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tv   Doc Film  Deutsche Welle  February 20, 2020 2:15am-3:00am CET

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vehicle local media say 2 shooting incidents took place at separate boston in the city the motive for the attacks is unclear you can keep up with that story on our website that's d.w. dot com i'm told me a lot of on the news continues at the top of the hour. to go beyond. that. we're all about the stories that matter to you. and your. whatever it takes. to running. get a little bit how you made for mines. is
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already the most consumed meat in the world and fueled by the global demand for inexpensive meat the industry continues to grow in the united states the waste produced by industrial pig farms is a major problem you know we as we open the doors you know degree with prison. china is the world's biggest producer as chinese consumers become more affluent and demand continues to grow there's just not any end in french here is any mark on the planet if the chinese try to like americans what will happen amazon rain forest. to feed the pigs as cheaply as possible so it is being grown on a massive scale especially in brazil. we make the food that goes on the global population's table. so i
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cultivation is helping to drive the deforestation of the amazon grown as a monoculture saw is impacting the whole world. china's population has now topped 1400000000 rising affluence has led to changes in people's diets in the past rice vegetables and noodles dominated while meat was rare but today pork has become increasingly popular. china consumes more than $15000000.00 tonnes of pork per year that's more than half of the world's production. they're all there since the beginning of the slaughterhouse chain we slaughter
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about $600.00 pics per hour the equipment is imported from a dutch company. why this factory was built in the 1950 s. and 1998 i mean shifted to large scale production. the impact of china's pork boom is being felt around the world chinese companies are snapping up huge industrial pig farms like one in the u.s. state of north carolina. family farmers ration about 2000000 figure about 22000 of them they all got replaced by this factory system and initially she missed field foods in murphy were the owners of that there were american corporations but now they've been bought out by a group called the dubby age group the old shumway corporation china it's a multinational corporation headquartered in china. you know very well saying you
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know they made i understand their profits for the 1st quarter of the year just their net profit 1st quarter this year was $200000000.00 and you look at all it's just bulls when you shake yourself they've got the money to fix this what's what's all new everything up. about what's holding everything up and the fact that they don't want to spend that money to fix a problem they'd rather externalized costs that are way treatment on people north carolina. we're going to do this we'll film rule true soon as we go through one country we don't think up everything we see all the wiring. and then if we spot some illegal discharges i will do some special filming on that. but i. think.
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that's a. little. bit . plain a. massive fungus with huge manila koons extending as far as the eye can see. as a result of these industrial scale farms many local residents feel under siege. we're not anti farmer very excited business in north carolina we're just. about doing it correctly and not polluting. citizens of north carolina's waterways
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concentrating on the farmers' market in. rural communities where the community to have a voice to put up a fight to restrict these facilities are coming in here. and when they come in here they say they preach about having jobs. to help the community but even then good jobs are. what a community bathroom would want for working in a slaughterhouse or working on. a farm and it's not easy work and it's. very rarely see the owners of these facilities living outside. l.c. herring lives near one of these farms called k. fellows concentrated animal feeding operations. display fields right there so many open up the windows on this side this is a bathroom window room next door was my brother being home one day this way isn't
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it is a kitchen window so we don't work on these windows at all when the scientists in this place you know if you fellows are back here. to try to soften my mother's house we're back here straight back but you can't see them from here. but if you see them from the mail that we're doing this piece bring that musician wrong so that means we're selling the stuff when everything is in if you know how place to urinate gadget products the ammonia everything this in. you know in anywhere in local is being released into our atmosphere so we can open our way as we don't open the doors you know we pretty much just a prisoner in our own home and when you do try to go to his friend you have to hold your breath because you took a breath away to make as to what watering you make you still coughing get the finicky monster walk in makes you angry you know you. decrease because you know
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when you finish millions just doesn't seem. to me how salut could believe they do have a rank to build animal we still know believe smithfield foods the largest pulled produce in the u.s. is now owned by a chinese company. during the ninety's we saw 90 percent of all our hog farms disappear in the united states the cash market dwindled from 100 percent of the market to less than 5 percent of the market the majority of animals now are raised under contract and so you saw this traditional profitable industry for raising hogs get wiped out and replace with this new way of raising animals that was industrialized and centrally controlled it was really a corporate takeover and it happened in a very short period of time. most hog production today
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in the united states is produced in this industrial model it's called vertical integration. it's the way it works is that a company will own the nursery where the halls are born it will own the feed mill that produces the feed for the hawgs it owns the trucking lines the transport the hogs and even on to the slaughterhouse where the pigs are killed and turn into a variety of product. this was a business that used to be a pillar of rural america and then it got taken over by smithfield and you know this is a company that had spent decades devouring independent firms in the united states and acquiring the kind of market share that never should have been allowed to fall under the umbrella of one firm it is not a good idea to allow one firm to control 30 percent of the entire market. in the
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pork industry or food industry once that happened though it became a very attractive target for any kind of overseas companies that could afford to buy it just a huge sector of productive capacity in rural america i mean we're talking about thousands of large scale farms and there's a lot of money being made raising pigs in the united states. the chicago mercantile exchange is one of the biggest in the world agricultural commodities are also traded on. down here this is this is now the financial room here we're standing in so over here we have a bond auction trading we have 3 bonds here or a cultural sector has been diminished over here which we still do the options on soybeans we didn't corn we also do livestock china for years and years has been trying to eat like a westerner which we consume about $3400.00 calories per day china is now approaching 2900 calories so they've really caught up with where we are in
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chlorinated today china has the largest hog courtenay in the world accounting for about 47 percent of all pork productions but again when we look at meat consumption or caloric consumption going forward it's going to happen in countries like bangladesh nigeria pakistan india these are the going to be the big drivers of calories over the next 10 to 20 years heretofore they don't have the g.d.p. rates to expand their meat consumption much like china didn't become a big meat consumer until the 20012002 period when its g.d.p. levels started to rally dramatically. china's hunger for pulque is driving chinese companies to scour the world in search of new production facilities and expertise 'd. i think having us care quark market is very important and that's kind of the reason why only now it's. why they left higher smithfield's. america's largest pork producer one i think they wanted access to
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supply but too from what i've heard from smithfield executives is that they wanted to learn how the american pork operations worked how we were able to produce so much pork on so very little land and that means that this american industrialized style of producing pork is being exported to china. when it comes to industrial meat production china has caught up with the west. it's mechanized and operates on a mass scale. here $2.00 in 1961 this was a small slaughter house for chickens and other animals beginning in 1902 the
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government encouraged facilities like this to become more efficient. they allowed us to grow in acquire new machinery order to adopt a more industrial approach from 2003 to 2006 we experienced in here new a growth rate of around 30 percent so. when you are eating so many animals in such a small space animals help those compromised antibiotics become used routinely. both for illness prevention and to increase weight gain in animals. in general if you have a few pigs on a farm. their waste is an asset it's something you can spread on your fields it's a fantastic fertilizer you have a complete nutrient cycle. but when you have 10000 or 20000 hogs
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in that small facility their waste is a huge liability. $160.00 there was less than $10000000000.00 animals killed per your food today there's over $70000000000.00 and. the trajectory of meat or fixation continues there will be 120000000000 killed for food by 2050. industrialized our corporations effectively command about a 3rd of the world's arable. includes the majority of the world's course grain production the biggest course grain maize and huge source of oil seeds principally soybean in the world you know and so there are these huge flows of grain and oil monocultures through what i call islands of concentrated. solely cultivation is having a massive impact on industrial farming. china's hunger for meat is causing more and
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more slowly to be planted for use as animal feed. china as a country consumes twice as much meat as the united states but each person is only consuming half as much as americans so more the chinese able to fully emulate the american diet it's hard to say where that meat would come from already china is increasing its imports of pork it's increasing its imports of soybeans that are fed to livestock whether it's the pork the chicken before that or the farm fish their corporate a lot more soybean in their diet so the chinese government well aware of the. the dangers of famine having lived through that chinese famine where official record so some 36000000 people died they wanted to make sure that they could secure their
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food supply at home if the chinese chaya to eat like americans what will happen to the amazon rain forest. where oh where will we find the land to grow that much for it to grow that much plain there's just not any empty french cheers anyone on the planet. the situation in brazil is a case in point in 2019 deforestation saward. president. who took office early that year is keen to promote the country's agricultural industry and saw is a linchpin so i monocultures have come to dominate places like sun tottenham in the brazilian state of pa but he lives next to us so i plantation i have passed right there behind our homes this is soybean plantation. last summer.
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i think what your head. i know that this is all plantation. was surrounded by soybean it's all around us. oh right in the middle of all this land used to be a family farm and yet now it's been turned into a sort of monoculture and because it's only grown for export none of it reminds in brazil or. a truck full of sawing has tipped over on a road in the state of missouri grosso workers are gathering up the valuable soybeans by hand. this used to be rain forest now it's only fields stretching right out to the
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horizon. a local farmer shows us around. our kids in the above water. before we started cultivating this was all forest it was cheap land. the only thing here was forest and trees. it looked the way it does on the other side of the road. we used to clear the land simply as a way to survive. this region's economy is almost entirely based on soils economy and i hear you say this is our vocation. it's all we know how to do. and you the mantras we grow the food that ends up on the global population's table. so. for them soybean is an imported crop that we have adapted to conditions here.
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we realized that it grows very well here and that we have the right conditions for it. sort of since the movie a bank you know with the help of gene technology we slowly improve the soybeans. but today we have varieties specifically developed for our region. in this also you know. we pay a visit to an agricultural trade fair and look us the real betty in the state of muscle growth so. soybeans have made a number of farmers rich here including a tough ya know piece better. than a pick in that you can. i had a small farm in rio grande. i had 15 hector's.
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i drove here with a small truck to help my uncle who was moving here. i was young and very enthusiastic. and i thought i could make a good future for myself here. i was lucky and many different things came together i was in the right place in the right time for you exactly when the world began asking for more protein and food i had a dream an unusual dream almost a fantasy. fortunately reality has proved even better than my dreams. it's even pretty and my company has 270000 hectares under cultivation. i. have publicly listed the company and sold 70 percent of its stock and now i am a shareholder and advisor.
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in brazil and in the entire southern hemisphere saw is to spearhead of a new model of capital production called agribusiness soyuz a standardized green which has become a commodity it's the same all over the world it's easy to grow and i very large scale. here in brazil some of our soil farms cover 240000 hectares. yallop think miraca you know the global market is controlled by only 5 companies bonga monsanto a.d.m. cargo and dreyfus. they speculate with the prices speculate with stocks and manipulate the market. they've managed to transform soy into the main ingredient an animal feed. pig feed cal feed them chicken feed that means that saw is now a very important raw material in human nutrition. the world has become one
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giant pigsty corporations use soyuz of or the only food we have in the world. we have the same seeds the same microclimate both the same trading companies the same price setting mechanisms the same players it's a very homogeneous production system even though it's very diverse and it's some sort of rationing to radically different ecosystems and social settings it's a production system that generates its own homogeny in order to be able to. attend this global market. and here in this region that produces mainly come from other countries. but some of
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them come from. local people who have also started planting it. yeah maybe they've realized that it's good business. but most of the people who plant so i come from abroad. they also use a lot of machinery and those machines take our jobs. hardly any people work in those fields no. business i'm a work for local people like you she changed. the plantations hire a few to drive tractors. here but apart from that they do all the work themselves just like you and your family you should be sure. coming up so that you can see that. this building houses the sometimes rain farm
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workers union. local people are benefiting from very little from the soybean boom. smallholder farmers can't compete with the industrial farming operations which can produce more efficiently. what have you got there soybeans no there's no soil here. you know you for years simple the. other car products aren't worth anything. only the big farms can make money. on the small ones can you can think. you can try to plant corn for me but that is where you're going to sell it if you know. any and there's no profit to be had in. the markets only for big growers
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if you want to plant soil you need big machine tractors we can't afford that kind of equipment. soit is not made for small holders it's that simple. that. you just rather you want them to have a lot of different ways to fight the past and then all those pests end up in our fields so when we plant beans now we end up with nothing. they use pesticides and the insects and up in our fields. we can't do anything about it. but we used to plant beans and would fill 2 entire sacks of them it's true. now we've stopped planting. the pests from the land that belongs to the rich people come here and destroy our seeds. get it. done in the united
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states in china can't they just destroy their own forests to plant soybeans. why do they have to come to brazil and exploit our resources. like africa has plenty of forest why don't they go there maybe they don't work hard enough or they have more nerve but. the so i boom has in fact reached africa mozambique is nearly 10000 kilometers from brazil but brazilian companies are moving in trying to secure vast tracts of land for soybean farming. the agribusiness project is being promoted by the pros of on a program. like the brazilian farmers are going to africa because most beaks government is leasing land at a very cheap price to create new plantations. mozambique is giving brazilian farmers
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a $6000000.00 hector area 3 times bigger than $38.00 and almost for free it's going to be a lease that will allow for the cultivation of soy cotton and corn mainly for the chinese market. but. we're company human rights activist jeremy s. when john you're on a visit to the not cholera region a lot of land here is slated to go to the brazilians. are you doing good and you. i don't find my friend thank you. advice that's. very good something time. you just ran. yes it rained a lot we might have a good harvest this year and the next one. but i think you need to meet the thought ok. oh.
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we don't have enough land here and. we already have conflicts among ourselves. if investors the conflict will become worse if. the land belongs to the people of mozambique. we're not against development. but we believe that the community should be consulted and despite what our government says we don't eat soy beans we eat our local crops and. we gave the government some advice before implementing the project they need to involve local farmers. and what happened instead is that meetings were not public and not at the district or at the national level. we've been threatened and intimidated. many farmers are facing criminal charges but i mean. what i'm.
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saying so you believe the process of anna is not helping farmers and we. know it is not good for us and we've got a company. is a joint program involving mozambique japan and brazil its official goal is to promote development in the region one. point and civic organizations investigated the situation and we realised that it was an umbrella project designed to pave the way for big investors and agribusiness giants and. anyone who was interested in taking control of water land and natural resources and they call it a corridor of mozambique. local farmers were displaced.
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yesterday and 5000000 people in the region have been affected most of it done. you've even then this others you don't consider going to see when you're going to. this is this your land i mean is this the land you want to occupy because this is just a declaration you do not have a certificate for land use this is only a statement about where you live. yet specifies where your community lives and operates but the certificate does not give you rights to use the land that's why you have to be careful someone else could have laid claim to a land use certificate and the community needs to fight to get the proper documentation up and i think if we don't deal with a situation it might soon be too late that that's about. 2016 opponents of the president a program organized a major protest they succeeded in convincing the government to suspend it.
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granting one thing for a long time mozambique's government implemented its policies without any outside input. now they finally been challenged by an opposition movement. by a farm workers who said that this is not the way to promote agricultural development you know if. they show that it is possible to resist to protest and to say no. no with theirs. you are the ones who are sustaining this country. 90 percent of the food that we eat in mozambique is produced by small farmers not by big companies or by projects from brazil or who knows where. we have to be very careful with these big projects they come here and promise all kinds of things but
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when these projects end what do they do they leave they move somewhere else to pursue other goals whatever the market demands. despite some small successes in places like mozambique around the world meat consumption continues to soar and with it the saw industry. in brazil new plantations are concentrated in the amazon region. president both scenarios policies are posing an additional threat to this fragile ecosystem. that was well this is a map of the amazon regions where the side of everything in red is land that's been deforested it makes up 19 percent of the rain forest. this area which begins and radon you know is known as the arctic deforestation. 62 percent of this area is soybean monoculture. another 6 percent are mixed crops but even that
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includes a lot of soybean. wood and well as from each so i was. taking rain forests and plowing that into so i mean monoculture turns up an awful lot of carbon that is stored in the soil stored and in the forests so that that those vast monocultures and met a lot of greenhouse gases just in turning it over the 1st time but then every time they're plowing you have the emissions from. a cultural machinery itself and then you have the emissions of crushing the so it means processing it and shipping them back to china it's an enormously energy intensive. process. in the context of climate change how do we reduce our drug culture was footprint in landscapes and how it's carbon sequestration clearance of tropical rain forests for
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either past year or large scale monocultures has an enormous climate implication in terms of release of carbon from those in co systems and in the case of industrial monoculture is to make them to make those nutrient poor soils productive for farming requires very considerable fertiliser like you know brazil what's happening here and be. zille is a crime an agricultural crime to plant soil in this tropical humid region you have to bring fertilizer here from china. night or german phosphate from who knows where . they end up produce it was think that as the oduya of us the soil here does not have enough of those elements. think that was in force flapdoodle say on this is a mistake it's throwing nature out of balance. and it's destroying biodiversity in this area. right here in the southern amazon in model grow so you can drive
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200 kilometers without seeing any other crop plants all you see is soil and there are no people either because so it displaces people of to. you know then my eyes empty. will the rich biodiversity of the region be replaced by so i monoculture. we're importing $20000000.00 tonnes of additives each year nitrogen fertilizers pesticides. brazil has become the world's largest consumer of pesticide in brazil consumes 20 percent of the world's pressed aside production it's absurd we consume an average of 5 liters of pesticide per person in rural areas it's an average of 15 liters per hectare. there's no university department of agriculture
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anywhere in the world that says you need 15 leaders of pesticides to grow one hectare of soybeans. out of the sergeant. easy lead to live in and. today so i plantations in brazil already cover an area the size of germany. yields are high in part thanks to heavy use of pesticides. therefore these are the beans we've just harvested are the soft. do you eat them. they eat you know no i prefer not to know what we sprayed them with the various products. we have to wait a while before eating them. it's very bitter do you want to try one
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of the. animal feed destined for china's pork chicken and beef industry the trade war with the u.s. has also encouraged china to buy it saw it from brazil. it makes no sense to take these soybeans for a model grocer or put them on a truck and drive 3000 kilometers to a port and travel another 20000 kilometers on board a ship to reach another port in china and then travel another 2000 kilometers by train until they reach a factory farm where the soyuz used to feed chickens. saw is rich in protein and cheap the ideal animal feed for industrial livestock farming around the world. as a result of globalization brazil is destroying its rain forest to grow soybeans.
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this saw ends up on the other side of the world in chinese pig farms and european ones. in. china has announced plans to consummate consumption in huff by 2030. not long ago a swine fever outbreak killed vast numbers of pigs in china. but in the long production is likely to rise again. china's rising middle class is unlikely to lose its taste for meat. i think a lot they have a microchip in their ears called an ear tag yet. dollar i mean you know we monitor them are constantly using a computer or an i pad. industrial
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farming is growing ever more efficient things to soybean feed and the use of high tech. industrialised meat production leads to rock bottom prices. narrative the world must double its food production by 2050 as we move from 7000000000 people today to 9 to 10000000000 people central to that is rising livestock production and consumption that is this inevitable force in world agriculture and that is something that i think needs to be fundamentally be stabilized. it's not inevitable that human beings will continue consuming more and more animal flesh per person we don't need to be doubling food production we need to be producing food in very different ways and thinking about as a very fundamental part of reconfiguring agricultural setting there and there
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were. some people are hoping to reverse this trend back in the u.s. we meet jute back an organic farmer in iowa he puts a premium on quality over quantity. for me it's obvious that we need to eat less meat and people criticize me because this is iowa and we have a lot of meat production here though so you would you can say that you can say that he loves me but i don't why why why he was being hurt by this and if it's healthy to eat less meat then wouldn't the farmers and i would be better to produce a special kind of high quality meat than to have less animals but get paid more and i think that everybody. would be better off financially had better off health and
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health wise at the end of the day but. people are afraid because a large integrated companies would lose money so. you can save things. in north carolina some pick farmers are also trying to make the switch to organic but they can't match the rock bottom prices of the major produces price is the top criterion for most consumers says organic farm account and not trop we want to run into the grocery store you know the super wal-mart and we want to grab something we look down the aisle and it's you know certified organic you know and that's maybe 50 to 60 percent more than something that was grown over here. i don't want that i can afford it but you know what you still get the almighty dollar stuck in your pocket because you just saved yourself 50 percent because you bought something that who knows what they were doing to it or who knows how they were growing. saw
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a monoculture and industrialized livestock farming how long can this system of cheap meat production be sustained. let me say it this way. as our population begins to grow and grow and. one day there will be no me. i have a grain like they did many years ago when it is absent which mate. is going to is already you can pay more people with solar beings coordinating you can would make if you want the faintest of discovering moral code out but you know all these cows and stuff and people want they can get the feeling of barely. the somebody wants to make money but they come about we will feed the world if you want to feed the world you can be more were we grinding
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a chair would make. mega-cities these concrete jungles are often roasting up to see. their economic powerhouses get leave people with unlimited. power of the world's population already lives in urban centers leaving planners with a huge challenge how can these monstrous cities be taking me in germany. in 30 minutes on d w. i'm sorry kelly and this is my premier on conflicts of this week conflict zone
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is at the munich security conference in germany a country which has just been funded into a leadership crisis and confronted with the specter of its nazi past my guess is a c.d.u. parliamentarian concerns on the foreign affairs committee plotter accuse of at a bulk of the situation is not in your control is it how could you get to this point to the conflict zone. for them if 90 minutes on d w. 5 have fun in pyongyang. the capital city of north korea is reinventing itself. but only a few can enjoy the benefits for those of the original lovers. kim jong un has introduced an insidious reward system to coerce allegiance to the regime.
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those who don't make it into the fun metropolis are often poor and hungry. have fun in pyongyang starts february 28th on w. this is d w news and these are top stories. 8 people have been shot dead in 2 attacks in the german city of hama near frankfurt 5 others will one did the shootings took place at 2 boston different parts of the city police say shots were heard at 10 pm local time they've sealed off 2 streets in the area at a searching for the.


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