tv DW News Deutsche Welle July 23, 2020 9:00am-9:31am CEST
this is g.w. news of live from berlin u.s. president trump says he will send more federal agents into american cities the president says that the crackdown is needed to combat a rise in violent crime but people demonstrating for civil liberties are at the front line local authorities say that federal agents in cities like portland oregon are stoking anger. also coming up firefighters are called china's consulate in houston texas has washington orders its closure citing concerns over u.s.
intellectual property for diplomats burnings sensitive documents plus how to get planes flying again if you ministers look for a way to rescue commercial aviation and we will find out what's at stake from the industry's top representative. i'm sorry kelli walk into the program u.s. president donald trump is to send federal agents to several more u.s. cities he says the step is to combat rising crime this after he sent federal officers to the city of portland oregon where they have been targeting protesters demanding racial injustice racial justice excuse me officials there say that the deployment has only stoked local langar. for the 54th not in a row protesters flogged the streets of portland. but there's
a new chant being sung feds harun. they're referring to federal agents dispatched by the trumpet ministration to crack down on the protests and their presence has been controversial agents have been accused of driving in unmarked vehicles while wearing military fatigues and truly arresting a handful of demonstrators the local governor a democrat not mincing her words. this is a debacle see not a dictatorship we cannot have secret police abducting people into and putting them in unmarked vehicles. i cannot believe i have to say that to the president of the united states i know that oregonians are outraged americans should be appalled despite the controversy it hasn't stopped president trump announcing that more federal agents will be sent to other u.s.
cities saying it's a result of violent crime not protesters and am announcing a surge of federal law enforcement into american communities plagued by violent crime will work every single day to restore public safety protect our nation's children and bring violent perpetrators to justice federal officers will be sent to albuquerque and chicago both democrat run cities critics say the deployment is political an attempt to make democrats look weak on crime to merit chicago says she welcomes the partnership with federal agents but warns against using the same tactics as in portland. i've been very clear. not happening in chicago we don't need federal troops we don't need unnamed secret federal agents roaming around the streets of chicago that's not democracy that we saw unfolding in the streets of portland as
a result of this federal action that's what we call tyranny dictatorship and we're not having it in chicago. residents of chicago say extra police won't solve that uses facing the city saying action on gun control would be more effective in tackling violent crime and the more we are joined now by teller millard correspondent at n.b.c. news radio welcome to you i'd like to ask you 1st about donald trump announcing this action as quote operation legend tell us a little bit more about what the details of this plan are so operation legend it was actually started earlier this month in kansas city after the killing of a 4 year old while which he was asleep involving gun violence that suspect is still on the loose the what the what the feds say they're doing is they're putting more assets into was certain areas like in kansas city to go after violent crime
kids a city saw $100.00 agents go into the area chicago is expected to have the exact thing doing the same with the albuquerque but the main one of the big issues is that these are assets that many of the local authorities have not asked for in fact we know that chicago mayor lori lightfoot as urge the president not to send identify federal agents into her city chicago where the president has promised to do so what message does it send if he does so anyway well. well here's the interesting thing is the president did have a conversation with chicago mayor laurie lightfoot yesterday in fact lightfoot discussed a little bit about it said it was a short straightforward message what it sounds like they're very they've agreed to do is work together to a certain extent a basically what the white full says is that resources will only be investigatory
and coordinated through the u.s. attorney's office that's actually key because she knows that u.s. attorney john raj because they were both federal prosecutors out lightfoot actually is a former federal prosecutor while rush is still one so she knows and trusts him and expects him to you know follow the rules and fault the law when it comes to this sort of thing however what she did say is that if it goes beyond investigatory or the city government might sue to talk with us a little bit about the politics and the potentially the motivation behind all of this how do you think the move is going to go down among u.s. voters when they vote for in the presidential elections in november. you know that's actually a really tough decision to make because most of the people who are at least the loudest on it have already decided who they're going to vote for they've already
decided between president donald trump former vice president joe biden or even a 3rd party candidate like libertarian nominee dr joe jorgensen you know i think a lot of the people who are tuned into this have already made this decision it's probably not going to affect chicago at all because chicago is a democratic stronghold and illinois is expected to go towards former vice president joe biden the democrat on the ticket so will it affect chicago probably not looking to see how it affects albuquerque will be interesting because new mexico has this odd purple streak to it so it's possible you could see. some vote swinging towards president donald trump if it works in albuquerque in reducing crime but more than likely most people have already made their decision tell miller joining us from n.b.c. news thank you. thank you. well
meantime the u.s. dealings with china are also hitting a low u.s. authorities have ordered beijing to close its consulate in houston texas and president trump said that it might not be the last for the u.s. it's a move to protect intellectual property but the chinese say it's just a political provocation hours after the order was issued firefighters were called to the building. bins on fire inside the courtyard at the chinese consulate in houston witnesses said they could smell paper being burned the 1st whiff of a bigger story because this firefighters arrived chinese state media started reporting the u.s. had ordered the consulate to be closed. it's a political provocation unilaterally launched by the us site which seriously violates international law basic norms governing international relations and the
bilateral consular agreements between china and the u.s. china strongly condemn such an outrageous move. beat you to it or you. are speaking in denmark the u.s. secretary of state said china had stolen intellectual property. we are sending a clear expertise as for how the chinese communist party is going to behave and when they go we're going to take actions that protect the american people protect our security our national security and also protect our economy and jobs that's the actions that you're seeing taken by present trump will continue to engage in those the u.s. directive comes a day off to 2 chinese nationals were charged with hacking said to be working as spies they're accused among other things of trying to steal coronavirus vaccine research. campaign targeted intellectual property and confidential business information held by the private sector including covert 19 related treatment
testing and vaccines. back in houston this was his closest firefighters could get to the consulate they weren't allowed in chinese officials have 72 hours to get out with china threatening to close u.s. consulates in response. the fire may have been protests out of the u.s. china relationship is smoldering as much as ever. let's get back tech of some other stories making news around the world the 1st female prime minister in gotbaum has been sworn into office rose christine. was appointed by the country's president and a government shake up just taking office as god's own battles the coronavirus and falling oil prices hit the economy. the european union's historic 750000000000 euro coronavirus stimulus plan is due to be scrutinised by lawmakers on thursday members of the e.u.
parliament will vote on the recovery fund later this year the fund is the biggest joint borrowing project ever agreed by member states. 2020 will go down as perhaps the worst year ever for commercial aviation governments have severely restricted air travel to try and limit the coronavirus pandemic airlines have canceled almost all flights and while they've laid off employees they've also called for expensive bailouts in order to stay afloat and the european union transport ministers are talking to airlines airport operators and plane manufacturers to find a way out of the crisis and there's a lot to discuss july is usually high season and london's gatwick airport should be crowded with vacationers eager to fly to spanish and italian beaches this time of year. but in the midst of the pandemic there are a few tourists here get
a few actually we wait isn't it is i could be anyone here but i don't know whether i'm on the way i want to talk to often think it is just a bit confusing and scary. in june only 11000 passengers pass through britain 2nd busiest airport after heathrow a year earlier there were over 2000000 passengers here many are just afraid to fly during the pandemic like most airports get work has introduced measures to minimize the risk of infection masks are now mandatory and hand sanitizer is everywhere. governments airlines and aviation experts are also thinking about how to avoid the spread of coven 1000 on board some have suggested leaving the middle seat empty but airlines are opposed. they've proposed plastic shields between the seats or touchless lavatories which cost
a 3rd more than standard aviation toilets. airlines and plane manufacturers are urging governments and aviation authorities around the world to come up with a common regulatory framework to cope with a pandemic. and from more let's bring in alexandra titian yack he is the director general of the c.e.o. of the international air transport association welcome to the program and thank you for joining us pleasure thank you very much as we've heard the pandemic has really hit your industry hard in some cases we're seeing government relief programs we're seeing investments to help keep the industry afloat afloat is this the right approach in your view. it is the only approach to have this in this receiver you know it's and then to say that the crisis you know we will lose half of our revenues for 2020 so more than 400000000000 dollars
we will our losses will account for $84000000000.00 and we are facing dramatic cash crisis castrate so the intervention of states is absolutely key to meant in this industry afloat particularly to inject cash you know or you know accounts you know balance sheet you know profit and loss that absolutely key for survival but i mean what what and to what extent can you guarantee for the taxpayer that that business will indeed come back in the future and to what extent to airlines actually need to rethink attentional in the way that they are doing business because the pandemic doesn't seem to be coming to an end anytime soon. but you know asking for guarantees dabs of big words what we hope because it's also viable is so future is that it will come passengers will come back. but it will it will take time. that we should catch
up with these topical trends so 29000 figures to be simple by 2020 to 2023 so it will last 2 to 3 years to recover 1st but secondly this does this crisis is not coming from a figure in the business model it's a purely external shock that is coming from government measures that have been triggered by they could cause the crisis and we support these measures but because they have a restricted traits because the off the off growth of borders we have been you know forbidden to fly so we have no revenues and still costs so it's only the crisis i mean from the business model apologies there i just wanted to ask you because he said 2020 to 2023 and that is what you're when you're looking at here and if the there's the years that you're taking that it. how do you think that the industry
you know will look then will it have really returned to pre-crisis levels. we are not sure for peace to resume 1st you know probably we will have less operate fewer number for readers so the industry will have shrunk. by that day which is not good news for everyone is not going to just leave it's not good news for passengers because it means you know a restricted office less destination less competition so but that's the consequence of this crisis and that is and the outcome of the may going to betray us in bankruptcy that we are seeing you know in the streets so that the 1st but 2nd point the demand for trouble could evolve and particularly the business travel we could see a reduction in business trouble because you know companies are making savings on the
business untroubled budgets because people are more reluctant to travel business for whatever reason so that's that could be the the evolution and certainly a challenging time for your industry we thank you so much for joining us here to discuss a little bit more about it director general and c.e.o. of the international air transport association alexandra de clichy it at. all a verdict is due in just a few hours here in germany in what is likely to be one of the last trials of those involved in the holocaust bruno dean now 93 years old says that as a guard at the state hof concentration camp he wasn't responsible for the killings that took place there but he's been charged with more than $5000.00 counts of accessory to murder. before much to his home of concentration camps condense in what is now poland it's estimated that around 65000 people were murdered here
either in a gas chamber or by sheeting through disease and exhaustion. camp records show bruno d. was a guard it stood off from august 1904 to april 945 his task was to keep watch to prevent inmates attempting to flee prosecutors say by carrying out that task he contributed to the deaths of 5230 people because he was just 17 years old when he started work at the top of the trial has been held in a youth court does a full think even after such a long period of time this allegation is so serious that the prosecution believes that a 3 year juvenile sentence is unavoidable even if the accused is not killed by his own hand he was an s.s. guard in a concentration camp he looks the other way and continued his work. and sentence to wish to tut bruno de claims he would have disobeyed if he could but that was impossible many will be left wondering why so few similar cases have gone to trial
during the 7 and a half decades since the end of the 2nd world war. and we are joined now by professor aren't about our camp a german historian at the for here in of our city and berlin thank you so much for joining us how significant is this trial. i think it will be one of the last a criminal but we will see you against former paul perpetrators because i mean these people are now barry o. wood and eyewitnesses as well so it will be. quite remarkable knode with the. trial and a verdict that we will see in the next in yours ok let's drill down into some of the details because bruno de is defense lawyer says that his client 1st of all was only 17 years old at the time he says that he was forced to work in the concentration camp by the s.s.
and dip because he grew up in the nazi system he probably wasn't even aware that he was doing something wrong just walk us through how is the court likely to see this what role does all this information play. i mean he was he was transferred and sent to the initially at least sent to the to the camp as a regular. army. and he joined the s.s. as late as september 9th 44 so off to. the point we kind of guarded the concentration com camp of stood health. and of course he was young he was 17 and 18 year old years old at the time. nevertheless we had a landmark ruling in 2011 against john demjanjuk. who won't who was given them a jail sentence. just because he had served as
a guard there was no evidence at the time of any direct snow of all of them and so i think he will receive a jail sentence i mean the state prosecutor of course at. the period for all 3 years he would probably receive less but historians bad prophets usually incompetent lawyers so this is just just my option ok so then let's look at a bit more into the past and tell us how you mention the 2011 verdict that landmark verdict since then we have seen some more cases brought to trial but you know there have only been a relatively small number of them in the past decade why is that. well i mean germany started late and before 2011. what was required was evident gooden's of our involvement in direct and personal
involvement in atrocities. and this is why the landmark decision of 2011 was so important because after 2011. 3 of the 3 is received in jail sort of just because they had served as guards in the concentration camps so this is quite new and autumn of 2011 because there were very few people left the problem was was the start of the city is gone too late. historian at the free university in berlin thank you so much for joining us to share that expertise. is the president. and here are some of the latest developments meantime we're returning to one of our top stories the coronavirus pandemic more than 15000000 people have now been infected worldwide according to john hopkins university the united states brazil and india have
recorded the highest number of cobe in 1000 cases south africa has reported a record daily death toll with a 24 hour increase of 572 deaths it brings its total number of fatalities to nearly $6000.00 the country is the worst affected in africa and in germany anyone entering the country from high risk areas could be tested for the virus when they arrive at the airport the rules would apply to germans for turning from holiday as well as foreigners. it's a quick check now of some other stories making news around the world in southern greece firefighters continue to battle a wildfire into the night strong winds are fanning the blaze near the town of corinth and the peloponnese the reach and state media say that 4000 people have been evacuated from that area. china has launched its 1st solo mission to mars the long march 5 rocket is carrying a rover that china's space program hopes to land on the red planet to look for
underground water and evidence of life it will take several months to reach its destination. now look up tonight and you might be lucky enough to see the neil wise comet it is so close to earth at the moment that it can be seen without a telescope it's about as bright as the north star comets are prime targets for scientists and this one won't return so close to earth for another 7000 years. when comets come too close to the sun their ice evaporates. this shoots massive dust particles into space and creates shimmering clouds. because of these glowing particles you can see the comment is without a telescope. the astronauts on the international space station also follow this unusual drama is the orbit it at around 400 kilometers above the earth. it
was just awesome sight to be able to see all these changes are just examples of our world around us it's not a stagnant place it continues to change it continues to evolve and you know part of our job is to capture that capture that change and share it with people. on july 23rd the comet will have its closest flyby to the earth but it will still be more than 100000000 kilometers away. neil wise will then head towards jupiter and saturn . the comet's orbit will change as it nears those planet's gravity fields and will disappear even deeper into space it will not reappear in the earth for another 7000 years comets like neo wise are like to flying libraries they are kind of the original building material from which our solar system was formed more than 4 and a half 1000000000 years ago it's quite possible that comets transported organic
molecules to earth and thus helped create life all this makes them exciting research objects but they can only be explored in detail in elaborate missions in 2004 the nasa space probe stardust approached the comet wild 2 collected dust from its tail and brought these precious particles back to earth. the european space probe rosetta sent the 1st research robot to a comet. and then accompanied the icy heavenly body on its path to the sun its task was to observe escaping gases and investigate what they were made of the resulting data shows how comets have influenced the evolution of the earth. top story u.s. president donald trump says he will send federal agents to. africa to crack down on
crime federal officers are already operating in portland oregon where the mayor says they are making ongoing protests force. to date don't forget our web site www dot com you can also follow us on social media. it's her watch. movement. blah. blah. blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah. blah blah
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demonstrations against the prime minister used to corruption and mishandling was failing health cases for years this week in jerusalem is near fatfat former mayor of the city and the leading politician mr netanyahu says nicholas party all the wheels finally coming off the prime minister's wife complete so few 60 minute details. oh. far more posters from nigeria as a people you know that's what money would. be. willing to windowing. into.
court struck down the law. and successful beyond belief. this is the way we do it. we would start aug 7th on d w. hello and welcome to focus on europe thanks for joining us today look we're in a crisis has overshadowed many important issues that were meant to be top of the agenda for europe in 2020 such as environmental protection the fight against covert 19 has actually intensified a long existing problem and that is plastic waste the ocean floor is.