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tv   Doc Film  Deutsche Welle  February 21, 2020 10:15am-11:00am CET

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$41.00 victory bar leverkusen the feat in port au $2.00 to $1.00 and it was also $2.00 to $1.00 as well as further beat. that's all for today from a brian thomas i wish you a very happy weekend and for the rest of the team thanks for being here as well. go beyond. all of the stories that matter to. whatever it takes. to running. to get a good look at how w. made for mines.
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is already the most consumed meat in the world and fueled by the global demand for inexpensive meat the industry continues to grow in the united states the waste produced by industrial pick farms is a major problem so we can deal with how we as we want to open the doors in all the previous president all who china is the world's biggest producer as chinese consumers become more affluent and demand continues to grow there's just not any end to french here's a mark on the planet if the chinese try to like americans what will happen amazon rain forest. to feed the pigs as cheaply as possible is being grown on a massive scale especially in brazil. we make the food that goes on the global population's table. so it
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conservation is helping to drive the deforestation of the amazon grown as a monoculture saw is impacting the whole world. china's population has now topped 1400000000 rising affluence has led to changes in people's diets in the past rice of vegetables and noodles dominated while meat was rat but today pork has become increasingly popular. china consumes more than $15000000.00 tonnes of pork per year that's more than half of the world's production. they're all this is the beginning of the slaughterhouse chain we saw her about
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$600.00 pix per hour the equipment is imported from a dutch company. what this factory was built in the 1950 s. and 1998 i mean shifted to a large scale production and. ringback the impact of china's pork boom is being felt around the world chinese companies are snapping up huge industrial pig farms like one in the u.s. state of north carolina. were owned by a traditional family farmers ranging about 2000000 page there were 22000 of them they all got replaced by this factory system and initially schmidt field foods in murphy were the owners of that there were american corporations but now they've been bought out by a group called adobe age group the old shumway corporation out of china it's a multinational corporation headquartered in china you know very well so you know
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they made i understand their profits for the 1st quarter of this year just their net profit 1st. quarter this year was $200000000.00 and you look at all are cesspools when you say to yourself they've got the money to fix this what's what's all new everything up. hold everything up to the fact that they don't want to spend that money to fix the problem they'd rather externalized the cost of the way treatment on people north carolina. we're going to do this will fill my rule true soon as we go through one country we don't think up everything we see all on the wire. and then if we spot some illegal discharges that will do some special foaming at.
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the. moment. and. massive fungus with huge mineola goons extending as far as the eye can see. as a result of these industrial scale farms many local residents feel under siege. not anti farm or her entire business in north carolina we're just. about doing it correctly and not polluting the citizens of north carolina's waterways
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concentrating on the farms are going. girl. communities where the community does not have a voice to put up a fight to restrict these facilities for coming in here. and when they come in here they preach about having jobs. to help the community but even their jobs are. what a community better would want their work in a slaughterhouse or. farming is not easy work and it's. very rarely see the owners of these facilities living outside. l.c. herring lives near one of these farms called k. follows concentrated animal feeding operations. display feels right here so many don't open up the windows only sat this is a bathroom window room next door was my brother's being home and it went in this
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way is the kitchen window so we don't know who these measures are on the side of things in this place you know if you fellows are back here. to look to the south of my mother's house we're back here straight back but you can see them from here. if you see them from the mail route where when it's prescreening and music to all so that means real inhaling the stuff when everything is in life you know how waste to your own gadget products the ammonia everything that's in. it you know in in when look cool is being released into our atmosphere so we took a look at how we as we don't open the doors you know we pretty much just a prisoner and i won't hold it when you do try to go to his friend you have to ask because bill took a breath away to make out a storm watering you maccie still coughing get the finicky monsoreau up in makeshift angry you know you get a crisp because no one is listening in this just doesn't seem to me how someone
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could believe they have a right to the animal waste on one of his. smithfield foods but not just pulled produce in the u.s. is now owned by a chinese company. during the ninety's we saw 90 percent of all our hog farms disappear in the united states the cash market dwindled from 100 percent of the market to less than 5 percent of the market the majority of the animals now are raised under contracts and so you saw this traditional profitable industry for raising hogs get wiped out and replace with this new way of raising animals that was industrialized and centrally controlled it was really a corporate takeover and it happened in a very short period of time. most hog production today
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in the united states is produced in this industrial model it's called vertical integration. it's the way it works is that a company will own the nursery where the hollands are born it will own the feed mill that produces the feed for the hawgs it owns the trucking lines the transport the hogs and even on to the slaughterhouse where the pigs are killed and turned into a variety of product. this was a business that used to be a pillar of rural america and then it got taken over by smithfield and you know this is a company that had spent decades devouring independent firms in the united states and acquiring the kind of market share that never should have been allowed to fall under the umbrella of one firm it is not a good idea to allow one firm to control 30 percent of the entire market in the pork industry or food industry once that happen though it became
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a very attractive target for any kind of overseas company that could afford to buy it. just a huge sector of productive capacity in rural america i mean we're talking about thousands of large scale farms and there's a lot of money being made raising pigs in the united states and. the chicago mercantile exchange is one of the biggest in the world agricultural commodities are also traded here. down here this is this is now the financial room here we're standing in so over here we have a bond option trading we have the bonds here or a cultural factors been diminished over here which we still be options on soybeans we didn't corn we also do livestock china for years and years has been trying to eat like a westerner which we consume about $3400.00 calories per day china is now approaching 2900 calories so they've really caught up with where we are in couric into china
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has the largest hog heard in a in the world accounting for about 47 percent of all pork productions but again when we look at me consumption or caloric consumption going forward it's got to happen in countries like bangladesh nigeria pakistan india these are the going to be the big drivers of calories over the next 10 to 20 years heretofore they don't have the g.d.p. rates to expand their meat consumption marsch why china didn't become a big meat consumer until the 20012002 period when its g.d.p. levels started to really dramatically. china's hunger for pulque is driving chinese companies to scour the world in search of new production facilities and expertise 'd. i think having us care park market is very important and that's another reason why. now. why they acquire smithfield's. america's largest part producer one i think they wanted access to supply but. from
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what i've heard from. smithfield's executives but they wanted to learn how the american pork operations worked how we were able to produce so much pork on so very little land and that means that this american industrialized style of producing pork is being exported to china. when it comes to industrial meat production china has caught up with the west. it's mechanized and operates on a mass scale. here $2.00 in 1961 this was a small slaughter house for chickens and other animals beginning in 1902 the
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government encouraged facilities like this to become more efficient. they allowed us to grow and acquire new machinery in order to adopt a more industrial approach from 2003 to 2006 we experienced unhandled growth rate of around 30 percent so that really to me is i. when you are beating so many animals in such a small space animals help those compromised antibiotics become used routinely. both for illness prevention and to increase weight gain in animals. in general if you have a few pigs on a farm. their waste is an asset it's something you can spread on your fields it's a fantastic fertilizer you have a complete new translight go. but when you have 10000 or 20000 hogs
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and a small facility their waste is a huge liability. $960.00 there was less than $10000000000.00 animals killed per year. today there's over 70000000000 and if the trajectory of modification continues there will be 120000000000 killed for food by 2050. industrialized our corporations effectively command about a 3rd of the world's arable. includes the majority of the world's course grain production the biggest course grain maize and huge source of oil so it's principally sort of thing in the world you know and so there are these huge flows of grain and oil monocultures really what i call islands of concentrated. solely cultivation is having a massive impact on industrial farming. china's hunger for meat is causing more and
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more slowly to be planted for use as animal feed. china as a country consumes twice as much meat as the united states but each person is only consuming half as much as americans so more the chinese able to fully emulate the american diet it's hard to say where that meat would come from already china is increasing its imports of pork it's increasing its imports of soybeans that are fed to livestock whether it's the pork the chicken before that or the farm fish they're incorporating a lot more soybean in their diet so the chinese government well aware of the. the dangers of famine having lived through that chinese famine where official records so some 36000000 people died they wanted to make sure that they could secure their
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food supply at home if the chinese tried to eat like americans what will happen to the amazon rain forest. where oh where will we find the land to grow that much for it to grow that much grain there is just not any empty frontiers anymore on the planet. the situation in brazil is a case in point in 21000 deforestation sawed. president. who took office early that year is keen to promote the country's agricultural industry and saw is a linchpin saw in monocultures have come to dominate places like some tar them in the brazilian state of pa but ria ruda lives next door so i plantation i guess right there behind our homes this is soybean plantation. last summer. she. should head.
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so that this is all plantation but we're surrounded by soybean it's all around us and. what we're right in the middle of all this land used to be a family farm. now it's been turned into a soil monoculture and because it's all grown for export none of it remains in brazil. a truck full of sawing has tipped over on a road in the state of missouri grosso workers a gathering up the valuable soybeans by hand. this used to be rain forest now it's only fields stretching right out to the
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horizon. a local farmer shows us around. our kiran to the. before we started cultivating this was all forest it was cheap land. the only thing here was forest and trees. it looked the way it does on the other side of the road. of your thoughts something we used to clear the land simply as a way to survive. this region's economy is almost entirely based on saw its economy and i hear you say this is our vocation source it's all we know how to do. and you need a man for we grow the food that ends up on the global population's table. and those are the folks over with all of them probably soybean is an imported crop that we
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have adapted to conditions here. with us and we realized that it grows very well here and that we have the right conditions for it . sort of sitting over here bank units with the help of gene technology we slowly improve the soybeans for you. today we have varieties specifically developed for our region. but also here. we pay a visit to an agricultural trade for the real betty in the state of much of. soybeans have made a number of farmers rich here including yano piece that. i had a small farm in rio grande. i had 15 hector's. drove
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here with a small truck to help my uncle who was moving here. i was young and very enthusiastic . and i thought i could make a good future for myself here. i was lucky and many different things came together i was in the right place in the right time exactly when the world began asking for more protein and food i had a dream an unusual dream almost a fantasy. fortunately reality has proved even better than my dreams. my company has 270000 hectares under cultivation. i've publicly listed the company and sold 70 percent of its stock and now i'm a shareholder and advisor. am going to seal it building he said. in brazil and in the
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entire southern hemisphere solly is to spearhead of a new model of capital production called agribusiness soyuz a standardized green which has become a commodity it's the same all over the world it's easy to grow i want to very large scale. here in brazil some of our soil farms cover 240000 hectares. yallop think miraca the global market is controlled by only 5 companies bunga monsanto a.d.m. cargill and dreyfus. they speculate with the prices speculate with stocks and manipulate the market. they've managed to transform soy into the main ingredient in animal feed. pig feed cow feed and chicken feed that means that saw is now a very important raw material in human nutrition. the world has become one
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giant pigsty corporations use soya as if it were the only food we have in the world . do. we have the same seeds the same micro chemicals the same trading companies the same price setting mechanisms the same players it's a very homogeneous production system even though it's very diverse in its integration into radically different systems and social settings it's a production system that generates its own homogeny in order. to be able. to tend this global market. in this region that produces mainly come from other countries. but some of them
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come from much more grosso and pattern our. local people have also started planting us. yeah maybe they've realized that it's good business. but most of the people who plant so i come from abroad. they also use a lot of machinery and those machines take our jobs that were at my command like she did our hardly any people work in those fields in. business so more work for local people and why is she not for the plantations hire a few to drive tractors jack up are not back. yet but apart from that they do all the work themselves by you and your families which was coming up the next 5 that. the for this building houses the sometime rain farm workers union.
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local people are benefiting very little from the soybean boom. smallholder farmers can't compete with the industrial farming operations which can produce more efficiently. what have you got there soybeans. no there's no so here. you know you some of them. are products aren't worth anything. only the big farms can make money. on the small ones can you not think. of us if you can try to plant corn down where are you going to sell it you know in the end there's no profit to be had in. the markets only for big growers if you
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want to plant soil you need big machine tractors we can't afford that kind of equipment but i. saw has not made for small holders it's that simple. you know just brothers not that we have a lot of different ways to fight the past and then all those past send up in our fields so when we plant beans now we end up with nothing. they use pesticides and the insects and up in our fields. we can't do anything about it. but. we used to plant beans and would fill 2 entire sacks of them it's true. now we've stopped planting. the pests from the land that belongs to the rich people come here and destroy our seeds. get it right. in the united
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states in china can't they just destroy their own forests to plant soybeans. why do they have to come to brazil and exploit our resources offered africa like africa has plenty of forest why don't they go there maybe they don't work hard enough or they have more nurse. who has in fact reached africa mozambique is nearly 10000 kilometers from brazil but brazilian companies are moving in trying to secure vast tracts of land for soybean farming. the agribusiness project is being promoted by the pro savannah program. the brazilian farmers are going to africa because most beaks government is leasing land at a very cheap price to create new plantations. mozambique is giving brazilian farmers
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a $6000000.00 hector area that is 3 times bigger than $38.00 and almost for free it's going to be a lease that will allow for the cultivation of soy cotton and corn mainly for the chinese market. but. your company human rights activists jet in the us one join you on a visit to the not carla region a lot of land here is slated to go to the brazilians. are you doing good and you. fine my friend thank you and. advice. very good sewing time. just rain. yes it rains a lot we might have a good harvest this year and the next one. ok.
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we don't have enough land here. we already have conflicts among ourselves. if investors calm the conflict will become worse if. the land belongs to the people of mozambique. we're not against development. but we believe that the community should be consulted despite what our government says we don't eat soybeans we eat our local crops and. we gave the government some advice before implementing the project they need to involve local farmers. and what happened instead is that meetings were not public and not at the district or at the national level. we've been threatened and intimidated. many farmers are facing criminal charges.
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so you believe the promise of an eye is not helping farmers. no pro savannah is not good for us. is a joint program involving mozambique japan and brazil it's official goal is to promote development in the region one. point in civic organizations investigated the situation and we realized that. it was an umbrella project on an on by design to pave the way for big investors and agribusiness giants and. anyone who was interested in taking control of water land and natural resources in the corridor of mozambique. and the. local farmers were displaced. from
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sunday yesterday and 5000000 people in the region have been affected if it was filled up with some would give even this out as you don't consider going to see you know in. this sense is this your land because of this land you want to occupy because this is just a declaration you do not have a certificate for land use this is only a statement about where you live. it specifies where your community lives in operations but the certificate is not give you rights to use the land that's why you have to be careful someone else could have laid claim to a land use certificate and the community needs to fight to get the proper documentation up and i think if we don't deal with the situation it might soon be too late that. in 2016 opponents of the president a program organized a major protest they succeeded in convincing the government to suspend it.
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and grant them want to think for a long time mozambique's government implemented it's a policy has without any outside input. now they finally been challenge by an opposition movement. by a farm workers who said that this is not the way to promote agricultural development. they showed that it is possible to resist to protest and to say no. you are the ones who are sustaining this country. 90 percent of the food that we eat of mozambique is produced by small farmers not by big companies or by projects from brazil or who knows where. we have to be very careful with these big projects they come here and promise all kinds of things but when these projects end what do
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they do they leave they move somewhere else to pursue other goals whatever the market demands. despite some small successes in places like mozambique around the world meat consumption continues to soar and with it the song industry. in brazil new plantations are concentrated in the amazon region. president both sinatras policies are posing an additional threat to this fragile ecosystem. and this is a map of the amazon region where the thought of everything in red is land that's been deforested it makes up 19 percent of the rainforest. this area which begins in red on you is known as the ark of deforestation. 62 percent of this area is soybean monoculture. another 6 percent are mixed crops but even that
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includes a lot of soybean. was. taking rain far and. and plowing into the monoculture turns up an awful lot of carbon that has been stored in the soil stored in in the forests so that that those vast monocultures and met a lot of greenhouse gases just in turning it over the 1st time but then every time you're plowing you have the emissions from. a cultural machinery itself and then you have the emissions of crushing the soybeans processing it and shipping them back to china it's an enormously energy intensive. process. in the context of climate change how do we reduce our cultural footprint in landscapes and then have carbon sequestration clearance of tropical rain forests
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for their past year or large scale monocultures has enormous climate implication in terms of release of carbon from those ecosystems and in the case of industrial monocultures to make them to make those nutrient poor soils productive for farming requires very considerable fertiliser like you know brazil so what's happening here in brazil is a crime an agricultural crime to plant soil in this tropical humid region you have to bring fertilizer here from china. niger german phosphate from who knows where. not you but i you know produce it was think that was the only way of us the soil here does not have enough of those elements it was think that as you 1st walk to didn't say oh this is a mistake it's throwing nature out of balance. and it's destroying biodiversity in this area. goes here in the southern amazon and model grow so you can drive
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200 kilometers without seeing any other crop plants all you see is soil and there are no people either because so it displays. these people have to. you know this is my sample. will the rich biodiversity of the region be replaced by so a monoculture. we're importing $20000000.00 tons of additives each year nitrogen fertilizers and pesticides. brazil has become the world's largest consumer of pesticide in brazil consumes 20 percent of the world's press to side production. it's absurd we consume an average of 5 liters of pesticide per person in a rural area since an average of 15 liters per hectare. there's no university
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department of agriculture anywhere in the world that says you need 15 leaders of pesticides to grow one hectare of soybeans. easy leave them live in and. today so i plantations in brazil already cover an area the size of germany. eels are high in pond thanks to heavy use of pesticides. these are the beans we've just harvested. do you eat them. they eat you no no i prefer not to we spray them with the various products that we have to wait a while before eating them. it's very bitter we are do you want to try one
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of the. animal feed destined for china's pork chicken and beef industry the trade war with the us has also encouraged china to buy it saw it from brazil. it makes no sense to take these soybeans for a model grocer or put them on a truck and drive 3000 kilometers to a port and travel another 20000 kilometers on board a ship to reach another port in china and then travel another 2000 kilometers by train until they reach a factory farm where the soyuz used to feed chickens. saw is rich in protein and cheap the ideal animal feed for industrial livestock farming around the world. 2 as a result of globalization brazil is destroying its rain forest to grow soybeans.
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this song ends up on the other side of the world in chinese pig farms and european ones. in. china has announced plans to consummate consumption in huff by 2030. not long ago a swine fever outbreak killed vast numbers of pigs in china. but in the long term production is likely to rise again. china's rising middle class is unlikely to lose its taste for meat. i think a lot they have a microchip in their ears called an ear tag yet. i want to i mean you know we monitor that are constantly using a computer or an i pad. industrial
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farming is growing ever more efficient things to soybean feed and the use of high tech. industrialised meat production leads to rock bottom prices. narrative the world must double its food production by 2050 as we move from 7000000000 people today to 9 to 10000000000 people central to that is rising livestock production and consumption as this inevitable force in world agriculture and that is something that i think needs to be fundamentally be stabilized. it's not inevitable that human beings will continue consuming more and more animal flesh per person we don't need to be doubling food production we need to be producing food in very different ways and thinking about diet as a very fundamental part of reconfiguring agricultural setting and. there
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were. some people are hoping to reverse this trend back in the u.s. we meet jute back an organic farmer in iowa he puts a premium on quality over quantity. for me it's obvious that we need to eat less meat and people criticize me because this is iowa and we have a lot of meat production here though so. you can say that you can say to me less meat but i do why why why who is being hurt by this that if it's healthy to eat less meat then wouldn't the farmers and i would be better to produce a special kind of high quality meat than to have less animals but get paid more and i think that everybody. would be better off financially better off health
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healthwise at the end of the day but. people are afraid because a large integrated companies were running so. things public. in north carolina some pick farmers are also trying to make the switch to organic but they can't match the rock bottom prices of the major produces price is the top criterion for most consumers says organic farmer calvin not trouble we want to run into the grocery store you know the super wal-mart and we want to grab something we look down the. you know certified organic. you know and that's maybe 50 to 60 percent more. something that was grown over here i don't want that i can't afford it but you know what you still got the almighty dollar stuck in your pocket because you just saved yourself 50 percent because you bought something that who knows what they were doing to it or who knows how they were growing.
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monoculture and industrialized livestock farming how long can this system of cheap meat production be sustained. let me say it this way. as our population begins to grow and grow and. one day there will be no make human beings i have a grain like they did back many years ago when they did have some which make high profile is going to it's already you can they more people would so we beings cold morning you came with me if you want to faintest i discovered more will try it out . and feed the people they can get the feeling their bellies. somebody wants to make money when they talk about we will repeat the word if you want to feed the world you can be both burrowed we graining your chain with me.
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when the sun goes down over egypt's nile delta. millions and millions of flowers unfold and release their beguiling scent. jasmine is one of the world's cost players essential oil so. its economic importance for people in the region is enormous. jasmine queen of sounds.
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cutting through the noise. door i come from people are known for being tough but fair yorkshire a lot of people tell it like it it. they call it the concrete jungle the melting pot the city that never sleeps it's this energy that makes it feel like home but i mean the hustle it's important to listen and pay attention because it's not just the loudest voices who can speak for we all have a story that's how i see it is my job as a journalist to go beyond the obvious now i'm basing europe and my work takes me around the world to my instincts from a mistake to tell the important stories behind the headlines what is the heart of the story why does it matter who the libyan capital costs the focus what you want to see. to cut through the noise to get to the truth. my name is sarah kelly and i but it's exactly.
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the book place. this is do we use live from berlin the priests and outraged vigils are held across germany so mourn the 10 people killed by a suspected far right terrorist but there's also anger and questions asked about what more the government should do to combat extremism also coming up even as the community near frankford devastated by.


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