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tv   Shift  Deutsche Welle  December 22, 2019 3:15pm-3:31pm CET

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frankfurt travel to pot a ball on it watching life from berlin coming up after the break a shift in living in the digital age looks at how big tech companies are increasingly focusing on open source software stick around for that if you can i many mckinnon and bellina on behalf of the whole team here thanks so much for your company. for. 50 years of religions for peace even for many different things for working together toward a common goal the peaceful resolution of religious conflict. now all
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female members are religious for peace from the middle east or demanding the larger . 0 common ground is empowering women giving them the rule making them agents of change. the female peacemakers storms january 5th to. linux we p.d.f. and firefox o. have one thing in common their source code is open meaning everyone can work on the code but recently major tech companies have several big open source projects how will that impact the open source space will it become less open our topic today and shift.
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open source software is unique in that it lets anyone access and develop its source code the open source movement emerged as the anti thesis to commercial software businesses tech giants tend to keep their proprietary code secret companies like microsoft sell expensive user licenses of its patented code the company's founder bill gates even referred to open source projects as a new form of communism. now microsoft has shelled out 6500000000 euros for a good hap a key open source software development platform and i.b.m. recently bought open source software developer redhat for a staggering 30000000000 euros making at i.b.m.'s the biggest takeover ever which impact will this have on the open source community or tech idealists given to market pressures we asked from the technical university of berlin who's been involved in the open source community for 20 years. the commercialization of
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open source software that we've been seeing also with the acquisitions of red. hasn't really impacted the daily business because you still have free access to the software. not everyone in the open source community is as optimistic as. open source was designed to be collaborative and decentralized but its future looks uncertain for its recently ran a story titled is open source broken after a talk given by good chief operating officer eric. she's worried by companies using open source within their own products i do think that the way that people are consuming and building services around open source has changed there are tons of companies that are flourishing with building businesses around open source software and there are been some open source companies who have come out and said that was
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a really their intention when they were building out their business. it's interesting that tech giants like i.b.m. are now also jumping on the open source bandwagon. according to they are after more than profit. on the one hand be companies use open source software because they hope this will drive innovation. that allows them to collaborate. the community's collective brainpower for finding software solutions. on the other hand it's about being part of a community producing something available to everyone. so it's a combination of making more properly being more innovative and doing something good. and not only companies have recognized the potential of open source international organizations like unicef and the united nations are also looking to work with the open source community
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a move which could mean that less financially able players will no longer be dependent on private providers. particularly striking is that the united nations have recognized that the availability of free software can help reach this is tangible development goals they're currently running technology innovation labs in various countries that are developing open source software that will become available to all for free so that . we can only hope big tech companies don't just want to tap the collective know how of coders but also plan to give back to the coding community right now open source movement is growing independent developers tech giants and multilateral organizations all use open source meaning developers from all over the globe can collaborate on a single project. for. ration and this community is kind dispirited and open minded and it's truly cross cultural you'll see people working on code
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together from countries that are political enemies you can see really great. a case in point the chinese e-commerce giant recently published core codes of it's a link algorithm platform and get. software developers and data analysts from around the world can now build on this code to develop their own projects. ali baba uses the a link platform to help with statistical analysis machine learning and with generating personalized product recommendations one hurdle may be understanding the descriptions as for now these are mainly in chinese. much of china cyberspace remains cut off behind a great fire wall so the fact that chinese tech giant ali baba made the algorithms behind its ai platform public is a hugely surprising step one open source developers probably dreamed about in the pioneering beginnings. when the computer age was done software was free to use
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then came the 1st companies that sold software for money and slowly programs became proprietary secrets the open source movement was a response to this development idealistic coders wanted to reintroduce freely accessible code and to this day open source by those key principles it's free for everyone to study and use access develop and distribute. and everyone should contribute something. among the best known open source projects today are the firefox browser the operating system linux and the online encyclopedia wiki. but open source software is not free of license terms it also comes with licenses these specify the conditions under which the software can be used and redistributed
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and while the software itself isn't usually a charge for optimization and support are in recent years more and more african open source developers have stepped onto the scene 1000 year old sampson goddy from nigeria is widely recognized as one of the top open source coders. 2 years ago 19 year old sampson garvey from nigeria co-founded open source community africa africa currently has one of the fan. just growing sectors and the platform helps connect young african developers the majority of the people in africa doing software engineering on the. bits it's all about. 2 different people from different countries you know i personally been working with people in you know in south africa in. a site open source is really difficult for me to do it because this is huge over 1000000000 people kind of music right everybody goes by with.
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sampson he was introduced to open source at the age of 9 when the one laptop per child initiative gave him a computer running the linux operating system. today he's a coder and board member of sugar labs which develops a learning tools for children. his career trajectory has served as inspiration for the 1st ever open source festival in lagos nigeria. to advocate. a lot of really people doing really really massive job you know. so difficult in these you know that was one of the. one of the challenges you know. in the community was thinking about how we need to solve a problem you know not to bring the experience to see you know. america africa. according to the latest get the number of african open source projects has
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increased by 40 percent in the last year more than anywhere else in the world. one of these projects is run by a nigerian team using drones to map parts of us more than 1000000000 people worldwide but in places that don't have an official address which makes it hard or even impossible to locate them sometimes these. people cannot claim state support or get medical treatment and in case of an emergency authorities have no idea how many people are affected let alone where they are. all in lagos this is one of the largest shanty towns in africa. around 2 thirds of all nigerians live in this type of settlement nobody knows exactly how many people are in morocco latest estimate said the population was around 90000 but cold for africa's lead technologist david limine thinks it's home to many more his organization is working
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on creating the 1st ever map of more cocoa. more cocoa exists as a essentially a block or google maps it's 3 dots but in reality it's actually an entire community where water with you to be able to see. the cold for africa teamed up with the world bank to put more cocoa on the map. a team of women learn to pilot drones and now use them to map the neighborhood analyzing areas of 3 square kilometers each. by doing so they are getting a highly detailed picture of the area. the data is then evaluated by data analysts and shared into the free open street map program. a team on the ground provides additional info about the various buildings. would really be able to have
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enough funds to do this collection of beta if it was an open source i don't think so because it's really on the front there's an entire community an ecosystem that allows us to be able to repopulate this kind of information. this know how can be passed on and used to improve the neighborhood they can help for example get a much better idea of how many people live in macaco which is key for creating a local infrastructure. open source code has great potential that's why good how coders want to make sure it is pretty served and accessible for future generations open source developers plan to archive the coats in a defunct coal mine in the back in the arctic for at least 1000 years well judging from that promo clip they seem confident to be writing history and according to mikel boom it's this confidence which drives them people in the middle most of
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those involved are motivated by 2 things they want to do something they enjoy that they find interesting and they like the feeling that everything they produce helps make the world a better place for this and it's this combination that drives many of those i know in this field to see a few days can do indeed but i see sure do you use wikipedia or firefox both are open source projects i do use them and if you ask me open source is an incredible accomplishment in the world's 500 fast the super computers run on a free operating system namely linux what does the future look like now that tech giants are buying important open source projects what do you think let us know on you tube or facebook i buy and see you soon.
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60 years ago he fled to india thailand. thousands of tibetans followed their spiritual leader. they hoped for a peaceful time. has this become an unattainable. 60 years in exile. twilight of the dalai lama next. they've been taught the ideology of the terrorists. trained to fight. here to kill. hundreds of european children have become innocent victims of violence they were taken to syria by their own parents what will become
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of them bumps jodrell in a job. in 45 minutes on d w. anything yourself it's not easy to go to another country you know nothing about i don't do this because we can't stay on venezuela i know. that. closely global news that matters d.w. made for mines. in april 2019 the dalai lama tibet's spiritual leader was released from hospital where he'd undergone treatment for a chest infection he returned to a city in northern india that's home to the tibetan exile community and met with some of his followers who. i'm sure you've heard of had some health problems
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this is not good always a little. please excuse us for not being able to give this lecture in delhi is we plan.


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