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tv   Eco Africa  Deutsche Welle  January 3, 2020 8:30pm-9:00pm CET

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because. he simply my husband went to peru because of the crisis and. if he hadn't gone there we would have died of hunger. last night on. this story trying to teach. hello everybody and welcome to the latest edition of eco africa i am now it's a way of the should expand lagos nigeria it's nice to have you with us we have a lot of new reports from europe and africa on things people are doing to tackle the environmental issues facing them and with me of course is my co present from uganda hello sandra. hello nic good to see you once again my name is found out you
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know we're coming to you from kampala in uganda many thanks to you all for tuning in today's program will take us all are on a beautiful continent as we shed some light on the environmental threats we face here in ivory coast we will hear about it not that look it's our communities on take the pressure off forests we would take a look at what the time to get a wardrobe means here in uganda and find. a helping to rehabilitate land in south africa. report comes from the ivory coast like many places in africa the country is those in war on more trees illegal logging and slush and bon rewrites in an effort to reduce always the trend an initiative to get the technology to help look at new farm not all the villages how does it equal reporter went to find out.
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if. this pod guarantees this farmer's economic survival and it's organic. cocoa on a small plantation the size of around 2 soccer fields it's located in the lemay region in the south east of ivory coast the world's largest cocoa producer nowadays his farm is legal but for many years he had an illegal plantation in the middle of the mob be classified forest. we were stubborn we wanted to make more money because the production there in the classified forest was 2 or 3 times higher than here so we really wanted to stay there. in the 1st decade of this century ivory coast went through a political and military crisis the budget for the protection of classified forests and national parks was reduced the consequence many cocoa farmers started illegal
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plantations there are hundreds of hectares of trees are still illegally chopped down to make room for cocoa farming. in january 2900 the government adopted a new law to boost reforestation controlled by trained rangers. the classifying forest is disappearing as a backer of culture especially the cocoa industry the forest has a lot of advantages for farmers it's the best place for them to grow cocoa. conflict over property rights that results from a forest being threatened by the activity of ace farmers. and mundy cultivated cocoa on an illegal plantation for 4 years but then he decided to move his plantation to another location. he participates in
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a project called red plus which has the goal to protect forests and is run by the ngo. dennis mia is in charge of the mapping mission of project red plus he uses geo poppy a free source mapping out. man assesses the agricultural land around the classified forest and finds abandoned fields like one belonging to moby always relatives. allows us to establish the boundaries of each plot of land for example moby plot is right next to the classified forest now he knows the boundaries of a plot that is not going to go beyond his limits and once cross into the classified forest. geo poppy software also maps all important trees on the plots in the sixties and seventies farmers cut down all the trees on their plantations to get maximum sun exposure because they believed that cocoa needed
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a lot of sun. in fact the plant needs more shave agro biologist. explains the impact of each tree on the cocoa plants to the farmers'. lawn like we added they are could be tree is important due to its environmental benefit that it stores carbon so it plays a role in climate regulation in addition it plays an ecological role as it's a friendly tree which protects and get shade to a plant that helps keep the soil moist and more fair trial which in turn increases cocoa production. the n.g.o.'s meaty day helps farmers like to convert their plantations in order to get an e.u. organic label for their cocoa production. one requirement is for example to use empty pods as fertilizers. and to dry the bands on traditional bamboo mats.
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mobutu has benefited from this project. it's made a big difference to my life. before it was very difficult to make a living. but with organic cocoa prices are even better than with conventional cocoa. and. as a result monday the mobutu's family is much better off and the forest is to. get income pulled out there is what thinking caution reposition taking place a local resident becomes local saw and all the rubbish lying all around the neighborhood she organized cleanup day and beat sandra her plan was to incorporate the waste art on the idea small circle that. i can't see in and stylish. manufactured her books from used.
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the former students uses recycled materials such as rubber. and all the plastics she sells her creations in her shop in kampala. word of her label get a wardrobe spread fast and it's selling well. i decided to simplify my god into all small things but i use than i did today. and i'm using right now i'm using question as i will communication plan for fashion is my voice because people in the lounge i'm never one in uganda and outside uganda and i was washing. regular cleanup days with her friends the 26 year old lives in a slum in kampala although there has been an official ban on pulley thin bags for 3 years in uganda. it still hasn't properly taken in fact
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alice and her friends always find a lot of bugs during the clean up which event recycles in her artwork right from. when i just used to you know she was sick they used to do this one teller walk and they put a band. but as an artist i don't support that because it causes pollution once again the managed to collect a lot of plastic according to the kampala city council around 50 percent of plastic waste is collected every year for use. in public spaces damaging water and soil fertility once in a while for young visits her old university alice developed the idea of tackling plastic pollution while studying in just shows resigned so in this context we are
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looking at equipping them with skills. designs creativity skills where in the hands of competence in appreciating the environment designing products but the products can also be used in the community and they are possibly recyclable last year alice began teaching young people in the slums where plastic pollution is a serious concern catherine mungo b. is one of the over 200 people who have been trained here at alice's center. when i looked at an educated woman like alice collecting plastic and using it for something useful i wondered why so one who has never gone to school like shouldn't also be walking we all used plastic. initiatives like alice's may take a long time to change plastic pollution but with her fashion label gets
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a wardrobe she has found a clever way of raising environmental awareness in kampala no. one seems. to be. making good use of weight it's partly the motivation behind another project this time in kenya since about on charcoal production was introduced to combat deforestation many producers are turns the attention to markets in uganda and rwanda but others like sites where making charcoal briquettes from other materials instead here's this week's doing your bit from mombasa. charcoal briquettes from coconut waste. the huge need for wood fuel for cooking purposes has contributed to deforestation in kenya. now the government has banned the unlicensed production of charcoal. this is left to millions of people without
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a reliable source of energy for cooking. the award winning startup can cocoa in mombasa came up with an alternative coconut shells and husks are the basis for their charcoal briquettes. first corn starch and water are added. to burn shells and husks or ground. this mixture is then pressed into briquettes the briquettes burnt harder and longer than charcoal made from wood saving households a lot of money. to start up produces 2 tons of coconut charcoal a day. in the future the teen wants to work with other war again equates to such as sugar cane. and how about you. if you are also doing your bit tell us about it visit our website or send us
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a tweet hash tag doing your bit. we share your stories. here in africa the effects of the climate crisis have never been more apartments and the farming sector is inevitably hardest hit in ethiopia for instance the farm on what is supposed to be a high yield crops every year but the land is so parched barely anything so obvious so additional indigenous seeds are too expensive or hard to come by for small scale farmers of the live mates in. european researchers learning how to. survive and. that drought. biologist. is showing 3 visitors around the fields of the live news instituto plant
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genetics and crop plant research in central germany. the 3 i work at the seed bank of the ethiopian biodiversity institute in. the largest of its kind in africa they want to find out what their colleagues in germany are doing to improve the quality of crop seeds. it's one thing to preserve samples from old varieties quite another to grow new plants from the. samples have to be dried and prepared in such a way that they'll keep for a long period of time and tests have to be conducted to see if they're able to germinate. he. likes the hands on part of the process he or she is learning things she hopes to implement back home she's manager of the seed bank in addison. we don't know what moral can bring so we always want to see if our worst. where life even though we
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support a life of food shelter maids it's all or what's a basis for our leaving. it's a question of living. so having in conserving is supporting life will take a lot of us a shows her guests the treasure trove at the heart of the institute the seed bank with over 150000 samples from crop plants from around the world gathered over a period of several decades to come on you know tried lovaza has been collaborating with her colleagues in addis ababa for 9 years now. the diversity of species is astounding for example that of more than $9000.00 varieties of being in the collection alone size of a seed bank here in gutters leaving is one of the largest in the world or so collecting mission from so many specimens come from older strains that are no longer cultivated on working farms but that could nonetheless prove very useful.
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the eichmanns in all the right is have lower yields but they can cope better with changing climatic conditions they're more robust in times of drought lack of water often turn soil acidic or leads to a build up of minerals and heavy metals these for riotous can withstand all of that better than more fragile modern seeds. has got to know the problems farmers face in ethiopia firsthand for sure using traditional methods to farm their small fields most can barely feed their families let alone create a surplus for sale they tend to plant the same crops year in year out which leads to soil degradation and ever lower yields. needed. the institute and also has fields where new strains are tested strains developed that with the help of a german seed company. back at the lightness institute in germany this week it was
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grown from seeds collected in the 1950 s. the variety actually originated in ethiopia but has died out there this is a 6 robot with samples have since been sent back to the seed bank and is ababa along with seeds of other crops once and demick to ethiopia really certain strains of wheat and mustard more than 7000 in all now they're back home and available for research and possibly cultivation we want to apply or to use our forces. for development so most of our. research just from different research in the country and students who are studying for. the visitors from ethiopia want to expand the testing of old a variety is at their own institute to establish which ones could withstand stress factors such as dryness or acidic soil an important step to boost sustainable
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farming in ethiopia or. in part he gave me a lot back to africa from seeds for the soil to the sun in the sky really my new suit a self described energy entrepreneur here in the nation's capital is developing what he calls off the grid homes and he shows us yet again i remember well energy makes business sense. right mc he will guy's name one you said was involved in one of nigeria's most impressive greenhouses breaking these innovative franky stiction if affecting a growing following among the media thought there. this is a greenhouse an apartment complex in the heart of. everything here operates on renewable energy. and his family have lived here for 3 years now the
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architect cares about the environment and says the green apartment has even made his life more comfortable and he never had an abrupt change whatsoever so i have my 2 kids they've never experienced. never so it's a good movie studio. according to the world bank as many as half of all nigerians live without access to electricity the demand for days estimated to be $41000.00 megawatts which is about 8 times more than what's currently available. through vesting systems like the green house. it's a 1st 10 apartments 40 runs in all the energy is provided by a combined system it's mainly based on solar power night energy can be created through wind power. this out of an apartment scenario which has been running
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totally underground for the past century the foster scanning niger and the whole idea on the study hard to technology works and how you can apply different interests for us and our character came to so so many relationships across the country that i have seen a fossil just like this. the company went into business 10 years ago it provides various renewable energy solutions and is now worth nearly $3000000.00. a team is driving to the outskirts of. this area has never been connected to the national grid we have millions of ledger and have any hope of seeing electricity us having light to toss oh my goodness i assure that in the long run you know on the very short run rather than every household in that. you know have access to electricity. and the village of produce.
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which are neither healthy good for the environment now they get. stalled all for free. energy provides the service as a way of giving bach. is delighted with his new solo he says it will help his children study in the evenings. and the best bit it's easily rechargeable. how many. kind of a theme. is great for children and i. think you might have and we've never seen anything like this before when i was young. back to the greenhouse. compared to the average nigerian household the dardanelles weren't. equal for and we supply makes it worth it to them.
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in south africa intensive lifestyle grazing is degrading the soil in many areas heat waves and drought are compounding the problem leaving many areas vari to stop the long turning into a desert some farmers in the eastern kept switching from raising goes to growing plants to produce essential oils it offical went out to see how this works. rosemary i have that preferred sunny and dry location and its value lies in the plants tips we have precious and syrian oil can lead to a high quality resource for the for smith takes and pharmaceuticals industries from a william fund rensburg is nervous this is his 1st harvest and the future of the whole valley depends on the scrap. iron out in the playing field brewery constant small stocks i mean and limited space simply became too much for our land
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so we need to find other means of income and that is why we look at this kind of thing so we can continue with our left and together with. mostly it's recalls green for. when the fear can bore some of the. farmers here keep. more here will is a luxury item in the clothing industry with more and more goats however the local vegetation has been eaten away i think green bushy vegetation once covered this slopes now the barren westland holds no water and no life. daniel florrie manages the above us close development company together with van brands bold and other families he leads the turn season from exploitative livestock farming to organic essential oil crops the oil extracted in this distillery essential oils you take a lot of plant material distill it to a very small amount of product that you can easily transport in and out of
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a cliff and in that way we we late we reduce the amount of material that we take out of the system and all the plant material once it being the store can actually go back into the fields go back into the system we can use that to make up for it it's a higher value crop if you need to you can work with. then more efficient land use is making a difference whereas goats need extended grazing areas the essential oil crops are exclusively cultivated and the fight in floor of the valley that's where the slopes have time to recover farmer peter kruger once used his entire 6000 head his full grazing today cultivates a mare 20 hector's of rosemary for the same retirement he sold his godson most of his farm has been declared a nature reserve for he hopes other farmers will follow krueger's example. the
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biggest part of it is actually to change the mindset of the farmers to change the. to change the way that they've been doing something with their old 40 years we bring courage to the farmers to make that shift from a extractive to regenerative farming practices. the godfrey slopes are slowly recovering the living lands organization helps the farmers rejuvenates their land here on the completely degraded slope that was once grist their automobiles and his team worked hard to protect every single tree fern bushes keep the goats away white canvas walls collect rainwater and hold the precious soil beneath the phones new hope is proud. you know we are starting to see changes even at a small scale we've just gone through one of the worst droughts and over 100 years . and despite that we are seeing positive changes in the ecosystem
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it was a leap of faith for all involved. had to buy a new system for over 65000 euros but the 1st bunch of rosemary looks promising and he's sure his investment will swim. it's good to be reminded that protecting the environment always brings up i'm afraid we're now coming to the end of this week's episode of africa but we'll be looking forward to seeing you once again next week i am sound coming to you from kampala here in uganda. by phone now sandra it was a pleasure of course in the show with you i'm to our viewers out there remember you can find out more about environmental issues protection and activities of others sustainability wise on our social media platforms for now i'm now it's like we're from the should it's got in lagos saying bye bye see you again next week.
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this is a w.h.y. from birdland tyron vows revenge and world leaders urge restraint after the us assassinates that iran's top military commander washington says it all of the drone strike against general qassam solomonic to prevent a future iranian attack the killing mobs a dangerous escalation in the region as the international community braces for iraq's 1st.

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