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tv   Eco India  Deutsche Welle  April 6, 2020 6:30pm-7:01pm CEST

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i'm doing a great big thing in all the time. how to handle on new lives in times of the corona pandemic d.w. reporter you like and she's looking for answers eventually with the help of leading expert your the public doesn't want to face be about this book and i'm sure it's not life as we know it we're all in this together our new web series. hello welcome to eco india a sustainability magazine that helps you make an informed choice for a pina greener tomato this week we look at ideas that are taking us closer to a fossil fuel freak planet and talk to change makers behind them that are coming to
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you from mumbai in india over the next 2 minutes how to hold cup based company is introducing image to the school to the point you did city how a german city was soo student to use jewel pummelled energy to heat up their homes and offices and how the environment can be conscious in the philippines are pushing just reach this solar power forced let's talk about the city you forgot that for me it comes close to my home city of mumbai it's crowded and it's intimate but just like mumbai the problems of traffic and for you should entre very flattering. have a massive 319 cause fuck it all to one local company is working towards slowly changing this by introducing small to electric school to us that we never need on diesel.
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the bright yellow taxis and. it's written you are in called no no university as the city of joy. but the city also faces major difficulties like lack of public transport and traffic pollution. electric scooters could help it used to but enough air pollution especially if. we did some research and found out that only 15 percent of india actually had a drivers license so there was a majority of indians didn't have a license and that was the market that we wanted to we did a little bit more research and found out that electric scooters where the speed is capped at 25 kilometers an hour doesn't require a license to write and that was the aha moment and that's when we decided that we want to start this company. did you not founded his rental a scooter service in kolkata over 2 years ago with 60 scooters no he runs a feat of 85. the rental service works while. clients can pick up and drop
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off the scooters x. 7 different points across concord on average a scooter is used by 3 to 4 right as a day. all of us who does have probably came on batteries so anytime a battery is green or about to be green customers can go to any of the points and swap out the battery for if a customer has any problem middle of the road we have roadside assistance and even out there that can be swapped any problem is about to be. is perhaps one of the. lions have worked except to different corners of the city. taking a cop to the business hub of our and back used to calls between pretty $1400.00 rupees 5 years when she rents intellect for $45.00 rupees or less than $0.60 per. she can have her travel costs on with
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a fully charged battery and she can go up to 60 kilometers. on the scooter i'm not only spending less money i also end up saving time. i did have was act on but i have several things to do in a day i have a the buy for the full day are on an hourly basis i invariably end up spending less than if i had to take a bus a cab or the tram or was it that come with their way of that see me. corporate customers like this food delivered and get even better rate a strategy which it is hoped will also raise the visibility of east coasters it is primarily aimed at younger stock a pond as a college student has. a lot of thinking about that it will feel again in the if you talk about the course i don't really need to worry
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about it when i see my friends who are using their own bikes to do this job to spend a lot on maintenance so i guess the biggest benefit to me that's going to a slice. is them go out he would think that according to greenpeace india is a still home to 15 of the 20 most polluted cities in the world with delhi ranking as the world's most polluted capital. but quite up it's of being made in delhi and it's never going area's the city of scrabbling with the rapidly rising pollution that. this city's known as the diesel capital of india over 60 percent of vehicles in calcutta august and easily driven but it is hard for businesses to find investors for emission free rental systems since this is an extremely new money bags are on billing to finance it by the founders of the body go expedients however . devoted consider changing that approach.
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we really want to make sure that none of it goes well you the air and you know as many people ask us would we ever going to internal combustion. and we tell them no we might move to maybe higher speeds what does but we will never that is the that is the ethos of our brand we will never go into i.c. i.c. as compared to a 4 stroke engine and electric scooter has a much lower carbon footprint depending on how the electricity was generated but switching to immobility is also a technical challenge as there is still a lot of manufacturers of scooters and the batteries they need. start ups like. the necessary impulse to get those beads rolling. now the double b. will school to is wrong on the if you treat the same kind the fall was your wife
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for instance but how the electric vehicles work exactly wants of that question and . the world has been on the move since the canoe was invented in 1000 b.c. to fast forward to the 21st century and mobility has changed rapidly in addition to the convenience of getting from point a to b. it's becoming just as important to measure the cost of that commute on the environment having a clean alternative to traditional polluting vehicles is becoming a reality for people who drive electric ones which could replace gasoline or diesel . so our electric vehicles a feasible alternative. the automotive sector is a leading source of polluting emissions and is responsible for 30 to 50 percent of all particulate emissions. t.v.'s are silent smooth and have no gears. they require. they are less maintenance. they can be charged using
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a dedicated home charging unit or a public charging station. electricity as a fuel is a more sustainable alternative to gasoline or diesel. and yet according to some estimates electric vehicles make up only 0.2 percent of the 1300000000 vehicles on the road the reasons. for one the lack of rapid charging infrastructure puts people off buying these vehicles it can take anywhere from 30 minutes to 24 hours depending on the size of the battery type of car and the charging port used. also long journeys could be a problem as ease have been unable to match gasoline cars in terms of range and ability to accelerate. another big reason is the upfront price tag attached to purchasing these vehicles but all of this could soon change. in china for instance evey's are cheap because of the government's industrial policies in norway
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battery electric and plug in hybrid vehicles together hold up 50 percent market share and in israel one in 10 people in tel aviv hop onto electric scooters but how green are really the electricity used to charge these vehicles does not always come from a clean energy source and their production takes twice the amount of energy compared to a gasoline. yet researchers have found that use electricity from renewable sources could produce 6 times less carbon emissions over their lifetimes. another huge renewable energy is something scientists. india is looking. like 20 took to a community in germany may have a. if the application of energy for their daily heating let's stick to.
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this is planet earth where we live this is the water and here's the crust inside it's hot magma which warms up the world. here in pula and no one is considered too young to learn about the potential of geothermal energy these children are visiting a municipal owned company called i e p which directly harnesses thermal heat. in many ways typical of small 10 southern germany but it's made a name for itself on a national level for being a trailblazer in the area of geothermal energy. by e.p. his biggest client is the multinational linda which does some of its business and cooler. for a firm with such a large operation having a reliable heating network is a top priority. management points to the benefits of large companies switching to
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this type of system. linda linda has to focus on environmental protection and showing awareness of its carbon footprint with the geothermal energy can reduce that carbon footprint to a fraction of what it used to be. the children get to see how the geothermal energy is harnessed oh. this is the. this is the drilling point number 2 number one is over there the water that comes out of them both has a temperature of over 100 degrees the pipes are warm to the touch. the water is extracted from layers of rock 3 kilometers underground a device called a heat exchanger is used to transfer the energy into the network. once the water has cooled down it's pumped back to the geological layer. it came from
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this ensures that the water levels within the layers of rock remain constant. the existence of geothermal activity in the region has long been well known but the push to make cooler a center for harnessing it was led by a small number of people determined to see the project through. drilling began in 2004 by the following year the facility was supplying a number of public offices with he says. the project has spurred interest from abroad last year a delegation came to visit from india where cheap fossil fuels are used for power needs while investing in geothermal energy is expensive proponents say the rise of environmental movements like fridays for a future might encourage governments to give it serious consideration. should enter through i think pupils and you need to go on strike for a few days do you much more to ensure that adults stop using coal and polluting the
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air. with the best. record that works geothermal energy will experience big growth around the world. who wants to be in a position to supply every home in the time with geothermal heating by 2024 a goal that seems possible. around half of the homes here are already being supplied with the existing system. the cost is comparable to that of oil and gas leasing and maintenance costs are low. i've been using geothermal energy for 3 years now hopefully so far i've had no problems with heating it's. just we have no emissions anymore it's great. that c o 2 emissions have gone down so much and. this preschool is among the institutions
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being supplied with the clean energy sources without the introduction of the system would have produced an estimated 114000 more tons of c o 2. would like to expand further and we want to start more drilling. in the geothermal activity here is very promising so we'd like to keep drilling and supply the city of munich to. when it comes to a vision for a cleaner future there seems to be no shortage of any kind of energy in pula not staying with germany a believe a stuff up has taken upon itself to completely do of the woods for hexafluoride the power. says it's also called is the strongest houseguest and contributes $23000.00 times more than carbon dioxide global warming. followed by munge an
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optimist and his colleagues is changing how high voltage switch goes which is why it's of six's use of this. meets manchu not ramesh an electrical engineer originally from india who now lives and works in germany is for lynn based company new ventura as one to make electrical grids far more environmentally friendly month to knott's focus is on switchgear essential components that protect an electrical network from overload attack comes into play especially when construction work or repairs are being carried out the vast majority of switch gear uses a gas called sulfur hexafluoride s f 6 as an insulator and that poses a major environmental problem s.f. 6 is the most potent greenhouse gas in the world. if you take one to know 4 as of 66123500 tonne so for. what it means is.
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it's not only that it's $25000.00 fire and more effective in creating global warming but it's also a very long living and the reason is there is no natural sink. if you take sea would go that is plants which are solving it and that is a cycle which is happening and this cycle doesn't exist for as of 6 sulfur hexafluoride is a heavy inert and in combustible gas making it an effective and compact insulator the issue is according to scientists that there is always some leakage during the production of the gas during the use of the switchgear and after it's decommissioning releases of some 8000 tons of s.f. 6 into the atmosphere each year. although it's hugely damaging to the environment s f 6 barely features and public discussion companies that rely on it have a vested interest in keeping it that way. manjoo not want to change his
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company has developed technology that enables switchgear to use regular care and so . out of s f 6 as an insulator he says it's easier and cheaper to maintain than conventional switch gear and that the technology could prove to be a game changer in terms of environmental protection every year the way it consumes millions so for a medium or to church gas which consists office of 6 and if you are able to replace all of this which case not only medium or dish but also in high order page we would be able to get rid of a 1000 times so for as of 6 which is getting released into a more severe so just to compare it 1000 tonnes of us at 6 is equal and or more than 100000000 cars a new only and the market and european lawmakers are aware of the harmful effects s. of 6 can have they've already prohibited its use in the production of tires and soundproof
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windows and now there are calls to ban the gas and switch gear to the block is due to publish a report on possible alternatives in the 1st half of 2020. shallow to who see as a consultant who has coauthored a study of sulfur hexafluoride and switchgear she says a major barrier to moving away from the gas is cost. switchgear is designed to last for more than 40 years. so for a great operator that has just installed say 3 or 4 new units it would be unbelievably expensive to say ok we're going to remove the switchgear that was supposed to last for 4 decades and replace them with a set of 6 free switchgear that few of the flex higher side it's only fair that the parties involved to be granted a transition period of time that i thought out. to not wants to leave the way
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his idea has already attracted several 1000000 euros from investors and the technology behind it has won awards. at a test center outside the western german city of deuce book one power company as assessing whether the technology is sufficiently developed to meet its needs. according to manjoo not things are heading in the right direction. for me it's very important to make this shift happen this is something i started 10 years before and they continue that and it's my lifetime go to make this happen. in life you don't get so many games a chance to make such a big difference and we have one if you want to get into. the technology could end up on the market later this year putting money to not ramesh and his team $1.00 step closer to their goal of eliminating s f 6 from the electricity grid and
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making power distribution more environmentally friendly. like a venture that people around the world are working towards creating a cleaner environment for the generations that follow for example the taal of the world out of the philippines its residents are rallying hard to stop the construction of power plants and make the switch there's a new bolette. people in the town of our to mourn on head to church early on sunday mornings it's just 6 o'clock. there united in their catholic faith and in their opposition to a controversial construction project nearby. it's been part of our policy to fight coal plants because it's harmful to people powerful to the environment. we just want to. protect our people and this is in keeping with the source
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of the church. to care for the the earth and care or for those who are. in the my discipline. after mass the congregation head to the site of a planned coal fired power plant to check if construction has already begun. they keep a detailed record of developments. there are no well says contractors have already started to clear the area of trees. someday this was one fears the plant will poison the local drinking water or dining below by the moment they best. deal with and that's a macro level approach to not just the micro that we are protecting our people they're joining the much larger picture of. what that showed up are on hold.
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the philippines has rapid population growth 12000000 people live in metro manila alone and the power grid is in urgent need of modernization electricity is expensive and the farms generate a lot of pollution joanne a allah is head of sustainable energy fund sort of bank and says there are major business opportunities in the sector then your business is going to move so you don't just go green be happy and feel good about that you do good for the environment make money out of the. 2 thirds of the philippines energy consumption is actually coming from fossil fuel so in our own little way as a bank here in the country what we hope to do is. help shift that energy mix. or energy. this is one of the projects a bank has financed to the tune of 1000000 euros just a year ago it was
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a stinking open rubbish dump the biggest landfill site in manila now the garbage has been cut. with earth and is used to generate electricity. silver navarro is an engineer and renewable energy consultant. this will. connect to done to the ground and it's collecting methane gas and other gases that's being produced by decomposing garbage inside. the gas goes to a power plant where drives turbines navarro checks regularly how much electricity the cost generates he says the garbage should yield gas for 30 more years. not landfill project may be good for the environment but it's not so welcome for people living in the slum nearby who have lost their source of income. they used to pick through the garbage with things they could sell for recycling plastic and alimony and. now children look for those items while they're still on garbage trucks.
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to try to stop for a few minutes to let the kids climb aboard and rummage around. a lot of. brian is 13 and has already been collecting garbage for 3 years. he lives with his mother and 5 brothers and sisters. he tells us he knows how to read and write and is proud of that. unless i work every day. from 7 in the morning until 6 in the evening. i earn about 200 pesos a day. so i'll get a bath and. that's equivalent to about 3 year rose when he grows up he wants to work on a garbage truck. in our team or non father no on his congregation are
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determined to do their part for the environment. we. he was dog both sets of thought are bought another one in the back story and there or for the church our main goal is to provide a tip elec they should be for the church and the same time this is their way of. showing that the holy word that weekend i make yourself where you are and they disorders. by next year the entire roof of the church complex are set to be covered in fashionable take panels in addition to their efforts to block fossil fuels on increase environmental awareness the congregation are making a positive contribution of their own by switching to solar. a small group of people who can definitely change the world are you doing something similar to good use your community scotland which was it up be just all social
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media and tell us about it we continue to bring to submissions for the pina and again a plan that if you week until next time goodbye. as
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tag made to me in good news in her early twenty's lucy one was a victim of domestic abuse. orders in the slums of nairobi to promote self-determination for women she also supports victims of abuse drugs and aids information programs in schools and campaigns for women's rights. 3000. and 30 minutes. in the other way of climate change from the 1st major cities from. mr. d. is today how fathers future. dot
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com africa megacities the 1000 guests clear answer. ringback the moment the stumbling tyson immigrant bios came from jurors or dealing with any an economic killed many civilians and international summit including my father why the so says i was a student i wanted to build a life for myself. but suddenly life became our kind of thought.
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providing insights global news that matters g.w. made for mines. each. my story. of the people who. built me dedicated to. it and not too dumb to. listen. listen closely and i will tell you about those who do to me on clay under. the book. i am not to dumb to come. to my city days for centuries and accompanied my country through its finest. until the day i mean a vanished. i'm
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still not too dumb to please. april 8th. place. this is the w. news live from berlin germany is ready to help european union partners in the face of the corona. macko says the pandemic is the biggest test the e.u. has faced since its foundation but just the last 1000000000 much stronger from the crusts but also coming up britain's prime minister is in hospital with a call on the virus.


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