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tv   DW News  Deutsche Welle  July 23, 2020 1:00pm-1:31pm CEST

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2 the court finds. the man. just. the president. but.
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just for those. and soul together trying to look to the future. of the program. god has been given a 2 year suspended sentence for his role in the killing of thousands of people during world war 293 year old was found guilty of being an accessory to the murder of more than 5000 prisoners. he wasn't responsible for the killings that took place there the trial. one of the
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last of those involved in the holocaust. for joined now by our political correspondent thomas sparrow for more thomas what's the political significance of this verdict there as you mentioned already one of the key elements of this verdict the fact that this is one of probably the last cases of the type that we're going to see in germany bruno if he was 17 at the time and that's why this took place at a youth court and one of the key elements is again his age now the fact that this is one of the last cases of the type but there are more elements that explain why this is important it has to do with a 2011 a verdict in a separate case that was seen as a precedent back then that old german prosecutors were actually focused on trying to find concrete evidence attached to specific crimes and back through 1011 verdict so that you could also convict people as accessory to murder and nazi crimes basically as being part of the nazi machine and this is what happened right now in
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this case as well there's lots more to talk about thomas but 1st let's have a quick look at who bruno de is and the crimes he has been convicted of. these conviction is for crimes that took place here at the foremost it off concentration camp near good danskin want is now poland it's estimated that around $65000.00 people were murdered here in a gas chamber or by shooting through disease and exhaustion camp records show bruno de was a gun that stood off from august 944 to april 945 he's turned to keep watch to prevent inmates attempting to flee. because he was just 17 years old when he started work at the trial has been held in a youth court bruno di said he was not guilty that he was too young and insignificant to disobey orders and that he was not aware of the killings. but the
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judges disagreed they found that he did have a role in the deaths of more than 5000 people justice in this case has come very late and many will wonder why so few similar cases of going to trial during the 7 and a half decades since the end of the 2nd world war. thomas sparrows done with us thomas why are these trials still happening so many years later and why haven't we seen more of them. that germany took too long to react too long to come to terms with the past and it has been indeed a very difficult process here in germany how the country grips with the with its past that reckoning with the past has been a difficult sometimes very painful process and one of the reasons has to do with what i mentioned already that 2011 verdict with change the way that german prosecutors dealt with these kinds of issues since then there have been
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a few more cases german media reporting for example that i think there are around 30 cases similar cases now under way but this just shows how difficult the process has been in germany in the last few decades but also how important it is also for the future this is not only about trying to understand the past it's also about trying to send a message because it's becoming more important than ever also given current developments here in germany to try understand what happened in the past and how it can be prevented in the future as well thomas sparrow thank you very much for the. notice of the other stories making news around the world european lawmakers are scrutinizing the e.u.'s historic 750000000000 euro coronavirus recovery plan in parliament today they will have a final vote on the plan there to this it is the 1st joint bartering project ever greed by member states. in bulgaria prime minister boyko boris of has fired 3 key ministers in an attempt to calm antigovernment protests thousands of people
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have taken to the streets in the last 2 weeks demanding the entire government resign there accuse the ruling coalition of corruption and links to all the gods. in southern greece firefighters are struggling to contain a large wildfire strong winds are fanning the blaze near the town of corinth in the lebanese region state media says 4000 people have been evacuated from the area. and south korea's economy has recorded its worst quarterly performance in more than 20 years as the pandemic exports south korea and one of the worst outbreaks and had strict social distancing measures in place from march to me. u.s. president donald trump is to send federal agents to several more u.s. cities he says the step is to combat rising crime but federal officers operating in portland oregon have been targeting protesters demanding racial justice officials
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say the deployment has only increased local ngo. for the 55th night in a row protesters flooded the streets of portland but there's a new chant being sung. that's go home a clear message to the federal agents deployed by the trump administration to crackdown on demonstrators. what are you doing there pressing support controversy dressed in military gear the unidentified officers have been accused of arbitrarily arresting more than 40 protestors some like this demonstrator hauled away an unmarked vans to undisclosed locations the local governor a democrat not mincing her words this is a democracy not a dictatorship we cannot have secret police abducting people
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into and putting them in unmarked vehicles. i cannot believe i have to say that to the president of the united states i know that word county and are outraged americans should be appalled but the controversy hasn't stopped president trump announcing that more federal agents will be sent to other u.s. cities today i'm announcing a surge of federal law enforcement into american communities plagued by violent crime will work every single day to restore public safety protect our nation's children and bring violent perpetrators to justice federal offices will be sent to albuquerque in chicago both democrat run cities. critics say the deployment is political an attempt to make democrats look weak on crime and so burnish trumps image the law and order president ahead of the november election. the mayor of chicago says she welcomes
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a partnership with federal agents but she warns against using the same tactics as important i've been very clear not happening in chicago we don't need federal troops we don't need unnamed secret federal agents roaming around the streets of chicago that's not democracy that we saw unfolding in the streets of portland as a result of this federal action that's what we call tyranny and dictatorship and we're not having it in chicago residents of chicago say extra police won't solve the issues facing the city they say action on gun control would be more effective in tackling violent crime and from portland oregon i'm joined now by activist and journalist laura dede. you've been a part of the protests you also can you tell us what you've experienced in the past few nights. so good during this trip i think it's sad and last
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there has been a real shift. for that. bad enough. so are are still organizations and you have a wife well it's very bitter but orica quartier gas. and raise that i don't. i'm not a lot of my friends have been injured instead of really scary. speaking of. brown the governor of oregon said oh my god we cannot have secret police abducting people on court is that really what's going on there. it seems to be i have been lucky enough not experienced it myself or witnessed it but i have read on twitter why you think it that's actually wrong that's she says she was taken out of context was part house on terror and then a few hours later the police turned out in work and it's good that she was released
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of course a problem is since all very extra legal terms that guarantee you that continue to release people. not wanting to block i especially at protests own very scary it's disturbing when you see the vote is basically having the impact and these moves were supposed to have been there for protests are going to subside. oh no i don't think so portland is very angry a couple weeks ago we got a couple 100. 1000 and i got last night now i think we know this is you have to get in and. this is the kind of thing. none of us are going to stop fighting stops but when real change only come at the ballot box and do you think that these moves from the central government will go down well among us voters. i mean that is that is the real question is better chance for extremists
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are if you're at the great britain i think you know that's not the case had gone out there are very regular horrible and they're getting. darker now so i think as long as that happens as long as. people knew that this isn't. still called violent ever but instead expressing their. violence perhaps but i i hope very much that backfires on south africa it's very. important thank you so much for speaking to us and. trouble in the us too in its relations with china a spat between washington and beijing over intellectual property theft as the u.s. authorities to order the closure of the chinese consulate in houston texas the chinese consul general is resisting while his bosses say the move is destroying friendship between the 2 countries. signs of the young people outside china's
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conduit in houston the u.s. has given be ginning 72 hours to close it mission citing concerns about intellectual property theft inside the top diplomat says he's not packing his bags just yet. so you say something ok we have done something wrong so give us some i wouldn't otherwise we are innocent until you put these pictures may not help his case on tuesday neighbors watch donors conscious stuff appear to burn papers emergency services were called to the scene. for the man dubbed the conspiracy theorist in chief there is no smoke without fire and there may be more sanctions to come as far as closing 'd additional embassies it's always possible you see what's going on with that there was a fire in the one that we did everybody said there's a fire there's a fire and i guess they were burning documents or burning papers and i wonder what
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that's all about so to officials at the justice department the conflict closure came on the same day prosecutors accused 2 chinese nationals of trying to steal 1000 vaccine research china claims slander. this demolishes the bridge of friendship between chinese and americans. is being felt by locals looking to use consular services pawns in a bottle between global superpowers. a look now at the other major headline. south africa has reported a record daily death toll with a 24 hour increase of $572.00 deaths it brings its total number of fatalities to nearly $6000.00 the countries the worst affected in africa in germany anyone entering the country from high risk areas could be tested for the virus when they arrive at airports the rules would apply to german returning from holiday as well
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as foreign as more than 15000000 people have now been infected wide according to johns hopkins university the united states brazil and india have recorded the highest numbers of covered 19 cases. and as we've just heard numbers of new cover 1000 infections in india are among the world's highest the health ministry reported more than 45000 new cases on wednesday while the death toll so far is nearly $30000.00 lockdowns and other preventative measures are proving hardest for those living at the margins of indian society. to be sent us this report on street children in delhi. 15 year old system sometimes likes to watch t.v. in the dimly lit room he cause home which he shares with some 50 people this room is one of the many shelters that houses countless homeless families like his own who live under street many such families were given space in the shelters after the
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nationwide lockdown with announced to curb the spread of call that 19 many who are still out on the street use them is one of the f.t. made it 70000 street children living in the capital city daily who live or work on the streets some manage to go to school but for most of them getting an education is a distant dream. with this father in poor health it has fallen on just the oldest of all siblings to own for the wolf family before the lock down loose them like other street children did old jobs to support his family after going to a nearby local school no more like a bastard to lockdown i used to go fracking at the railway station after he had a nearby park they also sell toys and corn cobs later started selling water bottles and cold drinks. now reduced them has to beg for money while there are no here figure in the bank where you have to live with it to me indicates that there are
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millions of children in india who live and work on the street but employed in some of the other form of labor they work at the water fellow boys and many resort to begging to support their families the fed up with banking and it doesn't lock down for the children much deeper into politics and the funding is likely to leave already at the very margins of society we are going to have access to social benefits the current situation has left these children even more wonderful to be children may 5th many problems for example they can be pushed into bonded labor situation because we. make the most profit but they can also be good and also they can be pushed into the sex trade. the same age as risk to find used to the exact thinking to a nearby a t.v. station to help on for the family before the lockdown. for young girls of homeless families a rare shortage education also takes
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a backseat as domestic responsibilities take over by and dropped out of school to help out her family after her brother passed away. now she spends most of her time taking care of her younger siblings and helping her mother with her daily chores. though she got enjoyed in an open learning program she does not have regular access to books and stationery sometimes she has to step out and beg for money we can begin to open her door or to. the home where. there is the little protection of these families unless there is new pollution another medical treatment under the thumb form of passing their hands on by and large we're going to see on the streets for these creatures in the future who is no certainty and the current situation in the country has made matters worse for them. joins me now from delhi with more money iraq has to be in any help forthcoming from
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the government for these children particularly seeing as their education prospects have been severely affected. well at the beginning you know we need to see these children not separately but as a box office systems which basically exist because of extreme depreciation so unless you uplift the entire family and followed them and children really it's a difficult to imagine any kind of future for these children so that is why the government on its spot has been to get all sorts of things like announcing this to packages or distributing food to these family and giving direct cash transfers but specificially for the children there's not a lot which is been happening if you talk about education anyway on the ground in duration of done mostly by civil society groups and n.g.o.s but now we just want shutting down it's been a said back and here it is where you see a digital divide and it's been so privileged because while the private schools
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across the country are imparting education through online classes and everything else just to go online these children don't want to have that option they have what like one decent less than beliefs might fall in the end that family or if i was 6 members and even the schools that they go to they're not equipped enough to give this kind of education or light and even they get embroiled in the you know just learning program like violence in my report did because of the school would log on to jewish and they're not even getting access to their books and stationery and more books on a regular basis so in terms of education so i just looked into that but a little bit even has a ton of harvest. in the wall. being able to cope with this pandemic. well yes in the other means of code words to country in the world but what has happened in the past few weeks is that they have in many cities have increased the death thing a lot so what we are seeing is a lot many did over the past one week on
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a daily basis about 40000 cases all being the day and there are states particularly . where the number of active cases have doubled or tripled over the past few days so india is still struggling in handling because of. their own decisions how what do you make what kind of restrictions to. be in 1st upset a little a particular reason in states so in terms of handling this crisis in gaza. when your children speaking to us from delhi thank you very much that's now to some most or is making news around the world a tesla has reported its 4th quarterly profit in a row for the 1st time in the company's history this comes despite the cove in $1000.00 pandemic revenue fell slightly over the previous year but came in better than expected has also announced a new $1100000000.00 factory to be built in texas. the 1st female prime
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minister of gab on has been sworn into office rules christiane also caught up was appointed by the country's president in a government shake up she's taking office as get on battles the coronavirus and falling oil prices it's the economy. and china has launched its 1st solo mission to mars the long march 5 rocket is carrying a rover the china's space program hopes to land on the red planet to look for underground water and evidence of life it will take several months to reach its destination. now if you look up you might be lucky enough to see that. it's so close to out of the moment it can be seen without a telescope it's about as bright as the star comets are prime targets for scientists and this one. for another 7000.
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when comets come too close to the sun their ice evaporates this shoots massive dest particles into space and results in shimmering clouds. because of these glowing particles you can see the comet. without a telescope it arrived here from the depths of space the furthest point in its orbit is hundreds of times the distance between the earth and the sun the neo wise comet was named after the telescope with which it was discovered in march the near earth object wide field infrared survey explorer as the comet flies across the sky it looks like a collection of red fluffy dots. 3 months after its initial discovery the solar observation center soho also spotted the comet. an entire week they observed continued to fly closer to the sun while becoming brighter.
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the astronauts on the international space station also followed the unusual drama in the sky. it was just awesome sight to be able to see all these changes are just examples of our world around us it's not a stagnant place continues to change it continues to evolve and you know part of our job is to capture capture that change and share it with people. on july 23rd the comet will reach the closest point to the earth along its orbit but it will still be more than 100000000 kilometers away as it passes jupiter and saturn. the planets will change the comments orbit as it nears their gravity field causing neo wise to disappear even deeper into space it will not reappear near earth for another 7000 years comets like neo wise are likened to flying libraries they archive the original building material from which our solar system was formed
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more than 4 and a half 1000000000 years ago. it is quite possible that comets transported organic molecules to earth and thus help create life. all this makes them worthy of research objects but they can only be explored in detail when elaborate missions are launched. in 2004 the nasa space probe stardust approached the comet wild 2. collected dust from its tail and brought these precious particles back to earth. figure a paean space probe rosetta sent the 1st research robot to a comet. and then accompanied the icy heavenly body on its path to the sun. its task was to observe escaping gases and investigate what they were made of the
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resulting data shows how comets influenced the evolution of earth. yet so far. the premier league title last month had to wait to lift the trophy. 53 at home. to hundreds of. groups to avoid spreading. the crowds. this is the. title and. on more than 5.
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drugs weapons to human trafficking. come delve more into unknown near naples where the nigerian mafia on the riots. how did it comes of this who was behind it what a holding. company to an insider to the help business there it's really done focus on in europe. next on t w. into the conflict zone the 1st time of war with israel with
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mounting demonstrations against the prime minister used of corruption and mishandling the spotting health crisis my guest this week in jerusalem is named off that former mayor the city funded leading politician mr netanyahu sleep kook party all the wheels finally coming off the prime minister's wife conflict sophie 16. dollars. are they friends she wanted to be with you she says she's an interesting year for you which it wasn't really a full on a mother the thing is new hampshire or are the economy so when it was the finish of the huge steel in the border feel pushed you believe me but misty was really what she's going to go to give much of my demo for her russia donald trump and slightly
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more prudent were to part company men treat analyzes the difficult relationship between russia and the u.s. and between their presidents how does their rivalry. and the danger is mutual admiration like the rest. starts august 3rd on d w. hello and welcome to focus on the hero thanks for joining us today look we're in a crisis has overshadowed many important issues that were meant to be top of the agenda for europe in 2020 such as environmental protection the fight against covert 19 has actually intensified along existing problem and that is plastic waste the ocean floor.


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