tv DW News Deutsche Welle January 31, 2020 11:45pm-12:31am CET
this is a tough news line from bellaire in the 3 of years after the referendum enough to saving the endless rattling and stalemates fragment is finally about to leave the european union counting down to midnight outside the prime minister's official residence in downing street in a special address and has promised a new era of from the corporation who think he will sweat in central london back 60
years there have particular. i'm filled welcome to this special live program marking the u. case departure from the european union official the project times in about 15 minutes that's midnight in brussels 11 o'clock in london at these live pictures from outside the prime minister's official residence 10 downing street where as you can see the countdown to bret's it has begun apart from that snow official events have been all going to last an indication the divisions that remain over breakfast even as it comes into effect. the members of the european parliament left brussels in high spirits accompanied by a scottish piper but the e.u. officials expressed regret president of the european commission set off on the lie and said she was sorry to see britain go. but when the tough negotiations of the
relationship between. you had despite the lack of official events to mark the occasion in the u.k. brought to tears out partying in london's parliament square. so what will you take a departure from the be the answer is of course complicated d.w. drags it down a list alex forrest whiting explains the european union is a group of 28 countries with economic and political ties but in 2016 the united kingdom voted to leave the e.u. meaning that 28 will soon become 27 the result of that referendum was tight with almost 52 percent voting for what's now known as breck's it and 48 percent voting against but what is brics it 3 and
a half years after that that nobody can really agree on what it means some want to cut all ties with the e.u. say that the u.k. can strike its own trade deals outside europe for example with the united states they also want to control immigration by stopping freedom of movement and essential rights within the e.u. this allows people inside the block to live and work wherever they want and many who are pro bricks it want the return of parliamentary suffering that means laws would not overwrite british laws but others want to stay close to the european union particularly as it's the world's largest trading bloc and there's also an idea complication northern ireland. well it remains part of the u.k.
it borders the republic of ireland which will stay in the e.u. now to prevent the return of a hard border between the 2 northern ireland will still have to abide by some european rules and regulations while the rest of the u.k. will not but even once britain has left the e.u. that won't be the end of it negotiations over their future relationship will only just be beginning. president listen it's forest wife saying you'll hear more from her across the course of this program and that is 1st of all go to london now everything to get correspondent to barbara faisal out among so revelers in the parliament square welcome barbara what's going on. we see in the background here just nigel for hours talking he is the man who has really such a large part and bringing breck said about he was the man who started the original
campaign for brakes it in 2016 and he really pushed this issue so over 3 and a half years however in the end even though this for him is a day off triumph on the other hand he didn't gain anything politically because he was never elected into parliament during the last elections in december boris johnson and his conservatives sort of wiped the practice of party off the map however still is nigel for eyes outs here at wrexham central on problem in the square of all all those threats and cheers for whom this is a day of celebration he is out here and they love it they really left it 'd up he is telling them that they are on the side of the winners and that they have finally fulfill their dream the dream to leave the european union there's
a lot of leg waving and intimate and singing off patriotic songs on this square here tonight and so this is where nobody who stands around here likes the european union all these people have gone to the pub quietly to cry into their beers or maybe stated time to break 6 years out a few thousands of them to celebrate this day that they call their day of freedom so when brad said dr low's wake up tomorrow. morning how will the country have changed. i kid you repeat this piece as still i couldn't hear you it's really quite you know easy everybody is reality has to fight to keep the noise down when greg revel as wake up tomorrow morning how will the country have changed bob. yeah the problem will probably be after they feel woken from their hangover that
they might be slightly frustrated because they'll see and find out in realize that nothing has in reality changed because britain from here on again news into the transition period the period where everything was regard to the european union stays exactly the same nothing changes and so frex it will be intangible at this moment in time it is still an idea here in the heads of the bricks it years and only at the end of the e.u. and britain will have negotiated in a new relationship with the euro with the european union new rules will come into place and then it will be felt maybe was regard to the come to be maybe it was regard to jobs and how people can travel and move in europe all this is yet to be seen. the prime minister addressed the country tonight what did he have to say.
the prime minister of course called for britons to look to the future and he said that now a new chapter was beginning that wrecks it was not about an end but about in new beginning and that is in no way are is opulence well waiting on the other side of bracks and he also of course called for people to overcome the divisions that have been so deep during the last 300 years during this fight about correction this big political battle and to get back together to sort of stand stay united and become united to get bought it is very difficult because the other half of the population the people who are not out here tonight how can they do this for our sons and has no consolation for them. because he once quite a heart breaks it so much is already clear and so they will really be pushed away
from the european union much more than they ever wanted and for them it is going to be a difficult time this year when the talks about the new relationship might become rather fractious and rather bitter as the talks about the divorce effen proving to be in the past. in london 32. a 60 minutes to midnight approximately departure from the european union is the result of a spectacular political miscalculation by the man you see behind david cameron who wanted to whip the e.u. skeptic when of his conservative party back into life the referendum was his weapon of choice but it blew up in his face. their decision will be introduced to provide for an in our 2 referendum on membership of the european union before the end of 2017 government that single sentence from the queen's speech set off
a process that would disrupt politics for years. david cameron prime minister at the time introduced the referendum he didn't want britain to leave the e.u. would all he wanted to bring his party's many e.u. critics into line a months long campaign followed that hardliners especially nigel for raj and boris johnson sought to turn public opinion against europe with aggressive slogans and as would later become clear lives. the date of the referendum was june 23rd 2016 and the day after. this means that the u.k. has voted to leave the european union. running god god did not is. in the right. prime minister cameron resigned and tourism a took over as boss at 10 downing street. corrected opponents and brags that
supporters were irreconcilable the new prime minister tried to make the best of it . rex it means bricks it and we're going to make a success of it march 29th 2019 was set as the braggs a date but it was still a long way off. negotiations dragged on for more than a year. then may and her e.u. counterparts signed the bracks a deal. the problem was may was unable to get parliamentary backing for it so they're no use having the nose have it. twice may had to ask the e.u. for a postponement of britain's leave date breck's it became breck's tension and may ultimately resigned. boris johnson became her successor the bracks champion from the very outset. but even he failed several times at
1st because of opposition in parliament and the bracks a date had to be postponed once more the prime minister made a gamble early elections his strategy worked. boris johnson's conservatives won an absolute majority with this by this majority we will at last be able to do what the pay attention. now after years of political tug of war nothing else stands in the way of britain's departure from the european union. happens in just under 3 minutes so with us to cover tonight slice of european history we have to correspondent barbara faisal in london matches in brussels and he with minister you are a breakfast analyst alex forrest whiting welcome all will starts with you barbara
in london nearly midnight in brussels almost 11 in the u.k. bring us the mood that. london just give us an idea of the mood. yes. out of the mood it's quite exuberant because i met rex at central on palm and square this is where a lot of direct cheers people really want to see everything really awaited father's day have come out to celebrate so we have a lot of flag waving we have new music music from time to time and everybody is the words that you waiting for just a few minutes till midnight when they're pulling could dream becomes true and britain will have left the european union so everybody who's out here died on this
square they're happy i says bob levey is the last using public square the box you see on the side of the screen that's the scene at downing street where probably this is official residence but of course the clock is ticking down to midnight let's go to brussels and. this is for the long time tell me what sorts of emotions have you witnessed around you institutions tonight. quite a different picture here phil in brussels the 20 would you see me hesitating here the 27 it's still 28 flags and will remain 28 flights at least for now are still up and flying european flights outside the european parliament one of the british flights there has been removed already inside of the european commission aflac has been taken down and they will be moved to the museum so it is a very low key events here it was a bit of a couple of journalists filming this but no crowds have gathered here in brussels
it's a sad day for many people in the european institutions sad day for many people who had hoped that maybe that day may never come and that a 2nd referendum could have a chance but clearly that did not happen and so now brussels is preparing for the negotiations to come through that matter is that as you see. on your screens there it's 20 seconds to midnight there as the clock comes down to downing street on the web available is in fact before we come to you alex forrester why don't let's join bob levey so in parliament square as the clock strikes down to midnight to 11 pm. so that's a scene that down a stretch so this is it on bottom and square here there has been that. there has been counting down to the down and to midnight and huge cheer went
up from that crowd that has assembled here because these are people wanted for exit who've been waiting for and maybe we just take a look at people who are assembled here there's a lot of flag waving and there is a lot of joy among the people who really feel that this is. the day where they pulled the coup dream comes true they have a big band and they're playing it because the real 2 big bad behind us here is under innovation and was dot allowed to be wrong but this is the moment when the message here on palm and square is we're out it has been accomplished after 3 and a half years britain has officially left the european union and one half the country will be very sad at this moment they have come out to celebrate of
course their somewhere maybe having acquired during a having a quiet dry among their friends and family but people who are here in this parliament square in the center of london they are exuberant and now of course we have the national anthem god save the queen you can hear this in the background so this is the mood in london and this is so well less 50 percent of the british population the other side the other side they will find that this is not cause for celebration i stay with us we'll be back to you a very short i'm going to cross now to. central we're going to have brandenburg gate in building where a group of british people have gathered on the phone hama style is that welcome to only what's going on. well the mood here certainly is very different as you
can see behind me the crosses gather in front of brandenburg case and people singing the european and from 0 to joy and before they started singing you could see a lot of people who were deeply moved talking each other waving the european flags there were some scottish back pipes play as well. i had a chance to talk to the conduct of the open eyes of this flash mob and you said. and he told me he couldn't stand the idea of him sitting on this couch alone on this night so he wanted to share it with his 2 choirs that he's conducting and to just express some positivity to express to support show their commitment to the european spirit so you can see behind me around 150 people have gathered here to seeing the european anthem on live from how it started at the brandenburg gate for now thank you let's take you to the studio and bring in forrest whiting alex
so i suppose this now counts as the end of the beginning of the process next we have negotiations about the trading relationship and the whole relationship between the u.k. and the european union the e.u. says it wants a level playing field as well britain going off and doing its own thing are they likely to get what they're looking for that well judging by what ministers have said so far and hinted at safe on the answer to that is no we haven't the finance minister is such a job and in an interview saying no alignment and then he slightly want to sit down by saying no alignment unless it's necessary we have michael gove a keeper except here a saying similar things saying that they may well have to have delays at airports in the future so i think that the very key message coming out from boris johnson's government is that the u.k. does not want to be a rule taken from the e.u.
it wants to forge its own path it wants to prove that it has suffered but of course the issue here is that although that's what the e.u. the e.u. would like to make sure that the u.k. does not become a competitor on its doorstep there is also an issue for the u.k. and that is that the u.k. still needs a trade deal in the future with the e.u. so once this 11 month transition. here it is over it needs to strike a trade deal why because for all the talk it needs and knows that the e.u. is a very important market and it exports a huge amount of goods to the e.u. plus there are all the issues of services so take for example the car industry a very key industry in the u.k. particularly in the north of england many people in some dylan for example voted for bricks it voted for boris johnson what will happen if a car company like miss sun decides it will pull out of the u.k.
because there is no future trade agreement with the e.u. that is a very real concern for the u.k. for boris johnson so for all his tough talk will he have to make compromises in the future that is what we have to wait and see over the next 11 months. thank you so you're you've been looking at live pictures of an event that was being held in the parliament square in london as the clock struck 11 o'clock in the u.k. and that's midnight in brussels the ubi u.k. is now officially out of the european union we have with us in the studio here with me alex forrest watching who's our brits it's a list and in brussels we have. a gale you are listening to what alex had to say that this is not what brussels wants to hear brussels wants to hear that essentially nothing has changed other than britain having left the block. exactly you're absolutely right about look brussels is fully aware that
a blame game is something that is a very plausible scenario because if brussels protects the you know in other words not just brussels but if the 27 even member states protect their interests their internal markets insist on a level playing field. and alignment then this will result in the u.k. becoming a law taken to some extent and that is something the queen u.k. may not be willing to do which then results in a less prosperity economic downturn and that could be sold by brics a tears as punishment so brussels being fully aware of that scenario is now in a position where they say look we will work hard we are very optimistic we have put down in a political declaration that is attached to that divorce agreement that we want to forge a close relationship and we will work very hard for it he. let's go to
london and join barbara barbara fazel barbara how do braces how do break city is that see the next 11 months of these negotiations. just if there was still this is very loud there in parliament barbara how do brag city is see these next 11 months of negotiations. yes. i know they don't really see them at all basically because they don't want them to happen more or less and many people here say why do we need a treaty why do we need another deal because the european union and all i talked to one guy little while ago he said we don't need that we can't just trade anyway and i try to tell them there's only like 2 very small african countries who have no
international treaties and who truly who deal with other countries on the basis of nothing more or less off know who is no deals and for big country like britain that would not be feasible but this is something this sort of from the basic economic truth they don't like to hear because they say that any new deal any new treaty was the european union again would sort of give the op ed henry to the e.u. again concessions head would have to be made that they do not want to make and so there is a rather a lot of economic irrationality going on here but this is the point was frank said it is not about the head it's about feeling it's about in the oceans and this really is all about people feeling sort of a surge of patriotism and nationalism and where is the economy there it doesn't
really figure and that makes things so difficult that makes things so difficult also for the british government and for boris johnson in a way because he will have to deal with this feeling that's one half of his electorate and so the next 11 months are going to be rather stormy particularly within britain not only on the european side. or hazel in london for not signing killed thank you all such a go go masses in brussels and see you here with me alex forrester y.c. thank you all. this special spirit chief max hoffman has been speaking with the head of the or commission from the line. commission president there were a lot of tears this week and brussels because of the u.k. leaving the european union how are you feeling right now still said well it's a very emotional day because it's always when family member chooses to be on the outside it's sad. and indeed have many many friends in the u.k.
i studied there for one year at the london school of economics i've relatives in the u.k. my children some of my children have been studying in the u.k. so that out of bonds it's an emotional day and what will you miss most about the u.k. . miss their pragmatism it helped a lot they were always very down to earth i'll certainly miss their wonderful british sense of you more and well but this is it so from tomorrow on we'll have to deal with our british friends of a 3rd country some say the hardest part will start now negotiating future relationship between the e.u. and the u.k. do you know what it's going to be hard and fair and fast negotiations and it's true i mean now that the u.k. has chosen to be a 3rd country we have to figure out how close do they want to be to the single market the closer they want to be the more they have to abide to the common rules
of the single market so it's more or less their choice whether they want to be distant the access of the single market will be difficult or the other way around u.k. prime minister boris johnson said under no circumstances will he extend the transition period meaning that if there is no agreement at the end of this year there will be a hard drugs or do you think that's a smart political move by him well it's his decision but if that's what if it if it at the end of the year if this is the case we're well prepared because the most tricky parts for us have been solved in the withdrawal agreement citizens why it's a financial settlement the island of ireland we've done that we are fine with that now we are in a very strong position for the up. negotiations if at the end of the year there will be a hard break sit well the u.k. exports almost half of all it's good to the european union so it's going to be tough but do you think you boxed himself in and you as a politician would you have been well i do not have to advise him what to do i
think what we will do as a european union we will look at where we stand in summer and then decide but even if at the end of the year we do not have an agreement yes there will be a hard break said but the negotiations can go on say you're going to negotiate a free trade agreement most likely or try to negotiate a free trade agreement with the u.k. can you definitively say that one year to negotiate a free trade agreement is not enough. it's not only the free trade agreement because they are least 1011 different files and topics think about security for example so there's a lot to negotiate and therefore we'll we'll work 247 and let's see how things are moving forward but you would you know under normal circumstances something like that has never go shit in the short time well i said initially that i think we will need more time but for this decision it always needs to and we are pretty relaxed
on that question because as i said we have a good position would you say under the circumstances with boris johnson saying no extension with time being very short that a hard break that is inevitable. listen i think we should start now with the negotiations because we have to look at the british mandate now we will have our own mandate and i don't think it's smart now to predict whatever for the end of the year already i've laid out the difference different options that are there but let's start now with that negotiations what's your main goal in these negotiations my main goal is to have a good and fair and the. closest possible partnership with our british friends we share a lot of common interests but also to protect our single market to protect a level playing field to look for a leg level playing field with our british friends and to make sure that the union
is united i know you don't have a crystal ball commission president but let me try anyway looking term 10 years in the future you think. want to go back and you well i keep telling my children the task for them and it's up to the british people so you know for me now it's important to say we are friends we will have a future partnership there are so many topics we have in common like tackling climate change or digitalisation where we really are on the same side of the page where we should work together intensively and let's let's look at the positive side of it and let's make the best out of it mr president thank you very much thank you . speaking with macsoftware now in her weekly podcast german chancellor angela merkel has described it as a major turning point for the e.u. she also went on to say that germany wants to remain britain's friend and partner
but she warned that becoming trade negotiations between the e.u. and the u.k. would not be easy it's a fun movie and these negotiations certainly won't be easy at the core they will be trade negotiations where it will be evaluated how we will trade with each other in the future. we already have examples of international trade agreements and it will now strongly depend on great britain how it would like to shape its relationship with the european union. so let's go to the more german i'm going broke if indeed there be physical cause for kate brady kate the german government has often expressed its regrets of britain's decision to leave so how does the future relationship between london and berlin look now the day has come i think what we heard there from times there are certainly an indication of how things might proceed to particularly over this 11 month transition period of course the clock is ticking on how these negotiations now particularly over the trade deals how they
proceed will certainly have an influence on the future relationship and we heard there as well from angola michael she said yes germany does want to remain a close partner and a close friend with the u.k. but she repeated something that we've heard before especially of the last couple of years when when the e.u. in the u.k. was trying to desperately hammer out that withdrawal agreement and that is that you stand united and she said that the e.u. we stand as one so of course germany wants to see the e.u. 60 and it'll be interesting to see whether now the u.k. as well learns from its previous mistakes that seem to be this assumption jarring the during the withdrawal agreement negotiated that germany would be able to throw its ways around and get some concessions for the u.k. and that simply wasn't the case and the most important thing it seems that i'm going to right now is making sure that the e.u. remains united u.k.
is a major export for german goods as they're going to be much loved being a spinoff from german trade organizations as the trade negotiations going on the way because we're talking about huge numbers of german exports here some 75000000000 euros worth a year of german exports go to the u.k. and already we're seeing a shift the u.k. is gone from being the 5th most important export partner of germany down to this is down to the sevens already. a lot of german businesses are chomping at the bit now ready to see exactly what will come of these negotiations and and certainly what they are looking for is certainly avoiding the u.k. crashing out of the customs union of the single market come december 31st of course that would have huge negative impacts on german business more than any other. economy so at the moment they are very much lobbying for a smooth transition and one that continues to see german exports to the u.k.
continue to grow which has not been the case in since the referendum. due to replace all cars will take brady thank you. well have brussels got a smaller go massa's has been closely following the process of britain's departure from the e.u. since it began with the 2016 referendum here's his look back at the long road to breakfast. this was it the moment that breaks it in brussels became a reality on march 29th 2017 the u.k. ambassador hand delivered a 6 page letter that triggered article 50. and while the british ambassador took off in his jaguar i got into a rental car with 2 of my colleagues to find out what breaks it actually means for almost 3 years we navigated through the twists and turns of brakes it travelling across europe the u.k. and as far as
a british overseas territory in the kirby here we met people who were not allowed to vote in the referendum and will and should have had a chance to participate in the back seat in northern ireland we met people who requested voting for president. if i had the opportunity to turn back around. i would be encouraged to change my man and man and we met people who organize breaks it like former junior minister so well a brave a man i don't think negotiations are supposed to be friendly. i was away for 10 years and yes you might very much like the person you're negotiating with but you know at the end of the day you're going to be serving the interests of your client most of the negotiations took place in brussels in the european commission and council these were tough negotiations no doubt but also precisely because the u.k. did not know what they wanted to take for instance the case of seasonal workers
from the e.u. . if the u.k. leaves the internal market this labor force will be gone just as the e.u. is aquaculture all subsidies will laugh to practice it as british farmer kevin atwood told us we could easily see a very substantial percentage of farmers disappear family found fierce gone and that won't be something you can decide if i were 10 years' time more perhaps politically we got our wrong because it will be done a lot will now depend on the future relationship between the u.k. and the e.u. so next we went to norway a country that is not part of the e.u. but has access to the internal market but norway has to pay for that access and in return for it the country has to adopt all e.u. regulations an average of 5 new directives pre-date we're told we have implemented more than $10000.00 rules and regulations from profit the new relationship is
likely to be at best a free trade deal and that is exactly what trade unions in the u.k. have feared my argument is that working people across europe have an interest in defending a level playing field on workers' rights what we don't want to see is forms using british workers to undercut german or french workers and end up in a race to the bottom so what remains after talking to u.k. ex-pats in spain polish workers in the u.k. dutch and british fisherman or irish manufacturer us well the feeling that this journey is far from over and that many issues remain unresolved. well it's finally happened 3 years in the making and brett said to happens about 20 minutes ago this slice of european history is being discussed with me tonight by.
alex forrest whiting. brussels we have masses and in london. barbara so let's start with you alex just the negotiations the u.k. and now has it in try and in law these negotiations must be completed within a year what does that tell us about what boris johnson warms well 1st of all let's just remember boris johnson we do have to bear in mind that he's promised things before and that they would happen on time and they didn't a most notably he said that he would rather die in and in a ditch if the brics it was not going to happen on october the 31st last year it didn't happen and he lived to tell the tale so he does have a bit of history with not necessarily sticking to his plans however i think this time he is adamant that the u.k. it has to have got this a deal sorted by the 31st of december this year if that if it is not sorted then
that the u.k. government will be prepared for what we're going back to calling a no deal bricks it so leaving a while trade organization tons with no special date in place with the e.u. now that would be very painful for the u.k. it wouldn't be great for the e.u. either but very painful for the u.k. but i think that boris johnson although he could offer an extension in the months up to june it is unlikely because look behind us these are the people that he is representing now these are the people that he has promised that he would get bricks done and the he has promised it will be done with by the end of this year and i think that he will have to do it in some form but go about this in brussels britain was often characterized as an awkward e.u. member will it be missed. yes it will be missed of course the european union was always clear that rexx it is a loose new scenario and that britain has been
a valuable member particularly if you look at the foreign policy of diplomacy that is where britain was a strong member state it's an atomic power it's a member of nato it's been a huge country with a huge market 60000000 people market to which the e.u. like to have access so it was a strong memory but now the feeling in brussels is one has to face that reality after 47 years of membership the the that membership has come to an end and the 1st member state has left the union and now one has to deal with it for ching a close relationship as close as possible and barbara faizal the u.k. of course is 4 nations england scotland northern ireland and wales many people say believe that this is the stuff just the stuff of bars johnson's troubles at home do you think they'll be celebrating tonight in edinburgh.
and no they are definitely not celebrating in edinburgh it's quite clear because a recent poll has just showed that there is now a slight majority for a new independence referendum and for leaving the united kingdom so this day where the brics itchiness celebrate my very will be the beginning of something else the beginning of falling apart gradually and slowly but in the end possible falling apart of the still united kingdom because scotland did not have a want for exit 65 percent of scots voted against it and they are really on the wall parcel that is at least the s.n.p. the ruling scottish national party they want to leave they keep the united kingdom and the come part of the european union again right so it is a dangerous political development that is starting at this point and it might it
might yet mean for the british government that they have stormy times ahead in internal politics no don't leave us regard to the european union but within but within britain itself in london thank you matheson in brussels thank you alex 1st of all watching thank you that's it from a special edition all the doping news ukraine has not left the euro to. lose. to news. to news.
to break 6. in 60 minutes on t w. they were systematically robbed by the nazis. and after the war there were no signs of compensation. for collectors of krakatoa else some are. today researchers are searching for the missing works of art the process for the descendants looted art. stores february 10th on t.w. . that changed the world. the cry for freedom and the fight for freedom were always accompanied by many. trains dreams and. recover. hour 2 part
documentary about the revolutionary power of music. part to john how songs become pieces of history. songs like that don't go away but stay with us for all time by. the sound of fresh starts february 7th on w. . the u.k. has left the european union the world's biggest trading bloc just got smaller now person begins the business of striking deals with the rest of the world. one of the main bones of contention in the e.u. and present was freedom of movement we take a look at what breaks it could mean for workers in jobs. british overseas tariff
Uploaded by TV Archive on