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tv   Eco Africa  Deutsche Welle  December 25, 2019 2:30pm-3:01pm CET

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literature invites us to see people in particular that i like to see myself as the kid spy and the strange growth growth. might only objective is to share it with a fine beautiful. because the books on youtube. hello and welcome to our new edition of africa broach. germany n.t.v. in uganda and in nigeria i am saundra give reporting from kampala here in uganda and of course with my colleague in nigeria hello everybody. me and greetings from this part of the world over the next half hour they're about we
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will be looking at some interesting stories on the environment from europe and the atlantic ocean. the world plan to research the history of the water. back on land and we will take a spin on the bike made from bamboo. before switching to. robi with a very 1st of its kind in the city. we start the show today with the atlantic where a research vessel recently made a trip from the far far south to germany it was on a mission to examine the state of the ocean and the effects of climate change a group of students from around the world took part in the research let's hear their findings. we are hundreds of kilometers west of the moroccan coast 3 weeks ago this research
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vessel set sail from the falkland islands to germany the students and researchers on board want to know just how serious is the state of the oceans how strong is the impact of climate change. studies aquatic bio science in madagascar it's her 1st time on a ship like the. she's never done any deep sea sampling before. they teach us how to collect samples from from to device but. we have no idea how to proceed like how to deploy or used. for said before deploying me into the water so it was a bit challenging because you have no idea and at some point it will tell you all you have to tell the crew that it's a time to deploy where and then when. the probe is lowered to 5000 meters below the surface where it takes water samples cold water sinks to the
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bottom of the sea and doesn't mix with upper layers anymore the water that they retrieve from the depths was last exposed to surface weather conditions hundreds of years ago that makes the samples very valuable for determining whether climate change can already be observed far beneath the surface in the labs the students examine the samples for oxygen microorganisms and salinity all values that are influenced by higher temperatures over the past 50 years the ocean has warmed by 0.8 degrees celsius with no end in sight. most of the students come from countries where the effects of climate change are already noticeable mohamed osman hussein studies c and lake science in belgium in his homeland kenya it's now much too dry in many regions. of the course lay the lot of soil erosion. there's also a lot of we're talk of sea level rise so how it will even close to the sea so we need it but at the same time we look at sea surface temperature so kenya is
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a tourist people come to you to see the beautiful corals climate change kind of affects us in terms of bleaching water looks. ok now we can go. to perdition. the aim is to prepare young people from developing countries for local climate research the students learn things like how to calculate climate models how to determine air pollution based on the reflection of the ocean and how to analyze micro plastics polar research or paper lemkin leads the on board seminar on climate models he says industrialized western countries have a special responsibility for climate protection. we started causing climate change 150 years ago and we're still doing it by a meeting c o 2 and of course we have to do something to prevent that and that's something that only works when we do it together teaching is such
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a joy because the younger generation has to and wants to know more about this. felony i know from madagascar says taking part has encouraged her to spread environmental awareness in her home country she's discovered how much as possible even without big research projects. before destry this amazing trip i had no idea that there is open source. and free software you can use for. a resource monitoring for satellite image on my nieces and and everything so i truly want to share to my company. that there's a lot that we can do. friendships have formed over the 4 weeks on the ocean the ship has now reached its destination germany but the students plan to stay in touch with each other when they return home. mohammed ahmed hussein says he'll never
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forget the experience he hopes to come back next time as a climate researcher i miss the place actually a lot it has been amazing living on board for 4 weeks and i know it feels like it's already home in a way and all of that have a piece of me on the polish then a scientist hopefully with me to get as we say in my culture people do meet it's only moment instead of meat. how much of you know about silk worms they all recently come from china and i used to produce their use has since bred and they're known being bred in kenya where the climate crisis is forcing farmers to find alternatives to food crops and one of those options is to produce. souk ones they're not the lives of most trees and they're giving hope to farmers in kenya due to the extreme weather patterns of recent years you don't know we have
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turned to see farming and this is the 26th day and you can see they. are out already spinning. or making. another wipes idea what i did this take that to. the stage yes so as the ice does they spin we have asked our quince the former senior research of the international center of insect is your knowledge and ecology started the venture in 2015 what is left for us. in form of corn we shall subject it to post harvesting processes that includes the flow shown. of the book and you know removing their pupae inside so that we use the remaining part of it for producing the thread today you don't know we know owns our own 500000 margaret
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trees planted over 5 because. many of the farmers in the region are following his example. to find a profitable crop to sustain their livelihood their ditching traditional cash crops such as coffee maize or sugar cane we have been working. to develop technologies for this ilk so that we can give seeds and appropriate market tendering elations for. ever we have been going about. having farmers in groups calling villages where they can our elections and for their calls and we are linking their markets. can you and your soup production amounts to approximately 2 metric tons of dried cochran's but the potential is far greater the marbury trees whose leaves the warms it drought
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tolerant and resistant to the current morcha souness's pairing of silk worms for production of frost silk or sorry concha is becoming increasingly popular as a result we have potential for silk in the country and in countries where it is chilly done isn't getting the production is a lot is in china. japan. and in india it is india isn't doing well with so. even lead to kenya and continue to live long. and sank is also used in the manufacture of skin products contact lenses soaps and woman organic products the national sorry culture is such center is contrary offering from a subsidy plants and marbury cuttings are very subsidized rates and with the help
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of international investors they are also working to try and farm of and help them identify markets. these. 100 he has a goal to come hard to being the largest to see who could because puerto and the aft as that. we study that lot all say culture on the soup so now we have high technology all the soup and. say cut about the candy usage because all buddha is to develop and also the crime it the crime made in the kenya is. to say cultural and bad doctoring to the chanting climatic conditions small scale so farmers like you to know we know how fond a way of sustaining their livelihoods. well staying in kenya
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countryside to the. traffic is terrible and horrible it's all about the petrol diesel that's being. electric vehicles it's the same one poet from who knew about sources would certainly make a difference well there really does need to see. more of the bias of c.b.s. news company on was being blown leads me. you don't see the difference you only hear it or rather you don't. 10 years 1st fully electric car is almost silent. in africa they can only operate in cities where there's a reliable electricity supply. charging takes about 2 hours.
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and once fully charged they can travel up to 150 kilometers the battery can last up to 15 years. a finnish company launched its the taxi named a ride last year in nairobi you can hail it with an app. today the company has 11 vehicles operating in the kenyan capital. and as the drivers don't have to pay for gasoline they charge less for a ride the normal taxis do. it will take many more electric cars to make a difference to the polluted air in nairobi but it's a start. and how about you. if you are also doing your bit tell us about it visit our website or send us a tweet hash tag doing your bit. we share your story.
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why i made a little bungalow not only do they look great but also eco friendly 2 young men from germany decided to bring the idea over from africa and so the bikes in the county we're growing from this we went to meet at the entrance we knew it in all the. kill in northern germany is a city of boats and bikes. but even here the 2 bikes ridden by maximillian shy and you don't stand out from the rest of their frame are made of bamboo. the harvester states people always ask does it hold up that many people knock on it of their promise cove right and then they'll knock on it to see if it really is bamboo or just painted metal those are the top to reactions when people see these bikes. the 2 men discovered bamboo in 2012 as students they
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launched their my boo company their idea to help produce sustainable bikes in ghana and sell them in europe. the finishing touches are made in germany they say bamboo is ideal for bicycles. brembo is a long grained grass unlike other materials normally used for bicycles but the long grain allows for a tougher exterior but low weight in very high flexibility construction scaffolding in asia for instance can be very high and flexible in the wind yet it's extremely stable and that's why it's used for scaffolding in asia and for bicycle frames that our company for fog. the men from keel work with a local project in ghana helping to set up a bicycle frame factory. bamboo is a commonly used material in the region it's ready for harvest in just 3 years. about 80 man hours go into making each frame more than ford. the jobs were created
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the profits go to finance building a new school only the money to the i'm all right idea was not to have our own production in ghana but to work with a great partner there on an equal footing they take the production into their own hands with the raw material that grows there and they know the local people culture and customs when we finish and market the product in europe you don't and the report often mark claimed almost. they're not the only ones making bicycles from natural materials the tubes for this bicycles frame are made of flax fiber various manufacturers are also making bikes out of wood. to b.s. rudolph builds bicycles from natural products in berlin many hours of work go into each bike even so he doesn't see these materials as real competition for metal. as long as natural materials involve lots of manual labor they have no chance you'll
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never reach a price where the general public says yes i want that bicycle the bamboo bicycles by my crew cost from 15024500 euros many buyers who use them as alternatives to their cars. i know that bicycles have that price but once i realized i'd be supporting a social and sustainable product the bike was worth every cent to me. but are bamboo bikes really eco friendly after all the frames are shipped to germany all the way from ghana. for sustainability 3 components are essential to us there's the environmental aspect of course but just as important is the social and the economic sustainability. i don't know which aficionados kind of it's a great compromise to say it's a step in the right direction but our social commitment is 100 percent and ecologically ours are a cut above any other bicycle. bicycles made of natural materials are both
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attractive. and sustainable. green spaces are rare in the ethiopian capital addis ababa but the zalman museum exhibition space on garden which opened on here this year is a green have been in the middle of a tone deaf and united for more links between sticks and the environment the stick of. the rainy season has started and those oh my garden is rejoining this lush away says is the newest addition to about cultural spaces and the creation of mass graeme and her friend ileus here architecture in nature are celebrated together these ecological huts turned into works of art were built using an ancient construction technique. process where you actually get the subsoil you have to beat about half a metre before you get the soil the only thing you add is water and straw for about a month and it lasts for hundreds and hundreds of years and so there are controls
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so in so many ways it's one of the best i think sustainable houses surrounded by a labyrinth of plants most of which are endemic a dream come true for mask room. the dangers underneath but this is what it looks like. tenet is often dipped into coffee and this plant has strong medicinal virtues. in a city where concrete highrises are growing like mushrooms the zalman museum is a space for humans to breathe and for nature to grow in cities going fast i think. not in the right direction many of the trees are. dying out you know the air is polluted or even complete me poisoned we're all affected one way or another we're all connected through the environment. reconnecting humans to the
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environment is precisely the aim of the zone a school. one that he knew. several times a week these young children come in small groups and take care of the zouma garden and it's farm. the school is open to all. but only the most privileged can afford the fees. the students when in this age they have to learn about their gardens. about the foods it's organic they can they can see and that can even pasted so they know about a problem and it's getting to the full. despite these multiple facets of the zouma museum has not said its last where yet more than 40 bridges are waiting for international artists to transform them into works of art after his recent visit prime minister ahmed asked for the garden to be extended an encouraging show of
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political support for the project only a couple months after its grand opening. zimbabwe's changing climate means that farmers are being forced to look for new ways to make a living some have now started to breed free range chickens why is that n.t. . well resign and move on major's pest control they feed on insects and food waste now a national organisation is encouraging more farmers to take up the chicken breeding we went to meet some farmers who are doing just that to find out why and how they are getting. there's no guarantee that scenic fields will produce enough for her to eat. here in northwestern zimbabwe farmers are already feeling the effects of climate change. things aren't like they were in previous years. the weather is different now. for one thing we used to get
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rain from october to december but now we get little. in the past there was enough rain for our crops and cattle but that's all changed. to make sure she'll have enough to eat in future scene the queue has bought some hens. she feeds them kitchen waste. because they can run about freely they can also forage for food. about an hour's drive south close to the city of. french hens are being bred commercially their meat has become trendy in restaurants in zimbabwe's towns and cities. it's said to be tastier than the meat of battery reared hands. used to be a vegetable farmer then she decided to take on free range well today an expert on free range breeding has come to give her tips on getting even more out of her farm
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the cookbook breed is good for both eggs and meat production so it's very popular among breeders but it's important not to rely on just one breed there's a. different breeds. so they. produce that. the eggs here don't go to market there's a. a lucrative use for them they're being intimidated that just under $38.00 degrees celsius for 3 weeks is the chicks are sold for a euro apiece to farmers who want to start their own free range operations sales here come to about a 1000 euros a month but nonetheless energy costs are so high that maka is planning to switch to solar power electricity is facing huge uphill dismissed because we use
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electricity flows to get that is they have to go out so we saw it in that heat so that it becomes that but not with that includes all he found out is that it's going to have any genetic 8 to 10 hours energy may be costly but waste from the fields is free it's used to feed the hens. their droppings are used to fertilize the fields this is organic cultivation and the farm is already supplying 3 supermarkets with that. beauty gigi spends much time traveling throughout zimbabwe her efforts are paying off some $5000.00 farmers have already joined the zimbabwe free range poultry association. but she wants to recruit more of them and for that she's prepared to workshop in a clear and simple way beauty g.g.
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shows villagers the environmental and financial benefits of raising different breeds on a large scale. a new one in the farm kids taught that price we thought. the door bit that they had and secondly it's an investment into prize. it doesn't need complicated house seeing it doesn't need complicated breeds or feed you could use the local available materials the farmers tend to be cautious even if the hens do generate cash they want to keep the costs down. that earthworms are one type of fodder that comes for free and raising them in a mash of kitchen waste cattle dung and moisture means they can reproduce easily. so how to lack of awareness of these programs is why interest among my peers is low
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and many would rather leave to seek employment elsewhere than take part in the project i'll do my best to convince them it's worthwhile to get involved it's a chance to develop a meaningful livelihood jobs are hard to come by nowadays. then at sundown something odd happens something that never ceases to amuse the villagers their free range hens all take to the trees to settle down for their night's rest. of this has a beneficial side effect the trees in which the hens sleep are valued by the villagers and are therefore rarely cut down and that's it thank you for watching you can always find out more and this is what i thought all media platforms good for me. from me in kampala we hope we've given you some food for thought please be join us once again next week for brand new episode of. by going up.
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choosing that's. why some of. the crew have an effect on the entire career. what should people starting a new profession look out for. which mistakes and pitfalls should they avoid. my 1st day at a new job to. for a path to success. made in germany and 30 minutes on w. . snow is no reason to stay at home. you can hear it if
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it. gets over it. and if nothing else. the top. russian. police do it they should never let its. 75 minutes. with. christmas time.
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i. am not be out. and call me promise. me. something from. africa. for about. a month oh. in the public perception africa is now assuming the position through which it was always in time. lived their lives or their lives in. the mines are starting to turn to doubling.
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down. on. this is t w news live from berlin pope francis if he's told the address pontiff office his annual christmas placings to the city and the world from the road as he appeals for peace around the globe also coming up. romania mocks a grisly end of 1st $33.00 decades of the it's not communist dictator and bringing the country's bloody revolution to a close. and germany's president gives his annual christmas day address last.


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