tv Doc Film Deutsche Welle February 22, 2020 8:15pm-9:00pm CET
recall churches dominating the world market driving small farmers out of business and i'll be back with more news at the top of the hour in the meantime all the latest headlines available on our website that's d.w. dot com or you can follow us on twitter at. thanks for. staying in for. language courses. video audio. anytime anywhere. w. .
is already the most consumed meat in the world and fueled by the global demand for inexpensive meat the industry continues to grow in the united states the waste produced by industrial pick is a major problem for you with how we. produce. china is the world's biggest producer as chinese consumers become more affluent and demand continues to grow there's just not any end in french here's a mark on the planet if the chinese try to like americans what will happen amazon rain forest. to feed the pigs as cheaply as possible so it is being grown on a massive scale especially in brazil. we make the food that goes on the global population's table. on the yacht. so i
cultivation is helping to drive the deforestation of the amazon grown as a monoculture saw is impacting the whole world. china's population has now topped 1400000000 rising affluence has led to changes in people's diets in the past rice of vegetables and noodles dominated while meat was rare but today pork has become increasingly popular. china consumes more than $15000000.00 tonnes of pork per year that's more than half of the world's production. they're on there since the beginning of the slaughterhouse chain we saw her about
$600.00 pix per hour the equipment is imported from a dutch company. when this factory was built in the 1950 s. and 1998 i mean shifted to large scale production and. 'd the impact of china's pork boom is being felt around the world chinese companies are snapping up huge industrial pig farms like one in the u.s. state of north carolina. were owned by a traditional family farmers ration about 2022000 of them they all got replaced by this factory system and initially she might feel foods and murphy were the owners of that there were american corporations but now they've been bought out by a group called adobe age group the old shumway corporation china it's a multinational corporation headquartered in chief. you know very well so you know
they made i understand their profits for the 1st quarter of this year just their net profit 1st quarter this year was $200000000.00 and you look at almost this pulls in you shake yourself they got the money to fix it what's what's all new everything up. well what's holding everything up and the fact that they don't want to spend money to fix the problem they'd rather externalized costs that are way treatment on people north carolina. we're going to do this will fill my rule true soon as we go through one country you know frank up everything we see all on the wire. and then if we spot some illegal discharges that will do some special filming i. mean. we're going.
to. live. with. massive farms with huge mineola koons extending as far as the eye can see. as a result of these industrial scale farms many local residents feel under siege. we're not anti farmer side business of north carolina we're just. about doing it correctly and not moving. the citizens of north carolina's waterways concentrating
in the farms are in. more rural communities where the community to have i'm going to put up a fight to restrict these facilities for coming in here. and when they come in here they preach about having jobs and. to help the community but even then jobs are. what a community better would want they're working in a slaughterhouse or working on. a farm and it's not easy work and it's. very rarely see the owners of these facilities living on site. l c herring lives near one of these farms called k. fellows concentrated animal feeding operations. display feels right there so much opened up the windows on the sat this is a bathroom window room next door was my brother's being grown and when to do some
raising it is a kitchen window so we don't open these measures a sentence in this way phil if you fellows are back here. to to surf in my mother's house we're back here straight back but you can't see them from here. but if you see them from the mail route well when it's prescreening and musician wrong so that means real inhaling the stuff when everything is a lot of you know how will a studio and the actual products the ammonia everything that's in. you know in in when look cool is being released into our atmosphere so we can open our way as we don't open the doors you know we pretty much just a prisoner i won't hold it when you do try to go out to his friend you have to hold your breath because going to congratulate him account store watering you make you stop coughing get the finicky one throw up in makeshift angry you know. could
decrease become news you always miss million's just doesn't seem. to me how salue could believe they do have a right to belittle a stoner of the lead smithfield foods but not just pull produce in the us is now owned by a chinese company. during the ninety's we saw 90 percent of all our hog farms disappear in the united states the cash market dwindled from 100 percent of the market to less than 5 percent of the market the majority of animals now are raised under contract and so you saw this traditional profitable industry for raising hogs get wiped out and replace with this new way of raising animals that was industrialized and centrally controlled it was really a corporate takeover and it happened in a very short period of time. in most production today
in the united states is produced in this industrial model it's called vertical integration. it's just the way it works is that a company will own the nursery where the hollands are born it will own the feed mill that produces the feed for the hawgs it owns the trucking lines the transport the hogs and even on to the slaughterhouse where the pigs are killed and turned into a variety of products. this was a business that used to be a pillar of rural america and then it got taken over by smithfield and you know this is a company that had spent decades devouring independent firms in the united states and acquiring a kind of market share that never should have been allowed to fall under the umbrella of one firm it is not a good idea to allow one firm to control 30 percent of the entire market. in the
pork industry or food industry once that happened though it became a very attractive target for any kind of overseas company that could afford to buy it just a huge sector of productive capacity in rural america i mean we're talking about thousands of large scale farms and there's a lot of money being made raising pigs in the united states. the chicago mercantile exchange is one of the biggest in the world agricultural commodities are also traded here on. down here this is this is now the financial room here we're standing in sort of over here we have a bond option trading we have 3 bonds here our agricultural sector has been diminished over here which we still do the options on soybeans we need in corn we also do livestock china for years and years has been trying to eat like a westerner which we consume about $3400.00 calories per day china is now approaching 2900 calories so they've really caught up with where we are in couric
intake china has the largest hog heard in a in the world accounting for about 47 percent of all pork productions but again when we look at meat consumption or caloric consumption going forward it's got to happen in countries like bangladesh nigeria pakistan india these are the going to be the big drivers of calories over the next 10 to 20 years heretofore they don't have the g.d.p. rates to expand their meat consumption much like china didn't become a big meat consumer until the 20012002 period when its g.d.p. levels started to rally dramatically. china's hunger full pulque is driving chinese companies to scour the world in search of new production facilities and expertise 'd. 'd i think having us care park market is very important and that's another reason why they are now. why they hire smithfield's.
america's largest pork producer one i think they wanted access to supply but too from what i've heard from smithfield executives is that they wanted to learn how the american pork operations work how we were able to produce so much pork on so very little land and that means that this american industrialized style of producing pork is being exported to china. when it comes to industrial meat production china has caught up with the west. it's mechanized and operates on a mass scale. here $2.00 in 1961 this was a small slaughter house for chickens and other animals beginning in 1902 the
government encouraged facilities like this to become more efficient they allowed us to grow one acquire new machinery in order to adopt a more industrial approach from 2003 to 2006 we experienced in here new a growth rate of around 30 percent so it's really amusing. when you are eating so many and such a small space animals help those compromised antibiotics become used routinely. both for illness prevention and to increase weight gain in animals. in general if you have a few pigs on a farm. their waste is an asset it's something you can spread on your fields it's a fantastic fertilizer you have a complete new translight go. but when you have 10000 or 20000 hogs
and that small facility their waste is a huge liability. $960.00 there was less than $10000000000.00 animals killed per year. today there's over 70000000000 and. the trajectory of beautification continues there will be $120000000000.00 killed for food by 2050. industrialized our corporations effectively command about a 3rd of the world's arable. includes the majority of the world's course grain production the biggest course grain maize and huge source of oil so it's principally stories in the world you know and so there are these huge flows of grain and oil seed monocultures through what i call islands of concentrated. solely cultivation is having a massive impact on industrial farming. china's hunger for meat is causing more and
more slowly to be planted for use as animal feed. china as a country consumes twice as much meat as the united states but each person is only consuming half as much as americans so when the chinese able to fully emulate the american diet it's hard to say where that meat would come from already china is increasing its imports of pork it's increasing its imports of soybeans that are fed to livestock whether it's the pork the chicken before that or the farm fish their corporate a lot more soybean in their diet so the chinese government well aware of the. the dangers of famine having lived through the chinese famine where official records so some 36000000 people died they wanted to make sure that they could secure their
food supply at home if the chinese try to like americans what will happen to the amazon rain forest. where where will we find the land to grow that much for it to grow that much grain there's just not any and you frontiers anymore on the planet. the situation in brazil is a case in point in 21000 deforestation saud. president. who took office early that year is keen to promote the countries that are cultural industry and saw is a linchpin saw a monocultures have come to dominate places like santorum in the brazilian state of part but ria ruda lives next to us so i plantation us right there behind our homes this is soybean plantation. she. they want your head.
so that this is all plantation was surrounded by soybean it's all around us. oh right in the middle of all this land used to be a family film. and now it's been turned into a sewing monoculture and because it's only grown for export none of it reminds him brazil or. a truck full of sawing has tipped over on a road in the state of missouri grow so well because a gathering up the valuable soybeans by hand. this used to be rain forest now it's only fields stretching right out to the
horizon. a local farmer shows us around. our kids in the void. you before we started cultivating this was all forest it was cheap land. the only thing here was forest and trees have a. good look the way it does on the other side of the road. something we used to clear the land simply as a way to survive. this region's economy is almost entirely based on soil and i hear oh. this is our vocation for it's all we know how to do. and you need a man when we grow the food that ends up on the global population's table. is over with. for them for the here. soybean is an imported crop that we have adapted to
conditions here. and we realized that it grows very well here and that we have the right conditions for it. with the help of gene technology we slowly improve the soybeans. today we have varieties specifically developed for our region. we pay a visit to an agricultural trade in look us the real daddy in the state of matter grow so. soybeans have made a number of rich here including yano piece that. i had a small farm in rio grande into so. i had 15 hector's. i
drove here with a small truck to help my uncle who was moving here. i was young and very enthusiastic. and i thought i could make a good future for myself here. i was lucky and many different things came together i was in the right place in the right time exactly when the world began asking for more protein and food i had a dream an unusual dream almost a fantasy. fortunately reality has proved even better than my dreams. my company has 270000 hectors under cultivation. i've publicly listed the company and sold 70 percent of its stock and now i am a shareholder and advisor just when you think. they're going to steal it golden we said is a look. in brazil and in the entire southern hemisphere so is the spearhead of
a new model of capital production called agribusiness soyuz a standardized green which has become a commodity it's the same all over the world it's easy to grow i want to very large scale. here in brazil some of our soil farms cover 240000 hectares. so it's arjun. yallop think mirror kind of you know the global market is controlled by only 5 companies bunga monsanto a.d.m. cargill and dreyfus. they speculate with the prices speculate with stocks and manipulate the market. they've managed to transform soirée into the main ingredient in the animal feed. pig feed cow feed and chicken feed that means that saw is now a very important raw material in human nutrition. the world has become one
giant pig stye corporations use soya as if it were the only food we have in the world. we have the same seeds the same micro family hosts the same trading companies the same price setting mechanisms the same players it's a very homogeneous production system even though it's very diverse and it's interracial in $3.00 radically different ecosystems in the social settings it's a production system that generates its own homogeny. in order to be able. to tend this global market. share in this region the produce is mainly come from other countries. but some of
them come from russia grosso and patten our. local people have also started planting us. here maybe they've realized that it's good business. but most of the people who plant soy come from abroad. they also use a lot of machinery and those machines take our jobs that were back in may like she did our. hardly any people work in those fields now. biz no more work for local people and my issue not the plantations hire a few to drive tractors jacobite now back. here but apart from that they do all the work themselves by you and your family ishmael she was dumb enough to recognize that. this building houses the sometime rain farm workers union.
local people are benefiting very little from the soybean boom. smallholder farmers can't compete with the industrial farming operations which can produce more efficiently. what have you got there soybeans. no there's no so here. you know you've been here some of them. are products aren't worth anything. only the big farms can make money. but the small ones can you can think. you can try to plant corn and then where are you going to sell it you know in the end there's no profit to be had then. the markets only for big growers if you want
to plant soil you need big machine tractors we can't afford that kind of equipment but i. saw has not made for small holders it's that simple. you know just rather just about that we have a lot of different ways to fight the past and then all those pasts end up in our fields so when we plant beans now we end up with nothing. they use pesticides and insects and up in our fields. we can't do anything about it. but. we used to plant beans and would feel to entire sacks of them it's true. now we've stopped planting. the pests from the land that belongs to the rich people come here and destroy our seeds. and it. in the united
states in china can't they just destroy their own forests to plant soybeans. why do they have to come to brazil and exploit our resources have offered africa like africa has plenty of forest why don't they go there maybe they don't work hard enough or they have more nerve but my mother. has in fact reached africa mozambique is nearly 10000 kilometers from brazil but brazilian companies are moving in trying to secure vast tracts of land for soybean farming. the agribusiness project is being promoted by the pro savannah program. the brazilian farmers are going to africa because most speaks government is leasing land at a very cheap price to create new plantations. mozambique is giving brazilian farmers
a $6000000.00 hector area 3 times bigger than $38.00 and almost for free it's going to be a lease that will allow for the cultivation of soy cotton and corn mainly for the chinese market. but. we're company human rights activist jeremy s. when john yet on a visit to the not carla region a lot of land here is slated to go to the brazilians. are you doing good and you. i don't find my friend thank you. advice that's. a very good selling time. you just ran. yes it rained a lot we might have a good harvest this year and the next one. but i think that's. ok.
we don't have enough land here and. we already have conflicts among ourselves. if investors comments that the conflict will become worse if. the land belongs to the people of mozambique. we're not against development. but we believe that the community should be consulted despite what our government says we don't eat soybeans we eat our local crops and. we gave the government some advice before implementing the project that they need to involve local farmers. what happened instead is that meetings were not public and not of the district or at the national level. we've been threatened and intimidated. many farmers are facing criminal charges but i mean. what i'm.
saying so you believe the process of anna is not helping farmers. no process of ana is not good for us. is a joint program involving mozambique japan and brazil its official goal is to promote development in the region one. point in civic organizations investigated the situation and we realized that it was an umbrella project designed to pave the way for big investors and agribusiness giants and. anyone who was interested in taking control of water land and natural resources and they call it a corridor or mozambique. local farmers were displaced.
from sandy yesterday and 5000000 people in the region have been affected if it was a song if you've even then this others don't consider going to see when you know it . then since you are there is this your land i mean is this the land you want to occupy because this is just a declaration you do not have a certificate for land use this is only a statement about where you live and you. use yet specify a square in your community lives in operations but the certificate is not to have human rights to use the land that's why you have to be careful someone else could have laid claim to a land use certificate. the community needs to fight to get the proper documentation up and if we don't deal with the situation it might soon be too late that that's about. 2016 opponents of the process on a program organized a major protest they succeeded in convincing the government to suspend it.
and one can want to think for a long time mozambique's government implemented its policies without any outside input. now they finally have been a challenge by an opposition movement. by a farm workers who said that this is not the way to promote agricultural development. they showed that it is possible to resist to protest and to say no. no. you are the ones who are sustaining this country. 90 percent of the food that we needed mozambique is produced by small farmers not by big companies or by projects from brazil or who knows where. we have to be very careful with these big projects they come here and promise all kinds of things but when these projects end what do
they do they leave they move somewhere else to pursue other goals whatever the market demands. despite some small successes in places like mozambique around the world meat consumption continues to soar and with it the saudi industry . in brazil new plantations are concentrated in the amazon region. president bill sinatra's policies are posing an additional threat to this fragile ecosystem. that was this is a map of the amazon region where the side of everything in red is land that's been deforested it makes up 19 percent of the rainforest. this area which begins and road. is known as the ark of deforestation. 62 percent of this area is soybean monoculture. another 6 percent are mixed crops but even that
includes a lot of soybean. we don't well miles from each so ours are. taking rain forests and plowing that into soybean monopoles or turns up an awful lot of carbon that is stored in the soil stored in in the forests so that that those vast monocultures and met a lot of greenhouse gases just in turning it over the 1st time but then every time they're plowing you have the emissions from. a cultural machinery itself and then you have the emissions of crushing the soybeans processing it and shipping them back to china it's an enormously energy intensive. process. in the context of climate change how do we reduce our very cultural footprint in landscapes and then have carbon sequestration clearance of tropical rainforests for
either past year or large scale monocultures has enormous climate implication in terms of release of carbon from those in co systems and in the case of industrial monocultures to make them can make those nutrient poor soils productive for farming requires very considerable fertiliser like you know brazil so what's happening here in brazil is a crime and agricultural crime to plant scheuer in this tropical humid region you have to bring fertilizer here from china. niger germany and phosphate from who knows where. they end up reduce it was think that as the oas the soil here does not have enough of those elements it was think there was a force far too little say on this is a mistake it's throwing nature out of balance. and it's destroying biodiversity in this area. i go here in the southern amazon in model grow so you can drive
200 kilometers without seeing any other crop plants all you see is soil and there are no people either because so it displaces people to. you know this is my sam. will the rich biodiversity of the region be replaced by a monoculture. we're importing $20000000.00 tons of additives each year nitrogen fertilizers and pesticides. brazil has become the world's largest consumer of pesticide in brazil consumes 20 percent of the world's press to side production it's absurd we consume an average of 5 liters of pesticide per person in rural areas it's an average of 15 liters per hectare or
. there's no university department of agriculture anywhere in the world that says you need 15 leaders of pesticides to grow one heck tariff soybeans i don't think that the saudis or the fuses are easy leaves even and. today so i plantations in brazil already cover an area the size of germany. yields are high in part thanks to heavy use of pesticides. on the soil these are the beans we've just harvested are the stuff. do you eat them . they eat you know no i prefer not to we sprayed them with the various products. we have to wait a while before eating them. it's very bitter we are do you want to try one
of the. animal feed destined for china's pork chicken and beef industry the trade war with the us has also encouraged china to buy it saw it from brazil. it makes no sense to take these soybeans for a model grocer or put them on a truck and drive 3000 kilometers to a port and travel another 20000 kilometers on board a ship to reach another port in china and then travel another 2000 kilometers by train until they reach a factory farms where the soyuz used to feed chickens. saw is rich in protein and cheap the ideal animal feed for industrial livestock farming around the wild. as a result of globalization brazil is destroying its rain forest to grow soybeans.
this saw ends up on the other side of the world in chinese pig farms and european ones. in. china has announced plans to consummate consumption in huff by 2030. not long ago a swine fever outbreak killed vast numbers of pigs in china. but in the long term production is likely to rise again. china's rising middle class is unlikely to lose its taste for meat. i think a lot they have a microchip in their ears called an ear tag yet. now i know i mean you know we monitor that are constantly using a computer or an i pad. industrial
farming is growing ever more efficient things to soybean feed and the use of high tech. industrialised meat production leads to rock bottom prices. narrative the world must double its food production by 2050 as we move from 7000000000 people today to 9 to 10000000000 people central to that is rising livestock production and consumption that is this inevitable force in the world agriculture and that is something that i think needs to be fundamentally be stabilized. it's not inevitable that human beings will continue consuming more and more animal flesh per person we don't need to be doubling food production we need to be producing food in very different ways and thinking about as a very fundamental part of reconfiguring agricultural setting in. there.
and. some people are hoping to reverse this trend back in the u.s. we meet jute back and organic farmer in iowa he puts a premium on quality over quantity. for me it's obvious that we need to meet less meat and people criticize me because this is iowa and we have a lot of meat production here though so she would you can say that you can say to me but why why why who is being hurt by this and if it's healthy to eat less meat then wouldn't the farmers and i would be better to produce a special kind of high quality meat than to have let's say animals but get paid more and i think that everybody. would be better off financially had better off
health and health wise at the end of the day but. people are afraid because of the large integrated companies would lose money. savings things. in north carolina some pick farmers are also trying to make the switch to organic but they can't match the rock bottom prices of the major produces price is the top criterion for most consumers says organic farmer calvin not trouble we want to run into the grocery store you know the super wal-mart and we want to grab something we look down on it says you know certified organic you know and that's maybe 50 to 60 percent more than something that was grown over here. and i want that i can afford it but you know what you still got the almighty dollar stuff in your pocket because you just saved yourself 50 percent because you bought something that who knows what they were doing to it or who knows how they were growing. saw him on
a concha and industrialized livestock farming how long can this system of cheap meat production be sustained. let me say it this way. as our population begins to grow and grow and. one day there will be no me. i have to be growing like they did many years ago when absent made i go wow. it's already you can paint more people with solar beings cornyn you can would make if you want the faintest i'm just starving worrell tried out but you know. and pay good people what they can get the field are barely. if somebody wants to make money what they tell about we won't be to worry about if you want to feed the world you can be most worried we graining you care with me.
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a. place . this is the news live from berlin as new coronavirus cases emerge around the world to help authorities warn we may be running out of time to contain the virus 6 deaths are announced in iran but trust is an issue there as many iranians say they don't believe the government's figures also coming up a show of grief and solidarity in the german city of the now.
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