tv Eco Africa Deutsche Welle December 20, 2019 8:30am-9:01am CET
with illustrations guests. and then incredible location. curves separately on t w. i don't want to one welcome to this new edition of africa the environment magazine that brings you topic some all over africa and europe i am now outside coming to you from lagos nigeria and joining me from uganda is my colleague sandra hi neal yes today's show takes us on another journey across africa and you check out some
of the ideas and concepts people have come up with to help save the environment i'm really looking forward to the was in south africa a wonderful species that needs protecting but the weakest plenty more in store besides that. and making clones out of fish schemes. and we also show you how design the food so many. ties into something new so. every so if africa sees a migration of was eastern coast as the army was trying to know from on to take a we. saw the largest number of woes on record off the coast of cape town scientists cool savation ists and tourists continue to learn more about these giant marine animals we went along to find out more.
at certain times of the year special visitors can be part of the waters of being in south africa. where the huge mammals migrate from one tactic to the woman waters off the coast of mozambique to come and they're young they're here for very good after a few months to return some of the lawn the same root and research as have seen an encouraging rise in numbers. of the great conservation success stories since the end of whaling allison people stop catching and commercially in the late seventy's around southern africa the population have been increasing reality. if they can be and we think of getting up toward the carrying capacity of the ecosystem the population of the west and the east coast of africa have been increasing probably close to 10 percent yet the research is used a hydrophone an underwater microphone to record words sound which the team will analyze later the waters around cape town provide the do conditions to study the
behavior of the well this. lake. had a lot of feeding off the west coast of south africa which quite unusual that al that you. are feeding in the antarctic and we picking up a lot of juvenile whales this year 202100 hanging around the south african coast that are feeding right in show in falls by a really interesting occurrence fast it gives us an opportunity to study the feeding behavior and the sounds and making whereas communicate using up to 4 conversations from clicks to whistles and of course each is associated with a specific type of behavior. comparing recorded here to that recorded in africa gives researches insights into which populations move through different areas so we were quite surprised when we 1st recorded. in in force by because i had a friend actually there to look at dolphin distribution because hamburg was only
strongly associated with make these animals and around africa mating habits of tropical areas so rather equitorial which africa and of mozambique and east coast around cape town should just be migrating past although we are aware of animals of summer months feeding as well. while commercial whaling was banned several decades ago the animals to face a number of threats including being struck by ships 100 term government in 29 to several ways don't enforce after becoming trapped in fishing gear images of them being towed. to show appeared in media around the globe. in a very short amount of time there were a number of wells that were entangled in the false bay area and this was exposed by ocean conservationist and very passionate ocean guys in the area and this caused a groundswell of public outcry they went all the way to the top of the government's hands and this caused the fishery to be shut out really quickly
a temporary ban on octopus fishing was recently lifted but a number of sticks have to precautions went to do to prevent any further entanglement of what was in the truck. further up the coast this right where curve is enjoying some time with its mother to the delight of lukas everyone. in concert about a 3 hard drive from kept town when watching the trucks about how from even tourists a year. while tourism is is big all over the world but in south africa critically important. it's a huge huge attraction for people with southern rodwell the amazing world to watch because they spend a lot of time on the water surface often think it's the best way to watch having been hunted to the brink of extinction this was have made an astounding recovery through the efforts of scientists and conservationists they can see more suffering
through the waters around cape town and throughout the world. while amazing did you know that was. our next piece is about fish kill and more specifically this it might sound like but it can actually be useful resource a french company letter from fish and it is a big he's another installment from my series doing good. usually fish skins are a waste product so they cost next to nothing. some companies in africa turning them into jackets shoes and hops. a french tannery produces latter for luxury
accessories like card holders and comebacks. in all measures which used to transform fish skin into leather because today it's a way studies thrown away by the food industry and the catering industry i wanted to question on the advantage of fish skin once it's been discovered is that it has a unique texture it's one of the strongest the most durable leathers in the world and very supple. the tunnel really removes the remaining flesh and cleans the skins and a rotating drum. just psyching an eco friendly town instead of to dry. then the skins are softened and died with various colors. and now the company is processing around 2000 skins per month. skins that would otherwise just be useless white stuff. and how about you if you're also doing your bit tell us about it. visit our website or send us
a tweet. hash tag doing your piece. we share your story. whether there was a bike or trucks it mostly is going to be changed every now and then long before the rabbit starts to fall apart one becomes an issue but actually i mean. you're able to meal and you're right sandra and that's why recycling tiles has great potential there are so many things. can be made from them big all small even for and see for yourself what a german designer has managed to create. is this the end of the road for these tires that trade has worn down and they're no longer safe for driving but what others throw away is a valuable commodity for one company based in eastern germany. is particularly
interested in large truck tires take of it i haven't missed larry tires consist of rubber natural rubber and wire. right here in the tread and along the rim and those are 2 components that can be separated easily. in the time manufacturing process heat is used to compress the rubber making the tires firm and heavy. so special machines a needed to shred them. they use as much energy annually as 1200 households. danny felber gets the tires for nothing. but his recycling company near speak oh does have to pick them up from carriages and tie dealers. and because the truck tires the so bulky only $100.00 actually fit into a container. i would have. to keep the driving in the
transport costs down we try to source our tires locally but as we produce 20000 tons of rubber granular it from the truck tires alone we sometimes have to travel hundreds of kilometers to get enough of the offensive with. but in base design a catcher valinor doesn't have quite as far to go she gets her old material for free from bicycle shops in her neighborhood. a lot of her products are made from in achieves. as. i look for inner tubes with specific wittes because i need them for various products happy and full of and i tend to focus on what i call price pieces which might be in past or patched up or have a manufacturer's branding. i pick out the most interesting ones 1st was the past
year. as well as expensive handbags and other one off creations catcher vanno also makes wallets and key fobs that sell a prices similar to those of commercial products. in comparison to other materials the designers says that rubber has many advantages. as a child i mean much one great thing about this material is the supply is endless there's more than you could ever need it's also waterproof it's durable it's completely begun and for many it's a good alternative to leather. but the tire recycling company is no longer any sign of the original form. the shredded rubber is molded into everything from small mats to large sheets weighing 80 kilos. or compressed with a force of a 1000 tons so they're pretty tough. we didn't driven over them with tanks which
developed a new process that allows us to use the maximum amount of recycled rubber some products integrate natural couch work or other substances. but we don't we only use old timers. customers like the recycled rubber when used as flooring the sheets don't have to be glued down and they can stand up to the elements. filled in fell's castle they're being used to protect the granite slabs in the courtyard. once the restoration work is finished the mats can be cleaned and used elsewhere. this robust material last for years. our next report is about repurposing something else that's often found on garbage heap glass bottles yes indeed did you know that glass is one of the longest lasting manmade materials we have it seems a shame to see so much of it simply discard it but on the canyon island of lamu at
least some bottles found on the beach and are being put to further good use let's go see if. all the. different players plastic different players to do. it's ocean clean up to here. in kenya the children might have made a game out of it but for omar ali this is more of a possible conservation mission. for me we have 1520 minutes we were planning. every friday every friday together when they are you know again we're doing here. but it goes a long way you know i think. most of. them while they are on this. like many african countries kenya is grappling with
the garbage problem there are no public dust bins for people to dump their trash and there is no garbage collection center with the trash piling up people have had to take matters into their own hands collection and recycling initiatives like omar's help to plant pick up. he told us we can go to the beach to free him after collecting trash i connected. to. 80 years ago at the extent of ocean pollution really he told form our studies have shown that the ocean is the 2nd most polluted in the world this affects both of them are in life and the human food supply here in laos amar decided to start doing his beats to protect the ocean. by the sea shore but one time the boat 100 injured. when i came out of the boat you will bad bad bad.
everywhere and there was peace around you know and there was a lot of the one not doing anything wrong maybe a good idea what a victim if you. just want to be area playing you know. how you started. but omar deans just collect the boxes he used them to build and necessary school this is the school now all the board will hear. about. the problem is when we get the trash out of the city we bring in to the lab there was nobody to pick them up but easier conservative island and some locals were not happy when omar opened the school. no one has found this coming year. so they want they want to move is
a move. be the holes who would want all of our why we need everything but my thought of. the whiskey and the wine is to get in the book all of the community important. and leave time for the locals accepted that this is when we acquired it but is really do belong in schools. and strong in academia and my child is run and he joined the school in 2018 i feel good when i see kids having a chance to study and besides studying they also learn about the environment in india what is and students don't have to pay to attend omar school this means that support from volunteers has proved vital in keeping the school going. i'm so thankful now that everybody be aware and calm and type to.
people 2. i don't mar school with these youngsters i learned in high time lessons not only in the classroom but out in the open air where the ocean needs their help . and now here in my country not everyone is connected to the electricity grid and that means people especially those in the rural areas are often forced to use other sources of pa including vivo what is dirty are not sustainable but a crowd investing platform in europa's looking to find and renewable energy projects here. it's hard to miss to see them in agreed on the edge of the village bright and shiny in the sun this is. 3 hours from lagos by car its isolated location was more of a factor for installing the solar panels than environmental reasons connecting the village to the national called grace is nice considered worth the effort many
people here make in living with agricultural some of the grain milling operations like richard apparently she previously used a few thought generator to run her grinding machine is now a call came from the south. well yesterday i bought 500 now 1000 pocket and now we can leave the lights own minds there's light at home in palm of my 1000000 plus the situation was different when we used. all home down by new home and you know. this skeptical the 1st many here have since switched to green energy. and the $500.00 households now get their parts from the solar grid . that means friends fewer c o 2 emissions according to the nigerian company rejects. some funding for the project came from a german government agency the renewable energy business actually is something that
is really viable for nigeria to look into you know because. like you know nigeria actually has about 55 percent of its population without access so and we know that it's not cost effective to extend the grid to these areas so $1.00 of the best with these by deploying these locations the project is also both the guy german company based in frankfurt. a crowd investing platform called better quest raised 220000 euros for the celebrity greats in nigeria c.e.o. marilyn hape says the company is paying customers who want to invest in construction ecologically projects in other parts of the world our future market is africa because this market is crawling so tremendously and the amount of people there that need it for city is the highest all over the world. so there is much money needed there is
a much potential and also as mentioned the interest rates there are very very high so they need cheaper money and they need especially any ringback way of financing there is no solution there are no banks there are fine and those smaller projects all the crowd funding platforms at the moment the solutions to that money can come to africa small and medium sized enterprises to create a tricity into that. but there is also a dark side to the solar energy being. manufactured today only last 20 years and then they have to be disposed off and the lead acid batteries needed to store electricity can cause serious sure pollution. but for now the mini grid has improved the lives of many here boosting their businesses and improving that and they brain. from nigeria we have not so very remote we do not an asia
a 2 and a half hour drive from the car told to miss anney is the job bell search national park about 100 years ago while gazelles used to live here but today they've completely disappeared from the landscape now an initiative launched my spanish on the tunisian authorities as we introduced 100 full of them back into the wild they hope the irony was we will produce in the another true hubby tent and improve the eco system the project won't just be good for nature it should also help to boost tourism. she's here to see members of an endangered species that had all but disappeared in tunisia are now back to roam free again in their natural habitat. around 30 outlets because elves are gradually being released in egypt bell says national park the territory they inhabit covers approximately 20 square kilometers . resettlement in the northern atlas mountains is
a joint project between spanish scientists and the to news you know dorothy's forehead researcher. a touching moment when we bring these animals here in 2017 they were much different now here and insects in such a way i feel the way they are not my babies but they are my pets you say and i know they will be very much happy in nature although i want to be able to take care of them so that is the main thing. really so so excited my emotion is so big. the animals were brought over to the region from spain just a few years ago with the hope of and settling into the environment and producing offspring the project's staff set up expansive enclosures in the future reserve where they would initially be protected and cared for. their population has since doubled since local ranger i men ben rumah. his 1st job of the day is
to look in on the shy animals. to check on the animals and the pens every morning i've been doing this kind of work for years now and i know how to treat them i know these animals are very well and i even think about them on my days off and i'm not kidding and i've come to love these helpless because elves. have youth and. the outlaws because they'll is native to north africa but clearance poachers under changing the ecosystem have put their survival in jeopardy say international conservation groups. the tunisians want to see the gazelles inhabit the region once again on the chances of the reintroduction program succeeding says the director of the national park. the animals feel at home in these high altitude
climes. downtown and we've also made efforts to raise awareness about the animals among people who live around the national park. and now of course we hope that they'll be safe here and the 10 years from now there will be a big herd of these because elsewhere in this reserve. is the population of the outlets because there has been growing so have visitor numbers to the nature is a. there's a lot of interest among tunisians in the story behind the reintroduction adventure . for them the animals are also a cultural icon of their region. such that we're going to protect them and do everything we can to ensure that they settle in and successfully so that's why we also set up a pilot research project to monitor the gazelles delish the data we gather on the animals will allow us to track their movements and help us to locate them so. you
know this type of gazelle tends to roam an inaccessible mountain terrain so the animals off it would transmit is the conservationists can then determine where they spend most of their time and above all how many of them survive. if all goes well there are another 50 gazelles in the enclosure waiting to be reintroduced into the wild. well that brings us to the end of these one edition of equal africa thank you for joining us and of course will be looking forward to seeing you once again next week i am stunned at you know you here in uganda. and it's goodbye from me to me in lagos nigeria i'm now it's i if you want to know more if you have ideas of your own then look us up on our social media platforms and write other message so you make sure to tune in for the next edition.
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