we have discussed it and yeah yeah it's not a secret we need this one governing body for like for example. if we have become make sure that it's actually governmental founded we have the money to do the pressure of work and yeah i may not to be misused as a violence boy it is fascinating the development and it's just one that you wouldn't expect to happen but we appreciate you bringing it to us julia dorney from our sports desk do you think you were 2020 will mark the 250th birthday
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for one of germany's biggest music stars in the big on beethoven we'll leave you now with sights and sounds of a time was composer and remember whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is another day we'll see that everybody.
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these people. everything. all for the fishing. as a result many people feel stressed out. even in the 1st place.
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the silent killer asbestos. factory then today. poll reveals callous business practices of the asbestos industry. people around the world. been part of. the asbestos companies are protected by powerful politicians. to him try to pass best. me.
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christmas. oh i'm terribly sorry sorry i'm late this is embarrassing i'm normally a very punctual person because i am german and be in television all my life in this business you could be too late just want stood twice and your ass so don't we all constantly feel like we have.


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