tv Global 3000 Deutsche Welle February 24, 2020 1:30am-2:00am CET
serious reward system to course allegiance to the regime. those who don't make it into the fun metropolis. toggery. cover for n.p.r. news starts february 28th on w. . welcome to global 3000. climate friendly alternatives to plastic we need to juice and tempt farmers in bangladesh and gemini. powering the economy with solar energy a creative couple brings light to remote villages in mali. and we start in
venezuela where the effects of endemic corruption of forcing people to flee the country. more than 70000000 people around the world have been forcibly displaced that's according to estimates by the un most have fled their homes to escape war violence or persecution one of the worst migration crises of recent years is taking place in venezuela but this has nothing to do with war. by the end of 2020 because she will have lost more than a 5th of its population. people are desperate to flee the ongoing effects of corruption economic mismanagement and hyper inflation. millions of venezuelans have left the country fleeing poverty and despair even though venezuela has the largest proven petroleum reserves in the world. venezuela was one. south america's richest nation now it's
a colony has collapsed sparking one of the worst migrant crises of recent years. poverty has always been a fact of life here but when oil prices were high then president chavez launched and vicious social programs awash in petro dollars the country also continue to take on debt corruption further drain the public coffers the oil crash of 2014 was the final blow. it's the most vulnerable who have suffered the most. her. nearly lives with her 7 children in a slum on venezuela's caribbean coast. her. reinforcer it's a. battle my husband went to peru because of
a crisis where you know he went there to send us help directly and said that. if he hadn't gone there we would have died of hunger. then they were one of them we would have starved to death that sentimental one of them. venezuelans hoping leaving and drugs we've got a collapse of the health care system and soaring child mortality goes without travel documents across the border to colombia illegally the brain drain is an especially better blow for many of those fleet of doctors lawyers and teaches highly educated people that are badly needed at home. by june 21000 some 4000000 venezuelans have left the country out of the total population of just 30000000.
venezuela was once considered a beacon of prosperity caracas its glittering modern capital. corruption didn't begin with president or go chavez who died in 20 for teen but in the 20 years since chavez 1st took office corruption and mismanagement have spiraled out of control. one of the lynchpins of the system was rafael ramírez he served as minister of energy under chavez and at the same time as president of the pay davis up oil company for years his loyalty to chavez allowed the president to dip into the country's petro dollars at will without parliamentary oversight or accountability. java's had nearly unchecked access to oil revenues. some went to fund far reaching
social programs but billions also vanished into private coffers. today at the epic as both his friends and foes called him has gone into hiding in exile. me. as you said the symptoms i just made the petroleum exports brought in about $700000000000.00 over the 10 years i was in office. went completely by my calculation 480000000000 of that they came from taxes we got the rest from the producers petroleum sales will solve 700000000000 this is me the big question is you number one of the state do with that money so that's the big question going 2nd theory living up to the. venezuela's political to climb the gun on the president to go. chavez. his
economic policies pave the way to a morass of corruption. in the industrial hub of molokai most factories lie abandoned less than 20 percent of factories in venezuela are still in operation industry has been driven into ruin. under chavez numerous companies were expropriated or nationalized and then were driven into the ground by mismanagement rather than support private industry chavez used petro dollars to import goods from abroad this helped redistribute wealth and power away from the old business elite and increase ordinary people's dependency on the government a system of state sponsored terror is maintaining my daughter's hold on power the collective voice our paramilitary gangs who help quell any signs of popular dissent .
like syria and ukraine venezuela has a global strategic significance the united states and russia are jockeying for influence without russian intervention my daughter's regime would likely have collapsed. china has maintained its economic and trade ties to venezuela hoping to gain access to the country's vast natural resources. venezuela has become a bargaining chip in a global game of poker. the geo political terrain is shifting and in this new cold war new countries are becoming a battleground for competing interests. and all the citizens of those countries are being left to fend for themselves millions of people will continue to find themselves displaced forced to flee for their survival. around 15000 un blue. helmets stationed in mali their main task is to stabilize the
country in 201228 insurgents and jihadist groups took control of northern mali they were pushed back but there are still sporadic terrorist attacks climate change and poverty make the situation worse particularly in rural communities. are reporting schneider and his team traveled to southern mali and met 2 people who have managed to bring more than just light into a small community. of residents in the village of syria kaoru in southwestern mali are getting ready to welcome visitors the village has never heard electricity now that's about to change thanks to thorsten schreiber and his wife aida. they're the founders of a company called africa green tech they arrive to great fanfare. but.
they come from neighboring solar power plants to remote villages in the south whole region. everyone here has been looking forward to this day for a long time. this is also. so it's such a relief to finally achieve this and make it possible for the people here. this is taken nearly 9 months of preparation when the moment finally comes where you know now it's happening tomorrow they'll be light it's a great relief. while the village is celebrate the mali in technicians from africa greentech set to work right now. there's lots to do before the lights can go on after the long journey every component needs checking the containers spent 6 months at the customs office followed by a long drive lasting many days over sunday roads the solar system costs. jim 50000
euros the hope is it will strengthen the local economy. so on log on and off to the effort to make a solar plant like this worthwhile you need a village with at least $4.00 to $5000.00 residents we also look very closely at whether there's potential for a productive use of electricity unlike home solar power providers our focus is on strengthening small and medium sized businesses so we want to know are there carpenters and welders and tailors here and we look for 40 or 50 small and medium sized businesses. i need a schreiber was born in mali. she's particularly keen to help the women here many of them sell goods she wants them to benefit from the new supply of electricity to . them and i'm not going to give them an example and i am not the most supportive of the state most of the problems that the women here have stem from the fact that they have no access to education. as
a result they're much more focused on having children and the birth rates go up and up. first half of the group when africa greentech does this offer them an opportunity to receive training and improve their chances of earning money it's a 50 percent if the economy in the village improves the residents will also have more money to invest in their children's education so beyond providing electricity it's also about improving the villages prospects as it has logged the security situation in the so hell region is obviously a major challenge for us. but we believe we can create peace by providing clean energy and addressing issues of clean water to when elektra city allows people to increase their income they're more willing to reconcile with each other you know many of our villages these conflict situations have been reduced. it will soon as it is a conflict of course it's. in the village if they leave. 5 hour drive away that's
already evident here a solar plant from africa green tech has been operating for 2 years now and the local economy is flourishing. kaito runs a restaurant on the main road that leads to marty's capital bamako he also has a workshop and a chicken farm. in. the before the tijuana i was already on my way to spain but when i heard that electricity was coming to joe lieberman i came back and opened this restaurant and thank god i'm now earning enough for all of. this to my pater has also created jobs providing a secure income for many other families in the village. to. fadia and toast and keep contact with customers like my cater to learn from their experiences his success is confirmation that they're on the right path. when it comes to fighting
the causes of migration our experience shows that many projects address the wrong part of the problem they focus on migrants returning home seeking to reintegrate them through training but we need to address the issues that cause people to leave in the 1st place. if you give people prospects they'll want to stay obviously you can't reach everyone that way but certainly people like omar who want to make a difference. in 5 muscovy going. back in syria color all the work is nearing completion the last few streetlights are being picked up some who were previously undecided now want to sign a contract with the company as they see things are really happening. so leave connotates wife sells vegetables and poultry so he wants electricity in his house. signed the contract because i want to buy a fridge and then my wife will be able to keep her produce fresh for longer you get
a better price for it. my children will be able to study better and life here will be safer. customers do have to pay for we have tricity but it costs a lot less than power from the diesel generators that is so widespread in africa. it takes about 15 years for the company to get the money back on its investment $18.00 solar containers are already up and running including one in neighboring new shares for more are on their way to africa. one of. what motivates us as founders is wanting to make a mark bring change and inspire others to follow suit for me personally helping the environment is key i want my children to know that i had least tried to change things and didn't just watch as everything got worse. towards
evening everything is finally set. the control systems for the batteries are tested once more to ensure there will also be power when it gets dark . that was an important moment if the storage systems weren't working that would have been it but now we can produce light. i. have. to work with close economic ties in europe and asia how do they address social justice and what's the working conditions like we visit 8 countries on the 2 continents to find out how europe and asia work together find new series where places.
certain fields with jute anally may hoping to harvest unorganised was amber pari is one of 3000000 farmers in bangladesh who raised the plant that's used to make up. the country has the ideal climate for jute cultivation it's hard very humid and there's plenty of water. but during the last rainy season there was too much water flooding caused major damage to his crop that's why the pari now has to sell his judo under cost for less than he paid to plant it that's a big problem for him and his family. particularly i feed my family by selling jute what am i supposed to do now i've got my back to the wall you know some of my jew plants were washed away the market price is very
low and the government. don't help us either. some 25000000 people in bangladesh are dependent on jute. after cotton it's the most commonly used natural fiber in the world only india produces more of it than bangladesh. jute is resistant to u.v. rays and doesn't go brittle in the sun like plastic. the fibers made from it are tough but allow air to circulate that makes it ideal for transporting foodstuffs bags made from the 5 are common products that manufacture the facilities like this one processing the fibers is a complex business the methods have barely changed in decades but the market has had to weather frequent slumps and many people here are afraid that demand for jute
will continue to fall. back where the bottom line of so much right i mean once upon a time at the jews was known throughout the world as the golden fiber you know. that the large right before the invention of plastic the business was a prestigious one and very lucrative. not nowadays the jute business has lost that shine. recently however demand has begun rising again after all jute is completely biodegradable and the issue of climate protection continues to climb the agenda especially in the e.u. . in europe to traditional fibers like hemp are making a comeback. here in northern germany in the town of plants low the plant is being turned into eco friendly building materials. it's
a classic wall insulation hemp works just as well as a mineral wool or polish star in. them provides a barrier to moisture and then and has low flammability blended with a clay loam it lasts for centuries. and most importantly hemp is a renewable resource that's encouraging its use in germany for decades hemp was viewed primarily as an illicit drug and farmers weren't allowed to cultivate it that law has now been relaxed but strict conditions remain in place when it comes to planting on a large scale only particular types of authorized. industrial hemp doesn't have any intoxicating effect it grows very quickly and can be used to make a range of products. and growing hemp requires a lot less water than cotton in some cases just half as much.
2.5000000 tons of juta processed every year in bangladesh the industry is one of the nation's most important economic sectors but revenues have been falling for years. the state owned bangladesh jute mills corp the owner of this mail is mired in debt. for years the government has been propping it up with big injections of state funding but workers still sometimes have to wait weeks for their wages. on average they earn around 4 and a half dollars a day. and. now it's under iron about $110.00 a month i can barely feed my family on that i have huge doubts. working with a roar fibers is dusty and strenuous and in the long term it also harms your health from. breathing in too much of the dust leads to chronic respiratory disease many workers here have problems with coughing and shortness of breath in germany the
illnesses known as humph bite a longer or hemp work around. but it's not an issue with the hemp processing plant in the oakum margreet and that's because most. of the work here is done by machines the company has a staff of just 15 and most of those are machinists the founders and staff of set up a co-operative and everyone has a say in the business they all believe hemp has a bright future. if you are both vicki i believe the most important thing is if we as a company realize that products have a bath and an end and that they have to suit our lifestyle from beginning to end but what's known as cradle to cradle means not just producing stuff i'm leaving the waste for the next generation to clean out hemp speak advantages that you don't have to add any songs or synthetics which makes it a natural product throughout the duration of its life.
in bangladesh developers are now looking for products that will promise an equally bright future for jute like mubarak ahmed can ease develop a sonali bag an alternative to disposable plastic bags made from jute it has all the properties of plastic except its unwanted longevity. this is totally environmentally friendly by. compostable. most important it just time. to get the bit if you want for 6 months. we can make that one if you want to pipe menace we can make the 5 minutes. the next step is to find investors to enable the mass production of this alternative to plastic that could give juta fresh and much needed boost and restore its past reputation as the golden fiber for bangladesh.
this week our global team comes from india. i. think little cheat. even then i never raise her that. oh i. want to do things. things are and them saying things and coercion. to everybody and then there's no. job and i live in bangalore in india. and my feet i like to make music and i like to date songs. i also like to swim
and and i like to play goes to so i go to the golf course as often as i can because i do think golf is joe you better be a dick and it's important for me to go and if you know channel my energy or whatever and you know a sport so for me golf is the sport and i also like to hang out at the cafe with my friends just really couldn't have. my dad is a film director and my mom is an interior to say no feeling got on board. and. i do think that. you know as just ideas protest and you know has as we've progressed obviously i have a little more freedom to do different things and i have more opportunity use that may be you know my grandparents didn't have at that point in time.
but i want to feel and i do want to do things. things aren't that obscene and things that. god little or big others. everybody knows and many are already here. i want to be a musician you know do this stuff for a living they'll be really cool and make music. so my music. i'm afraid of. not living up to and expectation. that includes my expectations as i don't want to. feel. the goals that i've set for myself.
. eco india. documenting traditional methods saving threatened species. biologist by simple hockey are collected out on various kinds of plants and animals or him go astray. the research will help to create a comprehensive catalogue biodiversity india eco india. in 60 minutes on d w. what do you think what do you get for $0.50. to keep that up. little bit the earth did not wish to. keep. thinking compels more flowers to get you know it cost $0.50 to feed one hungry child for one full day.
if you want a. game. at all with the shared a meal you can share your most children with just $0.50 and a tap on your smartphone together we can the global hunger please download the app . frank food. international gateway to the best connections self road and rail. located in the heart of europe you are connected to the whole world. experience outstanding shopping and dining offers triallists services. bialik asked. by from.
this it is a g w news lot from fear of the coronavirus has pushed several countries to take unprecedented measures to stop its spread that includes canceling the final days of the venice carnival after a 3rd patient dies of the disease in italy also coming up. germany social democrats celebrate victory in the hamburg state election chancellor angela merkel's conservatives suffered their worst result.