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tv   Global 3000  Deutsche Welle  January 20, 2020 4:30am-5:00am CET

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i'm sure that of us are what's able to do agree a book well cup took global 3000 in botswana a conflict is brewing over the country's large population of elephants which are doing damage to local farms on the solomon islands activists are working to protect endangered sea turtles and into different parts of the arthur c. wheat farming is emerging as a way to protect the environment and create new jobs 2
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worlds with close economic ties europe and asia how the they deal with social justice and what are working conditions like we visit 8 countries on 2 continents to find out how europe and asia work together in our series work places of beacon of hope in the ocean a sea weed farm an hour outside the capital jakarta could this be the solution to global problems nori more your and oh definitely you think so she's carrying out research into how sea weed can keep this sees clean
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her home country is the world's 2nd largest plastic polluter after china indonesia processes more than $60000000.00 tons of plastic waste every year over $3000000.00 tons of it and up in the ocean the government has pledged to reduce this by 70 percent by 2025 it's known vicious plan traditional waste disposal methods can't keep up that's why indonesia backs pioneering ideas like the one majano is proposing she makes packaging out of seaweed. how can we solve it if we do not have something to replace this plastic because of course we cannot go back to. our eggs him. or live without plastic as a getting so we have to think about this in fact i'm in the early friendly. her main advantage is that indonesia is one of the world's biggest producers of seaweed most buyers are other countries in asia where people have been eating in the marine plant for millennia.
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in europe production is still on a much smaller scale but here too seaweed is being touted as a material with a bright future the sector that has a lot of potential growth quickly doesn't take up fertile land and could be used in a wide range of applications there are more than $72000.00 species of algae worldwide the largest over 60 meters in length algae based ingredients are already used in many foods for example as binding agents 2 different types of brown algae are now being grown commercially in norway up to $100.00 tons of them a year the farm in 4 year is one of the biggest in europe as the global population rises a new food trends quote fashionable seaweed is appearing more frequently on european plates seaweed cultivation has grown quickly in the past 10 years 1st and foremost
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in france and ireland but spain and of course norway are also exploring the options . it is a growing market there we write a letter like that with a thing that's like it because. if they'll buy it new to the european population. that of course we have a lot of influence from the asian cuisine europeans are more and more like 3 earlier with the with now generally in europe and. they feel are more concerned about where their food comes from people are interested in local traceable further but at present most of the seaweed eaten in europe is still imported from asia. and they are you know is still one step ahead this she made from red algae the result of 10 years hard work is her pride and joy she discovered that one species produces
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a special polymer the mix products made from a very pliable. the forno has a shelf life of up to 2 years and it even dissolves in hot water that's especially practical for popular products in indonesia like instant coffee over 200 companies worldwide are testing the foil and you don't have to eat it to get rid of it. everywhere. and it will be fabulous and for our death this story is. there and it's a lot. about the street algae are normally finding uses in the food and packaging sectors but also in the cosmetics and textile industries in the future they could even be used as a source of fuel. the team it seaweed energy solutions is also interested in the many different qualities
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of seaweed algae seedlings are cultivated all year round and the company's laboratories in town time. here tests are carried out on different types of algae that might be good to cultivate and the future. the company also works with universities to find possible environmental uses for seaweed and on lot its full potential it has the benefits of further further and weren't very cultivated it captures c o 2 this big advantage and we also see that around north sea farm there are a lot of fish so it's kind of when there are 3 or 4 like. fish and the other and wealth in the thirty's the tribe in the forests. increases wildlife. seaweed a budding new industry in europe. they're all around
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200000 seaweed farmers and indonesia often whole families get involved the women tie the seedlings to the lines and to cure the finances the men are responsible for the cultivation and harvest for her products normal you'll know works together with 2000 families she also helps them with the business side of things and works without middlemen this means she can pay better wages. the most important things that. drive me to base unit in this is about cost start on their base they are living in there so they have no access to fulfill their basic needs so some of them also have to fix them off human trafficking so i think it's very very. involved and. help them to improve the life. one of the farmers who supply a small you know who is obtuse you quarter who called debates it on 300 lines and
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punk in the past he had to keep his head above water with badly paid work sometimes as a fisherman. sometimes as a sailor now he can afford to concentrate on seaweed farming alone his take home pay is up to 6 times higher now. than i am then yeah i. see a family is full of promise we hope it will enable us to pay for the best possible education for our children. but if i doubt it's much more profitable than working as a fisherman specializing in. it. we hope that see we will always fahri share and that we can maintain its quality. your no hope so too at any rate she already needs another 1000 suppliers and 2020 farmers like. after all the demand for her plastic free packaging is they are primarily from food and cosmetics distributors she needs to ramp up production from $100.00 to $8000.00
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units per day using a raw material with massive future potential. ok to cheat. this week we meet up with a global teen from nairobi kenya. i live in kenya. says. as for now we.
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i like going to school because it's fun and you have new friends you land to help you so that you feel gran in the arbiter person in the future. my hopes is to have their needs by providing for them shell sat close in their basic needs. i have i like writing songs to see that's a tallis do and i'm free. now. when my that so.
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i'm afraid of high i.q. for example if i'm standing in that tell me i can't look down because i'm afraid i thought. i would like to. make talent in the last thing in so much. i feel i can think but i don't believe these sending and then we give the had enough beat these larry i had to do this job. that. in the early 20th century africa was home to an estimated 10000000 or more elephants. 100 years later poaching and habitat loss have caused their numbers to drop to no more than 400000 that's
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a decline of more than 95 percent. in botswana however there are too many elephants thanks to strict conservation measures the elephant population there has increased rapidly in recent years. among the star attractions in chhobi national park other many elephants antelopes. and hippos roaming free. books one that has the world's highest elephant population somewhere between 13160000. tourists flock to model that. they are tobacco money has been coming here with her husband for many years. this time is special because my family are here to my niece and my 2 grand. we really wanted to show them the africa we know and love where you can be among all these animals and so close to going on
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that's not. that's how tourists experience the elephants. and this is how local people experience them. park ranger horsey myra is out on patrol. with him. making her. suddenly another elephant appears between the houses and the town of cassani at the edge of the park. he tells us they can injure people attack them. especially if they're with their young. people or watch. telephones wonderful residential areas and farms this often leads to conflict between humans and animals. danielle just when you saw
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jeremiah says he always keeps a gun loaded he has a farm outside cassani i showed an elephant the last year to n t 80. it was in the field here. during the day i dared to skate if used and those who are there said let me shoot it now ok and i live in there is no it's not nice it's not that nice to kill it but there for the sake of self-defense. is that killing me or is war when is all we shoot. it's a fight for survival jeremiah says the elephants are always on his fields destroying his crops. the was there come there every day to day they're going to get to this piece when the night they come again and continue until the whole field
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is done. elephants have trampled his fences including the electric ones. and jeremiah doesn't have the money to repair them. nothing of my life is being called a thing that they didn't buy elephants wiped i mean it is they're making people poor they're making people poor. no i'm poor. my feeling is. i think conning should be done what i feel about all of it does that too many. they need to be to do with. the government hasn't organized any call's culture eventually last year lifted a ban on elephant hunting that had been imposed 5 years earlier it now permits the killing of 403 year promising
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a field day for sports hunters the government says the hunting should be allowed specifically in areas where elephants human conflicts are most common or what elephants we have learnt over time about elephants is that when the north is the they will not go to those areas and we use this controlled hunting to achieve that not to reduce numbers but to create that bad. so that people can continue about life in the woods i mean top that it's been estimated that the elephant population will continue to grow significantly even if $400.00 a kill each year. trophy hunting is widely despised in europe for example but can it actually fulfill a useful function. some conservationists think it can. the impact will be positive because botswana is absolutely committed to having any resources that it gets from sport to go to the communities rural
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botswanans live with 150000 elephants and they have not been receiving any benefits whatsoever so a couple of animals that are sport hunted can go a very long way to mitigate the kind of negative impacts including the loss of human life that rural botswanans are facing on a daily basis. man a fish was trampled to death last year while on his way home in cousin a. his sister dorcas sums up the findings of the police investigation. he'd say to a man back. then. so. this does and you had to be and the bush just so they pulled him off she tells us they used to be fewer elephants in the area and they were less
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aggressive. in the past there were just and you present elephant just didn't it sometimes without even seeing it but now why does the actually change without even a person provoking them anyhow she says the aggression may well mean the elephants are feeling stressed the question remains if the elephant population continues to rise and the human population grows as well i'm happy encounters will probably continue to occur and a sustainable solution will still need to be found. and in our global ideas series we head to the pacific ocean it's home to many species of sea turtle our reporter clare richardson went to the art of an island part of the solomon islands north of australia she met some activists who are working to protect the turtles. and.
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the solomon islands look like paradise on earth the region here in the south pacific is home to rich marion biodiversity. but it's a challenging environment for the critically endangered hawksbill sea turtles that nest here. female turtles lay roughly $1000.00 eggs each season. only one in a 1000 will make it to adult hood. that chances are made worse by hunting and illegal trading. reset just estimate that some $10000.00 test tools are harvested each year. that's pushed hawksbill sea tuttle's to the brink of extinction. but for the creatures who make it to this particular peak that's how.
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these women are on a mission to save the tassels in 2016 they form the group which brings together communities from 3 islands to protect the tools from hunting. the 3 for me anything they have different from a background so having to give all of. you have defected to for them to embrace it and for the project they gave that uniting them together for concert with. their own my way to the only forms a spectacular group of islands that's one of the largest breeding grounds in the south pacific for the hawksbill sea turtle. the on evidence of assigned to the marine protected area the fast ever national park in the solomon islands and a sanctuary for the tuttles. today the team looking to catch them for time and release and i'm likely as touch will vary. about what i want to walk to.
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the 1st attempt is a mess. so it's on to the next location to try again i just. let it go. and in the. second time lucky. they call to a female green tuttle a different species. she's strong enough to dismiss a case of persons oh i'm. not muslim. on board she's measured and had to tell the record it were not. for were mine. you know the outcome of his next her flip as attacked with unique numbers to help rangers identify her in the future. when. this green
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turtle has scars from an attack by a crocodile. that common in these waters. world. that's growing once the coast is clear she's on her way again. folks below sea turtles also face dangers on shore. have discovered this nest now ranges must move the surviving eggs so the smell doesn't attract more predators . it's all pays off when the baby turtles of ready to harvest. the women of koach he helped build tuttle highways in the sun and leading from the nest to the ocean. as the happening start that journey towards the sea the women trying to keep them on track. they stand guard against
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natural predators and purchase. tools are often caught in illegally sold to buy is overseas totem is also an important traditional food in the solomon islands and it's been hunted for centuries while the practice is still legal outside to preserve the women of koach e a trying to change local attitudes. to me i'm a sort of one i've been so i don't like i would say that i go there. and then. my face very pretty and i walk that they really canes my like my thinking when they were up to me see them coming out from their holes and driving making their way through the day and then i hear you play them so i'm sitting there and then out me go off and the fact that they are waiting for them out of struggle there already leg and then i was like oh i reduced. my family though my community. how do you think that those. she's just one example of how koach his message is
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resonating across the solomon islands several women have brought the fight to save titles back to their villages to teach office the only land live in the epicurean has started her own offshoot of koichi and have an edge because she uses weatherproof charts on items where electricity isn't available to show local communities how they can help. us out of our generation for tomorrow by about where's the pen but then how that saw him have to look after our state but. it takes 30 years for tuttle's to reach sexual maturity after nesting they travel thousands of kilometers back to the great barrier reef in australia saying this incredible journey helps the women understand the important role they play in conservation where been found very important because we have a costed in it we have the one who will look after the family we faded through in
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and also we do group things then what there is happening in a community so it is very important that we women truth and stand by what is happening in that environment. there are now twice as many tuttle nests in the on of ns as the weapon for the marine park was established 25 years ago. but more needs to be done to save the species i think that if everybody's hope are a thing like to get that then we have i have high hopes for the welfare to do have a so you see them yeah 7 ok. he is hoping to get more women involved in educating and uniting communities to make sure the solomon islands are a safer place for turtles today and in the future. in
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the. that's all from us at global 3000 this time. we're back next week but don't forget we love hearing from you. so send us your feedback on any of these reports to global 3000 at g.w. dot com and check us out on facebook. see you soon.
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the be guaranteed change and enjoy your country. and saddam no longer talk about startups until march throwing terms. coming entrepreneurs are bringing scenes to the desert making a series of plans. projects like these could help the country's economy sit down t.v. shows for startups. coming. up. it's
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quite simple as it seeks. to understand the world better we need to take a closer look at. experience not. to. an exclusive interview with the iran contra dhaka stands prime minister speaks with editor in chief in a sport that's what's khan's perspective on the kashmir crisis is the dark what does he hope results from the peace negotiations in afghanistan why has he remained silent about the plight of the weaker person in china what are our interview with
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iran khan. today on d w. actually refrigerants just shows numbers but rather shows. the. mob. boss. read the smart ways to get where you're going. to global auto and mobility show every week on w every 2 seconds a person is forced to flee their home. the consequences of been dishonest are a 6 hour documentary series displaced depicts traumatic humanitarian crises from around the world to. fuck anything we don't want them to think i didn't go to university to kill people and i fully expect that
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a lot of people feel for their lives and their future so they seek refuge abroad but what will become of the most to stay behind. displaced this week on d w. this is the w. news and the top stories. this meeting in berlin say they uphold an arms embargo on libya to help in the fighting that german chancellor angela merkel who hosted the talks said the international leaders had agreed to refrain from interfering in the war but libya's rival leaders did not.


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