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tv   Focus on Europe  Deutsche Welle  April 16, 2020 12:30am-1:01am CEST

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try going will come straight from our lips call our c.e.o. the point is no more delusional or inches. from your lips of the law to their final resting place the russians d.w. documentary. hello and a very warm welcome indeed to focus on europe with me peter craven and we begin a mere putin's russia a russia that tolerates little in the way of protest and those who do have the courage to take part in demonstrations such as this rally last summer are increasingly branded as extremists who then face the full force of global.
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natalia cone on found out at 1st hand what it means to get on the wrong side of the system when her son was taken into detention now and italia and other mothers who founded a campaign group to take up the battle against what they see as arbitrary injustice and monstrous sentences. that conan is a fighter as she had towards the court house in northern moscow with her son daniel her determination is palpable a strip of polka dot cloth is the symbol of her movement mothers against political prisoners several individual protesters stand in solidarity for the accused outside the courthouse they say this is a show trial. equal at least news and maxine martin soft have been accused of kicking a police officer at a protest last summer both men insist they are innocent but the court rejects their appeal and sentences them to several years in
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a prison camp. the judgment hits their families hard that talia is there to support them her son was also put in prison after the moscow protests but daniel was lucky after just a month in pretrial custody most charges against him were dropped and he was released but not sense of injustice hasn't gone away. it's strange. today it should be the judge the state prosecutor the government to feel guilty. might she was killed but instead it's us who feel guilty. for the boys who were released and the parents because their children are free. there have been several mothers marches in moscow already including this one in february of last year now the
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protests have grown into a movement. down with the police state they chant here. when thousands protested ahead of elections to moscow city council last summer their demonstrations were not authorized and the police crackdown on opposition protesters. government officials have responded to protests by warning of the dangers of a revolution. we all know perfectly well that it is impossible to solve our problems on social networks are on the streets. of course people can express their opinion freely but it's totally normal. people have to express their opinion within the framework of current law of course you can find those laws good or bad but you have to keep to them. otherwise our country will end up in a very dangerous situation lots of natalee i used to stay away from politics but
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that was before her son was in prison the 48 year old animal breeder lives in the countryside but she regularly visits her 3 children in the capital since her oldest son daniel was arrested here in this apartment that talia is in touch with him all the time she gets worried after all she says that in russia anyone could become a target for the author already as. it's been half a year since they searched the apartment and arrested him but it's worse now you can see how these cases always follow the same pattern you realize how powerless you are against the system. the mothers aren't alone surveys conducted by an independent pollster showed that the majority of russians now believe there are political prisoners in their country at an event with lectures and a flea market the human rights organization open russia is collecting money to provide legal assistance for them. conan is here with several mothers from the movement there are over $200.00 of them now with more joining all the time they
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send letters to detainees and want to fight for their children together. even when it's a game with it no one is stronger than a mother that might but when you're alone it's hard to achieve anything i know that because i fought for my boys for 2 years. and when the mothers movement formed i realized there are a lot of people in our country with the same problems and the same feelings he said of liam i think you should more think you knew the president would bring what happened to us could happen to anyone here but by fighting for our children we're fighting to protect everyone else in russia to. violate. the author already seem to be aware of the potential force a mother's movement could have though they've tried several times natalia and her fellow activists haven't so far managed to get official permission to hold another protest so for now the corn and often holds one woman pickets which don't need authorization that way she doesn't have to worry about becoming
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a target for the author already is herself ok let's now go to the arctic north of sweden home to the indigenous sami people once widely known as lumps who are traditionally reindeer so now the summer of one a 30 year battle to regain control over what they see as ancestral lands the case was brought before a court in kiruna the northernmost town in sweden and the man behind it is matty barrett who runs a nearby reindeer co-operative he's delighted with the ruling but not with the furious criticism that he and other sammy herders are now facing. at 1st glance it's a once or wonderland high in sweden's north. so far north it was thought to be the end of the world. the ground is barren the spruce small snow covers the ground most of the year. forest is home to the indigenous sami people and their reindeer.
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for the saami the forest means everything head of get a cooperative of reindeer owners near corona is monte burke who has lived here all his life he suffers almost physically when he has to go to the city. court cases have repeatedly forced him to go to the unloved city for 10 years he argued there and represented his people's cars before the supreme court at issue where the hunting and fishing rights. the verdict was unexpected the indigenous people and not the state are to decide who is allowed to hunt and fish on their territory. well. everyone should be happy the judgment has shown that even a normal person can assert himself against the state. but not everyone thinks of the verdict was just after the verdict repeatedly received
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angry calls some swedish hunters see their hunting rights threatened. hunting and fishing are the things people are passionate about appear. many hunters are afraid that we saw me will now close the forest. and we won't but 1st come the reindeer then the saami and then the of this. year is sometimes directly related to the reindeers enormous space requirements this is noticeable when we make our way through sammy land. reindeer can bring traffic to 0 even on the european route 10 the main trunk road in this area. there are approximately 300000 reindeer in sweden and only the saami are allowed to own that. lars is busy feeding the one year old calves. reindeer are very hardy animals but without an extra daily helping of masin like and they
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wouldn't make it through the winter the snow covers icy the plants underneath and accessible you are not has the sammy cooperative of you when he was hurting reindeer into another pasture a car stopped. 20 meters away the driver shouted. if you let your reindeer we'll shoot. i thought to myself these people are really aggressive. the last thing he said was if i see one of you rain your hood us alone in the forest i'll shoot you too that really scared me. repeatedly reindeer are getting shot. the owners get a small compensation but an easy miss remains. if and we are familiar with the race and that's what my father had to listen to especially near the big mines in kiruna and jelly velvet. but since the verdict hatred has really increased.
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but it's not only about reindeer and their grazing grounds there's a lot more involved the samea live on land of the has many important raw materials. it's still the state who has the say on who gets the mining rights among the slack but target on the forests wind and water power timber think everything's here that you had a position of fields of stock in this state would like to exploited whole part of the social movement through a multi burg the wind turbines not far from his house on an old slag heap are 1st and foremost a disturbance a piece of industry that interrupts the peace and makes the reindeer nervous.
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the covert fight for mineral resources and the sami area has only just begun. but it's encouraging that now they have the law on their side. to. where we go back in history now to nazi germany where jews and others who faced religious or political persecution were often stripped of their citizenship they were forced to leave the country all fled to avoid being sent to concentration camps where near certain death awaits it . later the germany's new postwar constitution contained article 116 a guarantee that citizenship would be restored to victims and their descendants but stefan force firing is one of the many who supplications have been turned down a no say it's high time for germany to do more to keep its promises what stefan foist done was born in berlin in 1937 but has lived in the u.k.
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for as long as he can remember my father was austrian my mother. was german. he was entirely cierra she was part. stephens family fled belen on the eve of germany's annexation of austria in march 1938. my father's men met my mother in town somewhere and said go home fetch the child bring a suitcase for me to the station tonight to leave to live with his sister who was married to the drug chief rabbi hostile to him and the next morning so my mother's elder sister told us that because topper came the next morning for us because my father longer had that semi immunity of being austrian under the nazi regime tens of thousands of jews were stripped of their german citizenship now stefan is
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fighting to get it back article 116 of the german constitution and able germans persecuted by nazis as well as that descendants to have their citizenship were stored stefan's application was rejected. i was to my fury i have to say rejected on the grounds that my father was austria. and that if he had stayed on i i can't believe what i'm saying but this was the new letter to the point where. the having a german nationality for jews was taken away. then i might have qualified but we would have been dead by then the complexity of a number of exemptions has led to a debate in the german parliament britain felix coachman and his wife isabelle founded a world wide lobby demanding
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a more inclusive law to prevent exclusions from article 116 they attended the parliament's discussion in late january the motion for a new law was narrowly rejected given that the government already issued to decrease in august 1980 s. restrictions but some descendants are still facing bureaucratic hurdles that the decrees all of the discretionary. relief act of least but 116 is a fundamental basic rights and people pretty content where they can't get back their loved ones who they lost they can't go back in many cases their property they can't get back jobs that they've lost but they can get back one thing and that's german citizenship younger generations are also affected marcella marks his grandfather gail fled germany for brazil in 19372 years after the nazis had imposed then you're a member grace laws she too has applied for citizenship. i thought that this
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was. something that we needed to do to honor my family especially because they had been in germany for so long my great grandfather fighting in a world war one have 1st application was rejected on the grounds that her grandfather left to germany voluntarily a 2nd application is still to be decided on stephan foist van has also applied a 2nd time the new decrease now take his mother's german nationality into consideration but his patients with german bureaucracy is wearing then. it's been a. it's been a fight in which i feel. power. is both engaged and ready to give up. i feel you know if
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if the bureaucracy is so obstructive. that i'm not going to go on fighting. like hundreds of other applicants are stefan can do for now is why. now for decades people have been fleeing from afghanistan a country tormented by the taliban until recently they tended to seek refuge in the neighboring iran but the economic crisis there has problems that a growing number of afghans to try and make their way into the instant turkish province of violence however as marty saw time himself an afghan refugee showed us in deep mid-winter the journey can be treacherous or even tragic. this sister eastern province a fan bordering iran it's seen heavy snow fall in recent months almost daily afghan
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asylum seekers try illegally to cross over from iran into turkey here but they're often tragic stories rarely make the news. we're meeting marty soltani who managed to flee afghanistan 4 years ago and now lives in turkey today he's on a voluntary basis helping other afghans who have fled here as well he shows us a local cemetery he recently discovered. this is where many asylum seekers lie buried who died in their attempt to reach safety. most are afghans. while we arrived there was empty and now it all like this like 1520 thing people. miss symmetry was started by that. much says many afghans try crossing over into turkey in winter hoping there will be less border police due to the cold but the mountain route is dangerous some migrants
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fall down ravines or freeze to death yet marty says many are willing to take these risks to flee from violence. the situation right now in afghanistan it is really horrible and it could get worst the situation every day get to terrorists and people are just trying to leave afghanistan toward a better future to a better life. iran's capital tehran some 1000 kilometers to the southeast for decades tens of thousands of afghan refugees used to flee here. but now that you ascensions have brought the country's economy to a standstill many migrants are finding themselves out of work. they can't make a living here anymore and are forced to head further west towards turkey. back in turkey's van province marty and
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a friend are on their way to visit an afghan family that's just arrived mom these friend discovered the couple and their 3 kids by the side of the road one day last and shivering with cold. he put them up in another family cellar. might create mccool of taliban occupied our village they took everything we had my crops my farm and they wanted my daughter to. be so i sold my shoes my children's belongings and we offered afghanistan. in anybody who don't we don't even have any money to buy food god is my witness that today we borrowed 5 lire from a poor person puts me to shame it. you're going to. have her fill we don't know what to do. but i've sworn that i'd rather die here with and beg people for money. the room where the
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family will spend the night has no heating it's freezing cold. the wants to organize warm blankets for them as soon as possible but the family cannot ask turkish authorities for help because they might end up being deported. the people dress the arrival in the turkey actual end of on the or bridge the hour without any money they can pay for their lunch for their breakfast or for their dinner so how they can not they can move probability cannot do that so this is their a human term organization like you in the united nation you uneasy or. in december last year the un refugee agency u.n.h.c.r. staged the 1st ever global refugee forum in geneva together with the turkish government. the summit largely focused on syrian refugees in turkey. the e.u. provides financial support to the country to help it take care of them. but there
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is no financial assistance for afghan refugees 'd. up until one and a half years ago afghans could still apply for protection from the u.n.h.c.r. but since september 2800 turkey alone decides who is and isn't entitle to help. and human rights organizations now accused turkish authorities of failing to support afghans in need we asked the u.n.h.c.r. white sees supporting afghan refugees in turkey yet received no answer. marty does not understand why the u.n.h.c.r. has withdrawn its help. he himself was a 40 protection but what about all of those who arrived after september 28th and why he wonders is the e.u. not helping. cemetery staff begin digging a fresh grave but don't know who it is for iran also doesn't notify afghan
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authorities when one of their citizens dies abroad maybe their families still waiting in afghanistan that my son is just calling me maybe tomorrow or today but unfortunately they are sent just in here and the cemetery and the curves so while i was just aware of this i was really sad and i was just so really sad about this horrible condition that refugees have here. this sign reads symmetry for people without relatives. to much diesel tahnee this place bears testimony to the suffering of refugees in the 21st century. it's truly a desperate story and it seems as if there's no hope that things will change in the near future. now on a very different notes they grow underground they have a flavor that is famously impossible to define and they can be very very expensive i'm talking of course about truffles and one little village in france's deep south
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the rich are wrong she's its name is known as the truffle capital there's a truffle market and even in the local church and a mule truffle mass and it's an event that can prove very lucrative for the parish . this church service in reshare ocean southern france is held only once a year. the community comes together to celebrate truffles the patron saint of truffle hunters st anthony and a time honored tradition. crawford's of very important for this region to symbolize see earth the fruit of racial and in france we like our traditions. instead of money the collection basket is filled with truffles also called black diamonds. just outside is the weekend market where the only thing on offer is truffles the best chefs in the country send their buyers here. to.
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this truffle dealer says the 2 bags contain truffles of equal quality. claim won't deceive us it's the market every weekend in the winter he explains what to look for when i. cut off a little piece. this allows you to look inside. this one is nice and black with fine white veins yourself that our grandfather was a truffle trader my father still is and i am your emotions are in this region trades and professions stay in the family the home is still sacred and customs are honored it's a rather conservative friends. everyone knows and trust one another in this tight knit community paris and its tax laws seem far away. play mall has a loyal customer base chef look by you creates tissues revolving around truffles if you put a little truffle deal hazelnuts almost all the salt and pepper in that's all
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the truffle aroma will develop and the starter is ready on and we all have a family member or friend who works with truffles. and you never quite know what qualities the truffles will be there when he's at all but. so you're always eager to see them. never come past else i'll just under 70 says the auctioneer to this gentleman. who the brotherhood of the black diamond auctions off the 3 kilos of truffles collected during the service for $5350.00 euros and so the weekend comes to an end but the tradition lives on. great story and that's all from focus on europe this time around thanks so much for joining us and if you'd like to see any of our reports again just go to our home page on d.w. dot com or visit our facebook page to go to the stores and to come back next week and soul and 5 buy into.
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absolutely going.
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to. enter the conflict zone year after year the war in yemen goes on with no cars end in sight but who's really trying to stop it so for my guest this week here in munich is the country's foreign minister mohammad abdullah al muhajir ma from the thousands of civilian casualties to be enormous human suffering the full beam from the food food conflicts the food a. 90 minute spot w. w's crime fighters are back africa's most successful
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radio drama series continues this season for stories focus on hate speech scholar of prevention and sustainable charcoal production. all of a sow's are available online and of course you can share and discuss on africa's facebook page and other social media platforms. crime fighters tune in now. it's a deadly sin. and the whim of nature. it motivates us. and threatens to move us. greed. be insatiable desire. that drives a. good city dangerous it's been one gig i've come to oppose council as
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a more because i see the harm is done to the world what's out there is don't give it to talk. why are we greedy. search of a documentary film. greed starts may 21st w. frank food. international gateway to the best connections road and rail. located in the heart of europe connected to the whole world. experience outstanding shopping and dining offers and try our services. be allat guest. managed by from.
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place. this is g w news a live from berlin germany announces the 1st steps to lifting its lockdown and reopening of the economy we have to understand that as long as there's no facts we have to live with the virus. chancellor angela merkel says beginning next monday shops and stores will think in business again social distancing however will remain also coming up on the show. the world health organization rejects president trump's claims that they did not issue timely coronavirus warnings were it was turned into shape.


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